Komering language

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Cawa Komering
Native toIndonesia
EthnicityKomering people
Native speakers
470,000 (2000 census)[1]
Lampung script (past)
Latin (present)
Language codes
ISO 639-3kge
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Three Komering girls in 1929

Komering is a Malayo-Polynesian language spoken in Indonesia, in the southern part of Sumatra.


Komering in the Lampung Province in southern Sumatra, along the Komering River.


Komering belongs to the group of Lampung languages, one of the groups within the Malayo-Polynesian branch of the Austronesian family.[2] Walker regards Komering as a mere dialect, presenting Lampung as a single language instead of a group of languages;[3] others treat it as a dialect specifically of Lampung Api.



Labial Alveolar Palatal Velar Glottal
Plosive voiceless p t k ʔ
voiced b d ɡ
Affricate voiceless
Fricative s h
Nasal m n ɲ ŋ
Lateral l
Trill r
Approximant w j

A voiced fricative /z/ also occurs, but only as a result of foreign loanwords.


Front Central Back
Close i u
Mid o
Open a


Examples of basic Komering words:[4]

English Komering Indonesian/Malay
tree kayu kayu ("wood")
ashes habu abu
world tanoh tanah
grass jukuk rumput
egg hatolui telur
three tolu tiga
five lima lima
rain hujau hujan
to steal hambur hambur ("to waste")
egg tohlui telur
four pak empat
now ganta sekarang

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ Komering at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Adelaar, 2005, p. 22.
  3. ^ Walker, 1976, p. 1.
  4. ^ From Walker, 1975, pp. 14-17.


  • Adelaar, Alexander, The Austronesian Languages of Asia and Madagascar: A Historical Perspective, The Austronesian Languages of Asia and Madagascar, pp. 1–42, Routledge Language Family Series, Londres, Routledge, 2005, ISBN 0-7007-1286-0
  • Walker, Dale F., A Lexical Study of Lampung Dialects, Miscellaneous Studies in Indonesian and Languages in Indonesia, Part I (editor: John W. M. Verhaar), NUSA Linguistic Studies in Indonesian and Languages of Indonesia, Volume 1, pp. 11–21, Jakarta, Badan Penyelenggara Seri NUSA, 1975.
  • Walker, Dale F., A Grammar of the Lampung Language: the Pesisir Dialect of Way Lima, NUSA Linguistic Studies in Indonesian and Languages of Indonesia, Volume 2, Jakarta, Badan Penyelenggara Seri NUSA, 1976.
  • Sofjan Abdurrahman, and Colin Yallop. A Brief Outline of Komering Phonology and Morphology, Miscellaneous studies in Indonesian and languages in Indonesia, Part VI (editor: Amran Halim), NUSA Linguistic Studies in Indonesian and Languages of Indonesia, Volume 7, pp. 11-18, Jakarta, Universitas Katolik Indonesia Atma Jaya, 1979.

See also[edit]