View of Xinyang
Location of Xinyang City jurisdiction in Henan
|Country||People's Republic of China|
|• Prefecture-level city||18,819 km2 (7,266 sq mi)|
|• Urban||3,401 km2 (1,313 sq mi)|
|• Metro||3,401 km2 (1,313 sq mi)|
|Population (2010 Census)|
|• Prefecture-level city||6,108,683|
|• Density||320/km2 (840/sq mi)|
|• Urban density||380/km2 (990/sq mi)|
|• Metro density||380/km2 (990/sq mi)|
|Time zone||China Standard (UTC+8)|
|License plate prefixes||豫S|
Xinyang (simplified Chinese: 信阳; traditional Chinese: 信陽; pinyin: Xìnyáng; Postal map spelling: Sinyang) is a prefecture-level city in southeastern Henan province, People's Republic of China, the southernmost such administrative division in the province.
|This section needs additional citations for verification. (February 2013)|
At the beginning of 2007, the government of Xinyang implemented a new policy designed to reduce corruption and government spending. Any government employee caught drinking on the job would be immediately fired. Within six months of the implementation of the policy, government spending on business meals had been drastically reduced by more than 42 million dollars, enough to build up to 50 elementary schools. However, as government officials of Xinyang released the information in the third quarter of 2007, there was much more public outrage than praise that such a huge amount of public funds had been wasted. As the news was reported elsewhere, people in other areas began to demand that their own local governments do the same.
In February, 2008, an independent audit revealed that the majority of the income of local restaurants from 2005 through 2007 had come from government officials spending public funds to eat out under the guise of a "reception fee", an administrative cost. After the reform in 2007, all local restaurants have experienced a reduction of income of at least 70%. This audit only further enraged the public not only locally, but all over China, leading to demands for further reforms to check corruption.
The prefecture-level city of Xinyang has a total land area of 18,819 square kilometres (7,266 sq mi). The city is located in the southernmost part of Henan Province, on the south bank of the Huai River. It borders the cities Zhumadian to the north and Nanyang to the northwest, and the provinces of Anhui and Hubei to the east and south respectively. The region where Xinyang is located is considered a subtropical area and the Dabie Mountains cover most of its territory.
Xinyang has a monsoon-influenced, four-season humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cfa), with cold, damp winters, and hot, humid summers. The months of April through June here are slightly cooler than much of the rest of the province. The monthly 24-hour average temperature ranges from 2.2 °C (36.0 °F) in January to 27.4 °C (81.3 °F) in July; the annual mean is 15.31 °C (59.6 °F). The annual precipitation is just above 1,100 millimetres (43 in), and close to two-thirds of it occurs from May to September. With monthly percent possible sunshine ranging from 38% in March to 47% in four months, the city receives 1,974 hours of bright sunshine annually; January thru March are the cloudiest months.
|Climate data for Xinyang|
|Average high °C (°F)||6.8
|Average low °C (°F)||−1.3
|Precipitation mm (inches)||29.2
|Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm)||7.2||7.9||10.7||9.9||11.5||11.0||12.6||11.9||10.5||10.2||7.6||6.2||117.2|
|Mean monthly sunshine hours||127.0||121.7||139.3||175.6||196.1||197.4||205.7||194.8||160.2||162.2||149.9||143.8||1,973.7|
|Percent possible sunshine||40||39||38||45||46||47||47||47||43||46||47||46||44.5|
|Source: China Meteorological Administration|
|Shihe District||浉河区||浉河區||Shīhé Qū||1,512||594,351||393|
|Pingqiao District||平桥区||平橋區||Píngqiáo Qū||1,889||635,608||336|
|Huangchuan County||潢川县||潢川縣||Huángchuān Xiàn||1,638||630,333||385|
|Huaibin County||淮滨县||淮濱縣||Huáibīn Xiàn||1,208||570,156||472|
|Xi County||息县||息縣||Xī Xiàn||1,835||793,746||433|
|Xin County||新县||息縣||Xīn Xiàn||1,612||275,285||171|
|Shangcheng County||商城县||商城縣||Shāngchéng Xiàn||2,130||495,491||233|
|Gushi County||固始县||固始縣||Gùshǐ Xiàn||2,946||1,023,857||348|
|Luoshan County||罗山县||羅山縣||Luóshān Xiàn||2,065||504,542||244|
|Guangshan County||光山县||光山縣||Guāngshān Xiàn||1,835||275,282||150|
According to the 2010 Census, the population of Xinyang is of 6,108,683 inhabitants, 6.39% less than the population marked on the last census of 2000, when there were 6,527,3680 inhabitants in the city
Its built up area is home to 1,295,762 inhabitants spread out on 2 urban districts and 3,401 square kilometres (1,313 sq mi).
- (Chinese) Compilation by LianXin website. Data from the Sixth National Population Census of the People's Republic of China