Barcelona–El Prat Airport

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Barcelona–El Prat Airport
Aeropuerto de Barcelona–El Prat
Aeroport de Barcelona–El Prat
Barcelona air logo.png
Vestíbulo de salidas y filtros de seguridad de la terminal T1 del aeropuerto de Barcelona..jpg
Summary
Airport type Public
Owner ENAIRE
Serves Barcelona, Spain
Location El Prat de Llobregat
Hub for
Focus city for
Elevation AMSL 14 ft / 4 m
Coordinates 41°17′49″N 002°04′42″E / 41.29694°N 2.07833°E / 41.29694; 2.07833Coordinates: 41°17′49″N 002°04′42″E / 41.29694°N 2.07833°E / 41.29694; 2.07833
Website aena.es
Map
BCN is located in Spain
BCN
BCN
Location within Spain
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
07L/25R 3,743 12,281 Asphalt concrete
07R/25L 2,660 8,727 Asphalt concrete
02/20 2,528 8,293 Asphalt concrete
Statistics (2016)
Passengers 44,154,693
Passenger change 15–16 Increase 11.2%
Aircraft movements 307,864
Movements change 15–16 Increase 6.6%
Sources: Passenger Traffic, AENA[1]
Spanish AIP, AENA[2]

Barcelona–El Prat Airport[3][4] (IATA: BCNICAO: LEBL) (Catalan: Aeroport de Barcelona – el Prat, Spanish: Aeropuerto de Barcelona-El Prat), also known as Barcelona Airport, is an international airport located 12 km (7.5 mi) southwest[5] of the centre of Barcelona, Spain, lying in the municipalities of El Prat de Llobregat, Viladecans, and Sant Boi.

It is the main airport of Catalonia, the second largest and second busiest in Spain behind Madrid-Barajas Airport, and the seventh busiest in Europe. In 2016, Barcelona Airport handled a record 44.1 million passengers, up 11.2% from 2015. It is a hub for Air Nostrum, EasyJet, Norwegian Air International, Ryanair and Vueling, and a focus city for Air Europa and Iberia. The airport mainly serves domestic European destinations, also having flights to North America (United States of America and Canada), South America (Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Cuba, Dominican Republic and Peru), Middle East (Egypt, Israel, Lebanon, Jordan, United Arab Emirates, Qatar and Iran), Asia (China, Pakistan, Singapore and South Korea), and Africa (Senegal, Gambia, Tunisia, Algeria and Morocco).

The BarcelonaMadrid air shuttle service, known as the "Puente Aéreo" (in Spanish), or "Pont Aeri" (in Catalan) literally "Air Bridge", was the world's busiest route until 2008, with the highest number of flight operations (971 per week) in 2007.[6] The schedule has been reduced since February 2008, when a Madrid–Barcelona high-speed rail line was opened, covering the distance in 2 hours 30 minutes, and quickly became popular.[7] In 2016 there is half the number of air passengers on this route, but still there are 14 million more passengers in 2016 at El Prat Airport compared to 2007.

History[edit]

Airport Layout
Former control tower
Terminal 1 from the tarmac
Terminal 1 interior
Terminal 1

Barcelona's first airfield, located at El Remolar, began operations in 1916. However, it did not have good expansion prospects, so a new airport at El Prat opened in 1918. The first plane was a Latécoère Salmson 300 which arrived from Toulouse with final destination Casablanca. The airport was used as headquarters of the Aeroclub of Catalonia and the base for the Spanish Navy's Zeppelin fleet. Scheduled commercial service began in 1927 with an Iberia service to Madrid Cuatro Vientos Airport. This was Iberia's first route. During the time of the Second Spanish Republic El Prat was one of the bases of LAPE (Líneas Aéreas Postales Españolas).[8]

In 1948, a runway was built (now called runway 07-25); in the same year the first overseas service was operated by Pan American World Airways to New York City, using a Lockheed Constellation. Between 1948 and 1952, a second runway was constructed (runway 16–34), perpendicular to the previous, also taxiways were constructed and a terminal to accommodate passengers. In 1963, the airport reached one million passengers a year. A new control tower was built in 1965. In 1968, a new terminal was opened, which still exists and is in use as what is now Terminal 2B.[9]

On 3 August 1970, Pan American World Airways inaugurated regular service between Barcelona, Lisbon and New York, operated by a Boeing 747.[citation needed] On 4 November of the same year, Iberia began the "Air-shuttle" service between Barcelona and Madrid–Barajas. A few years later, in 1976, a terminal was built specifically for Iberia's air-shuttle service and a terminal exclusively for cargo, an annexed mail service and an aircraft ramp for air cargo. In 1977, the airport handled over 5 million passengers annually.[citation needed]

From the late seventies to the early nineties, the airport was stalled in traffic and investments until the 1992 Summer Olympics held in Barcelona. El Prat underwent a major development consisting of the modernization and expansion of the existing terminal, which became known as Terminal B, and the construction of two further terminals flanking that, known as Terminals A and C respectively.[9] The development included jetways for direct access to the aircraft. This reform was designed by architect Ricardo Bofill Levi.[citation needed]

In 1992, a new control tower was inaugurated also designed by Ricardo Bofill Levi, but this was replaced by another much needed control tower in 2006.[citation needed]

The new Terminal 1 was inaugurated on 16 June 2009, covering 545,000 m2 (5,866,331 sq ft). 70% of today's flights operate from Terminal 1. The old Terminals A, B and C are now known as Terminals 2A, 2B and 2C.

Due to the strong drop in air traffic after 1999 and the crisis in the aviation sector in 2001 many charter operations from Girona and Reus were diverted to El Prat, which helped the airport to survive the crisis.

On 1 February 2014, Barcelona–El Prat was the first Spanish airport to receive a daily flight with the Airbus A380-800, on the Emirates route to Dubai International Airport. Emirates also offers a second daily flight, also operated by the A380-800.

International Airlines Group (IAG) announced in December 2016 flights from Barcelona to the US, Latin America and Asia for the summer of 2017. IAG, formed by British Airways, Iberia, Vueling and Aer Lingus, created Level, the second airline, after Norwegian, launching low-cost long haul flights from the Catalan city.[10] They announced flights from June 2017 to Los Angeles, Oakland, Punta Cana and Buenos Aires.[relevant? ]

Operations[edit]

Most of the traffic at Barcelona Airport is domestic and European, in which Vueling has an operational base. Intercontinental connections have not generated a significant amount of passenger traffic during the last years. In the early twenty-first century the airport passenger carried numbers and the number of operations increased significantly.

Low-cost airline traffic grew significantly, especially after the creation of operating bases by Vueling and Clickair at the airport. Vueling and Clickair merged in July 2009, operating under the Vueling name. Other low-cost airlines operate from the airport, including Ryanair, EasyJet, Norwegian Air International, EasyJet Switzerland, Wizz Air and Transavia.com. A new base was established at the airport in September 2010.

The airport has 3 runways, two parallel, nominated 07L/25R and 07R/25L (the later opened in 2004), and a cross runway 02/20. There are two terminals: T2, which is the sum of the previous Terminals A, B and C, located on the north side of the airport and T1, on the west side, which opened on 16 June 2009. As of 2014 the two terminals had a combined total of 268 check-in counters and 64 boarding gates. Operations at the airport are restricted exclusively to Instrument flight rules (IFR) flights, except for sanitary, emergency and government VFR flights.

A plan for expansion (Plan Barcelona)[11] was completed in 2009, adding a third terminal building (also designed by Ricardo Bofill) and control tower. An additional runway (07R/25L) was also built. The airport became capable of handling 55 million passengers annually (up from 33 million in 2007). The airport expanded in area from 8.45 to 15.33 square kilometres (3.26 to 5.92 sq mi). Further expansion was planned to be finished by 2012, with a new satellite terminal to raise capacity to 70 million passengers annually, this is better explained in Terminal T1 section.

The airport is the subject of a political discussion over management and control between the Generalitat of Catalonia and the Spanish Government, which has involved AENA (airport manager) and various airlines, Iberia and Spanair mainly. Part of the controversy is about the benefits that the airport generates, which are used in maintenance and investments in other airports in the network of AENA and government investments in other economic areas.[by whom?]

Terminals[edit]

Terminal 1[edit]

A new Terminal 1 designed by Ricardo Bofill was inaugurated on 16 June 2009. It is the fifth largest in the world, and has an area of 548,000 m2 (5,900,000 sq ft), an aircraft ramp of 600,000 m2 (6,500,000 sq ft), 13,000 new parking lots and 45 new fingers expandable to 60. This terminal is also capable to embrace large aircraft like the Airbus A380-800 or Boeing 747-8I.

The terminal handles both Schengen and non-Schengen flights. It is split into 5 Modules with Module A handling flights to Madrid, Module B handling Schengen flights, Module C handling Air Nostrum flights, Module D handling non-Schengen European flights and Module E handling non-Schengen non-European flights.

Its facilities include:

  • 258 check-in counters
  • 60 jetways (some are prepared for the A380, with double jetway)
  • 15 baggage carousels (one of the new carousel is equivalent to 4 carousels in the old terminal) and
  • 12,000 parking spaces, in addition to the 12,000 already in the terminal 2.

The forecast is that the airport will be able to handle 55 million passengers annually —as opposed to the 30 million people before its construction— and will reach 90 operations an hour.

The extension of the airport with a total investment of €5.1 billion in the future[when?] will include a new satellite terminal and refurbishment of existing terminals. The civil engineering phase of the South Terminal has been made possible by a budget of €1 billion.

It is also planned the construction of a satellite terminal —T1S or Terminal 1 Satèl·lit, in Catalan— considering that the airport is on the verge of collapse because terminals cannot handle all passengers because of space shortage. This terminal will be at 1,5 kilometres from the current T1 terminal, behind the 02-20, transversal, runway. With this action, the airport will be able to increase its passenger capacity to 70 million people annually.

Terminal 2[edit]

Terminal 2 is divided into three linked sections, known as Terminal 2A, 2B and 2C. Terminal 2B is the oldest part of the complex still in use, dating back to 1968. Terminals 2A and 2C were added in order to expand the airport capacity before the arrival of the 1992 Summer Olympics held in city.[9] This expansion was also designed by Ricardo Bofill Levi.

This terminal is most occupied by low-cost airlines, although there are some airlines which are not low-cost in this terminal.

Following the opening of Terminal 1 in 2009, Terminal 2 became almost empty until the airport authorities lowered landing fees to attract low-cost and regional carriers to fill the terminal. Whilst this has helped, the complex is nowhere near full capacity and Terminal 2A is currently unused for departures. Terminal 2C is used only by EasyJet and EasyJet Switzerland flights, with flights to the UK using module M0, whilst flights to the rest of Europe use module M1. Terminal 2B is mostly used by Ryanair and others, like Transavia. And T2A is adapted for large airplanes, such as B777. The terminal is also split into Modules, where flights to schengen destinations use Module U and flights to non Schengen destinations use Modules W and Y.

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Passenger[edit]

The following airlines operate regular scheduled and charter flights to and from Barcelona:[12]

Airlines Destinations
Aegean Airlines Athens
Aer Lingus Dublin
Seasonal: Cork
Aeroflot Moscow–Sheremetyevo
Aeroflot
operated by Rossiya Airlines
Saint Petersburg
Seasonal: Moscow–Vnukovo[13]
Aerolíneas Argentinas Buenos Aires–Ezeiza
Air Algérie Algiers, Oran
Air Arabia Maroc Fes, Casablanca, Nador, Tangier
airBaltic Riga
Air Berlin Düsseldorf
Air Canada Rouge Toronto–Pearson
Seasonal: Montréal–Trudeau
Air China Beijing–Capital, Shanghai–Pudong,[14] Vienna
Air Europa Almeria, Madrid, Menorca, Palma de Mallorca, Tenerife–North
Seasonal: Lanzarote
Air France Paris–Charles de Gaulle
Air Moldova Chișinău
Air Transat Seasonal: Montréal–Trudeau, Toronto–Pearson
Alitalia Milan–Linate, Rome–Fiumicino
Alitalia
operated by Alitalia CityLiner
Milan–Linate
American Airlines Miami, New York–JFK
Seasonal: Charlotte, Chicago–O'Hare,[15] Philadelphia
Arkia Seasonal: Tel Aviv–Ben Gurion
Armenia Aircompany Yerevan
Atlantic Airways Seasonal: Vágar
Avianca Bogotá
Azerbaijan Airlines Seasonal: Baku
Azores Airlines Boston, Ponta Delgada[16]
Belavia Minsk
Blue Air Bucharest, Iași
British Airways London–Gatwick, London–Heathrow
British Airways
operated by BA CityFlyer
Seasonal charter: Edinburgh, Glasgow
Brussels Airlines Brussels
Bulgaria Air Sofia
Cathay Pacific Seasonal: Hong Kong[17]
CityJet Seasonal charter: Belfast–International[18]
Chalair Aviation Seasonal: Limoges
Croatia Airlines Zagreb
Croatia Airlines
operated by Trade Air
Zagreb
Czech Airlines Prague
Delta Air Lines New York–JFK
Seasonal: Atlanta
EasyJet Basel/Mulhouse, Berlin–Schönefeld, Bordeaux, Bristol, Geneva, Liverpool, London–Gatwick, London–Luton, London–Southend, Lyon, Milan–Malpensa, Naples, Newcastle upon Tyne, Nice, Paris–Charles de Gaulle
Seasonal: Belfast–International
EasyJet Switzerland Basel/Mulhouse, Geneva
EgyptAir Cairo
El Al Tel Aviv–Ben Gurion
Emirates Dubai–International
Eurowings Düsseldorf, Vienna
Eurowings
operated by Air Berlin
Munich (begins 31 October 2017)[19]
Eurowings
operated by Germanwings
Berlin–Tegel, Cologne/Bonn, Düsseldorf, Hamburg, Hannover, Stuttgart
Finnair Helsinki
Georgian Airways Tbilisi[20]
Iberia Madrid
Iberia Regional
operated by Air Nostrum
Badajoz, León, Valencia
Seasonal: Melilla, Pamplona
Icelandair Seasonal: Reykjavík–Keflavík
Ikar Airlines Seasonal: Moscow–Sheremetyevo
Israir Airlines Seasonal: Tel Aviv–Ben Gurion
Jet2.com Manchester
Seasonal: Glasgow, Leeds/Bradford
KLM Amsterdam
Korean Air Seoul–Incheon
LATAM Brasil São Paulo–Guarulhos
LATAM Perú Lima
Level Buenos Aires–Ezeiza, Oakland, Punta Cana
Seasonal: Los Angeles
LOT Polish Airlines Warsaw–Chopin
Lufthansa Frankfurt, Munich
Lufthansa Regional
operated by Lufthansa CityLine
Seasonal: Munich
Luxair Luxembourg
Mahan Air Tehran–Imam Khomeini[21]
Monarch Airlines Birmingham, London–Gatwick, Manchester
Seasonal: Leeds/Bradford
Nordwind Airlines Seasonal: Arkhangelsk, Belgorod, Chelyabinsk, Kazan, Khabarovsk, Krasnodar, Mineralnye Vody, Monastir, Moscow–Sheremetyevo, Moscow–Vnukovo, Murmansk, Nizhnekamsk, Nizhny Novgorod, Novosibirsk, Orenburg, Perm, Samara, Syktyvkar, Tyumen, Ufa, Volgograd, Voronezh, Yekaterinburg
Norwegian Air Shuttle
operated by Norwegian Air International
Bilbao (ends 29 October 2017) [22], Billund, Birmingham, Copenhagen, Düsseldorf, Gothenburg, Gran Canaria, Helsinki, London–Gatwick, Oslo–Gardermoen, Reykjavík–Keflavík, Stockholm–Arlanda, Tel Aviv–Ben Gurion, Tenerife–North
Seasonal: Bergen, Dubrovnik, Edinburgh, Hamburg, Manchester, Palma de Mallorca, Stavanger, Trondheim, Warsaw–Chopin
Norwegian Air Shuttle
operated by Norwegian Long Haul[23]
Fort Lauderdale, Los Angeles, Newark, Oakland
Orange2Fly
operated by Norwegian Air International
Birmingham
Pakistan International Airlines Islamabad, Lahore
Pegasus Airlines Istanbul–Sabiha Gökçen
Peoplefly Seasonal: Alghero, Trapani
Plus Ultra Líneas Aéreas Havana, Madrid
Primera Air Seasonal: Billund, Copenhagen, Reykjavík–Keflavík, Stockholm–Arlanda
Charter: Pori[24]
Qatar Airways Doha
Royal Air Maroc Casablanca
Seasonal: Tangier
Royal Flight Seasonal charter: St Petersburg, Yekaterinburg
Royal Jordanian Amman–Queen Alia
Ryanair Beauvais, Bergamo, Berlin–Schönefeld, Birmingham, Bologna, Brussels, Budapest, Charleroi, Cologne/Bonn, Dublin, East Midlands, Edinburgh, Fes, Frankfurt (begins 29 October 2017),[25] Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Hamburg, Ibiza, Jerez de la Frontera, Krakow (begins 29 October 2017),[26] Lanzarote, Liverpool, London–Stansted, Luxembourg (begins 30 October 2017),[26] Málaga, Manchester, Marrakesh, Menorca, Nador, Naples, Palma de Mallorca, Porto, Prague (begins 29 October 2017),[26] Prestwick, Rome–Fiumicino, Santander, Santiago de Compostela, Seville, Sofia, Stockholm–Skavsta, Tenerife–North, Tenerife–South, Treviso, Turin, Valladolid, Venice (begins 29 October 2017),[26] Vigo, Vilnius, Warsaw–Modlin
S7 Airlines Moscow–Domodedovo
Scandinavian Airlines Copenhagen, Oslo–Gardermoen
Seasonal: Bergen, Stavanger, Stockholm–Arlanda, Trondheim
Singapore Airlines Singaporea
SkyWork Airlines Seasonal: Bern
Small Planet Airlines Seasonal charter: Vilnius
Small Planet Poland Seasonal: Lublin[27] Warsaw–Chopin
Sun D'Or
operated by El Al
Tel Aviv–Ben Gurion
Swiss International Air Lines Geneva, Zürich
Swiss International Air Lines
operated by Swiss Global Air Lines
Geneva
TAP Portugal Lisbon
TAP Portugal
operated by TAP Express
Lisbon
TAROM Bucharest
Thomas Cook Airlines Belgium Seasonal: Brussels
Transavia Amsterdam, Eindhoven, Munich (ends 26 October 2017), Rotterdam/The Hague
Transavia France Paris–Orly
Travel Service
operated by SmartWings
Seasonal: Prague
TUI fly Belgium Antwerp, Ostend/Bruges
Tunisair Tunis
Turkish Airlines Istanbul–Atatürk, Istanbul–Sabiha Gökçen
Ukraine International Airlines Kiev–Boryspil
United Airlines Newark
Seasonal: Washington–Dulles
Ural Airlines Moscow–Domodedovo
Seasonal: St Petersburg, Yekaterinburg
VIM Airlines Charter: Moscow–Domodedovo, St Petersburg[28]
Volotea Seasonal charter: Jersey
Vueling A Coruña, Algiers, Alicante, Almería, Amsterdam, Asturias, Athens, Banjul, Basel/Mulhouse, Beirut, Bergen, Berlin–Tegel, Bilbao, Birmingham, Bologna, Bordeaux, Brindisi, Brussels, Catania, Copenhagen, Dakar, Dublin, Dubrovnik, Düsseldorf, Edinburgh, Eindhoven, Fes, Florence, Fuerteventura, Geneva, Gran Canaria, Granada, Hamburg, Hannover, Helsinki,[29] Ibiza, Jerez de la Frontera, La Palma, Lanzarote, Lille, Lisbon, London–Heathrow, London–Gatwick, London–Luton, Lyon, Madrid, Málaga, Manchester, Marrakesh, Marseilles, Menorca, Milan–Malpensa, Moscow–Domodedovo, Munich, Nador, Nantes, Naples, Nice, Oran, Oslo–Gardermoen, Palermo, Palma de Mallorca, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Paris–Orly, Pisa, Porto, Prague, Rennes, Reykjavík–Keflavík, Rome–Fiumicino, Rotterdam/The Hague, St Petersburg, San Sebastián, Santander, Santiago de Compostela, Seville, Stockholm–Arlanda, Stuttgart, Tangier, Tel Aviv–Ben Gurion, Tenerife–North, Tenerife–South, Toulouse, Turin, Valencia, Valladolid, Venice, Vienna, Vigo, Warsaw–Chopin, Zürich
Seasonal: Aalborg, Bari, Bastia, Belgrade, Brest, Bucharest, Budapest, Cagliari, Cardiff, Casablanca, Cluj-Napoca, Corfu, Faro, Funchal, Genoa, Gothenburg, Heraklion, Kaliningrad, Kiev–Zhulyany, Kraków, Larnaca, Luxembourg, Malta, Minsk, Mykonos, Nuremberg, Olbia, Santorini, Split, Tallinn, Thessaloniki, Tunis, Zadar, Zagreb
Windrose Airlines Seasonal: Kiev–Boryspil
Wizz Air Bucharest, Budapest, Chișinău, Cluj-Napoca, Craiova, Gdańsk, Katowice, Poznań, Riga, Skopje, Sofia, Timişoara, Vilnius, Warsaw–Chopin
WOW air Seasonal: Reykjavík–Keflavík
Notes

^a Three of the five Singapore Airlines' flights to and from Singapore makes a stop in Milan-Malpensa Airport, however the airline does not have fifth freedom rights to transport passengers solely between Barcelona and Milan.

Cargo[edit]

Airlines Destinations
ASL Airlines Belgium Brussels, Liège
Atlas Air Mumbai,Bengaluru
Cargolux Hong Kong, Baku, Luxembourg
DHL Aviation Vitoria
Emirates SkyCargo Dubai–Al-Maktoum
FedEx Express Paris–Charles de Gaulle
Lufthansa Cargo Frankfurt
Swiftair Madrid
Seasonal: Palma de Mallorca
ULS Airlines Cargo Istanbul–Atatürk
UPS Airlines Cologne/Bonn, Valencia

Statistics[edit]

Largest airlines[edit]

Main airlines in Barcelona–El Prat 2016
Rank Airline Passengers Services to
1 Vueling 15,912,302 Europe, Africa, Asia
2 Ryanair 6,785,995 Europe, Africa
3 EasyJet 2,799,947 Europe
4 Lufthansa 1,407,346 Germany (Munich and Frankfurt)
5 Air Europa 1,283,721 Europe
6 Norwegian Air International 1,240,280 Europe, U.S.
7 Iberia 1,184,660 Spain
8 British Airways 829,335 Great Britain (London)
9 Air France 739,442 France (Paris)
10 Wizz Air 651,098 Europe
11 KLM 589,635 The Netherlands (Amsterdam)
12 Swiss International Air Lines 553,308 Switzerland (Geneva and Zürich)
13 Emirates 532,976 United Arab Emirates (Dubai)
14 Transavia 510,066 The Netherlands
15 Germanwings 506,738 Germany
16 TAP Portugal 465,921 Portugal
17 Turkish Airlines 443,916 Turkey
18 American Airlines 436,378 United States of America
19 EasyJet Switzerland 399,974 Switzerland
20 Alitalia 383,275 Italy
21 Qatar Airways 352,490 Qatar (Doha)
22 Aeroflot 320,936 Russia (Moscow and Saint Petersburg)
23 Norwegian Air Shuttle 306,837 Europe
24 Delta Airlines 276,724 United States of America
25 Monarch Airlines 260,534 Great Britain

Traffic figures[edit]

Busiest International Routes Apr 15 – Mar 16[30]
Rank Airport Passengers Carriers
1 United Kingdom London Gatwick 1.364.620 British Airways, EasyJet, Monarch Airlines, Norwegian Air Shuttle, Vueling
2 Netherlands Amsterdam Schiphol 1.241.129 KLM, Transavia, Vueling
3 France Paris Charles de Gaulle 1.235.888 Air France, EasyJet, Vueling
4 Italy Rome Fiumicino 1.227.988 Alitalia, Ryanair, Vueling
5 Germany Frankfurt International 1.030.604 Lufthansa, Vueling
6 France Paris Orly 982.125 Transavia, Vueling
7 Belgium Brussels National 841.374 Brussels Airlines, Ryanair, Vueling
8 Germany Munich F.J.Strauss 766.960 Lufthansa, Vueling
9 United Kingdom London Heathrow 701.905 British Airways, Vueling
10 Italy Milan Malpensa 660.880 EasyJet, Singapore Airlines, Vueling
11 Switzerland Zürich International 622.038 Swiss International Air Lines, Vueling
12 Switzerland Geneva Cointrin 598.013 EasyJet Switzerland, Swiss International Air Lines, Vueling|
13 Portugal Lisbon 593.219 Portugalia, TAP Portugal, Vueling
14 United Kingdom London Stansted 507.870 Ryanair
15 Republic of Ireland Dublin 499.686 Aer Lingus, Ryanair, Vueling
Graphical volume of passenger traffic between 1963 and 2006
Congestion, seven aircraft waiting for takeoff
Passenger Volume
Year Passengers % Year Passengers %
1963 1,000,000 - 2003 22,752,667 +6.6
1977 5,000,000 - 2004 24,558,138 +7.9
1990 9,205,000 - 2005 27,152,745 +10.6
1991 9,145,000 -0.7 2006 30,008,152 +10.5
1992 10,196,000 +11.5 2007 32,898,249 +9.6
1993 9,999,000 -2.0 2008 30,208,134 -8.2
1994 10,647,285 +6.5 2009 27,311,765 -9.4
1995 11,727,814 +10.1 2010 29,209,595 +6.5
1996 13,434,679 +14.6 2011 34,398,226 +17.8
1997 15,065,724 +12.1 2012 35,144,503 +2.2
1998 16,194,805 +7.3 2013 35,216,828 +0.2
1999 17,421,938 +7.6 2014 37,559,044 +6.7
2000 19,809,567 +13.8 2015 39,711,276 +5.7
2001 20,745,536 +4.7 2016 44,154,693 +11.2
2002 21,348,211 +2.9 2017 (Jan-Aug) 32,083,377 +7.9

Source: Aeroport de Barcelona, AENA.

Operations Volume
Year Operations %
1999 233,609 -
2000 255,913 +9.5
2001 273,119 +6.3
2002 271,023 -0.8
2003 282,021 +4.1
2004 291,369 +3.3
2005 307,798 +5.6
2006 327,636 +6.4
2007 352,501 +7.6
2008 321,491 -8.8
2009 278,965 -13.3
2010 277,832 -0.4
2011 303,054 +9.1
2012 290,004 -4.3
2013 276,497 -4,7
2014 283,850 +2,7
2015 288,878 +1,8
2016 307,864 +6,6
Cargo Volume
Year Tonnes %
1999 88,217 -
2000 88,269 +2.4
2001 81,882 -7.8
2002 75,905 -7.3
2003 70,118 -7.6
2004 84,985 +21.2
2005 90,446 +6.4
2006 93,404 +3.3
2007 96,770 +3.6
2008 104,329 +7.7
2009 89,813 -13.6
2010 104,279 +16.1
2011 96,572 -7.4
2012 96,522 -0.1
2013 100,288 +3.9
2014 102,692 +2.4
2015 117,219 +14.1
2016 132,754 +13.3

Ground transportation[edit]

Rail[edit]

Train

Terminal 2 has its own Rodalies Barcelona commuter train station on the line R2, which runs from the Maçanet-Massanes station every 30 minutes, with major stops at Barcelona Sants railway station and the fairly central Passeig de Gràcia railway station to provide transfer to the Barcelona Metro system, also in Clot station. Passengers for T1 must take a connecting bus from Terminal 2B to Terminal 1. As part of the major expansion above, a new shuttle train is going to be built from Terminal 1 to Barcelona Sants (connected with the high speed train, the AVE) and Passeig de Gràcia Stations is expected by the end of 2020.

Metro

Also this airport is linked to Barcelona by underground (metro) since February 12, 2016[31][32] by Line 9 of the Barcelona Metro with a station in each terminal, the Aeroport T1 station situated directly underneath the airport terminal T1 and the Aeroport T2 station close to the Aeroport rail station at the terminal T2. The line connects with several Barcelona Metro lines to the city center.

Road[edit]

The C-32B highway connects the airport to a main traffic interchange between Barcelona's Ronda de Dalt beltway and major motorways. There is provision for parking cars at the airport, with about 24,000 parking spaces.

Bus[edit]

The Transports Metropolitans de Barcelona (TMB) public bus line 46 runs from Paral·lel Avenue. The Aerobús offers direct transfers from T1 and T2 to the city center at Plaça Catalunya. Another company offers transfers from Barcelona Airport to nearest airports like Reus Airport or Girona–Costa Brava, provincial and national capitals and links with France or Andorra.

Incidents and accidents[edit]

  • On 21 October 1994 a Falcon 20 cargo aircraft made an emergency landing at the airport after suffering a malfunction in its landing gear; none of the three crewmembers were injured.
  • On 19 February 1998, two people, the commander and the pilot died in an Ibertrans general aviation plane crash in the borough of Gavà shortly after taking off from El Prat.
  • On 28 July 1998 a general aviation cargo plane carrying press from Mallorca crashed next to one of the fences surrounding the airport, killing two crew members and co-pilot.
  • On 3 December 2010, during the Spanish air traffic controllers strike, Barcelona Airport remained inoperative when all Spanish air traffic controllers walked out in a coordinated wildcat strike. Following the walkout, the Spanish Government authorized the Spanish military to take over air traffic control operations.[33] On the morning of 4 December, the government declared a 'State of Alert', ordering the controllers back to work. Shortly after the measure was implemented, controllers started returning to work and the strike was called off.[34]

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ (PDF) http://www.aena.es/csee/ccurl/825/352/Estadisticas_2016.pdf. Retrieved 11 Jan 2017.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  2. ^ Spanish AIP (AENA) Archived 7 March 2012 at the Wayback Machine.
  3. ^ "Orden FOM/1508/2011, de 18 de mayo, por la que se modifica la denominación oficial del Aeropuerto de Barcelona". BOE. (in Spanish)
  4. ^ "Barcelona–El Prat Airport – Aena Aeropuertos". Aena-aeropuertos.es. Retrieved 7 April 2013. 
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Further reading[edit]

  • Zunino, Eric (November 2004) "Barcelona Airport", Airline World, pp. 40–43.

External links[edit]