Barcelona–El Prat Airport

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Barcelona–El Prat Airport
Aeroport de Barcelona–El Prat Aeropuerto de Barcelona-El Prat
T1 Prat Aitor Agirregabiria.jpg
IATA: BCNICAO: LEBL
Summary
Airport type Public
Owner ENAIRE
Serves Barcelona, Spain
Location El Prat de Llobregat
Hub for
Focus city for
Elevation AMSL 14 ft / 4 m
Coordinates 41°17′49″N 002°04′42″E / 41.29694°N 2.07833°E / 41.29694; 2.07833Coordinates: 41°17′49″N 002°04′42″E / 41.29694°N 2.07833°E / 41.29694; 2.07833
Website aena.es
Map
BCN is located in Spain
BCN
BCN
Location within Spain
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
07L/25R 3,743 12,281 Asphalt concrete
07R/25L 2,660 8,727 Asphalt concrete
02/20 2,528 8,293 Asphalt concrete
Statistics (2015)
Passengers 2015 39,711,276
Passenger change 14–15 Increase 5.7%
Aircraft movements 288,878
Movements change 14–15 Increase 1.8%
Sources: Passenger Traffic, AENA[2]
Spanish AIP, AENA[3]

Barcelona–El Prat Airport[4][5] (IATA: BCNICAO: LEBL) (Catalan: Aeroport de Barcelona – el Prat, Spanish: Aeropuerto de Barcelona-El Prat), also known as Barcelona Airport, is an international airport located 12 km (7.5 mi) southwest[6] of the centre of Barcelona, Spain, lying in the municipalities of El Prat de Llobregat, Viladecans, and Sant Boi.

It is the main airport of Catalonia, the second largest in Spain behind Madrid Barajas Airport and one of the busiest in the world. In 2015 Barcelona Airport handled a record 39.7 million passengers, up 5.7% from 2014.[7][8] It is a main base for the main Spanish airlines like Vueling and a hub for Iberia or Air Europa, as well as the Irish low-cost giant Ryanair and the Scandinavian carrier Norwegian Air Shuttle. The airport mainly serves domestic European destinations, also having flights to North America (United States of America and Canada), South America (Argentina, Brazil, Colombia and [Peru]), Middle East (Egypt, Israel, Jordan, United Arab Emirates, Qatar), Asia (China, Singapore and South Korea), and Africa (Senegal, Gambia, Tunisia, Algeria, Morocco, Ghana and Cape Verde).

The BarcelonaMadrid air shuttle service, known as the "Puente Aéreo" (in Spanish), or "Pont Aeri" (in Catalan) literally "Air Bridge", was the world's busiest route until 2008, with the highest number of flight operations (971 per week) in 2007.[9] The schedule has been reduced since February 2008, when a Madrid–Barcelona high-speed rail line was opened, covering the distance in 2 hours 30 minutes, and quickly became popular.[10]

History[edit]

Barcelona's first airfield, located at El Remolar, began operations in 1916. However, it did not have good expansion prospects, so a new airport at El Prat opened in 1918. The first plane was a Latécoère Salmson 300 which arrived from Toulouse with final destination Casablanca. The airport was used as headquarters of the Aeroclub of Catalonia and the base for the Spanish Navy's Zeppelin fleet. Scheduled commercial service began in 1927 with an Iberia service to Madrid Cuatro Vientos Airport. This was Iberia's first route. During the time of the Second Spanish Republic El Prat was one of the bases of LAPE (Líneas Aéreas Postales Españolas).[11]

In 1948, a runway was built (now called runway 07-25); in the same year the first overseas service was operated by Pan American World Airways to New York City, using a Lockheed Constellation. Between 1948 and 1952, a second runway was constructed (runway 16–34), perpendicular to the previous, also taxiways were constructed and a terminal to accommodate passengers. In 1963, the airport reached one million passengers a year. A new control tower was built in 1965. In 1968, a new terminal was opened, which still exists and is in use as what is now Terminal 2B.[12]

On 3 August 1970, Pan American World Airways inaugurated regular service between Barcelona, Lisbon and New York, operated by a Boeing 747.[citation needed] On 4 November of the same year, Iberia began the "Air-shuttle" service between Barcelona and Madrid–Barajas. A few years later, in 1976, a terminal was built specifically for Iberia's air-shuttle service and a terminal exclusively for cargo, an annexed mail service and an aircraft ramp for air cargo. In 1977, the airport handled over 5 million passengers annually.[citation needed]

From the late seventies to the early nineties, the airport was stalled in traffic and investments until the 1992 Summer Olympics held in Barcelona. El Prat underwent a major development consisting of the modernization and expansion of the existing terminal, which became known as Terminal B, and the construction of two further terminals flanking that, known as Terminals A and C respectively.[12] The development included jetways for direct access to the aircraft. This reform was designed by architect Ricardo Bofill Levi.[citation needed]

In 1992, a new control tower was inaugurated also designed by Ricardo Bofill Levi, but this was replaced by another much needed control tower in 2006.[citation needed]

The new Terminal 1 was inaugurated on 16 June 2009, covering 545,000 m2 (5,866,331 sq ft). 70% of today's flights operate from Terminal 1. The old Terminals A, B and C are now known as Terminals 2A, 2B and 2C.

Terminal 2B with artwork by Miró

Due to the strong drop in air traffic after 1999 and the crisis in the aviation sector in 2001 many charter operations from Girona and Reus were diverted to El Prat, which helped the airport to survive the crisis.

Barcelona Airport

On 1 February 2014, Barcelona–El Prat was the first Spanish airport to receive a daily flight with the Airbus A380-800, on the Emirates route to Dubai International Airport. Emirates also offers a second daily flight, but with Boeing 777 aircraft.

Since June 2016 the second daily flight to Dubai is flown with another A380.

In September 2016, Norwegian Air Shuttle announced flights from Barcelona to Los Angeles, Oakland and Newark in June 2017, and Fort Lauderdale in August 2017. [13]

Operations[edit]

Most of the traffic at Barcelona Airport is domestic and European, in which Vueling has an operational base. Intercontinental connections have not generated a significant amount of passenger traffic during the last years. In the early twenty-first century the airport passenger carried numbers and the number of operations increased significantly.

Low-cost airline traffic grew significantly, especially after the creation of operating bases by Vueling and Clickair at the airport. Vueling and Clickair merged in July 2009, operating under the Vueling name. Other low-cost airlines operate from the airport, including Ryanair, EasyJet, Norwegian Air Shuttle, EasyJet Switzerland, Wizz Air and Transavia.com. A new base was established at the airport in September 2010.

The airport has 3 runways, two parallel, nominated 07L/25R and 07R/25L (the later opened in 2004), and a cross runway 02/20. There are two terminals: T2, which is the sum of the previous Terminals A, B and C, located on the north side of the airport and T1, on the west side, which opened on 16 June 2009. As of 2014 the two terminals had a combined total of 268 check-in counters and 64 boarding gates. Operations at the airport are restricted exclusively to Instrument flight rules (IFR) flights, except for sanitary, emergency and government VFR flights.

A plan for expansion (Plan Barcelona)[14] was completed in 2009, adding a third terminal building (also designed by Ricardo Bofill) and control tower. An additional runway (07R/25L) was also built. The airport became capable of handling 55 million passengers annually (up from 33 million in 2007). The airport expanded in area from 8.45 to 15.33 square kilometres (3.26 to 5.92 sq mi). Further expansion was planned to be finished by 2012, with a new satellite terminal to raise capacity to 70 million passengers annually, this is better explained in Terminal T1 section.

The airport is the subject of a political discussion over management and control between the Generalitat of Catalonia and the Spanish Government, which has involved AENA (airport manager) and various airlines, Iberia and Spanair mainly. Part of the controversy is about the benefits that the airport generates, which are used in maintenance and investments in other airports in the network of AENA and government investments in other economic areas.[by whom?]

Terminals[edit]

Terminal 1[edit]

Terminal 1 from the tarmac
Terminal 1 interior

A new Terminal 1 designed by Ricardo Bofill was inaugurated on 16 June 2009. It is the fifth largest in the world, and has an area of 548,000 m2 (5,900,000 sq ft), an aircraft ramp of 600,000 m2 (6,500,000 sq ft), 13,000 new parking lots and 45 new fingers expandable to 60. This terminal is also capable to embrace large aircraft like the Airbus A380-800 or Boeing 747-8I.

The terminal handles both Schengen and non-Schengen flights. It is split into 5 Modules with Module A handling flights to Madrid, Module B handling Schengen flights, Module C handling Air Nostrum flights, Module D handling non-Schengen European flights and Module E handling non-Schengen non-European flights.

Its facilities include:

  • 258 check-in counters
  • 60 jetways (some are prepared for the A380, with double jetway)
  • 15 baggage carousels (one of the new carousel is equivalent to 4 carousels in the old terminal) and
  • 24,000 parking spaces, in addition to the 12,000 already in the terminal 2.

The forecast is that the airport will be able to handle 55 million passengers annually —as opposed to the 30 million people before its construction— and will reach 90 operations an hour.

The extension of the airport with a total investment of €5.1 billion in the future[when?] will include a new satellite terminal and refurbishment of existing terminals. The civil engineering phase of the South Terminal has been made possible by a budget of €1 billion.

It is also planned the construction of a satellite terminal —T1S or Terminal 1 Satèl·lit, in Catalan— considering that the airport is on the verge of collapse because terminals cannot handle all passengers because of space shortage. This terminal will be at 1,5 kilometres from the current T1 terminal, behind the 02-20, transversal, runway. With this action, the airport will be able to increase its passenger capacity to 70 million people annually.

Terminal 2[edit]

Terminal 2 is divided into three linked sections, known as Terminal 2A, 2B and 2C. Terminal 2B is the oldest part of the complex still in use, dating back to 1968. Terminals 2A and 2C were added in order to expand the airport capacity before the arrival of the 1992 Summer Olympics held in city.[12] This expansion was also designed by Ricardo Bofill Levi.

This terminal is most occupied by low-cost airlines, although there are some airlines which are not low-cost in this terminal.

Following the opening of Terminal 1 in 2009, Terminal 2 became almost empty until the airport authorities lowered landing fees to attract low-cost and regional carriers to fill the terminal. Whilst this has helped, the complex is nowhere near full capacity and Terminal 2A is currently unused. Terminal 2C is used only by EasyJet and EasyJet Switzerland flights, with flights to the UK using module M0, whilst flights to the rest of Europe use module M1. Terminal 2B is mostly used by Ryanair and others, like Transavia. And T2A is adapted for large airplanes, such as B777. The terminal is also split into Modules, where flights to schengen destinations use Module U and flights to non schengen destinations use Modules W and Y.

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Passenger[edit]

Airlines Destinations Terminal
Aegean Airlines Athens 1
Aer Lingus Dublin
Seasonal: Cork
2B
Aeroflot Moscow–Sheremetyevo 1
Aeroflot
operated by Rossiya Airlines
St Petersburg
Seasonal: Moscow–Vnukovo
1
Aerolíneas Argentinas Buenos Aires–Ezeiza 1
Air Algérie Algiers, Oran 1
Air Arabia Maroc Casablanca, Nador, Tangier 2B
airBaltic Riga 1
Air Berlin Düsseldorf 1
Air Canada Rouge Toronto–Pearson
Seasonal: Montréal–Trudeau
1
Air China Beijing–Capital, Vienna 1
Air Europa Granada, Madrid, Menorca, Palma de Mallorca, Tenerife–North, Vigo
Seasonal: Athens, Fuerteventura, Ibiza, Lanzarote, Rhodes, Tel Aviv–Ben Gurion, Venice–Marco Polo
1
Air France Paris–Charles de Gaulle 1
Air Moldova Chișinău 2B
Air Transat Seasonal: Montréal–Trudeau, Toronto–Pearson 2B
Alitalia Milan–Linate, Rome–Fiumicino
Seasonal: Alghero
1
Alitalia
operated by Alitalia CityLiner
Milan–Linate 1
American Airlines Miami, New York–JFK
Seasonal: Charlotte, Chicago-O'Hare (begins 5 May 2017),[15] Philadelphia
1
Arkia Seasonal: Tel Aviv–Ben Gurion 1
Atlantic Airways Seasonal: Vágar 2B
Austrian Airlines Seasonal: Vienna 1
Aurigny Air Services Seasonal: Guernsey 2B
Avianca Bogotá 1
Aviolet
operated by Air Serbia
Seasonal charter: Belgrade 1
Azerbaijan Airlines Seasonal: Baku 1
BA Cityflyer Seasonal charter: Glasgow, Edinburgh 1
Belavia Minsk 2B
Blue Air Bucharest, Iași 2B
British Airways London–Gatwick, London–Heathrow 1
Brussels Airlines Brussels 1
Bulgaria Air Sofia 2B
Chalair Aviation Seasonal: Limoges 2B
Croatia Airlines Seasonal: Zagreb 1
Croatia Airlines
operated by Trade Air
Zagreb 1
Czech Airlines Prague 1
Delta Air Lines New York–JFK
Seasonal: Atlanta
1
easyJet Basel/Mulhouse, Berlin–Schönefeld, Bordeaux, Bristol, Liverpool, London–Gatwick, London–Luton, London–Southend, Lyon, Milan–Malpensa, Naples, Newcastle upon Tyne, Nice, Paris–Charles de Gaulle
Seasonal: Belfast–International
2C
easyJet Switzerland Basel/Mulhouse, Geneva 2C
EgyptAir Cairo 1
El Al Tel Aviv–Ben Gurion 1
Emirates Dubai–International 1
Eurowings Düsseldorf, Vienna 2B
Finnair Helsinki 1
Germanwings Berlin–Tegel, Cologne/Bonn, Düsseldorf, Hamburg, Hannover, Stuttgart 2B
Iberia Madrid 1
Iberia Regional
operated by Air Nostrum
Badajoz, León
Seasonal: Melilla
1
Icelandair Seasonal: Reykjavík–Keflavík 2B
Ikar Airlines Seasonal: Moscow–Sheremetyevo 2B
Israir Airlines Seasonal: Tel Aviv–Ben Gurion 1
Jet2.com Glasgow, Leeds/Bradford, Manchester 2B
Jetairfly Antwerp, Ostend/Bruges 2B
KLM Amsterdam 1
Korean Air Seasonal charter: Seoul–Incheon[16] 1
LATAM Brasil São Paulo–Guarulhos 1
LATAM Perú Lima (begins 15 December 2016)[17] 1
LOT Polish Airlines Warsaw–Chopin 1
Lufthansa Frankfurt, Munich 1
Lufthansa Regional
operated by Lufthansa CityLine
Seasonal: Munich 1
Luxair Luxembourg 2B
Monarch Airlines Birmingham, Leeds/Bradford, London–Gatwick, Manchester 2B
NIKI Vienna 1
Nordwind Airlines Seasonal: Arkhangelsk, Belgorod, Chelyabinsk, Kazan, Khabarovsk, Krasnodar, Mineralnye Vody, Monastir, Moscow–Sheremetyevo, Moscow–Vnukovo, Murmansk, Nizhnekamsk, Nizhny Novgorod, Novosibirsk, Orenburg, Perm, Samara, Syktyvkar, Tyumen, Ufa, Volgograd, Voronezh, Yekaterinburg 2B
Norwegian Air Shuttle Bilbao,[18] Billund, Copenhagen, Gothenburg, Gran Canaria, Helsinki, London–Gatwick, Oslo, Palma de Mallorca, Reykjavík–Keflavík (begins 2 November 2016), Stockholm–Arlanda, Tenerife–North
Seasonal: Bergen, Berlin–Schönefeld, Birmingham, Dubrovnik, Edinburgh,[19] Hamburg, Manchester,[19] Stavanger, Trondheim, Warsaw–Chopin
2B
Norwegian Air Shuttle
operated by Norwegian Long Haul[20]
Fort Lauderdale (begins 23 August 2017), Los Angeles (begins 5 June 2017), Newark (begins 6 June 2017), Oakland (begins 7 June 2017)[21] 2B
Pegasus Airlines Istanbul–Sabiha Gökçen 2B
Primera Air Seasonal: Billund, Copenhagen, Reykjavík–Keflavík[22] 2B
Qatar Airways Doha 1
Royal Air Maroc Casablanca
Seasonal: Tangier
1
Royal Flight Seasonal charter: St Petersburg, Yekaterinburg 2B
Royal Jordanian Amman–Queen Alia 1
Ryanair Beauvais, Bergamo, Berlin–Schönefeld, Birmingham, Bologna, Brussels, Budapest, Cologne/Bonn, Dublin, East Midlands, Edinburgh, Fes, Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Hamburg, Ibiza, Jerez de la Frontera, Lanzarote, Liverpool, London–Stansted, Málaga, Manchester, Marrakesh, Menorca, Nador, Palma de Mallorca, Porto, Prestwick,[23] Rome–Fiumicino, Santander, Santiago de Compostela, Seville, Sofia, Stockholm–Skavsta, Tenerife–North, Tenerife–South, Treviso, Turin, Valladolid, Vigo, Vilnius, Warsaw–Modlin 2B
S7 Airlines Moscow–Domodedovo[24] 1
Scandinavian Airlines Copenhagen, Oslo
Seasonal: Bergen, Stavanger, Stockholm–Arlanda, Trondheim
1
Singapore Airlines São Paulo–Guarulhos (ends 20 October 2016),[25] Singapore 1
SkyWork Airlines Seasonal: Bern 2B
Small Planet Airlines Seasonal charter: Vilnius 2B
Sun D'Or
operated by El Al
Tel Aviv–Ben Gurion 2B
Swiss International Air Lines Geneva, Zürich 1
Swiss International Air Lines
operated by Swiss Global Air Lines
Geneva 1
TAP Portugal Lisbon 1
TAP Portugal
operated by Portugália
Lisbon[26] 1
TAROM Bucharest 1
Thomas Cook Airlines Belgium Seasonal: Brussels 2B
Transavia Amsterdam, Eindhoven, Rotterdam/The Hague 2B
Transavia France Paris–Orly 2B
Travel Service
operated by SmartWings
Seasonal: Prague 2B
Tunisair Tunis 1
Turkish Airlines Istanbul–Atatürk, Istanbul–Sabiha Gökçen 1
Ukraine International Airlines Kiev–Boryspil 1
United Airlines Newark
Seasonal: Washington–Dulles[27]
1
Ural Airlines Moscow–Domodedovo
Seasonal: St Petersburg, Yekaterinburg
2B
Volotea Seasonal charter: Jersey TBA
Vueling A Coruña, Accra, Algiers, Alicante, Almería, Amsterdam, Asturias, Athens, Banjul, Basel/Mulhouse, Bergen, Berlin–Tegel, Bilbao, Birmingham, Bologna, Bordeaux, Brindisi, Brussels, Casablanca, Catania, Constantine, Copenhagen, Dakar, Djerba, Dublin, Düsseldorf, Edinburgh, Eindhoven, Fes, Florence, Frankfurt, Fuerteventura, Geneva, Gran Canaria, Granada, Hamburg, Hannover, Ibiza, Jerez de la Frontera, La Palma, Lanzarote, Lille, Lisbon, Liverpool, London–Gatwick, London–Heathrow (ends 29 October 2016),[28] London–Luton, Lyon, Madrid, Málaga, Manchester, Marrakesh, Marseilles, Menorca, Milan–Malpensa, Moscow–Domodedovo, Munich, Nador, Nantes, Naples, Newcastle upon Tyne, Nice, Oran, Oslo, Palermo, Palma de Mallorca, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Paris–Orly, Pisa, Porto, Prague, Rennes, Reykjavík–Keflavík, Rome–Fiumicino, Rotterdam/The Hague, San Sebastián, Santander, Santiago de Compostela, Seville, Stockholm–Arlanda, Stuttgart, Tangier, Tel Aviv–Ben Gurion, Tenerife–North, Tenerife–South, Toulouse, Turin, Valladolid, Venice–Marco Polo, Vienna, Vigo, Warsaw–Chopin, Zürich
Seasonal: Aalborg, Ancona, Bari, Bastia, Beirut, Belfast–City, Belgrade, Brest, Bucharest, Budapest, Cagliari, Cardiff, Cluj-Napoca, Corfu, Dortmund, Dresden, Dubrovnik, Faro, Funchal, Genoa, Gothenburg, Helsinki, Heraklion, Kaliningrad, Kazan, Kiev–Zhulyany, Kraków, Krasnodar, Larnaca, Leeds/Bradford, Leipzig/Halle, Lourdes, Luxembourg, Maastricht/Aachen, Malta, Minsk, Moscow–Sheremetyevo, Mykonos, Nuremberg, Olbia, Pamplona, Riga, St Petersburg, Sal, Samara, Santorini, Sofia, Split, Stavanger, Tallinn, Thessaloniki, Trieste, Tunis, Verona, Vilnius, Yerevan, Zadar, Zagreb
1
Windrose Airlines Seasonal: Kiev–Boryspil 2B
Wizz Air Bucharest, Budapest, Cluj-Napoca, Craiova, Gdańsk, Katowice, Poznań, Riga, Skopje,[29] Sofia, Timişoara, Vilnius, Warsaw–Chopin 2B
WOW air Seasonal: Reykjavík–Keflavík 2B

Cargo[edit]

Airlines Destinations
Atlas Air Los Angeles
Cargolux Hong Kong, Jeddah, Luxembourg
DHL Aviation Vitoria
Emirates SkyCargo Dubai–Al-Maktoum
FedEx Express Paris–Charles de Gaulle
Lufthansa Cargo Frankfurt
Swiftair Madrid
Seasonal: Palma de Mallorca
Swiss WorldCargo Zürich
TNT Airways Brussels, Liège
ULS Airlines Cargo Istanbul–Atatürk
UPS Airlines Cologne/Bonn, Valencia

Statistics[edit]

Iberia Airbus A321-211 (EC-ILP) & British Airways Airbus A320-211 (G-BUSK)
Air Canada Boeing 767-33AER (C-GHPN)
Air Transat Airbus A310-304ET (C-GTSF)
Main airlines in Barcelona–El Prat 2015
Rank Airline Passengers Services to
1 Spain Vueling 14,727,381 Europe, Africa, Asia
2 Republic of Ireland Ryanair 5,698,773 Europe, Africa
3 United Kingdom easyJet 2,263,002 Europe
4 Germany Lufthansa 1,360,959 Germany (Munich and Frankfurt)
5 Spain Air Europa 1,107,128 Spain
6 Spain Iberia 1,087,492 Spain
7 Norway Norwegian Air Shuttle 891,267 Europe
8 United Kingdom British Airways 868,952 Great Britain (London)
9 France Air France 738,483 France (Paris)
10 Switzerland Swiss International Air Lines 593,964 Switzerland (Geneva and Zürich)
11 Germany Germanwings 575,868 Germany
12 Hungary Wizz Air 575,563 Europe
13 Switzerland easyJet Switzerland 574,451 Switzerland
14 Netherlands KLM 558,928 The Netherlands (Amsterdam)
15 Netherlands Transavia 449,050 The Netherlands
16 Portugal TAP Portugal 445,039 Portugal
17 United Arab Emirates Emirates 441,303 United Arab Emirates (Dubai)
18 Turkey Turkish Airlines 390,057 Turkey
19 Italy Alitalia 361,967 Italy
20 Russia Aeroflot 300,871 Russia (Moscow and Saint Petersburg)
21 Qatar Qatar Airways 297,757 Qatar (Doha)
22 United States American Airlines 287,114 United States of America
23 United Kingdom Monarch Airlines 271,230 Great Britain
23 Belgium Brussels Airlines 248,517 Belgium (Brussels)
25 United States Delta Airlines 226,165 United States of America
Busiest International Routes Apr 15 – Mar 16[30]
Rank Airport Passengers Carriers
1 United Kingdom London Gatwick 1.364.620 British Airways, Easyjet, Monarch Airlines, Norwegian Air Shuttle, Vueling
2 Netherlands Amsterdam Schiphol 1.241.129 KLM, Transavia, Vueling
3 France Paris Charles de Gaulle 1.235.888 Air France, Easyjet, Vueling
4 Italy Rome Fiumicino 1.227.988 Alitalia, Ryanair, Vueling
5 Germany Frankfurt International 1.030.604 Lufthansa, Vueling
6 France Paris Orly 982.125 Transavia, Vueling
7 Belgium Brussels National 841.374 Brussels Airlines, Ryanair, Vueling
8 Germany Munich F.J.Strauss 766.960 Lufthansa, Vueling
9 United Kingdom London Heathrow 701.905 British Airways, Vueling
10 Italy Milan Malpensa 660.880 Easyjet, Vueling
11 Switzerland Zürich International 622.038 Swiss International Air Lines, Vueling
12 Switzerland Geneva Cointrin 598.013 Easyjet Switzerland, Swiss International Air Lines, Vueling|
13 Portugal Lisbon 593.219 Portugalia, TAP Portugal, Vueling
14 United Kingdom London Stansted 507.870 Ryanair
15 Republic of Ireland Dublin 499.686 Aer Lingus, Ryanair, Vueling
Graphical volume of passenger traffic between 1963 and 2006
Passenger Volume
Year Passengers % Year Passengers %
1963 1,000,000 - 2003 22,752,667 +6.6
1977 5,000,000 - 2004 24,558,138 +7.9
1990 9,205,000 - 2005 27,152,745 +10.6
1991 9,145,000 -0.7 2006 30,008,152 +10.5
1992 10,196,000 +11.5 2007 32,898,249 +9.6
1993 9,999,000 -2.0 2008 30,208,134 -8.2
1994 10,647,285 +6.5 2009 27,311,765 -9.4
1995 11,727,814 +10.1 2010 29,209,595 +6.5
1996 13,434,679 +14.6 2011 34,398,226 +17.8
1997 15,065,724 +12.1 2012 35,144,503 +2.2
1998 16,194,805 +7.3 2013 35,216,828 +0.2
1999 17,421,938 +7.6 2014 37,559,044 +6.7
2000 19,809,567 +13.8 2015 39,711,276 +5.7
2001 20,745,536 +4.7
2002 21,348,211 +2.9

Source: Aeroport de Barcelona, AENA.

Operations Volume
Year Operations %
1999 233,609 -
2000 255,913 +9.5
2001 273,119 +6.3
2002 271,023 -0.8
2003 282,021 +4.1
2004 291,369 +3.3
2005 307,798 +5.6
2006 327,636 +6.4
2007 352,501 +7.6
2008 321,491 -8.8
2009 278,965 -13.3
2010 277,832 -0.4
2011 303,054 +9.1
2012 290,004 -4.3
2013 276,497 -4,7
2014 283,850 +2,7
2015 288,878 +1,8
Cargo Volume
Year Tonnes %
1999 88,217 -
2000 88,269 +2.4
2001 81,882 -7.8
2002 75,905 -7.3
2003 70,118 -7.6
2004 84,985 +21.2
2005 90,446 +6.4
2006 93,404 +3.3
2007 96,770 +3.6
2008 104,329 +7.7
2009 89,813 -13.6
2010 104,279 +16.1
2011 96,572 -7.4
2012 96,522 -0.1
2013 100,288 +3.9
2014 102,692 +2.4
2015 117,219 +14.1

Ground transportation[edit]

Rail[edit]

Train

Terminal 2 has its own Rodalies Barcelona commuter train station on the line R2, which runs from the Maçanet-Massanes station every 30 minutes, with major stops at Barcelona Sants railway station and the fairly central Passeig de Gràcia railway station to provide transfer to the Barcelona Metro system, also in Clot station. Passengers for T1 must take a connecting bus from Terminal 2B to Terminal 1. As part of the major expansion above, a new shuttle train is going to be built from Terminal 1 to Barcelona Sants (connected with the high speed train, the AVE) and Passeig de Gràcia Stations is expected by April 2018.

Metro

Also this airport is linked to Barcelona by underground (metro) since February 12, 2016[31][32] by Line 9 of the Barcelona Metro with a station in each terminal, the Aeroport T1 station situated directly underneath the airport terminal T1 and the Aeroport T2 station close to the Aeroport rail station at the terminal T2. The line connects with several Barcelona Metro lines to the city center.

Road[edit]

The C-32B highway connects the airport to a main traffic interchange between Barcelona's Ronda de Dalt beltway and major motorways. There is provision for parking cars at the airport, with about 24,000 parking spaces.

Bus

The Transports Metropolitans de Barcelona (TMB) public bus line 46 runs from Plaça Espanya. The Aerobús offers direct transfers from T1 and T2 to the city center at Plaça Catalunya. Another company offers transfers from Barcelona Airport to nearest airports like Reus Airport or Girona–Costa Brava, provincial and national capitals and links with France or Andorra.

Taxi

Taxi ranks exist outside any of the main terminal exits Terminal 1 (T1) or Terminal 2.

Incidents and accidents[edit]

  • On 21 October 1994 a Falcon 20 cargo aircraft made an emergency landing at the airport after suffering a malfunction in its landing gear; none of the three crewmembers were injured.
  • On 19 February 1998, two people, the commander and the pilot died in an Ibertrans general aviation plane crash in the borough of Gavà shortly after taking off from El Prat.
  • On 28 July 1998 a general aviation cargo plane carrying press from Mallorca crashed next to one of the fences surrounding the airport, killing two crew members and co-pilot.
  • On 3 December 2010, during the Spanish air traffic controllers strike, Barcelona Airport remained inoperative when all Spanish air traffic controllers walked out in a coordinated wildcat strike. Following the walkout, the Spanish Government authorized the Spanish military to take over air traffic control operations.[33] On the morning of 4 December, the government declared a 'State of Alert', ordering the controllers back to work. Shortly after the measure was implemented, controllers started returning to work and the strike was called off.[34]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Ryanair apuesta por El Prat como 'hub' europeo | Cataluña | EL PAÍS". ccaa.elpais.com. Retrieved 11 June 2016. 
  2. ^ "Estadsticas – Aeropuertos Espaoles y Navegacin Area – aena-aeropuertos.es". Retrieved 1 June 2015. 
  3. ^ Spanish AIP (AENA) Archived 7 March 2012 at the Wayback Machine.
  4. ^ "Orden FOM/1508/2011, de 18 de mayo, por la que se modifica la denominación oficial del Aeropuerto de Barcelona". BOE. (Spanish)
  5. ^ "Barcelona–El Prat Airport – Aena Aeropuertos". Aena-aeropuertos.es. Retrieved 7 April 2013. 
  6. ^ EUROCONTROL basic. Eurocontrol.int. Retrieved on 4 October 2011.
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Further reading[edit]

  • Zunino, Eric (November 2004) "Barcelona Airport", Airline World, pp. 40–43.

External links[edit]

Media related to Barcelona Airport at Wikimedia Commons
Barcelona El Prat Airport travel guide from Wikivoyage