ACVR1B

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Activin A receptor, type IB
Protein ACVR1B PDB 1rw8.png
PDB rendering based on 1rw8.
Available structures
PDB Ortholog search: PDBe, RCSB
Identifiers
Symbols ACVR1B ; ACTRIB; ACVRLK4; ALK4; SKR2
External IDs OMIM601300 MGI1338944 HomoloGene20906 ChEMBL: 5310 GeneCards: ACVR1B Gene
EC number 2.7.11.30
Orthologs
Species Human Mouse
Entrez 91 11479
Ensembl ENSG00000135503 ENSMUSG00000000532
UniProt P36896 Q61271
RefSeq (mRNA) NM_004302 NM_007395
RefSeq (protein) NP_004293 NP_031421
Location (UCSC) Chr 12:
52.35 – 52.39 Mb
Chr 15:
101.17 – 101.21 Mb
PubMed search [1] [2]

Activin receptor type-1B is a protein that in humans is encoded by the ACVR1B gene.[1][2]

ACVR1B or ALK-4 acts as a transducer of activin or activin like ligands (e.g., inhibin) signals. Activin binds to either ACVR2A or ACVR2B and then forms a complex with ACVR1B. These go on to recruit the R-SMADs SMAD2 or SMAD3.[3] ACVR1B also transduces signals of nodal, GDF-1, and Vg1; however, unlike activin, they require other coreceptor molecules such as the protein Cripto.[4]

Function[edit]

Activins are dimeric growth and differentiation factors which belong to the transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) superfamily of structurally related signaling proteins. Activins signal through a heteromeric complex of receptor serine kinases which include at least two type I (I and IB) and two type II (II and IIB) receptors. These receptors are all transmembrane proteins, composed of a ligand-binding extracellular domain with a cysteine-rich region, a transmembrane domain, and a cytoplasmic domain with predicted serine/threonine specificity. Type I receptors are essential for signaling, and type II receptors are required for binding ligands and for expression of type I receptors. Type I and II receptors form a stable complex after ligand binding, resulting in phosphorylation of type I receptors by type II receptors. This gene encodes activin A type IB receptor, composed of 11 exons. Alternative splicing and alternative polyadenylation result in 3 fully described transcript variants. The mRNA expression of variants 1, 2, and 3 is confirmed, and a potential fourth variant contains an alternative exon 8 and lacks exons 9 through 11, but its mRNA expression has not been confirmed.[2]

Interactions[edit]

ACVR1B has been shown to interact with

References[edit]

  1. ^ ten Dijke P, Ichijo H, Franzen P, Schulz P, Saras J, Toyoshima H, Heldin CH, Miyazono K (October 1993). "Activin receptor-like kinases: a novel subclass of cell-surface receptors with predicted serine/threonine kinase activity". Oncogene 8 (10): 2879–87. PMID 8397373. 
  2. ^ a b "Entrez Gene: ACVR1B activin A receptor, type IB". 
  3. ^ Inman GJ, Nicolás FJ, Callahan JF, Harling JD, Gaster LM, Reith AD, Laping NJ, Hill CS (2002). "SB-431542 is a potent and specific inhibitor of transforming growth factor-beta superfamily type I activin receptor-like kinase (ALK) receptors ALK4, ALK5, and ALK7". Mol. Pharmacol. 62 (1): 65–74. doi:10.1124/mol.62.1.65. PMID 12065756. 
  4. ^ Harrison CA, Gray PC, Koerber SC, Fischer W, Vale W (2003). "Identification of a functional binding site for activin on the type I receptor ALK4". J. Biol. Chem. 278 (23): 21129–35. doi:10.1074/jbc.M302015200. PMID 12665502. 
  5. ^ a b De Winter JP, De Vries CJ, Van Achterberg TA, Ameerun RF, Feijen A, Sugino H, De Waele P, Huylebroeck D, Verschueren K, Van Den Eijden-Van Raaij AJ (May 1996). "Truncated activin type II receptors inhibit bioactivity by the formation of heteromeric complexes with activin type I. receptors". Exp. Cell Res. 224 (2): 323–34. doi:10.1006/excr.1996.0142. PMID 8612709. 
  6. ^ Lebrun JJ, Takabe K, Chen Y, Vale W (January 1999). "Roles of pathway-specific and inhibitory Smads in activin receptor signaling". Mol. Endocrinol. 13 (1): 15–23. doi:10.1210/mend.13.1.0218. PMID 9892009. 
  7. ^ Attisano L, Wrana JL, Montalvo E, Massagué J (March 1996). "Activation of signalling by the activin receptor complex". Mol. Cell. Biol. 16 (3): 1066–73. PMC 231089. PMID 8622651. 

Further reading[edit]