Bazhong

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Bazhong
巴中市
Prefecture-level city
Location of Bazhong in Sichuan
Location of Bazhong in Sichuan
Coordinates: 31°52′N 106°45′E / 31.867°N 106.750°E / 31.867; 106.750Coordinates: 31°52′N 106°45′E / 31.867°N 106.750°E / 31.867; 106.750
Country China
Province Sichuan
County-level divisions 2 districts
3 counties
Municipal seat Bazhou District
Area
 • Prefecture-level city 12,301 km2 (4,749 sq mi)
 • Urban 1,404 km2 (542 sq mi)
 • Metro 1,404 km2 (542 sq mi)
Elevation 392 m (1,286 ft)
Highest elevation 2,507 m (8,225 ft)
Lowest elevation 208.3 m (683.4 ft)
Population (2010 census)
 • Prefecture-level city 3,283,771
 • Density 270/km2 (690/sq mi)
 • Urban 1,126,790
 • Urban density 800/km2 (2,100/sq mi)
 • Metro 1,126,790
 • Metro density 800/km2 (2,100/sq mi)
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)
Postal code 636600
Area code(s) 0827
Licence plate prefixes 川Y
Website http://www.cnbz.gov.cn/

Bazhong (Chinese: 巴中; pinyin: Bāzhōng; literally: "centre of Ba") is a prefecture-level city in north-eastern Sichuan province, China. Its population was 3,284,000at the 2013 census whom 1,126,790 lived in the built-up (or metro) area made up of Bazhou urban district.

History[edit]

Bazhong was made a prefecture-level city in 1993. Its history, however, goes back much further. During the Xia and Shang Dynasties, it was purportedly a vassal territory of the Liang State. In the Spring and Autumn period, it was called Bazi (巴子). In the Qin and Western Han dynasties it was called Ba County (巴郡). In the Eastern Han Dynasty around the year 100 AD it was changed to Hanchang County (漢昌縣). One hundred years later it reverted to Baxi County (巴西). Since then, it has usually either been called Liang County (梁郡) or Yi County (益州).

Geography[edit]

Bazhong is located at the southern end of the Daba Mountains, and borders Shaanxi province in the north, Dazhou to the east, Nanchong to the south, and Guangyuan to the west. Its area is 12,301 square kilometres (4,749 sq mi). The area is mountainous with elevations ranging from 208.3 to 2,507 metres (683 to 8,225 ft) above sea level.[1]

Bazhong has a monsoon-influenced humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cwa) and is largely mild and humid, with four distinct seasons. Winter is short, mild, and foggy, though actual precipitation is low. January averages 5.8 °C (42.4 °F), and while frost may occur, snow is rare. Summers are long, hot and humid, with highs often reaching 33 °C (91 °F). The daily average in July and August is around 27 °C (81 °F), with August being slightly warmer. Spring is warm and temperatures rise quickly but unstably, and hail is common. Rainfall is light in winter and can be heavy in summer, and more than 70% of the annual total occurs from May to September. The annual frost-free period lasts from 260 to 280 days.

Dabashan mountain belongs to the qinling branch,over hundreds of miles,landform of sun,the vast sea of clouds,Virgin forest coanopy, dangerous rock cliffs,gorge waterfalls.deep and beautiful,mountain wild fruit,rare animals,all everything.

Climate data for Bazhong (1971−2000)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 17.5
(63.5)
22.4
(72.3)
31.4
(88.5)
34.0
(93.2)
37.5
(99.5)
36.4
(97.5)
37.9
(100.2)
40.3
(104.5)
38.1
(100.6)
32.8
(91)
27.8
(82)
19.3
(66.7)
40.3
(104.5)
Average high °C (°F) 9.7
(49.5)
12.0
(53.6)
16.3
(61.3)
22.5
(72.5)
26.9
(80.4)
29.3
(84.7)
31.7
(89.1)
32.5
(90.5)
26.8
(80.2)
21.5
(70.7)
16.3
(61.3)
11.0
(51.8)
21.4
(70.5)
Daily mean °C (°F) 5.8
(42.4)
7.8
(46)
11.8
(53.2)
17.2
(63)
21.6
(70.9)
24.7
(76.5)
26.9
(80.4)
27.1
(80.8)
22.4
(72.3)
17.3
(63.1)
12.2
(54)
7.3
(45.1)
16.8
(62.2)
Average low °C (°F) 3.0
(37.4)
4.8
(40.6)
8.5
(47.3)
13.2
(55.8)
17.6
(63.7)
21.0
(69.8)
23.3
(73.9)
23.1
(73.6)
19.4
(66.9)
14.6
(58.3)
9.4
(48.9)
4.9
(40.8)
13.6
(56.4)
Record low °C (°F) −4.5
(23.9)
−2.3
(27.9)
−0.8
(30.6)
4.4
(39.9)
9.9
(49.8)
13.4
(56.1)
17.0
(62.6)
17.4
(63.3)
13.3
(55.9)
2.7
(36.9)
0.5
(32.9)
−5.3
(22.5)
−5.3
(22.5)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 11.8
(0.465)
13.4
(0.528)
30.5
(1.201)
71.8
(2.827)
121.8
(4.795)
165.0
(6.496)
240.6
(9.472)
162.6
(6.402)
166.0
(6.535)
84.0
(3.307)
39.0
(1.535)
14.1
(0.555)
1,120.6
(44.118)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 7.3 7.4 10.8 12.3 13.5 13.6 14.8 11.4 14.0 13.8 10.2 7.7 136.8
Source: Weather China[1]

Administration[edit]

Bazhong has 2 cities, 3 counties, 188 township, and 2,354 villages. The population is 3,284,000(2013) with 455,000 of that urban.

Map
Name Hanzi Hanyu Pinyin Population (2012 2013 est.) Area (km²) Density (/km²)
Bazhou District 巴州区 Bāzhōu Qū 1,359,000 1,404 968
Enyang District 恩阳区 ēnyáng Qū 620,000 1,160 534
Tongjiang County 通江县 Tōngjiāng Xiàn 802,000 4,116 195
Nanjiang County 南江县 Nánjiāng Xiàn 650,000 3,383 192
Pingchang County 平昌县 Píngchāng Xiàn 1071,000 2,229 480

Economy[edit]

The city's GDP accounted for approximately 1.9% of Sichuan and ranked 19th in the province.[2] But in 2013,Bazhong's GDP reached RMB 41.594 billion, representing a rise of 10.7%.

Tourism[edit]

General situation of And the natural ecological tourism resources in mountain valley,karst cave and original ecology is given priority to,mainly distributed in nanjiang optical haze mountain forest park,dam,Jiangnuo water river,empty mountain dam site,bazhou yinlingshan,nanyang forest park,zhangHuaiShan,King wangshan,etc.Nanjiang optical haze mountain scenic area is given priority to with taoyuan five sceneray area,the end of time,the ghost of yuxiu,ermeishan mountain steep,tall and majestic,cloud steaming fog around,fair charm.Dam forest park is given priority to with dam forest farms,forest cover thick,large variety of trees,as well as sightseeing,leisure is something.River water is given priority to with karst cave,karst cave size more than 200,in landscape diversity,hole in the hole,like fairyland.

Places:the Nankan Cliff Figures, the Sichuan-Shaanxi Revolutionary Base Museum, the Red Fourth Army Headquarters Site, Enyang Ancient Town, Nuoshui River Scenery Area, Kong Mountain National Forest Park, the Optical haze mountain,Yin lingshan, Nanyang forest park,and Zhongfeng Cave are major tourism destinations in Bazhong.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b 巴中城市介绍 (in Chinese). Weather China. Retrieved 2011-06-02. 
  2. ^ 2010年巴中市国民经济和社会发展统计公报 (Chinese)

External links[edit]