List of languages by the number of countries in which they are recognized as an official language

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This is a ranking of languages by number of sovereign countries in which they are de jure or de facto official.

Language World Africa Americas Asia Europe Oceania Countries
English 59 24 16 4 3 12 United States, India, Pakistan, Nigeria, Philippines,Bangladesh, United Kingdom. (See the full list)
French 29 21 2 - 5 1 France, DRC, Canada, Madagascar. (See the full list)
Arabic 26 13 - 13 - - Egypt, Sudan, Algeria, Iraq, Morocco, Saudi Arabia. (See the full list)
Spanish 20 1 18 - 1 - Mexico, Spain, Colombia, Argentina. (See the full list)
Portuguese 9 6 1 - 1 1 Brazil, Portugal, Mozambique, Angola. (See the full list)
Hausa 8 8 - - - - Nigeria, Niger, Cameroon, Ghana, Benin, Ivory Coast, Togo, Sudan
German 6 - - - 6 - Germany, Austria, Switzerland, Belgium, Luxembourg, Liechtenstein
Serbo-Croatian 4-5* - - - 4-5* - Serbia, Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, Kosovo*
Italian 4 - - - 4 - Italy, Switzerland, San Marino, Vatican City
Malay based 4 - - 4 - - Indonesia (known as Indonesian), Malaysia, Singapore, Brunei
Russian 4 - - 2 2 - Russia, Kazakhstan, Belarus, Kyrgyzstan
Swahili 4 4 - - - - Tanzania, Kenya, Uganda, Rwanda
Yoruba 3-4* 3 1 - - - Nigeria, Benin, Togo, Brazil*
Dutch 3 - 1 - 2 - Netherlands, Belgium, Suriname
Hindi 3 - - 2 - 1 Fiji,[1] India,[2] Pakistan[3]
Persian 3 - - 3 - - Iran, Afghanistan (known as Dari), Tajikistan (known as Tajik)
Tamil 4 - - 4 - - Sri Lanka, Singapore, India, Malaysia[4]
Quechua 3 - 3 - - - Perú, Bolivia, Ecuador
Chinese 2-3* - - 2-3* - - China, Singapore, Taiwan

Several languages are officially used in two countries, these are:

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Fiji Constitution".
  2. ^ "The Official Language Act, 1963". Department of Official Language. Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India.
  3. ^ "SC orders immediate implementation of Urdu as official language". The Express Tribune. 7 September 2015.
  4. ^ "The World Factbook — Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov. Retrieved 2018-09-02.