A relish is a cooked and pickled product made of chopped vegetables, fruits or herbs and is a food item typically used as a condiment, in particular to enhance a staple. Examples are chutneys and the North American relish, a pickled cucumber jam eaten with hot dogs or hamburgers. In North America, the word "relish" is frequently used to describe a single variety of finely-chopped pickled cucumber relish, such as pickle, dill and sweet relishes. Such relishes are commonly used as a condiment, and pickle relish is an important ingredient in many varieties of the U.S. version of tartar sauce.
Relish generally consists of discernible vegetable or fruit pieces in a sauce, although the sauce is subordinate in character to the vegetable or fruit pieces. Herbs may also be used, and some relishes, such as chermoula, are prepared entirely using herbs and spices. Relish can consist of a single type of vegetable or fruit, or a combination of these. These fruits or vegetables might be coarsely or finely chopped, and the texture of relish can vary depending on the style of slicing used for its solid ingredients, but generally a relish is not as smooth as a sauce-type condiment, such as ketchup. The overall taste sensation might be sweet, savory, mild or hot, but it typically has a strong flavor that complements or adds to the primary food item with which it is served.
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The English word "chutney" originated in India.
This is a list of notable relishes.
- Biber salçası
- Branston relish
- Cranberry relish
- Ćwikła – Polish beet relish
- Dill relish
- Gentleman's Relish – was invented in 1828 by John Osborn and contains spiced anchovy. It is traditionally spread sparingly atop unsalted butter on toast.
- India relish
- Kachumbari – common in East Africa
- Kimchi relish – prepared using kimchi as a main ingredient
- Mango pickle
- Mixed pickles
- Mostarda – prepared as a relish, fruit pickle, fruit preserve or chutney
- Pear relish
- Pickled cucumber
In the United States
In the United States, the most common commercially available relishes are made from pickled cucumbers and are known in the food trade as pickle relishes. Pickle relish is one of the most commonly used spreads in the U.S. Two variants of this are hamburger relish (pickle relish in a ketchup base or sauce) and hot dog relish (pickle relish in a mustard base or sauce). Another readily available commercial relish in the U.S. is corn (maize) relish. Heinz, Vlasic, and Claussen are well known in the U.S. as producers of pickled cucumbers and pickle relishes. Chicago-style relish is a sweet pickle relish that is a standard ingredient on the Chicago-style hot dog.
Outside the United States
Hot dog relish is commonly served with Chilean completos (local variation of the hot dog), being generically known as salsa americana (American sauce) or simply referred to as americana.
- Henderson's Relish – Spicy and fruity vegan condiment similar to Worcestershire sauce – a liquid condiment
- List of chutneys – Links to Wikipedia articles on notable chutney varieties
- List of pickled foods – List of links to Wikipedia articles on pickled foods
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