Konkan

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For other uses, see Konkan (disambiguation).
Modern Districts of India forming the Konkan

Konkan, also known as the Konkan Coast or Kokan, is a rugged section of the western coastline of India. It is a 720 km long coastline. It consists of the coastal districts of western Indian states of Karnataka, Goa, and Maharashtra. The ancient Saptakonkana is a slightly larger region.

Etymology[edit]

According to Sahyadrikhanda of the Skanda Purana,Parashurama shot his arrow into the sea and commanded the Sea God to recede up to the point where his arrow landed. The new piece of land thus recovered came to be known as Sapta-Konkana/konkana meaning "piece of earth", "corner of earth" or "piece of corner" which was derived from sanskrit words: koṇa (कोण, corner) + kaṇa (कण, piece).[1][2] HienTsang a Chinese traveler mentions this region in his book as konkana desha,Bruhatsamhita of varahamihira(6th century) describes Konkan as a region of India and 15th century author Ratnakosh has mentioned the word konkandesha.[3]

Traditional houses in Konkan region

The Konkan division[edit]

Konkan extends throughout western coast which comprise of western coast of Maharashtra,Goa and karnataka. The Upper Konkan division is an administrative sub-division of Maharashtra which comprises all the coastal districts of the state,Goa one of the state of India(which was priorly called as Gomantaka) and some part of konkan form an administrative sub-division of Karnataka.[4]

Geography[edit]

The Sahyadri Mountain range ("Western Ghats") forms the eastern boundary of the Konkan, and the Arabian Sea marks the western boundary. The southern boundary is the Gangavali River. The Mayura River forms the northern boundary.

The Gangavali flows in the district of ("Uttara Kannada") in present-day "Karnataka State"; the cis-Gangavali portion (seen from Mumbai) of this district is the southernmost part of the Konkan. The towns of Karwar, Ankola, Kumta, Honavar and Bhatkal fall within the Konkan. The exact identity of the Mayura River, the northern limits of the historic Konkan, is indeterminate.

This is a schematic map of the Konkan belt (Maharashtra) with the hill stations plotted on it and how they are connected with roadways and railways.

The two districts in the state capital Mumbai are also part of Konkan division. Maharashtra's konkan area consists of: 1.Palghar 2.Thane 3.Mumbai city 4.Mumbai suburb 5.Raigarh 6.Ratnagiri 7.Sindhudurg

Ethnology[edit]

Main article: Konkani people

Some of the ethnic groups and communities found in the region include Agri, Koli, Bhandari, Goud Saraswath Brahmins,Rajapur Saraswat, Gabit, Padti, Chitpavan, Daivajna, Kudaldeshkar Brahmins, Kuruba and Kunbi.

Tribal communities in Konkan include Konkana, Warli and Kolcha in Southern Gujarat, Dadra and Nagarhaveli and Thane district of Maharashtra. Katkaris are found more in Raigad and also some in Ratnagiri district.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

  • Konkan travel guide from Wikivoyage
  • APLAKONKAN.COM ( The Perfect Travel Guide for All Konkan Destinations ).The idea behind Aplakonkan.com is to promote small entrepreneurs and their business from the unexplored Konkan destinations to the worldwide travelers. Aplakonkan.com provides its travelers with the best of stays food and activity options being a perfect travel guide to the tourist.Apart from promoting tourism in konkan we aim to make a family of Aplakonkan.com which will help grow each other together.