Air India

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Tata Airlines)
Jump to: navigation, search
Air India
एअर इंडिया
Air India Logo.svg
IATA ICAO Callsign
Founded 1932
Commenced operations 15 October 1932 (1932-10-15)
Secondary hubs
Focus cities
Frequent-flyer program Flying Returns
Airport lounge Maharaja Lounge
Alliance Star Alliance
Fleet size 109
Destinations 82
Company slogan Your Palace in the Sky
Parent company Air India Limited
Headquarters Indian Airlines House, Delhi, India[1]
Key people Ashwani Lohani, Chairman and MD[2]
Revenue Increase 197.81 billion (US$2.9 billion) (FY 2014–15)[2][3][4]
Operating income Decrease2.171 billion (US$32 million) (FY 2014–15)[2][4][5]
Net income Decrease 5.41 billion (US$80 million) (FY 2014–15)[2][4][5]
Employees 28,085 (February 2016)

Air India is the flag carrier airline of India and the third largest airline in India in terms of passengers carried, after IndiGo and Jet Airways. It is owned by Air India Limited, a Government of India enterprise and operates a fleet of Airbus and Boeing aircraft serving various domestic and international destinations. It is headquartered in New Delhi.[1] Air India has major domestic hubs at Indira Gandhi International Airport, New Delhi and Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport, Mumbai and secondary hubs at Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose International Airport, Kolkata and Chennai International Airport.[6][7] Air India became the 27th member of Star Alliance on 11 July 2014.[8][9]

Founded in 1932 by J. R. D. Tata and later renamed to Tata Airlines, he flew its first single-engine De Havilland Puss Moth, carrying air mail from Karachi to Bombay, and later continuing to Madras. After World War II, it became a public limited company and was renamed to Air-India. On 21 February 1960, it included it first Boeing 707–420 named Gauri Shankar and became the first Asian airline to induct a jet aircraft in its fleet. In 2000–01, attempts were made to privatise Air India and in 2006 onwards, it suffered losses after its merger with Indian Airlines.

Air India uses the Airbus A320 family and Boeing 787 aircraft for selected domestic routes while long distance services use the Boeing 777-300ER, 747 and 787 aircraft.


Early years (1932–1945)[edit]

Tata Air Service

Air India had its origin in Tata Sons, founded by J. R. D. Tata in 1932.[10] Tata won a contract to carry mail for Imperial Airways in April 1932 and the aviation department of Tata Sons was formed. On 15 October 1932, Tata flew a single-engine De Havilland Puss Moth carrying air mail from Karachi to Bombay and the aircraft continued to Madras piloted by Vincent.[11] The airline fleet consisted of a Puss Moth aircraft and a Leopard Moth.[12][13] Initial service included weekly airmail service between Karachi and Madras via Ahmedabad and Bombay. In its first year of operation, the airline flew 160,000 miles, carrying 155 passengers and 10.71 ton of mail and made a profit of 60,000 rupees.[14][15] Later, the airline launched a domestic flight from Bombay to Trivandrum with a six-seater Miles Merlin.[16] In 1938, it was re-christened as Tata Air Services and later as Tata Airlines. Delhi and Colombo were added to the destinations in 1938.[11]

Post Independence (1946–2000)[edit]

After World War II, regular commercial service was restored in India and Tata airlines became a public limited company on 29 July 1946 under the name Air-India. After the Indian independence, 49% of the airline was acquired by the Government of India in 1948. On 8 June 1948, a Lockheed Constellation L-749A named Malabar Princess (registered VT-CQP) took off from Bombay bound for London Heathrow marking the airline's first international flight. On 25 August 1953, the Government of India exercised its option to purchase a majority stake in the carrier and established Air India International Limited. The domestic services were transferred to Indian Airlines as a part of restructuring. In 1954, the airline took delivery of its Lockheed Constellation L-1049 and inaugurated services to Bangkok, Hong Kong, Tokyo and Singapore.

On 21 February 1960, Air India International inducted its first Boeing 707–420 named Gauri Shankar (registered VT-DJJ), thereby becoming the first Asian airline to induct a jet aircraft in its fleet.[17][18] The airline inaugurated services to New York on 14 May 1960. On 8 June 1962, the airline's name was officially truncated to Air India and on 11 June 1962, Air India became the world's first all-jet airline. In 1971, the airline took delivery of its first Boeing 747-200B named Emperor Ashoka (registered VT-EBD) and introduced of the Palace in the Sky livery and branding. In 1986, Air India took delivery of its first Airbus A310-300. In 1993, Air India took delivery of a Boeing 747-400 named Konark (registered VT-ESM) and operated the first non-stop flight between New York and Delhi.

Later years (2000–)[edit]

Air India Airbus A310-300. It sold three A300s in March 2009 due to debts

In 2000–01, attempts were made to privatise Air India.[19][20][21][22] In 2000, Air India introduced services to Shanghai, China. On 23 May 2001, the Ministry of Civil Aviation charged Michael Mascarenhas, the then managing director with corruption. According to the ministry reports, the airline lost approximately 570 million (US$8.4 million) because of extra commissions that Mascarenhas sanctioned and he was later suspended from the airline.[23] In May 2004, Air India launched a wholly owned low cost subsidiary called Air-India Express connecting cities in India with the Middle East and Southeast Asia. Until 2007, Air India mainly operated on International long-haul routes while Indian Airlines operated on domestic and international short-haul routes. In 2007, Air India and Indian Airlines were merged under Air India Limited.[24] The airline was invited to be a part of the Star Alliance in 2007.[25]

The combined losses for Air India and Indian Airlines in 2006–07 were 7.7 billion (US$110 million) and after the merger, it went up to 72 billion (US$1.1 billion) by March 2009.[26][27] In July 2009, State Bank of India was appointed to prepare a road map for the recovery of the airline.[28] The carrier sold three Airbus A300 and one Boeing 747-300M in March 2009 for $18.75 million to finance the debt.[29] By March 2011, Air India had accumulated a debt of 425.7 billion (US$6.3 billion) and an operating loss of 220 billion (US$3.2 billion), and was seeking 429.2 billion (US$6.3 billion) from the government.[30][30][31] A report by the Comptroller and Auditor General blamed the decision to buy 111 new planes and the ill timed merger with Indian Airlines for the poor financial situation.[32][33] In August 2011, the invitation to join Star Alliance was suspended as a result of its failure to meet the minimum standards for the membership.[34][35] The government pumped 32 billion (US$470 million) into Air India and in March 2012.[36][37]

In January 2013, Air India cleared some of its debts by selling and leasing back the newly acquired Boeing 787 Dreamliners. Also, the airline posted its first positive EBITDA after almost six years

On 1 March 2009, Air India made Frankfurt Airport at as its international hub for onward connections to United States from India. However, the airline shut down the Frankfurt hub on 30 October 2010 because of high operating costs.[38] In 2010, financially less lucrative routes were terminated and the airline planned to open a new hub for its international flights at Dubai.[39] In 2012, a study commissioned by the Corporate Affairs Ministry recommended that Air India should be partly privatised.[40] In May 2012, the carrier invited offers from banks to raise up $800 million via external commercial borrowing and bridge financing.[41] In May 2012, the airline was fined $80,000 by the U.S Transportation Department for failing to post customer service and tarmac delay contingency plans on its website and adequately inform passengers about its optional fees.[42]

In 2013, the then Civil Aviation Minister Ajit Singh stated privatisation was the key to the airline's survival.[43] However, the opposition led by the BJP and the CPI(M) slammed the Government.[44] In 2013, the Indian government planned to delay equity infusion of 300 billion (US$4.4 billion) that was slated to be infused into the airline slowly over a period of eight years.[45] In January 2013, Air India cleared a part of its pending dues through funds raised by selling and leasing back the newly acquired Boeing 787 Dreamliners.[46][47] In March 2013, the airline posted its first positive EBITDA after almost six years and 20 per cent growth in its operating revenue since the previous financial year.[48][49] Air India Ltd split its engineering and cargo businesses into two separate subsidiaries, Air India Engineering Services Ltd (AIESL) and Air India Transport Services Limited (AITSL) in 2013.[50][51] In December 2013, the airline appointed veteran pilot SPS Puri as its head of operations. The appointment was criticized by the Air India pilot's union as Puri allegedly has multiple violations to his name.[52]

Air India became the 27th member of Star Alliance on 11 July 2014.[8][9] In August 2015, it signed an agreement with Citibank and State Bank of India to raise $300 million in external commercial borrowing to meet working capital requirements.[2][4] As of 2015, Air India is the third largest carrier in India, after IndiGo and Jet Airways.[53][54][55] For FY 2014–15, its revenue, operating loss and net loss were 197.81 billion (US$2.9 billion), 2.171 billion (US$32 million) and 5.41 billion (US$80 million) compared FY 2011–12, which were 147.13 billion (US$2.2 billion), 5.138 billion (US$76 million) and 7.55 billion (US$110 million).[3][5]

Corporate affairs and identity[edit]

The Air India Building, Nariman Point, Mumbai. It moved its headquarters in 2013 to Indian Airlines House, Delhi.
The Maharajah, Air India's mascot
1940–2007 Air India logo


Air India Limited is headquartered at the Indian Airlines House, New Delhi.[56] Air India moved its headquarters from Air India Building, Mumbai to Delhi in 2013. The former headquarters is a 23-storey tower on Marine Drive and was one of the targets of the 1993 Bombay bombings.[1][57]


Further information: Air India structure




Air India's mascot is the Maharajah (Emperor). Air India's then commercial director Bobby Kooka, and Umesh Rao, an artist with J. Walter Thompson Ltd, created it.[58] Kooka stated that, "We call him a Maharajah for want of a better description. But his blood isn't blue. He may look like royalty, but he isn't royal".[59] Air India adopted the Maharajah as its mascot in 1946. It was used in promoting it although initially designed only for the airline's memo-pads.[60] The Maharajah was given a makeover in 2015 and the brand is represented by a younger version.[61]

Logo and livery[edit]

Air India's color scheme is red and white. The aircraft were painted in white with red palace style carvings on the outside of the windows and the airline's name written in red. The name is written in Hindi on one side and in English on the other. The window scheme was designed in line with the slogan Your Palace in the Sky.[62] The air planes were earlier named after Indian kings and landmarks. In 1989, to supplement its Flying Palace livery, Air India introduced a new livery that was mostly white with a golden spinning wheel on a red tail. The livery was dropped after two years and the old scheme was returned.

The first logo of Air India was a centaur, a stylised version of Sagittarius shooting an arrow in a circle representing the wheel of Konark. The logo chosen by founder J. R. D. Tata was introduced in 1948 and represented the airline until 2007.[63] On 22 May 2007, Air India and Indian unveiled their new livery consisting of a Flying Swan with the Konark Chakra placed inside it. The flying swan was morphed from the centaur logo and the chakra was derived from Indian's erstwhile logo.[64] On 15 May 2007, Air India refreshed its livery, making the Rajasthani arches along the windows slightly smaller, extending a stylised line from the tail of the aircraft to the nose and painting the underbelly red. The new logo features on the tail and the engine nacelles. A red and orange line run parallel to each other from the front door to the rear door.[58]


Air India flies to a total of 82 destinations including 47 domestic destinations and 35 international destinations in 24 countries across 4 continents around the world. The airline is planning to launch services to South America and Africa.[65] The airline is also planning to enhance connectivity to North America and Europe.

Codeshare agreements[edit]

Air India has code-sharing agreements with the following airlines:[66][67]



The Boeing 777-200LR used on long and ultra long-haul routes

As of February 2016, the Air India fleet consists of the following aircraft (including leased aircraft and excluding subsidiaries):[4][70][71]

Air India Fleet
Aircraft In Service Orders Passengers Notes
F J Y Total
Airbus A319-100 22 8 114 122 6 Aircraft stored[72]
144 144
Airbus A320-200 26 3 168 168 A total of 5 A320 (WL) being dry-leased from Chinese leasing firm, rest 6 expected by mid 2016.[73]
20 125 146
Airbus A320neo 14 168 168 To be dry-leased from April 2017[74][75]
Airbus A321-200 20 12 172 184
Boeing 747-400 5 12 26 385 423
Boeing 777-200LR 3 8 35 195 238 1 stored[76]
Boeing 777-300ER 12 3 4 35 303 342 Remaining 3 orders to be delivered from 2017
Boeing 787-8 21 6 18 238 256
Total 109 26  
Fleet info

On 4 August 1993, Air India took the delivery of its first Boeing 747-400, registered VT-ESM and named Konark. The aircraft was officially withdrawn from use and scrapped at Mumbai in May 2011.[77] The airline's first Boeing 777-200LR aircraft was delivered on 26 July 2007. The aircraft was named after the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh.[78] Air India received its first Boeing 777-300ER aircraft on 9 October, the same year. The aircraft was named Bihar.[79] Air India received its first Boeing 787 dreamliner aircraft on 6 September 2012[80] and commenced flights on 19 September 2012.[81]

Apart from the Boeing aircraft, Air India also operates a wide range of Airbus aircraft. In 1989, Indian Airlines introduced the Airbus A320-200 aircraft, which Air India now uses to operate both domestic and international short haul flights. In 2005, Indian Airlines introduced the smaller, A319, which are now used mainly on domestic and regional routes. After the merger in 2007, Air India inducted the biggest member of the A320 family, the A321, to operate mainly on international short haul and medium haul routes. At the same time, Air India leased the Airbus A330s to operate on medium-long haul international routes. As of February 2013, Air India operates 62 A320 family aircraft.

An Air India Boeing 747-400 aircraft used as Air India One

Air India One (also referred to as AI-1 or AIC001) is the call sign of any Air India aircraft carrying the Prime Minister of India, President of India or the Vice President of India.[82][83] Air India One operates on one of the five Boeing 747-400s that Air India currently owns as VIP flights. Customised Embraer 135 and Boeing Business Jets are also used.[84][85][86]

New aircraft orders

On 11 January 2006, Air India announced an order for 68 jets – 8 Boeing 777-200LR, 15 Boeing 777-300ER, 18 Boeing 737-800 and 27 Boeing 787-8 Dreamliners. The 18 737s ordered were later transferred to Air India Express. Air India has taken the delivery of 20 Boeing 787-8 as of December 2015 and the remaining are expected to be delivered by 2016.[87]

Fleet restructuring

As a part of the financial restructuring, Air India sold five of its eight Boeing 777-200LR to Etihad Airways in December 2013. According to the airline, plans for introducing ultra-long flights with service to Seattle, San Francisco and Los Angeles were cancelled due to factors like high fuel prices and weak demand.[88] In April 2014, the airline decided to sell its remaining three Boeing 777-200LR as well, citing higher operating costs.[89] On 24 April 2014, Air India issued a tender for leasing 14 Airbus A320 aircraft for up to six years, to strengthen its domestic network.[90]

Aircraft operated[edit]

Boeing 707 in 1976

Apart from the aircraft listed above, Air India operated several other aircraft. Air India operated the De Havilland Puss Moth, De Havilland Fox Moth, Waco YQC-6, de Havilland Dragon Rapide, Percival Petrel, Douglas DC-2, DC-3, Vickers VC.1 Viking, Lockheed L-749 Constellation, Douglas DC-4 and the Lockheed L-1049 Super Constellation up-to 1960. Thereafter, Air India started operating the Boeing 707 and the De Havilland Comet.[93]


Business Class seats on board the Boeing 777-200LR/777-300ER
Air India In-Flight entertainment screen
Air India London Heathrow Airport lounge


The Boeing 777-200LR/777-300ER aircraft operated on long haul flights can accommodate 342 passengers in a three class configuration viz. first (3), business (35) and economy (303).[94] The Boeing 747-400 can accommodate 423 passengers in the same 3 class configuration in a 12-26-385 seating arrangement.[95] Boeing 787 Dreamliner and Airbus A321 flights have a two class configuration and can accommodate 256 (18B/238E) and 172 (20B/152E) passengers.[96][97] Airbus A320 aircraft operated on domestic and short haul international flights can accommodate either 168 in economy configuration or 140 (20B/120E) in a two class configuration.[98][99] Airbus A319 aircraft have a full economy 144 seat configuration.[100] Air India serves meals on all domestic and international flights.

In-flight entertainment[edit]

Air India's Airbus A320 family aircraft are equipped with Thales i3000 in-flight entertainment system. Passengers can choose from five channels airing Hindi and English content. Air India's Airbus A330s have widescreen displays in Business and Economy classes but no personal IFEs. The Boeing 777-200LR, 777-300ER, 747-400 and 787 aircraft are equipped with Thales on demand in-flight entertainment systems on which passengers can choose from content in English and other Indian languages.[101] Showtime is the official entertainment guide published by Air India. Air India has an official in-flight magazine Shubh Yatra (meaning Happy Journey in Sanskrit). Shubh Yatra is a bilingual magazine published in English and Hindi and covers a range of topics from travel and culture to lifestyle and entertainment.[102]

Frequent flyer programme[edit]

Flying Returns is Air India's frequent flyer programme. It is India's first frequent flyer programme and is shared by Air India and its subsidiaries. A member can earn mileage points and redeem them during future travel. On higher fares, passengers will earn bonus miles and clock mileage points. The points can be redeemed for awards travel on Lufthansa and Singapore Airlines.[103]

Premium lounges[edit]

The Maharaja Lounge (English: Emperor's Lounge) is available for the use of First and Business class passengers. Air India shares lounges with other international airlines at international airports that do not have a Maharaja Lounge available.[104] There are eight Maharaja Lounges:


Awards and recognitions[edit]

  • Preferred International Airline for travel and hospitality from Awaz Consumer Awards (2006)[105]
  • Best Corporate Social Responsibility Initiative by Galileo Express Travel World[106]
  • Best Short-Haul International Airline by Galileo Express Travel World (2008)[106]
  • The Mercury Award from the International Flight Catering Association for finest in-flight catering services (1994, 2003)
  • Amity Corporate Excellence Award by Amity University [106]
  • Reader's Digest Trusted Brand[106]
  • Dun and Bradstreet Award (D&B), first in terms of revenue out of the top airline companies out of India[106]
  • Best South Asian Airline, Mice and business travel publications[106]
  • Cargo Airline of the Year, 26th Cargo Airline of the Year Awards[107]
  • The Montreal Protocol Public Awareness Award by the United Nations for environmental protection[108]
  • It was named India's most trusted airline by The Brand Trust Report 2015.[109]

The airline entered the Guinness Book of World Records for the most people evacuated by a civil airliner. Over 111,000 people were evacuated from Amman to Mumbai  – a distance of 4,117 km, by operating 488 flights from 13 August to 11 October 1990  – lasting 59 days. The operation was carried out during Persian Gulf War to evacuate Indian expatriates from Kuwait and Iraq.[110] Air India became the first all-jet airline in June 1962. Air India's security department became the first aviation security organisation in the world to acquire ISO 9002 certification on 31 January 2001.

Accidents and incidents[edit]

  • On 27 December 1947, an Air India DC-3 (registered VT-AUG) carrying 23 people (19 passengers and 4 crew) and en route from Karachi to Bombay, lost control after take-off from Karachi International Airport due to an instrument failure and crashed, killing all on board. This was the airline's first fatal accident.[111]
The Air India Memorial in Toronto, Canada dedicated to the victims of Air India Flight 182
  • On 7 May 1990, Air India Flight 132 Emperor Vikramaditya, a Boeing 747-237B (registered VT-EBO) flying on the London-Delhi-Bombay route carrying 215 people (195 passengers and 20 crew) caught fire on touch down at Delhi airport due to a failure of an engine pylon to wing attachment. There were no fatalities but the aircraft was damaged beyond repair and written off.[121]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c Anindya Upadhyay; ET Bureau (15 February 2013). "Air India vacates Nariman Point; moves headquarters to Delhi". The Economic Times. Retrieved 16 February 2013. 
  2. ^ a b c d e "Challenges before Air India's new CMD". Retrieved 6 December 2015. 
  3. ^ a b "Significant improvements in Air India's performance parameters". 27 July 2015. Retrieved 4 November 2015. 
  4. ^ a b c d e "Can Ashwani Lohani turn Air India around?". Retrieved 6 December 2015. 
  5. ^ a b c "Air India cuts losses". Business Today. 27 July 2015. Retrieved 4 November 2015. 
  6. ^ "Air India to wind up Frankfurt hub, take Alliance regional – Money – DNA". 25 October 2010. Retrieved 13 October 2012. 
  7. ^ "Air India plans major hub in Dubai". 25 April 2011. Retrieved 1 October 2012. 
  8. ^ a b Young, Kathryn M. (25 June 2014). "Air India to join Star Alliance July 11 | Finance & Data content from". ATWOnline. Retrieved 6 August 2014. 
  9. ^ a b "Air India to join Star Alliance in 2014". Star Alliance. Archived from the original on 16 December 2013. Retrieved 23 March 2014. 
  10. ^ "Airline Companies of the World". Flight International. 27 April 1939. Retrieved 17 September 2011. 
  11. ^ a b "Air-India Ltd. (1) – Tata Air Lines – Tata Sons – Tata Air Services". Retrieved 13 September 2012. 
  12. ^ Pran Nath Seth, Sushma Seth Bhat (2005). An introduction to travel and tourism. Sterling Publishers Pvt. Ltd. ISBN 978-81-207-2482-2. Retrieved 20 January 2011. 
  13. ^ Bepin Behari (1996). Astrological Biographies: Seventeen Examples of Predictive Insights. Motilal Banarsidass. ISBN 978-81-208-1322-9. Retrieved 20 January 2011. 
  14. ^ "Switzerland Schweiz Suisse Svizzera". Air India. Archived from the original on 11 August 2012. Retrieved 13 September 2012. 
  15. ^ Samanth Subramanian (15 October 2012). "When Air India Was Efficient, Profitable and Growing Fast". The New York Times. Retrieved 24 March 2013. 
  16. ^ "Humane Face of IAF: Aid to the Civil Administration" (PDF). Retrieved 1 October 2012. 
  17. ^ Sean Mendis. "Air India : The history of the aircraft fleet". Retrieved 2 April 2014. 
  18. ^ "Timeline: Air India". Retrieved 2 April 2014. 
  19. ^ "India privatisation plans near 'collapse'". BBC News. 3 September 2001. Retrieved 23 April 2010. 
  20. ^ "Tata still eyeing Air India". BBC News. 3 September 2001. 
  21. ^ "Singapore Airlines pulls out". The Hindu. 2 September 2001. 
  22. ^ Timmons, Heather (25 May 2011). "Criticism of State-Owned Air India Grows". The New York Times. Retrieved 20 May 2012. 
  23. ^ Katakam, Anupama. "Controversy in the air". Frontline. Retrieved 21 April 2014. 
  24. ^ "National Aviation Company of India Limited — Detailed description". Air India. Archived from the original (PDF) on 20 April 2013. Retrieved 18 February 2013. 
  25. ^ "Star Alliance invites Air India to join". The Economic Times. 13 December 2007. Retrieved 23 March 2014. 
  26. ^ "What sent Air India crashing?". 16 July 2009. Retrieved 30 August 2010. 
  27. ^ "Air India restructuring plans being readied". The Hindu (Chennai, India). 9 July 2009. Retrieved 30 August 2010. 
  28. ^ "SBI Caps prepares roadmap for Air India restructuring". 22 July 2009. Retrieved 30 August 2010. 
  29. ^ "AI sells 4 aircraft in Mar to tackle financial crunch". The Financial Express. 29 July 2009. Retrieved 30 August 2010. 
  30. ^ a b "Air India's recurring default 'credit negative' for its banks". Mint-Wall Street Journal. 9 August 2011. 
  31. ^ "State Bank of India Credit Rating". Retrieved 1 October 2012. 
  32. ^ "Air India aircraft acquisition was necessary". Malayala Manorama. 8 September 2011. 
  33. ^ Choudhury, Santanu (8 September 2011). "Auditor Slams Air India Plane Orders". The Wall Street Journal. 
  34. ^ "Star Alliance and Air India put Air India's Alliance Membership Application on hold" (PDF) (Press release). Star Alliance. 31 August 2011. Archived from the original (PDF) on 28 March 2012. Retrieved 31 August 2011. 
  35. ^ "Air India, Star Alliance resume talks". Hindustan Times. 13 October 2011. Archived from the original on 16 December 2011. Retrieved 15 October 2011. 
  36. ^ Sundaram, Karthikeyan; Narayan, Adi (14 March 2012). "Air India Aid Dwarfing Hospital Budget Adds to Kingfisher Pain". Bloomberg. 
  37. ^ "Air India: Problems run deep in India's national airline". 16 May 2012. 
  38. ^ "Air India to use Terminal-3 as hub of operations –". NDTV Profit. 14 July 2010. Archived from the original on 18 July 2010. Retrieved 12 August 2010. 
  39. ^ "Dubai in talks over hub". Retrieved 5 November 2015. 
  40. ^ "Air India should be partly privatised, says study". The Economic Times. 30 September 2012. Retrieved 4 April 2014. 
  41. ^ Reuters (8 May 2012). "Air India seeks proposals to raise up to $800 million in debt". Economic Times. Retrieved 8 May 2012. 
  42. ^ "$80,000 Fine Slapped on Air India by US". Outlook. 4 May 2012. 
  43. ^ "Air India must perform or perish: Civil Aviation Minister Ajit Singh". NDTV. 6 October 2013. Retrieved 4 April 2014. 
  44. ^ Mehdudia, Sujay (7 October 2013). "Opposition slams Ajit Singh for AI plan". The Hindu (Chennai, India). Retrieved 4 April 2014. 
  45. ^ "Debt laden Air India unlikely to get government bailout of Rs 30,000 crore by 2020–21". The Economic Times. 11 February 2013. Retrieved 11 February 2013. 
  46. ^ "GMR Infra gets Rs 415 cr in outstanding dues from Air India". Business Today. Retrieved 8 February 2013. 
  47. ^ "Air India puts Dreamliner planes for sale, leaseback". The Economic Times. 28 January 2013. Retrieved 28 January 2013. 
  48. ^ "Air India likely to end fiscal with Rs 65 crore positive EBITDA". The Economic Times. 10 March 2013. Retrieved 4 April 2014. 
  49. ^ "Significant improvements in Air India's performance parameters". The Economic Times. 1 April 2014. Retrieved 4 April 2014. 
  50. ^ "Air India engineers threaten to drag management to court". Deccan Chronicle. Retrieved 6 December 2015. 
  51. ^ "Companies". Live Mint. Retrieved 7 December 2015. 
  52. ^ Singh, Bipin Kumar (20 December 2013). "Air India appoints 'biggest violator' as its operational head, pilots furious". The Times of India. Retrieved 21 April 2014. 
  53. ^ "Air India market share slips to fifth slot". Economic Times (India). 24 June 2011. Retrieved 1 October 2012. 
  54. ^ Nirbhay Kumar (16 November 2007). "Spice, IndiGo close in on Jet, Air India market share". Economic Times (India). Retrieved 1 October 2012. 
  55. ^ "IndiGo market share shrinks for 2nd month in a row in December". The Times Of India. 21 January 2014. Retrieved 4 April 2014. 
  56. ^ "Air India, Board of directors". Air India. Retrieved 4 November 2015. 
  57. ^ "Bombay hit by devastating bombs". BBC. 12 March 1993. Retrieved 3 September 2011. 
  58. ^ a b "Air India Brand". Air India. Retrieved 4 November 2015. 
  59. ^ "PM Modi reportedly wants Air India's mascot, The Maharajah, replaced by a plebeian one - The Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 6 December 2015. 
  60. ^ "When did the Maharaja become Air-India's mascot? - The Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 6 December 2015. 
  61. ^ "Maharajah gets a makeover". Times of India. 18 January 2015. 
  62. ^ "Air India:History". Retrieved 5 November 2015. 
  63. ^ "Airlines logos with colors". Retrieved 5 November 2015. 
  64. ^ "Air India to get a new logo". Retrieved 4 November 2015. 
  65. ^ "Maharaja on Course to Turn the Corner With More Links and Wings". New Indian Express. 22 November 2015. Retrieved 22 November 2015. 
  66. ^ "Flying Returns – Code Share Partners". Air India. Retrieved 8 August 2010. 
  67. ^ "AirIndia – Code-Share Partners". Archived from the original on 2 December 2010. Retrieved 30 August 2010. 
  68. ^ "Air New Zealand signs code-shares agreement with Air India". Retrieved 5 November 2015. 
  69. ^ "Air India signs code-shares agreement with Avianca". Retrieved 5 November 2015. 
  70. ^ "Air India Fleet". Retrieved 21 July 2014. 
  71. ^ "Air India Fleet Details and History". Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  72. ^ "Air India to replace six Airbus A-319s with A320neos, raise $350-m bridge loan". The Indian Express. 18 December 2014. Retrieved 24 April 2015. 
  73. ^ "Air India gets two of its first five leased planes". Retrieved 10 December 2015. 
  74. ^ "Air India to dry lease 14 Airbus A320 planes from Kuwait". Press Trust of India. 14 June 2015. Retrieved 14 June 2015. 
  75. ^ "Air India gets go-ahead from Airbus to extend use of 3 ageing A320s". The Economic Times. Retrieved 9 September 2015. 
  76. ^ "Air India starts sale of 3 long-range Boeing 777s". 17 July 2014. Retrieved 28 September 2014. 
  77. ^ "VT-ESM Air India Boeing 747-437". PlaneSpotters. Retrieved 11 February 2013. 
  78. ^ "VT-ALA Air India Boeing 777-237(LR)". PlaneSpotters. Retrieved 11 February 2013. 
  79. ^ "VT-ALJ Air India Boeing 777-337(ER)". PlaneSpotters. Retrieved 11 February 2013. 
  80. ^ Reuters (6 September 2012). "Air India takes delivery of its first Boeing 787 Dreamliner". Yahoo! Finance. Retrieved 13 September 2012. [dead link]
  81. ^ "Air India's Dreamliner to be in service from Sep 19". Calcutta News. Retrieved 13 September 2012. 
  82. ^ "Air India One, Seat No 59G". 26 September 2010. Retrieved 9 April 2011. 
  83. ^ "Manmohan Singh to travel in Air India One Agra". Retrieved 9 April 2011. 
  84. ^ "April 1 date for President with business jets". Zee News. 16 March 2009. Archived from the original on 23 May 2012. Retrieved 8 April 2011. 
  85. ^ "India's own Air Force One takes to the skies". The Hindu (Chennai, India). 1 April 2009. Archived from the original on 26 September 2011. Retrieved 9 April 2011. 
  86. ^ "VVIPs get their special jets". 21 September 2005. Retrieved 8 April 2011. 
  87. ^ Business Standard (1 July 2012). "All 27 Dreamliners to be delivered by 2016". Business Standard. Retrieved 13 September 2012. 
  88. ^ PTI (7 December 2013). "Air India firms up deal to sell five Boeing 777 to Etihad". The Hindu. Retrieved 25 April 2014. 
  89. ^ Choudury, Santanu (21 April 2014). "Air India to Sell Rest of 777-200 Fleet". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 25 April 2014. 
  90. ^ "Air India seeks to lease 14 Airbus A320 aircraft". Reuters. 24 April 2014. Retrieved 25 April 2014. 
  91. ^ a b "Air India Historic Fleet". PlaneSpotters. Retrieved 7 February 2013. 
  92. ^ "Air India : The story of the aircraft". Retrieved 26 July 2004. 
  93. ^ "Air India 1951–1960". Air India. Archived from the original on 12 March 2013. Retrieved 7 February 2013. 
  94. ^ "Seat Map, Air India Boeing 777-300 ER". Retrieved 4 November 2015. 
  95. ^ "Seat Map, Air India Boeing 747-400". Retrieved 4 November 2015. 
  96. ^ "Seat Map, Air India Boeing 787". Retrieved 4 November 2015. 
  97. ^ "Seat Map, Air India Airbus A321". Retrieved 4 November 2015. 
  98. ^ "Seat Map, Air India Airbus A320 V1". Retrieved 4 November 2015. 
  99. ^ "Seat Map, Air India Airbus A320 V2". Retrieved 4 November 2015. 
  100. ^ "Seat Map, Air India Airbus A319". Retrieved 4 November 2015. 
  101. ^ "Showtime" (PDF). Air India. Archived from the original (PDF) on 24 February 2013. Retrieved 29 January 2013. 
  102. ^ "Air India to now have a new in-flight bi-lingual magazine". The Economic Times. 8 February 2013. Retrieved 9 February 2013. 
  103. ^ "About Flying Returns". Air India. Retrieved 29 January 2013. 
  104. ^ "Flying Returns – Maharajah Club". Retrieved 1 October 2012. 
  105. ^ "Business / Briefly : Air India bags Awaz consumer awards 2006". The Hindu (Chennai, India). 21 July 2006. Retrieved 30 August 2010. 
  106. ^ a b c d e f "AirIndia – Backgrounder- Note". Archived from the original on 22 February 2010. Retrieved 10 June 2010. 
  107. ^ "AirIndia – Air India Cargo wins 'Cargo Airline' Award". 29 April 2009. Archived from the original on 4 May 2009. Retrieved 10 June 2010. 
  108. ^ "UN Environment Award for Air India – India Airline News, Airport developments, Aviation, A380, B787, Kingfisher, Deccan, Jet Airways, Air India, Indian, Spicejet". Retrieved 30 August 2010. [dead link]
  109. ^ Chandramouli (2015). The Brand Trust Report India Study 2015. TRA. p. 182. ISBN 978-81-920823-8-7. 
  110. ^ "Air India, History of Air India, Air India Flight Services, Air India International, Passenger Operations, Awards in Air India". Retrieved 10 June 2010. 
  111. ^ "ASN Aircraft accident Douglas C-48C-DO (DC-3) VT-AUG". Retrieved 12 September 2015. 
  112. ^ "Malabar Princess". Retrieved 17 June 2009. 
  113. ^ "The "Malabar Princess" Catastrophe". Archived from the original on 20 June 2009. Retrieved 17 June 2009. 
  114. ^ "ASN Aircraft accident Douglas C-48C-DO (DC-3) VT-CFK". Retrieved 13 September 2015. 
  115. ^ "ASN Aircraft accident Douglas C-47 Dakota III) VT-CCA". Retrieved 13 September 2015. 
  116. ^ "ASN Aircraft accident (Douglas C-47 Dakota III) VT-AUD". Retrieved 28 October 2015. 
  117. ^ "ASN Aircraft accident Lockheed L-749A Constellation VT-DEP Great Natuna Islands". Retrieved 10 June 2010. 
  118. ^ "Accident Database: Accident Synopsis 06221982". 22 June 1982. Archived from the original on 11 August 2010. Retrieved 30 August 2010. 
  119. ^ "Fatal Events Since 1970 for Air India". Retrieved 30 August 2010. 
  120. ^ "Indepth: Air India". CBC News. Archived from the original on 6 May 2007. Retrieved 8 May 2007. 
  121. ^ "ASN Aircraft accident Boeing 747-237B VT-EBO Delhi-Indira Gandhi International Airport (DEL)". Retrieved 10 June 2010. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Air India at Wikimedia Commons