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Prefecture-level city
Location of Nanchong Prefecture within Sichuan (China).png
Nickname(s): The fruit City
Location of Nanchong City jurisdiction in Sichuan
Location of Nanchong City jurisdiction in Sichuan
Coordinates: 30°48′00″N 106°5′00″E / 30.80000°N 106.08333°E / 30.80000; 106.08333Coordinates: 30°48′00″N 106°5′00″E / 30.80000°N 106.08333°E / 30.80000; 106.08333
Country People's Republic of China
Province Sichuan
Officiated 1993
 • Party Secretary Liu Hongjian
 • Prefecture-level city 12,479.96 km2 (4,818.54 sq mi)
 • Urban 2,527.8 km2 (976.0 sq mi)
 • Metro 2,527.8 km2 (976.0 sq mi)
Elevation 340 m (1,120 ft)
Population (2010 census)[1]
 • Prefecture-level city 6,278,614
 • Density 500/km2 (1,300/sq mi)
 • Urban 1,858,875
 • Metro 1,858,875
 • Metro density 740/km2 (1,900/sq mi)
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)
Postal code 637000
Area code(s) 0817
ISO 3166 code CN-SC-13
Licence plate prefixes 川R

Nanchong (Chinese: 南充; pinyin: Nánchōng; Wade–Giles: Nan-ch'ung; Sichuanese: lan2cong1) is a prefecture-level city in the northeast of Sichuan province, China, with an area of 12,479.96 square kilometres (4,818.54 sq mi).[3] At the 2010 census it was home to 6,278,614 people, of whom 1,858,875 lived in the built-up (or 'metro') area made of three urban districts. It is the second most populated city of Sichuan Province, after Chengdu. The administrative center is Shunqing District.


Nanchong was in the territory of the state of Ba before it was conquered by the Qin dynasty in 314 BC. The Qin set up a government at Langzhong City. Anhan City was established in Shunqinq district at the beginning of the Han Dynasty.

In 202 BC, Emperor Gaozu of Han instituted the Anhan (simplified Chinese: 安汉; traditional Chinese: 安漢) County in this place. Anhan literally means "to establish or stabilize Han". In 8 AD, the name was changed to Anxin (安新) when Wang Mang seized the throne of the Han Dynasty, but it reverted to Anhan in 25 AD. It was again changed to Guozhou (果州, "fruit city") in 621 AD (Tang dynasty), and then to Nanchong in 742 AD. The nickname of Nanchong is Guocheng (果城), derived from Guozhou.


Nanchong is in the northeast of Sichuan Province. To the east of Nanchong is Dazhou, to the west are Mianyang and Suining, and to the north is Guangyuan.

The vast majority of this area is hilly. The woodland coverage is 25%.

The Jialing River, a tributary of the Yangtze River, crosses the prefecture from north to south. There are another 30 rivers in the prefecture with a drainage basin of more than 30 square kilometres (12 sq mi).


As with the rest of the Sichuan Basin, Nanchong has a monsoon-influenced humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cwa) with high humidity year-round; winters are short and mild while summers long, hot, and humid. The monthly 24-hour average temperature ranges from 6.5 °C (43.7 °F) in January to 27.3 °C (81.1 °F) in July; the annual mean is 17.38 °C (63.3 °F). Frost is uncommon and the frost-free period lasts 290−320 days.[4]

Over 70% of the 1,003 mm (39.5 in) of annual precipitation occurs from May to September. With monthly percent possible sunshine ranging from around 9% in December to 47% in August, the city receives only 1,135 hours of bright sunshine annually. Spring (March–April) tends to be sunnier and warmer in the day than autumn (October–November).


Name Hanzi Hanyu Pinyin Population (2004 est.) Area (km²) Density (/km²)
Shunqing District 顺庆区 Shùnqìng Qū 620,000 545 1,138
Gaoping District 高坪区 Gāopíng Qū 570,000 812 702
Jialing District 嘉陵区 Jiālíng Qū 680,000 1,170 581
Langzhong City 阆中市 Lángzhōng Shì 860,000 1,877 458
Nanbu County 南部县 Nánbù Xiàn 1,240,000 2,305 538
Yingshan County 营山县 Yíngshān Xiàn 900,000 1,633 551
Peng'an County 蓬安县 Péng'ān Xiàn 680,000 1,334 510
Yilong County 仪陇县 Yílǒng Xiàn 1,060,000 1,695 625
Xichong County 西充县 Xīchōng Xiàn 640,000 1,108 578


The Han people are the largest ethnic group in this area, contributing to 99.88% of its population; another 48 ethnic groups can be found in the city. Langzhong has a large Hui Muslim community.

As in other cities of China, the population of Nanchong can be divided into two parts: upper urban population and lower rural population. The registered urban population is about 1.2 million.

Shunqing District, downtown, is the most dense area in Nanchong. At the center of Shunqing District, and the proverbial heart of the city, is Five Star Garden (simplified Chinese: 五星花园); a large roundabout with five exits leading to other sections of the city.



Agriculture is the pillar of Nanchong’s economy, with 80% of Nanchong’s population in rural areas and committed to traditional agricultural activities. Nanchong’s manufacturing industry also relies on raw materials which are provided by agriculture.

Nanchong’s main agricultural product is food. A large quantity of rice, orange, silk worms, and pork are produced to support related manufacturers.[5]


Nanchong’s main manufacturing outputs are petroleum products, automobiles and parts, mechanical equipment, textiles, and building materials. [6]

Natural resources[edit]

There is a large quantity of rock oil and natural gas found in Nanchong, and it has the largest slate mine in the west of China. The dams on Jialing River and its branches have a large potential to increase electric power generation. But the largest resource of Nanchong is human: Nanchong is one of the main providers of Chinese cheap migrant workers.[7]


Transportation in Nanchong is quite convenient compared with other cities in Sichuan province because of its extensive express railway network, shipping, and air service.

Nanchong is a transport hub of the northeast Sichuan Province. It is crossed by the strategic China National Highway 318, built by the Chinese government in the 1930s, and China National Highway 212 and newly built expressways — Cheng-Nan and Nan-Guang expressway — which link the city to Chengdu and another prefecture-level city: Guang'an. The expressway to Chongqing is under construction.

The Dazhou–Chengdu Railway through Nanchong links Chengdu and Dazhou. The Chongqing–Lanzhou Railway, in 2015, will link Lanzhou (Gansu) and Chongqing, and turn Nanchong into a railway hub in northeast Sichuan province. The Nanchong railway station provides passenger and cargo services to regional and national economic centres such as Shanghai, Beijing, Chongqing, Wuhan, Chengdu and Shenzhen.

The old Nanchong airport was built in the 1950s and closed in 2003. The new Nanchong Airport which has capacity to land bigger planes, provides regular air services to Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou, Shenzhen, Kunming, Xi'an and Sanya.

Nanchong is suggested as a tradition shipping hub in ancient times. Ships from Gansu could reach Chongqing along the Jialing river, but the river is not suitable for modern shipping.

Higher education[edit]

There are five academic institutions in Nanchong that provide higher education.

Notable persons[edit]


External links[edit]