MAP2K1

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Mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase 1
Protein MAP2K1 PDB 1s9j.png
PDB rendering based on 1s9j.
Available structures
PDB Ortholog search: PDBe, RCSB
Identifiers
Symbols MAP2K1 ; MAPKK1; MEK1; MKK1; PRKMK1
External IDs OMIM176872 MGI1346866 HomoloGene2063 ChEMBL: 3587 GeneCards: MAP2K1 Gene
EC number 2.7.12.2
RNA expression pattern
PBB GE MAP2K1 202670 at tn.png
More reference expression data
Orthologs
Species Human Mouse
Entrez 5604 26395
Ensembl ENSG00000169032 ENSMUSG00000004936
UniProt Q02750 P31938
RefSeq (mRNA) NM_002755 NM_008927
RefSeq (protein) NP_002746 NP_032953
Location (UCSC) Chr 15:
66.68 – 66.78 Mb
Chr 9:
64.19 – 64.25 Mb
PubMed search [1] [2]

Dual specificity mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase 1 is an enzyme that in humans is encoded by the MAP2K1 gene.[1][2]

Function[edit]

The protein encoded by this gene is a member of the dual-specificity protein kinase family that acts as a mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase kinase. MAP kinases, also known as extracellular signal-regulated kinases (ERKs), act as an integration point for multiple biochemical signals. This protein kinase lies upstream of MAP kinases and stimulates the enzymatic activity of MAP kinases upon activation by a wide variety of extra- and intracellular signals. As an essential component of the MAP kinase signal transduction pathway, this kinase is involved in many cellular processes such as proliferation, differentiation, transcription regulation and development.[3]

Interactions[edit]

MAP2K1 has been shown to interact with C-Raf,[4] Phosphatidylethanolamine binding protein 1,[4] MAP2K1IP1,[5][6] GRB10,[7] MAPK3,[6][8][9][10][11] MAPK8IP3,[12][13] MAPK1[4][5][14][15][16][17] MP1,[6] and MAP3K1.[18]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Rampoldi L, Zimbello R, Bortoluzzi S, Tiso N, Valle G, Lanfranchi G, Danieli GA (Mar 1998). "Chromosomal localization of four MAPK signaling cascade genes: MEK1, MEK3, MEK4 and MEKK5". Cytogenet Cell Genet 78 (3–4): 301–3. doi:10.1159/000134677. PMID 9465908. 
  2. ^ Zheng CF, Guan KL (Jun 1993). "Cloning and characterization of two distinct human extracellular signal-regulated kinase activator kinases, MEK1 and MEK2". J Biol Chem 268 (15): 11435–9. PMID 8388392. 
  3. ^ "Entrez Gene: MAP2K1 mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase 1". 
  4. ^ a b c Yeung, K; Janosch P; McFerran B; Rose D W; Mischak H; Sedivy J M; Kolch W (May 2000). "Mechanism of Suppression of the Raf/MEK/Extracellular Signal-Regulated Kinase Pathway by the Raf Kinase Inhibitor Protein". Mol. Cell. Biol. (UNITED STATES) 20 (9): 3079–85. doi:10.1128/MCB.20.9.3079-3085.2000. PMC 85596. PMID 10757792. 
  5. ^ a b Wunderlich, W; Fialka I; Teis D; Alpi A; Pfeifer A; Parton R G; Lottspeich F; Huber L A (Feb 2001). "A Novel 14-Kilodalton Protein Interacts with the Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase Scaffold Mp1 on a Late Endosomal/Lysosomal Compartment". J. Cell Biol. (United States) 152 (4): 765–76. doi:10.1083/jcb.152.4.765. PMC 2195784. PMID 11266467. 
  6. ^ a b c Schaeffer, H J; Catling A D; Eblen S T; Collier L S; Krauss A; Weber M J (Sep 1998). "MP1: a MEK binding partner that enhances enzymatic activation of the MAP kinase cascade". Science (UNITED STATES) 281 (5383): 1668–71. doi:10.1126/science.281.5383.1668. PMID 9733512. 
  7. ^ Nantel, A; Mohammad-Ali K, Sherk J, Posner B I, Thomas D Y (Apr 1998). "Interaction of the Grb10 adapter protein with the Raf1 and MEK1 kinases". J. Biol. Chem. (UNITED STATES) 273 (17): 10475–84. doi:10.1074/jbc.273.17.10475. PMID 9553107. 
  8. ^ Marti, A; Luo Z; Cunningham C; Ohta Y; Hartwig J; Stossel T P; Kyriakis J M; Avruch J (Jan 1997). "Actin-binding protein-280 binds the stress-activated protein kinase (SAPK) activator SEK-1 and is required for tumor necrosis factor-alpha activation of SAPK in melanoma cells". J. Biol. Chem. (UNITED STATES) 272 (5): 2620–8. doi:10.1074/jbc.272.5.2620. PMID 9006895. 
  9. ^ Butch, E R; Guan K L (Feb 1996). "Characterization of ERK1 activation site mutants and the effect on recognition by MEK1 and MEK2". J. Biol. Chem. (UNITED STATES) 271 (8): 4230–5. doi:10.1074/jbc.271.8.4230. PMID 8626767. 
  10. ^ Yung, Y; Yao Z; Hanoch T; Seger R (May 2000). "ERK1b, a 46-kDa ERK isoform that is differentially regulated by MEK". J. Biol. Chem. (UNITED STATES) 275 (21): 15799–808. doi:10.1074/jbc.M910060199. PMID 10748187. 
  11. ^ Zheng, C F; Guan K L (Nov 1993). "Properties of MEKs, the kinases that phosphorylate and activate the extracellular signal-regulated kinases". J. Biol. Chem. (UNITED STATES) 268 (32): 23933–9. PMID 8226933. 
  12. ^ Kuboki, Y; Ito M; Takamatsu N; Yamamoto K I; Shiba T; Yoshioka K (Dec 2000). "A scaffold protein in the c-Jun NH2-terminal kinase signaling pathways suppresses the extracellular signal-regulated kinase signaling pathways". J. Biol. Chem. (UNITED STATES) 275 (51): 39815–8. doi:10.1074/jbc.C000403200. PMID 11044439. 
  13. ^ Ito, M; Yoshioka K; Akechi M; Yamashita S; Takamatsu N; Sugiyama K; Hibi M; Nakabeppu Y; Shiba T; Yamamoto K I (Nov 1999). "JSAP1, a Novel Jun N-Terminal Protein Kinase (JNK)-Binding Protein That Functions as a Scaffold Factor in the JNK Signaling Pathway". Mol. Cell. Biol. (UNITED STATES) 19 (11): 7539–48. PMC 84763. PMID 10523642. 
  14. ^ Sanz-Moreno, Victoria; Casar Berta; Crespo Piero (May 2003). "p38α Isoform Mxi2 Binds to Extracellular Signal-Regulated Kinase 1 and 2 Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase and Regulates Its Nuclear Activity by Sustaining Its Phosphorylation Levels". Mol. Cell. Biol. (United States) 23 (9): 3079–90. doi:10.1128/MCB.23.9.3079-3090.2003. PMC 153192. PMID 12697810. 
  15. ^ Robinson, Fred L; Whitehurst Angelique W; Raman Malavika; Cobb Melanie H (Apr 2002). "Identification of novel point mutations in ERK2 that selectively disrupt binding to MEK1". J. Biol. Chem. (United States) 277 (17): 14844–52. doi:10.1074/jbc.M107776200. PMID 11823456. 
  16. ^ Xu Be, Be; Stippec S; Robinson F L; Cobb M H (Jul 2001). "Hydrophobic as well as charged residues in both MEK1 and ERK2 are important for their proper docking". J. Biol. Chem. (United States) 276 (28): 26509–15. doi:10.1074/jbc.M102769200. PMID 11352917. 
  17. ^ Chen, Z; Cobb M H (May 2001). "Regulation of stress-responsive mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase pathways by TAO2". J. Biol. Chem. (United States) 276 (19): 16070–5. doi:10.1074/jbc.M100681200. PMID 11279118. 
  18. ^ Karandikar, M; Xu S; Cobb M H (Dec 2000). "MEKK1 binds raf-1 and the ERK2 cascade components". J. Biol. Chem. (UNITED STATES) 275 (51): 40120–7. doi:10.1074/jbc.M005926200. PMID 10969079. 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]