List of megaprojects

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This is a list of megaprojects, i.e., extremely large-scale investment projects. The number of such projects is so large that the list may never be fully completed.


Megaprojects may be defined as:

  • Projects that cost more than US$1 billion and attract a lot of public attention because of substantial impacts on communities, environment, and budgets
  • Projects can also be "initiatives that are physical, very expensive, and public"[1]

Megaprojects require care in the project development process to reduce any possible optimism bias and strategic misrepresentation. Examples of megaprojects include bridges, tunnels, highways, railways, airports, seaports, power plants, dams, wastewater projects, Special Economic Zones (SEZ), oil and natural gas extraction projects, public buildings, information technology systems, aerospace projects, and weapons systems.

This list identifies a wide variety of examples of major historic and contemporary projects that meet one or both megaproject criteria identified above.

Aerospace projects[edit]

Airport projects[edit]

Cost will be calculated either as an airport project or an airport construction if the project is not explicitly stated on the table.

Airport construction[edit]

Airport Location IATA Code Passengers 2009-10 (total) Cost (in US Dollars)
Istanbul New Airport Istanbul, Turkey N/A Project total – 30 billion
King Abdulaziz International Airport Jeddah, Saudi Arabia JED 18,000,000 Project total – 7.2 billion[7]
Abu Dhabi International Airport Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates AUH 9,700,000 Project total – 6.8 billion
Al Maktoum International Airport Jebel Ali, UAE DWC Project cost – 32 billion
New Islamabad International Airport Islamabad, Pakistan IBD Project cost – 1 billion
Amsterdam Airport Schiphol Amsterdam, Netherlands AMS 43,570,370
Athens International Airport Athens, Greece ATH 16,225,885 Airport cost – 3 billion
Bandung Majalengka International Airport Majalengka Regency, West Java, Indonesia N/A Airport cost – 15 billion (planned)
Barcelona International Airport Barcelona, Spain BCN 29,209,595 Airport cost – 4 billion
Berlin-Brandenburg International Airport Berlin, Germany BER Airport cost – 4 billion
Clark International Airport Angeles City, Philippines RPLC Project total – 10 billion
Denver International Airport Denver, Colorado, United States DEN 50,167,485 Airport cost – 4.8 billion
Changi Airport Terminal 3 Singapore SIN 22,000,000 Airport cost - 1.4 billion[8]
Changi Airport Terminal 4 Singapore SIN Projected cost - 1 billion[9]
Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport Guangzhou, China CAN 37,048,712 Airport cost – 3 billion
Hong Kong International Airport Chek Lap Kok, Hong Kong HKG 45,558,807 Airport cost – 2 billion

Project cost – 20 billion

Incheon International Airport Incheon, South Korea ICN 28,677,161 Phase 1 – 5 billion

Phase 2 – 2.6 billion

Kansai International Airport Japan KIX 13,516,000 Airport cost – 20 billion
King Shaka International Airport Durban, South Africa DUR 7,500,000 Airport cost – 1 billion
Kuala Lumpur International Airport Malaysia KUL 39,887,866 Airport cost – 3.5 billion
Kuala Namu International Airport Medan, Indonesia KNO Airport cost – 4.4 billion[10]
Long Thanh International Airport Vietnam N/A Airport cost – 10 billion estimated
Manila-Sangley International Airport Cavite City, Philippines RPLL (Future) Project total – 25 billion
Newark Liberty International Airport Newark, New Jersey, United States EWR 33,399,207
New Lisbon Airport Lisbon, Portugal N/A 4.5 billion estimated (planned)
Suvarnabhumi Airport Bangkok, Thailand BKK 40,500,224 Airport cost – 3.8 billion
Hartsfield-Jackson Airport, the busiest in the world. 

Oil and gas projects[edit]

Rail and rapid transit projects[edit]

Bridge and Tunnel projects[edit]

Science projects[edit]

CMS detector for LHC

Spaceflight projects[edit]

Apollo Program Saturn V awaiting launch

Planned cities and urban renewal projects[edit]

La Défense, the central business district of the Paris urban area
Las Vegas Citycenter, the largest set of resorts in the largest gambling center in the world.
Brickell Key in Miami.
Navi Mumbai, the world's largest planned city.
Project City/Country Status Cost Special Notes
Songdo International Business District Seoul, South Korea Under development $40,000,000,000 To be the model of a lifestyle merged with wide area network. It was also constructed for the full establishment of Korea as a center of Eastern Asia.
İstanbul Finance Center İstanbul, Turkey Under development $5,000,000,000 Apart from the main urban renewal project of İstanbul. It will station in Ataşehir
Turkey Urban Renewal Project Turkey Under development $400,000,000,000[24][25] Renewals are being conducted all over Turkey but mainly on İstanbul[26] as Law 6306 announced by Ministry of Environment and City Planning (Turkey).[27] Fikirtepe, a neighborhood of Kadıköy has been chosen as pilot area for project.[28]
Dubai Meydan City Dubai, United Arab Emirates Under development $2,200,000,000
Business Bay Dubai, United Arab Emirates Under development $30,000,000,000 Comprises 240 high and low rise buildings, mostly residential and mixed use skyscrapers.
Masdar City United Arab Emirates Under development $22,000,000,000 The city will rely entirely on solar energy and other renewable energy sources, with a sustainable, zero-carbon, zero-waste ecology and will be a car free city.
Kingdom City Jeddah, Saudi Arabia Under development $20,000,000,000 Will host both commercial and residential development including homes, hotels, and offices. The centerpiece of the development project will be Kingdom Tower, a tower planned to become the tallest in the world.
Navi Mumbai India Completed World's largest planned city. Contains a population of 2.6 million.[29]
Roppongi Hills Tokyo, Japan Completed $4,000,000,000 One of Japan's largest integrated property developments.
CityCenter Las Vegas, United States Completed $11,000,000,000 The largest privately financed development in the United States.
Potsdamer Platz Redevelopment Berlin, Germany Completed Project divided onto four parts in which four investors bids in turn.
La Défense Paris, France Completed The Central Business District of the Paris Metropolitan area, La Défense provides France with a modern set of skyscrapers while Paris itself retains most of its original architecture and character.
Putrajaya Malaysia Completed $8,100,000,000
Brasilia Brazil Completed
King Abdullah Economic City Saudi Arabia Under development $86,000,000,000

No credible signs of development are present

The World Dubai, United Arab Emirates On-hold $14,000,000,000 Artificial archipelago of various small islands constructed in the rough shape of a world map.
Khazar Islands Azerbaijan Under development $100,000,000,000 Artificial archipelago 25 km (16 mi) south of Baku, Azerbaijan consisting of 41 islands spreading 3,000 hectares (about 11.6 sq mi) over the Caspian Sea. Expected to be finished by 2020–2025, houses 1 million population
Madinat al-Hareer Kuwait Under development $94,000,000,000 Proposed 250 km2 (62,000-acre) planned urban area in Subiya, Kuwait, an area just opposite Kuwait City.
Barangaroo Sydney, Australia Under development $6,000,000,000 Entire project to be completed by 2023
Central Station to Eveleigh Airspace Development Sydney, Australia Proposed $10,000,000,000 Extension of Sydney's CBD. The renewal corridor approximately 3 km in length.[30]
Rebuilding of Christchurch New Zealand Under development $17,000,000,000 Recovery from earthquakes in 2010–2011. Rebuild of central business district, demolition and remediation of several residential neighbourhoods now deemed unsuitable for building. Infrastructure upgrades and addition of commuter rail. Entire project to be completed by 2020.
Gujarat International Finance Tec-City India Under development $20,000,000,000 Expected to be finished by 2017–2018
Madinaty Egypt Under development $10,000,000,000 Expected to open by 2014, houses 600,000 population
HafenCity Hamburg, Germany Under development Completion expected in 2020–2030
Stratford City London, United Kingdom Under development £3,500,000,000 Entire project to be completed by 2020.
Movement of Kiruna Centrum Kiruna, Sweden Under development $2,100,000,000 Entire project to be completed by 2013.
Palm Jumeirah Dubai, United Arab Emirates Completed $12,300,000,000 It is the worlds largest man-made island.
Palm Jebel Ali Dubai, United Arab Emirates On-hold Will accommodate over 250,000 people by 2020.
Palm Deira Dubai, United Arab Emirates On-hold Will be the largest palm island, in Dubai.
Porto Maravilha Rio de Janeiro, Brazil Under development $35,700,000,000 Entire project to be completed by 2015.
Brickell Key Miami, United States Completed
Eastwood City Quezon City, Philippines Completed Ongoing project of MegaWorld Corporation, one of the biggest real-estate companies in the Philippines.
Dubai Marina Dubai, United Arab Emirates Completed Worlds largest man made marina, with 200 residential and hotel high rises.
Pagcor City Manila Bay, Philippines Under development $15,000,000,000 A casino and entertainment hub project, dubbed as the "Philippines' Las Vegas".
Yas Island Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates Under development $36,000,000,000 It occupies a total land area of 2,500 ha (25 km2), of which 1,700 ha will be claimed for development. The island holds the Yas Marina Circuit, which hosts the Formula One United Arab Emirates Grand Prix since 2009.
Riverside South New York City, United States Under development $3,000,000,000
Bonifacio Global City Philippines Completed A new CBD area for Metro Manila, previously occupied by the Philippine Army headquarters
Dubai International City Dubai, United Arab Emirates On-hold $95,000,000,000 A country-themed architecture of residences, business, and tourist attractions.
Jumeirah Garden City Dubai, United Arab Emirates On-hold $95,000,000,000 Will be built across an area north of Sheikh Zayed Road between Diyafa Street and Safa Park.
Moscow International Business Center Moscow, Russia Under development $12,000,000,000
Dubailand Dubai, United Arab Emirates Under development $64,300,000,000 Will be world's largest Retail and Entertainment World, twice the size of Walt Disney World Resort, it include 45 mega projects and 200 sub projects. Currently, there are 22 projects under development.
Atlantic Yards New York City, United States Under development The project's centerpiece, Barclays Center already broke ground on March 11, 2010.
Battery Park City New York City, United States Completed
Hudson Yards Redevelopment Project New York City, United States Under development
Esplanada City Center Bucharest, Romania Cancelled $4,200,000,000
Big City Plan Birmingham, United Kingdom Proposed $17,000,000,000
Okhta Center Saint Petersburg, Russia Under development $2,500,000,000 Relocated to a new site, construction underway.
Dubai Waterfront Dubai, United Arab Emirates Under development Expected to become the largest waterfront and largest man-made development in the world.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Altshuler, Alan; Luberoff, David (30 April 2003). Mega-Projects: The Changing Politics of Urban Public Investment. Brookings Institution Press. ISBN 978-0-8157-0129-3. 
  2. ^ "Woman to build house out of 747". BBC News. 20 April 2006. Retrieved 30 December 2010. 
  3. ^ Sutter, Joe; Spenser, Jay (1 May 2007). 747: Creating the World's First Jumbo Jet and Other Adventures from a Life in Aviation. Collins. ISBN 0-06-088242-5. 
  4. ^ Norris, G.; Thomas, G.; Wagner, M. and Forbes Smith, C. (2005). Boeing 787 Dreamliner – Flying Redefined. Aerospace Technical Publications International. ISBN 0-9752341-2-9. 
  5. ^ "A History of the Programme". Retrieved 30 December 2010. 
  6. ^ 30 år med Jas – vad har det kostat | ETC - Nyhetstidningen från vänster
  7. ^
  8. ^ "Changi's Airport Development". Changi Airport Group. Retrieved 26 January 2014. 
  9. ^ "Changi Airport allots nearly S$1.3bn for terminal 4 construction". Singapore Business Review. Retrieved 26 January 2014. 
  10. ^ "North Sumatra to get new airport soon". April 4, 2006. 
  11. ^
  12. ^
  13. ^ Dan McNichol and Andy Ryan, The Big Dig, Silver Lining Press, 1991
  14. ^ FAIR: New German particle accelerator clears first hurdle
  15. ^ - Physicists call for €5bn Neutrino Factory
  16. ^ George Musser (May 2011). "Cosmic-Ray Detector on Space Shuttle Set to Scan Cosmos for Dark Matter". Scientific American. Retrieved January 24, 2014. 
  17. ^ "Cassini Solstice Mission-FAQs". Jet Propulsion Laboratory. Retrieved January 24, 2014. 
  18. ^ "Gaia spacecraft set for launch on mission to map a billion stars". Theguardian. Retrieved 15 December 2013. 
  19. ^ Kathy Sawyer (17 December 1991). “Galileo Antenna Apparently Still Stuck”. Washington Post: A14; Kathy Sawyer (18 December 1991). “$1.4 Billion Galileo Mission Appears Crippled.” Washington Post: A3 in Mission to Jupiter. p.180.
  20. ^ Galileo: Facts & Figures. Retrieved 12 November 2012.
  21. ^ "Herschel: Fact Sheet". ESA Media Relations Office. 28 April 2010. Archived from the original on 13 October 2012. 
  22. ^ "Technical Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)". NASA-JWST. Retrieved January 24, 2014. 
  23. ^ D. Leone. "MSL Readings Could Improve Safety for Human Mars Missions". Space News. Retrieved January 24, 2014. 
  24. ^ Kentsel Dönüşümün Maliyeti Ne Kadar? - Milliyet
  25. ^ Kentsel Dönüşümün Maliyeti Ne Kadar? « EYP YAPI
  26. ^ Kentsel dönüşüm için 400 proje - En Son Emlak Haberleri - HTEkonomi
  27. ^ T.C. ÇEVRE ve ŞEHİRCİLİK BAKANLIĞI - Altyapı ve Kentsel Dönüşüm Hizmetleri Genel Müdürlüğü
  28. ^ Fikirtepe’de 40 milyar liralık kentsel dönüşüm başlıyor - ZAMAN
  29. ^ Appraisal of City Development Plan - Navi Mumbai. National Institute of Urban Affairs, 2008.
  30. ^ "Sydney Central Station Airspace Redevelopment, NSW". Webb Australia. 

External links[edit]