Suzhou, Anhui

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Suzhou
宿州市
SuZhou Train Station 宿州火车站 - panoramio.jpg
Location of Suzhou Prefecture within Anhui (China).png
Coordinates (Suzhou municipal government): 33°38′53″N 116°57′50″E / 33.648°N 116.964°E / 33.648; 116.964Coordinates: 33°38′53″N 116°57′50″E / 33.648°N 116.964°E / 33.648; 116.964
CountryPeople's Republic of China
ProvinceAnhui
County-level divisions5
Township-level divisions118
Municipal seatYongqiao District
Government
 • CPC SecretaryLiang Weiguo (梁卫国)
 • MayorTang Chengpei (唐承沛)
Area
 • Prefecture-level city9,939.8 km2 (3,837.8 sq mi)
 • Urban
2,906.92 km2 (1,122.37 sq mi)
 • Metro
2,906.92 km2 (1,122.37 sq mi)
Population
 (2020 census)[1]
 • Prefecture-level city5,324,476
 • Density540/km2 (1,400/sq mi)
 • Urban
1,766,285
 • Urban density610/km2 (1,600/sq mi)
 • Metro
1,766,285
 • Metro density610/km2 (1,600/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
Postal code
234000
Area code557
ISO 3166 codeCN-AH-13
GDP¥21.919 billion (2003)
GDP per capita¥3,696
License Plate Prefix皖L
Major NationalitiesHan
Websitewww.ahsz.gov.cn

Suzhou (Chinese: 宿州; pinyin: Sùzhōu) formerly romanized as Suchow[2] is a prefecture-level city in northern Anhui province. It borders the prefectural cities of Huaibei and Bengbu to the southwest and south respectively, the provinces of Jiangsu to the east, Shandong to the north, and Henan to the northwest.

Its population was 5,324,476 inhabitants at the 2020 census whom 1,766,285 lived in the built-up area (or metro) made of Yongqiao urban district, even though it remains largely rural.

History[edit]

Suzhou was formerly Su County (simplified Chinese: 宿县; traditional Chinese: 宿縣; pinyin: Sù Xiàn).

Administration[edit]

Suzhou administers five county-level divisions, including one district and four counties.

Map

These are further divided into 118 township-level divisions.

Climate[edit]

Suzhou has a monsoon-influenced, humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cwa), with four distinct seasons. Winters are cold and damp, with average low temperatures in January dipping just below freezing; the January 24-hour average temperature is 1.2 °C (34.2 °F). Summers are typically hot and humid, with a July average of 27.6 °C (81.7 °F). The annual mean is 15.2 °C (59.4 °F), while annual precipitation averages about 855.2 millimetres (34 in), a majority of which occurs from May to August.

Climate data for Suzhou (1981–2010 normals, extremes 1971–2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 20.1
(68.2)
26.3
(79.3)
30.0
(86.0)
34.3
(93.7)
37.6
(99.7)
40.3
(104.5)
40.9
(105.6)
39.8
(103.6)
37.1
(98.8)
35.1
(95.2)
30.0
(86.0)
22.1
(71.8)
40.9
(105.6)
Average high °C (°F) 6.1
(43.0)
9.0
(48.2)
14.2
(57.6)
21.3
(70.3)
26.8
(80.2)
31.0
(87.8)
31.9
(89.4)
31.0
(87.8)
27.4
(81.3)
22.4
(72.3)
15.1
(59.2)
8.5
(47.3)
20.4
(68.7)
Daily mean °C (°F) 1.2
(34.2)
3.9
(39.0)
8.7
(47.7)
15.4
(59.7)
21.0
(69.8)
25.6
(78.1)
27.6
(81.7)
26.8
(80.2)
22.5
(72.5)
16.8
(62.2)
9.6
(49.3)
3.4
(38.1)
15.2
(59.4)
Average low °C (°F) −2.4
(27.7)
0.0
(32.0)
4.2
(39.6)
10.4
(50.7)
15.9
(60.6)
20.9
(69.6)
24.1
(75.4)
23.5
(74.3)
18.6
(65.5)
12.4
(54.3)
5.4
(41.7)
−0.5
(31.1)
11.0
(51.9)
Record low °C (°F) −13.2
(8.2)
−18.1
(−0.6)
−8.2
(17.2)
−1.8
(28.8)
5.3
(41.5)
12.0
(53.6)
16.8
(62.2)
14.6
(58.3)
7.2
(45.0)
−0.5
(31.1)
−7.7
(18.1)
−18.7
(−1.7)
−18.7
(−1.7)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 20.5
(0.81)
25.9
(1.02)
41.5
(1.63)
44.7
(1.76)
67.9
(2.67)
111.0
(4.37)
240.9
(9.48)
120.6
(4.75)
80.9
(3.19)
51.2
(2.02)
34.5
(1.36)
15.6
(0.61)
855.2
(33.67)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 4.7 6.2 7.9 7.5 7.8 9.7 13.6 10.7 8.4 7.7 6.0 4.2 94.4
Average relative humidity (%) 67 66 66 66 67 67 79 80 74 68 68 67 70
Source 1: China Meteorological Data Service Center[3]
Source 2: Weather China (precipitation days 1971–2000)[4]

Festivals[edit]

Sacrifice to The Kitchen God (祭灶)
This festival is the traditional lunar festival of East Asia, celebrated in Suzhou. People think this festival is to give presents to gods. In Suzhou, this festival is celebrated by offering food and burning incense on a table and baijiu on the floor to worship the gods. This food is left untouched for, more or less, one day. Also, some food is shared with family and friends.

Pear Flower Festival (梨花节)
There are many pear trees in Suzhou and when their flowers bloom people get together to appreciate it and have a picnic. At night there is a festival program on Anhui TV to show how beautiful it is.

Sacred Stone Festival (奇石节)[5]
Suzhou Lingbi Sacred Stone Festival aims to promote the charming and admirable Lingbi sculptures. This festival expands the economy, sets up an investment promotion platform, promotes Suzhou economic and social development, and enhances its visibility and reputation. People get together and show their unique and beautiful stones. They can be viewed at the Suzhou QiShi Museum. The city mayor chooses the best one to be sent to the National Museum of China.

Tourist Attractions[edit]

Huangzangyu National Forest Park

Anhui Huangzangyu National Forest Park is located in the denuded low hills in the south of the Taoxu Mountain System. The mountain rocks are limestone bodies, and there are many natural caves, well springs, and rock landscapes. The highest peak is Pingdingshan, 389 meters above sea level, and the general peak height is between 100-300 meters.

Zhong Kui Wine Culture Museum

Zhongkui Wine Culture Museum is located in Lingbi County Economic Development Zone.

It is a typical Huizhou building, with white walls, black tiles and horse head walls, Zhongkui Hall in the courtyard and corridor, towering towers and pavilions, small bridges and flowing water houses, strange rocks, trees, and a total area of more than 3,000 square meters. , with a total construction area of more than 1,000 square meters, of which the main exhibition hall - "Zhong Kui Wine Culture Museum" has an exhibition area of more than 500 square meters, consisting of a gatehouse, curved corridors and the main exhibition hall. The decorative display in the main exhibition hall borrows the architectural elements of Huizhou style and coexists harmoniously with the external environment, complementing each other, the whole is smooth and smooth, and the ancient charm is vivid. The display content of the entire main exhibition hall consists of five parts.

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ "China: Ānhuī (Prefectures, Cities, Districts and Counties) - Population Statistics, Charts and Map". www.citypopulation.de. Retrieved 13 April 2018.
  2. ^ Postal romanisation.
  3. ^ 中国地面气候标准值月值(1981-2010) (in Simplified Chinese). China Meteorological Data Service Center. Retrieved 29 November 2022.
  4. ^ 宿州 - 气象数据 -中国天气网 (in Chinese). Weather China. Retrieved 29 November 2022.
  5. ^ 党和国家领导人将来参加第三届宿州奇石节. szxx.com.cn.

External links[edit]