Komering language

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Komering
Cawa Komering
Native toIndonesia
RegionSouth Sumatra
EthnicityKomering
Native speakers
470,000 (2000 census)[1]
Lampung script (historical)
Latin
Komering Script
Language codes
ISO 639-3kge
Glottologkome1238
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Three Komering girls in 1929

Komering is a Lampungic language spoken by Komering people, an indigenous ethnic group native to Komering regions alongside the Komering River in southern hemisphere of Sumatra island Indonesia.

Location[edit]

Komering in the Lampung Province, South Sumatra Province in southern Sumatra, along the Komering River.

Classification[edit]

Komering language belongs to the Lampungic linguistic family, which is one of the groups within the Austronesian family.[2][3]

Phonology[edit]

Consonants[edit]

Labial Alveolar Palatal Velar Glottal
Nasal m n ɲ ŋ
Plosive/
Affricate
voiceless p t k ʔ
voiced b d ɡ
Fricative s h
Lateral l
Trill r
Approximant w j

A voiced fricative /z/ also occurs, but only as a result of foreign loanwords.

Vowels[edit]

Front Central Back
Close i u
Mid o
Open a

Vocabulary[edit]

Examples of basic Komering words:[4]

Komering (standard) Meaning
kayu tree
habu ashes
tanoh world
jukuk grass
hatolui egg
tolu three
hujau rain
hambur to steal
tohlui egg
pak four
ganta now
ompai new
sisu chicken
manuk bird

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ Komering at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015) (subscription required)
  2. ^ Adelaar, 2005, p. 22.
  3. ^ Walker, 1976, p. 1.
  4. ^ From Walker, 1975, pp. 14-17.

Sources[edit]

  • Adelaar, Alexander, The Austronesian Languages of Asia and Madagascar: A Historical Perspective, The Austronesian Languages of Asia and Madagascar, pp. 1–42, Routledge Language Family Series, Londres, Routledge, 2005, ISBN 0-7007-1286-0
  • Walker, Dale F., A Lexical Study of Lampung Dialects, Miscellaneous Studies in Indonesian and Languages in Indonesia, Part I (editor: John W. M. Verhaar), NUSA Linguistic Studies in Indonesian and Languages of Indonesia, Volume 1, pp. 11–21, Jakarta, Badan Penyelenggara Seri NUSA, 1975.
  • Walker, Dale F., A Grammar of the Lampung Language: the Pesisir Dialect of Way Lima, NUSA Linguistic Studies in Indonesian and Languages of Indonesia, Volume 2, Jakarta, Badan Penyelenggara Seri NUSA, 1976.
  • Sofjan Abdurrahman, and Colin Yallop. A Brief Outline of Komering Phonology and Morphology, Miscellaneous studies in Indonesian and languages in Indonesia, Part VI (editor: Amran Halim), NUSA Linguistic Studies in Indonesian and Languages of Indonesia, Volume 7, pp. 11-18, Jakarta, Universitas Katolik Indonesia Atma Jaya, 1979.

See also[edit]