Lincang

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Lincang

临沧市
View of a cultivated area from a road in Lincang
View of a cultivated area from a road in Lincang
Location of Lincang City jurisdiction in Yunnan
Location of Lincang City jurisdiction in Yunnan
Lincang is located in China
Lincang
Lincang
Location in China
Coordinates: 23°53′N 100°05′E / 23.883°N 100.083°E / 23.883; 100.083
CountryPeople's Republic of China
ProvinceYunnan
Admin HQLinxiang
Area
 • Total23,620.72 km2 (9,120.01 sq mi)
Elevation
1,517 m (4,977 ft)
Population
(2010)
 • Total2,429,505
 • Density100/km2 (270/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
Postal code
677XXX
Area code(s)0883
ISO 3166 codeCN-YN-09
Licence plate prefixes云S
Websitewww.lincang.gov.cn

Lincang (simplified Chinese: 临沧; traditional Chinese: 臨滄; pinyin: Líncāng) is a prefecture-level city located in the southwest of Yunnan province, People's Republic of China.

Geography and climate[edit]

Lincang covers latitude 23° 05′-25° 02′ N and longitude 98° 40′-100° 33′ E, thus straddling the Tropic of Cancer in the southern part of its administrative area, or prefecture. It is situated on the middle to lower reaches of the Mekong, known as the Lancang in China, and the Salween, or the Nu. Bordering prefectures are Pu'er to the southeast, and Baoshan and Dali to the northwest. It also borders Burma's Shan State. Elevations within the prefecture range from 450 to 3,504 metres (1,476 to 11,496 ft).

Located at an altitude of above 1,450 m (4,760 ft) and within 30 arc minutes to the north of the Tropic of Cancer, Lincang has a mild humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cwa), with muddled distinction between the seasons and daytime temperatures remaining warm year-round. Highs peak in May before the core of the rainy season and reach a minimum in December; however, the warmest and coolest months are June and January. June through September accounts for nearly 70% of the annual rainfall of 1,148.9 mm (45 in) and during this time, some rainfall occurs on most days, pushing relative humidity above 80% and there is a marked reduction in sunshine. With monthly percent possible sunshine ranging from 22% in July to 73% in January, the city receives 2,105 hours of bright sunshine annually.

Subdivisions[edit]

Map
Name Hanzi Hanyu Pinyin Population
(2010)
Area (km²) Density
(/km²)
Linxiang District 临翔区 Línxiáng Qū 323,708 2,652 122
Fengqing County 凤庆县 Fèngqìng Xiàn 458,330 3,451 133
Yun County 云县 Yún Xiàn 449,460 3,760 120
Yongde County 永德县 Yǒngdé Xiàn 369,702 3,296 112
Zhenkang County 镇康县 Zhènkāng Xiàn 176,356 2,642 67
Shuangjiang Lahu, Va, Blang and Dai Autonomous County 双江拉祜族佤族布朗族傣族自治县 Shuāngjiāng Lāhùzú Wǎzú Bùlǎngzú Dǎizú Zìzhìxiàn 176,549 2,292 77
Gengma Dai and Va Autonomous County 耿马傣族佤族自治县 Gěngmǎ Dǎizú Wǎzú Zìzhìxiàn 296,302 3,837 77
Cangyuan Va Autonomous County 沧源佤族自治县 Cāngyuán Wǎzú Zìzhìxiàn 179,098 2,539 71

Demography[edit]

Lincang is the mountainous home of the Wa ethnic minority and was historically seen as too "wild" to be worth settling by neighboring powers, notably British Burma and ancient China. This may have had some connection to the Wa's image as head-hunters.

Natural resources[edit]

Mineral resources mined and extracted in the Lincang area include coal (including waste coal ash), germanium and uranium.[1] Lincang is also home to the world's oldest cultivated tea tree, some 3,200 years old, in the village of Jinxiu (锦绣), Xiaowan town, of Fengqing County.[2][3]

Transport[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Sparton Resources Inc.
  2. ^ The Oldest Tea Tree on the Earth, (Kunming, 2006).
  3. ^ News article about oldest tea tree

External links[edit]