Barcelona–El Prat Airport

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Barcelona Airport)
Jump to: navigation, search
Barcelona–El Prat Airport
Aeropuerto de Barcelona–El Prat
Aeroport de Barcelona–El Prat
Barcelona air logo.png
Vestíbulo de salidas y filtros de seguridad de la terminal T1 del aeropuerto de Barcelona..jpg
Airport type Public
Serves Barcelona, Spain
Location El Prat de Llobregat
Hub for
Focus city for
Elevation AMSL 14 ft / 4 m
Coordinates 41°17′49″N 002°04′42″E / 41.29694°N 2.07833°E / 41.29694; 2.07833Coordinates: 41°17′49″N 002°04′42″E / 41.29694°N 2.07833°E / 41.29694; 2.07833
BCN is located in Spain
Location within Spain
Direction Length Surface
m ft
07L/25R 3,743 12,281 Asphalt concrete
07R/25L 2,660 8,727 Asphalt concrete
02/20 2,528 8,293 Asphalt concrete
Statistics (2017)
Passengers 47,284,500
Passenger change 16–17 Increase 7.1%
Aircraft movements 323,539
Movements change 16–17 Increase 5.1%
Cargo (t) 156,105,304
Cargo change 16–17 Increase 14.9%
Sources: Passenger Traffic, AENA[1]
Spanish AIP, AENA,[2][3]

Barcelona–El Prat Airport[4][5] (IATA: BCNICAO: LEBL) (Catalan: Aeroport de Barcelona – el Prat, Spanish: Aeropuerto de Barcelona-El Prat), also known as Barcelona Airport, is an international airport located 12 km (7.5 mi) southwest[6] of the centre of Barcelona, lying in the municipalities of El Prat de Llobregat, Viladecans, and Sant Boi.

It is the second largest and second busiest airport in Spain behind Madrid-Barajas Airport, and the seventh busiest in Europe. In 2016, Barcelona Airport handled a record 44.1 million passengers, up 11.2% from 2015. It is a hub for Level and Vueling, and a focus city for Air Europa, Iberia, EasyJet, Norwegian and Ryanair. The airport mainly serves domestic European destinations, also having flights to North America (United States and Canada), South America (Argentina, Brazil, Colombia and Peru), Middle East (Israel, Lebanon, Jordan, United Arab Emirates and Qatar), Asia (Iran, Pakistan, China, South Korea and Singapore), and Africa (Algeria, Egypt, Morocco, Tunisia, Gambia, Ethiopia and Senegal).

The BarcelonaMadrid air shuttle service, known as the "Puente Aéreo" (in Spanish), or "Pont Aeri" (in Catalan) literally "Air Bridge", was the world's busiest route until 2008, with the highest number of flight operations (971 per week) in 2007.[7] The schedule has been reduced since February 2008, when a Madrid–Barcelona high-speed rail line was opened, covering the distance in 2 hours 30 minutes, and quickly became popular.[8]


Airport Layout
Former control tower
Terminal 1 from the tarmac
Terminal 1 interior
Terminal 1

Barcelona's first airfield, located at El Remolar, began operations in 1916. However, it did not have good expansion prospects, so a new airport at El Prat opened in 1918. The first plane was a Latécoère Salmson 300 which arrived from Toulouse with final destination Casablanca. The airport was used as headquarters of the Aeroclub of Catalonia and the base for the Spanish Navy's Zeppelin fleet. Scheduled commercial service began in 1927 with an Iberia service to Madrid Cuatro Vientos Airport. This was Iberia's first route. During the time of the Second Spanish Republic El Prat was one of the bases of LAPE (Líneas Aéreas Postales Españolas).[9]

In 1948, a runway was built (now called runway 07-25); in the same year the first overseas service was operated by Pan American World Airways to New York City, using a Lockheed Constellation. Between 1948 and 1952, a second runway was constructed (runway 16–34), perpendicular to the previous, also taxiways were constructed and a terminal to accommodate passengers. In 1963, the airport reached one million passengers a year. A new control tower was built in 1965. In 1968, a new terminal was opened, which still exists and is in use as what is now Terminal 2B.[10]

On 3 August 1970, Pan American World Airways inaugurated regular service between Barcelona, Lisbon and New York, operated by a Boeing 747.[citation needed] On 4 November of the same year, Iberia began the "Air-shuttle" service between Barcelona and Madrid–Barajas. A few years later, in 1976, a terminal was built specifically for Iberia's air-shuttle service and a terminal exclusively for cargo, an annexed mail service and an aircraft ramp for air cargo. In 1977, the airport handled over 5 million passengers annually.[citation needed]

From the late seventies to the early nineties, the airport was stalled in traffic and investments until the 1992 Summer Olympics held in Barcelona. El Prat underwent a major development consisting of the modernization and expansion of the existing terminal, which became known as Terminal B, and the construction of two further terminals flanking that, known as Terminals A and C respectively.[10] The development included jetways for direct access to the aircraft. This reform was designed by architect Ricardo Bofill Levi.[citation needed]

In 1992, a new control tower was inaugurated also designed by Ricardo Bofill Levi, but this was replaced by another much needed control tower in 2006.[citation needed]

The new Terminal 1 was inaugurated on 16 June 2009, covering 545,000 m2 (5,866,331 sq ft). 70% of today's flights operate from Terminal 1. The old Terminals A, B and C are now known as Terminals 2A, 2B and 2C.

Due to the strong drop in air traffic after 1999 and the crisis in the aviation sector in 2001 many charter operations from Girona and Reus were diverted to El Prat, which helped the airport to survive the crisis.

On 1 February 2014, Barcelona–El Prat was the first Spanish airport to receive a daily flight with the Airbus A380-800, on the Emirates route to Dubai International Airport. Emirates also offers a second daily flight, also operated by the A380-800.

International Airlines Group (IAG) announced in December 2016 flights from Barcelona to the US, Latin America and Asia for the summer of 2017. IAG, formed by British Airways, Iberia, Vueling and Aer Lingus, created Level, the second airline, after Norwegian, launching low-cost long haul flights from the Catalan city.[11] They announced flights from June 2017 to Los Angeles, Oakland, Punta Cana and Buenos Aires.[relevant? ]


Most of the traffic at Barcelona Airport is domestic and European, in which Vueling has an operational base. Intercontinental connections have not generated a significant amount of passenger traffic during the last years. In the early twenty-first century the airport passenger carried numbers and the number of operations increased significantly.

Low-cost airline traffic grew significantly, especially after the creation of operating bases by Vueling and Clickair at the airport. Vueling and Clickair merged in July 2009, operating under the Vueling name. Other low-cost airlines operate from the airport, including Ryanair, EasyJet, Norwegian Air International, EasyJet Switzerland, Wizz Air and A new base was established at the airport in September 2010.

The airport has 3 runways, two parallel, nominated 07L/25R and 07R/25L (the later opened in 2004), and a cross runway 02/20. There are two terminals: T2, which is the sum of the previous Terminals A, B and C, located on the north side of the airport and T1, on the west side, which opened on 16 June 2009. As of 2014 the two terminals had a combined total of 268 check-in counters and 64 boarding gates. Operations at the airport are restricted exclusively to Instrument flight rules (IFR) flights, except for sanitary, emergency and government VFR flights.

A plan for expansion (Plan Barcelona)[12] was completed in 2009, adding a third terminal building (also designed by Ricardo Bofill) and control tower. An additional runway (07R/25L) was also built. The airport became capable of handling 55 million passengers annually (up from 33 million in 2007). The airport expanded in area from 8.45 to 15.33 square kilometres (3.26 to 5.92 sq mi). Further expansion was planned to be finished by 2012, with a new satellite terminal to raise capacity to 70 million passengers annually, this is better explained in Terminal T1 section.

The airport is the subject of a political discussion over management and control between the Generalitat of Catalonia and the Spanish Government, which has involved AENA (airport manager) and various airlines, Iberia and Spanair mainly. Part of the controversy is about the benefits that the airport generates, which are used in maintenance and investments in other airports in the network of AENA and government investments in other economic areas.[by whom?]


Terminal 1[edit]

A new Terminal 1 designed by Ricardo Bofill was inaugurated on 16 June 2009. It is the fifth largest in the world, and has an area of 548,000 m2 (5,900,000 sq ft), an aircraft ramp of 600,000 m2 (6,500,000 sq ft), 13,000 new parking lots and 45 new fingers expandable to 60. This terminal is also capable to embrace large aircraft like the Airbus A380-800 or Boeing 747-8I.

The terminal handles both Schengen and non-Schengen flights. It is split into 5 Modules with Module A handling flights to Madrid, Module B handling Schengen flights, Module C handling Air Nostrum flights, Module D handling non-Schengen European flights and Module E handling non-Schengen non-European flights.

Its facilities include:

  • 258 check-in counters
  • 60 jetways (some are prepared for the A380, with double jetway)
  • 15 baggage carousels (one of the new carousel is equivalent to 4 carousels in the old terminal) and
  • 12,000 parking spaces, in addition to the 12,000 already in the terminal 2.

The forecast is that the airport will be able to handle 55 million passengers annually —as opposed to the 30 million people before its construction— and will reach 90 operations an hour.

The extension of the airport with a total investment of €5.1 billion in the future[when?] will include a new satellite terminal and refurbishment of existing terminals. The civil engineering phase of the South Terminal has been made possible by a budget of €1 billion.

It is also planned the construction of a satellite terminal —T1S or Terminal 1 Satèl·lit, in Catalan— considering that the airport is on the verge of collapse because terminals cannot handle all passengers because of space shortage. This terminal will be at 1,5 kilometres from the current T1 terminal, behind the 02-20, transversal, runway. With this action, the airport will be able to increase its passenger capacity to 70 million people annually.

Terminal 2[edit]

Terminal 2 is divided into three linked sections, known as Terminal 2A, 2B and 2C. Terminal 2B is the oldest part of the complex still in use, dating back to 1968. Terminals 2A and 2C were added in order to expand the airport capacity before the arrival of the 1992 Summer Olympics held in city.[10] This expansion was also designed by Ricardo Bofill Levi.

This terminal is most occupied by low-cost airlines, although there are some airlines which are not low-cost in this terminal.

Following the opening of Terminal 1 in 2009, Terminal 2 became almost empty until the airport authorities lowered landing fees to attract low-cost and regional carriers to fill the terminal. Whilst this has helped, the complex is nowhere near full capacity and Terminal 2A is currently unused for departures. Terminal 2C is used only by EasyJet and EasyJet Switzerland flights, with flights to the UK using module M0, whilst flights to the rest of Europe use module M1. Terminal 2B is mostly used by Ryanair and others, like Transavia. And T2A is adapted for large airplanes, such as B777. The terminal is also split into Modules, where flights to schengen destinations use Module U and flights to non Schengen destinations use Modules W and Y.

Airlines and destinations[edit]


The following airlines operate regular scheduled and charter flights to and from Barcelona:[13]

Airlines Destinations
Aegean Airlines Athens
Aer Lingus Dublin
Seasonal: Cork
Aeroflot Moscow–Sheremetyevo, St Petersburg
Seasonal: Moscow–Vnukovo[14]
Air Algérie Algiers, Oran
Air Arabia Maroc Casablanca, Fes, Nador, Tangier
airBaltic Riga
Air Canada Toronto–Pearson
Seasonal: Montréal–Trudeau
Air China Beijing–Capital, Shanghai–Pudong,[15] Vienna (ends 23 March 2018)[16]
Air Europa Almeria, Madrid, Menorca, Palma de Mallorca, Tenerife–North
Seasonal: Lanzarote
Air Moldova Chișinău
Air Transat Seasonal: Montréal–Trudeau, Toronto–Pearson
Alitalia Milan–Linate, Rome–Fiumicino
American Airlines Miami, New York–JFK
Seasonal: Charlotte, Chicago–O'Hare,[17] Philadelphia
Arkia Seasonal: Tel Aviv–Ben Gurion
Armenia Aircompany Seasonal charter: Yerevan
Asiana Airlines Seoul–Incheon (begins 30 August 2018)[18]
Atlantic Airways Seasonal: Vágar
Avianca Bogotá
Azerbaijan Airlines Seasonal: Baku
Azores Airlines Ponta Delgada[19]
Azur Air Ukraine Kiev-Boryspil
Belavia Minsk
Blue Air Bucharest, Iași
British Airways London–Gatwick, London–Heathrow
Seasonal charter: Edinburgh, Glasgow
Brussels Airlines Brussels
Bulgaria Air Seasonal: Sofia
Cathay Pacific Hong Kong (resumes 15 April 2018)[20]
CityJet Seasonal charter: Belfast–International[21]
Chalair Aviation Seasonal: Limoges
Croatia Airlines Zagreb
Czech Airlines Prague
Delta Air Lines New York–JFK
Seasonal: Atlanta
easyJet Basel/Mulhouse, Berlin–Schönefeld, Bordeaux, Bristol, Geneva, Liverpool, London–Gatwick, London–Luton, London–Southend, Lyon, Milan–Malpensa, Naples, Newcastle upon Tyne, Nice, Paris–Charles de Gaulle
Seasonal: Belfast–International
EgyptAir Cairo
El Al Tel Aviv–Ben Gurion
Emirates Dubai–International
Enter Air Charter: Sal, Katowice
Ethiopian Airlines Addis Ababa (begins 4 June 2018)[22]
Eurowings Cologne/Bonn, Düsseldorf, Hamburg, Hannover, Stuttgart, Vienna
Seasonal: Berlin–Tegel
Finnair Helsinki
Georgian Airways Tbilisi (begins 25 March 2018)[23]
Germania Seasonal: Dresden (begins 1 May 2018)[24]
Iberia Madrid
Iberia Regional Badajoz, Burgos (begins 1 June 2018),[25]León, Valencia,
Seasonal: Melilla
Israir Airlines Seasonal: Tel Aviv–Ben Gurion Manchester
Seasonal: Glasgow, Leeds/Bradford
Joon Paris–Charles de Gaulle[26]
KLM Amsterdam
Korean Air Seoul–Incheon
LATAM Brasil São Paulo–Guarulhos
LATAM Perú Lima
Level Buenos Aires–Ezeiza, Oakland, Punta Cana
Seasonal: Boston (begins 28 March 2018),[27] Los Angeles
LOT Polish Airlines Warsaw–Chopin
Lufthansa Frankfurt, Munich
Luxair Luxembourg
Mahan Air Tehran–Imam Khomeini[28]
Nordwind Airlines Seasonal charter: Arkhangelsk, Belgorod, Chelyabinsk, Kazan, Khabarovsk, Krasnodar, Mineralnye Vody, Monastir, Moscow–Sheremetyevo, Moscow–Vnukovo, Murmansk, Nizhnekamsk, Nizhny Novgorod, Novosibirsk, Orenburg, Perm, Samara, Syktyvkar, Tyumen, Ufa, Volgograd, Voronezh, Yekaterinburg
Norwegian Air Shuttle Billund, Copenhagen, Düsseldorf, Fort Lauderdale, Gothenburg, Gran Canaria, Helsinki, London–Gatwick, Los Angeles, Newark, Oakland,[29] Oslo–Gardermoen, Reykjavík–Keflavík, Stockholm–Arlanda, Tel Aviv–Ben Gurion, Tenerife–North
Seasonal: Bergen, Dubrovnik, Edinburgh, Hamburg, Stavanger, Trondheim, Warsaw–Chopin
Pakistan International Airlines Islamabad, Lahore
Pegasus Airlines Istanbul–Sabiha Gökçen
Pegas Fly Seasonal charter: Moscow–Sheremetyevo
Peoplefly Seasonal charter: Alghero, Trapani
Primera Air Seasonal: Billund, Copenhagen, Stockholm–Arlanda
Charter: Pori[30]
Qatar Airways Doha
Royal Air Maroc Casablanca
Seasonal: Tangier
Royal Flight Seasonal charter: Rostov-on-Don-Platov (begins 27 May 2018),[31] St Petersburg, Yekaterinburg
Royal Jordanian Amman–Queen Alia
Ryanair Beauvais, Bergamo, Berlin–Schönefeld, Birmingham, Bologna, Brussels, Budapest, Charleroi, Cologne/Bonn, Dublin, East Midlands, Edinburgh, Fes, Frankfurt,[32] Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Hamburg, Ibiza, Jerez de la Frontera, Krakow,[33] Lanzarote, Liverpool, London–Stansted, Luxembourg,[33] Málaga, Malta (begins 25 March 2018),[citation needed] Manchester, Marrakesh, Menorca, Nador, Naples, Palma de Mallorca, Porto, Prague,[33] Prestwick, Rome–Fiumicino, Santander, Santiago de Compostela, Seville, Sofia, Stockholm–Skavsta, Tenerife–North, Tenerife–South, Treviso, Turin, Valladolid, Venice,[33] Vigo, Vilnius, Warsaw–Modlin
S7 Airlines Moscow–Domodedovo, St Petersburg (begins 27 April 2018)[34]
Scandinavian Airlines Copenhagen, Oslo–Gardermoen
Seasonal: Bergen, Stavanger, Stockholm–Arlanda, Trondheim
Singapore Airlines Singaporea
Small Planet Airlines Seasonal charter: Vilnius
Small Planet Airlines (Poland) Seasonal: Lublin,[35] Warsaw–Chopin
SmartWings Seasonal: Prague
Sun D'Or Tel Aviv–Ben Gurion
Swiss International Air Lines Geneva, Zürich
TAP Air Portugal Lisbon, Porto (resumes 25 March 2018)[36]
TAROM Bucharest
Transavia Amsterdam, Eindhoven, Rotterdam/The Hague
Transavia France Paris–Orly
TUI fly Belgium Antwerp, Ostend/Bruges
Tunisair Tunis
Turkish Airlines Istanbul–Atatürk, Istanbul–Sabiha Gökçen
Ukraine International Airlines Kiev–Boryspil
Seasonal: Lviv (begins 27 April 2018)[citation needed]
United Airlines Newark
Seasonal: Washington–Dulles
Ural Airlines Moscow–Domodedovo
Seasonal: St Petersburg, Yekaterinburg
Uzbekistan Airways Tashkent (begins 24 May 2018)[37]
Volotea Seasonal charter: Jersey
Vueling A Coruña, Algiers, Alicante, Almería, Amsterdam, Asturias, Athens, Banjul, Basel/Mulhouse, Beirut, Bergen, Berlin–Tegel, Bilbao, Birmingham, Bologna, Bordeaux, Brindisi, Brussels, Cagliari, Catania, Copenhagen, Dakar, Dublin, Dubrovnik, Düsseldorf, Edinburgh, Fes, Florence, Fuerteventura, Geneva, Gran Canaria, Granada, Hamburg, Hannover, Helsinki,[38] Ibiza, Jerez de la Frontera, La Palma, Lanzarote, Lille, Lisbon, London–Gatwick, London–Luton, Lyon, Madrid, Málaga, Manchester, Marrakesh, Marseilles, Menorca, Milan–Malpensa, Moscow–Domodedovo, Munich, Nador, Nantes, Naples, Nice, Oran, Oslo–Gardermoen, Palermo, Palma de Mallorca, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Paris–Orly, Pisa, Porto, Prague, Rennes, Reykjavík–Keflavík, Rome–Fiumicino, St Petersburg, San Sebastián, Santander, Santiago de Compostela, Seville, Stockholm–Arlanda, Stuttgart, Tangier, Tel Aviv–Ben Gurion, Tenerife–North, Tenerife–South, Toulouse, Turin, Valencia, Valladolid, Venice, Vienna, Vigo, Warsaw–Chopin, Zürich
Seasonal: Aalborg, Bari, Bastia, Belgrade, Brest, Bucharest, Budapest, Cardiff, Casablanca, Cluj–Napoca, Corfu, Faro, Funchal, Genoa, Gothenburg, Heraklion, Kaliningrad, Kiev–Zhulyany, Kraków, Larnaca, Luxembourg, Malta, Minsk, Mykonos, Nuremberg, Olbia, Santorini, Split, Tallinn, Thessaloniki, Tunis, Zadar, Zagreb
Windrose Airlines Charter: Kiev–Boryspil
Wizz Air Bucharest, Budapest, Chișinău, Cluj–Napoca, Craiova, Gdańsk, Katowice, Kutaisi (begins 19 May 2018),[39] Poznań, Riga, Skopje, Sofia, Timişoara, Vilnius, Warsaw–Chopin
WOW air Seasonal: Reykjavík–Keflavík


Airlines Destinations
ASL Airlines Belgium Brussels, Liège
Atlas Air Mumbai, Bengaluru
Cargolux Hong Kong, Baku, Luxembourg
DHL Aviation Vitoria
Emirates SkyCargo Dubai–Al-Maktoum
FedEx Express Paris–Charles de Gaulle
Lufthansa Cargo Frankfurt
Swiftair Madrid
Seasonal: Palma de Mallorca
ULS Airlines Cargo Istanbul–Atatürk
UPS Airlines Cologne/Bonn, Valencia


Main airlines[edit]

Main airlines in 2017
Rank Airline Passengers
1 Vueling 17,174,966
2 Ryanair 6,962,954
3 EasyJet 3,143,891
4 Norwegian 1,586,744
5 Lufthansa 1,425,433
6 Iberia 1,338,263
7 Air Europa 1,052,286
8 British Airways 843,648
9 Air France 777,655
10 Wizz Air 768,044
11 KLM 574,985
12 Transavia 572,902
13 TAP Portugal 555,243
14 Emirates 551,008
15 Eurowings 542,492

Busiest international routes[edit]

Busiest International Routes in 2017
Rank Airport Passengers
1 United Kingdom London Gatwick 1,460,914
2 Netherlands Amsterdam Schiphol 1,363,965
3 France Paris Charles de Gaulle 1,290,861
4 Italy Rome Fiumicino 1,225,979
6 France Paris Orly 1,163,701
5 Germany Frankfurt International 937,469
7 Belgium Brussels National 927,483
8 Germany Munich F.J.Strauss 837,259
13 Portugal Lisbon 836,924
10 Italy Milan Malpensa 758,520
9 United Kingdom London Heathrow 684,967
11 Switzerland Zürich International 649,719
12 Switzerland Geneva Cointrin 637,998
15 Republic of Ireland Dublin 572,623
14 United Kingdom London Luton 507,191
Barcelona Airport Passenger volume progression (1963-2017)
Barcelona Airport cargo volume progression (1999-2017)
Congestion, seven aircraft waiting for takeoff
Passenger Volume
Year Passengers % Year Passengers %
1963 1,000,000 - 2003 22,752,667 +6.6
1977 5,000,000 - 2004 24,558,138 +7.9
1990 9,205,000 - 2005 27,152,745 +10.6
1991 9,145,000 -0.7 2006 30,008,152 +10.5
1992 10,196,000 +11.5 2007 32,898,249 +9.6
1993 9,999,000 -2.0 2008 30,208,134 -8.2
1994 10,647,285 +6.5 2009 27,311,765 -9.4
1995 11,727,814 +10.1 2010 29,209,595 +6.5
1996 13,434,679 +14.6 2011 34,398,226 +17.8
1997 15,065,724 +12.1 2012 35,144,503 +2.2
1998 16,194,805 +7.3 2013 35,216,828 +0.2
1999 17,421,938 +7.6 2014 37,559,044 +6.7
2000 19,809,567 +13.8 2015 39,711,276 +5.7
2001 20,745,536 +4.7 2016 44,154,693 +11.2
2002 21,348,211 +2.9 2017 47,284,500 +7.1
2018 (Jan) 3,058,271 +9.1

Source: Aeroport de Barcelona, AENA.

Operations Volume
Year Operations %
1999 233,609 -
2000 255,913 +9.5
2001 273,119 +6.3
2002 271,023 -0.8
2003 282,021 +4.1
2004 291,369 +3.3
2005 307,798 +5.6
2006 327,636 +6.4
2007 352,501 +7.6
2008 321,491 -8.8
2009 278,965 -13.3
2010 277,832 -0.4
2011 303,054 +9.1
2012 290,004 -4.3
2013 276,497 -4,7
2014 283,850 +2,7
2015 288,878 +1,8
2016 307,864 +6,6
2017 323,539 +5,1
2018 (Jan) 22,403 +7,5
Cargo Volume
Year Tonnes %
1999 88,217 -
2000 88,269 +2.4
2001 81,882 -7.8
2002 75,905 -7.3
2003 70,118 -7.6
2004 84,985 +21.2
2005 90,446 +6.4
2006 93,404 +3.3
2007 96,770 +3.6
2008 104,329 +7.7
2009 89,813 -13.6
2010 104,279 +16.1
2011 96,572 -7.4
2012 96,522 -0.1
2013 100,288 +3.9
2014 102,692 +2.4
2015 117,219 +14.1
2016 132,754 +13.3
2017 156,105 +14.9
2018 (Jan) 12,256 +18.7

Ground transportation[edit]



Terminal 2 has its own Rodalies Barcelona commuter train station on the line R2, which runs from the Maçanet-Massanes station every 30 minutes, with major stops at Barcelona Sants railway station and the fairly central Passeig de Gràcia railway station to provide transfer to the Barcelona Metro system, also in Clot station. Passengers for T1 must take a connecting bus from Terminal 2B to Terminal 1. As part of the major expansion above, a new shuttle train is going to be built from Terminal 1 to Barcelona Sants (connected with the high speed train, the AVE) and Passeig de Gràcia Stations is expected by the end of 2020.


Also this airport is linked to Barcelona by underground (metro) since 12 February 2016[40][41] by Line 9 of the Barcelona Metro with a station in each terminal, the Aeroport T1 station situated directly underneath the airport terminal T1 and the Aeroport T2 station close to the Aeroport rail station at the terminal T2. The line connects with several Barcelona Metro lines to the city center.


The C-32B highway connects the airport to a main traffic interchange between Barcelona's Ronda de Dalt beltway and major motorways. There is provision for parking cars at the airport, with about 24,000 parking spaces.


The Transports Metropolitans de Barcelona (TMB) public bus line 46 runs from Paral·lel Avenue. The Aerobús offers direct transfers from T1 and T2 to the city center at Plaça Catalunya. Another company offers transfers from Barcelona Airport to nearest airports like Reus Airport or Girona–Costa Brava, provincial and national capitals and links with France or Andorra.

Incidents and accidents[edit]

  • On 21 October 1994 a Falcon 20 cargo aircraft made an emergency landing at the airport after suffering a malfunction in its landing gear; none of the three crewmembers were injured.
  • On 19 February 1998, two people, the commander and the pilot died in an Ibertrans general aviation plane crash in the borough of Gavà shortly after taking off from El Prat.
  • On 28 July 1998 a general aviation cargo plane carrying press from Mallorca crashed next to one of the fences surrounding the airport, killing two crew members and co-pilot.
  • On 3 December 2010, during the Spanish air traffic controllers strike, Barcelona Airport remained inoperative when all Spanish air traffic controllers walked out in a coordinated wildcat strike. Following the walkout, the Spanish Government authorized the Spanish military to take over air traffic control operations.[42] On the morning of 4 December, the government declared a 'State of Alert', ordering the controllers back to work. Shortly after the measure was implemented, controllers started returning to work and the strike was called off.[43]



  1. ^ "Tráfico de pasajeros, operaciones y carga en los aeropuertos españoles" (PDF) (in Spanish). AENA. 2017. Retrieved 10 February 2018. 
  2. ^ Spanish AIP (AENA) Archived 7 March 2012 at the Wayback Machine.
  3. ^ [1]
  4. ^ "Orden FOM/1508/2011, de 18 de mayo, por la que se modifica la denominación oficial del Aeropuerto de Barcelona". BOE. (in Spanish)
  5. ^ "Barcelona–El Prat Airport – Aena Aeropuertos". Retrieved 7 April 2013. 
  6. ^ EUROCONTROL basic. Retrieved on 4 October 2011.
  7. ^ "Air passenger transport in Europe in 2007". Retrieved 14 September 2015. 
  8. ^ "Why the train in Spain is more popular than the plane". Retrieved 14 April 2014. 
  9. ^ aomd88. "Airline memorabilia: Alas de la República: CLASSA, LAPE (1934)". Retrieved 1 June 2015. 
  10. ^ a b c "History – Barcelona–El Prat Airport". aena. Retrieved 12 December 2014. 
  11. ^ "IAG operará vuelos 'low cost' de largo radio desde El Prat a partir de junio". 
  12. ^ Barcelona / Plan Barcelona Archived 5 March 2007 at the Wayback Machine.. Retrieved on 4 October 2011.
  13. ^ - Destinos retrieved 16 February 2017
  14. ^ Liu, Jim (16 March 2017). "Rossiya adds Moscow Vnukovo – Barcelona seasonal service in S17". Routesonline. Retrieved 16 March 2017. 
  15. ^ "Air China schedules Shanghai – Barcelona May 2017 launch". Routesonline. Retrieved 16 February 2017. 
  16. ^ - Air China splits Barcelona / Vienna service in S18 25 December 2017
  17. ^ "American adds new International routes in S17". routesonline. Retrieved 11 September 2016. 
  18. ^ Asiana Airlines S18 Long-Haul changes as of 17NOV17 Routesonline. 20 November 2017.
  19. ^ "Azores Airlines conectará Barcelona y Boston". El Nacional. Retrieved 27 February 2017. 
  20. ^
  21. ^ Wilkie, Kirsty. "Belfast Charter Programme to Freedom of the Seas". 
  22. ^ "El aeropuerto de Barcelona suma otro destino intercontinental: Etiopía". El Periodico. Retrieved 3 January 2018. 
  23. ^
  24. ^ Germania begin new service from Dresden
  25. ^ Liu, Jim. "Iberia adds Barcelona – Burgos service from June 2018". Retrieved 22 February 2018. 
  26. ^ Air France outlines JOON operation from Dec 2017 Routesonline. 25 September 2017.
  27. ^ "Level unirá barcelona con boston a partir del 28 de marzo". El Economista. Retrieved 28 November 2017. 
  28. ^ "Mahan Air plans Barcelona June 2017 launch". Routesonline. Retrieved 10 March 2017. 
  29. ^ "Barcelona tindrà vol directe amb Silicon Valley per primera vegada". 
  30. ^ "All airlines flying from Barcelona (BCN) to Pori (POR)". FlightMapper. Retrieved 9 May 2017. 
  31. ^ "Flight schedule". 4 December 2017. 
  32. ^ "RyanAir introduces Winter plane 2017/2018 from Frankfurt Am Main Vor". RyanAir. Retrieved 28 February 2017. 
  33. ^ a b c d "Ryanair W17 new routes as of 05MAR17". Routesonline. Retrieved 5 March 2017. 
  34. ^ "Russia, Saint Petersburg, Pulkovo (LED) <-> Spain, Barcelona, Barcelona El Prat (BCN)". S7 Airlines. Retrieved 5 February 2018. 
  35. ^ Small Planet expands Lublin service in S17 Routesonline. 1 December 2016.
  36. ^ "TAP Air Portugal plans to expand Porto network in S18". Routesonline. 18 December 2017. 
  37. ^ "Uzbekistan Airways opening flight to Barcelona". Trend news agency. 16 January 2018. 
  38. ^ Spanish airline Vueling will add more flights to Helsinki in winter season 2017–2018 25 August 2017. Retrieved 26 August 2017
  39. ^ "Rome, Paris, Barcelona, Prague: Wizz Air launches new direct flights from Kutaisi". 6 October 2017. Retrieved 6 October 2017. 
  40. ^ "Cuenta atrás para la inauguración del metro al aeropuerto de El Prat" [Countdown to the opening the metro to the airport of El Prat]. La Vanguardia (Press release) (in Spanish). La Vanguardia. 14 January 2016. Retrieved 15 January 2016. 
  41. ^ "El metro hacia El Prat comenzará a funcionar el día 12 de febrero" [The metro to el Prat gonna starts on 12 February]. La Vanguardia (Press release) (in Spanish). La Vanguardia. 20 January 2016. Retrieved 20 January 2016. 
  42. ^ Batty, David (4 December 2010). "Spanish airports reopen after strike causes holiday chaos". London. Retrieved 5 December 2010. 
  43. ^ Owen, Edward (4 December 2010). "Spanish air traffic controllers marched back to work as airports reopen". London. Retrieved 5 December 2010. 

External links[edit]