Zhaotong

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Zhaotong
昭通市
Prefecture-level city
Location of Zhaotong in Yunnan
Location of Zhaotong in Yunnan
Coordinates: 27°20′N 103°43′E / 27.333°N 103.717°E / 27.333; 103.717Coordinates: 27°20′N 103°43′E / 27.333°N 103.717°E / 27.333; 103.717
Country People's Republic of China
Province Yunnan
GB/T 2260 530600
Prefecture seat Zhaoyang District
Area
 • Total 23,192 km2 (8,954 sq mi)
Elevation 1,926 m (6,319 ft)
Population
 • Total 5,459,000
 • Density 240/km2 (610/sq mi)
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)
Postal code 657000
Area code(s) 0870
License plate prefixes C
GDP (2007) CNY 22.54 billion
 - per capita CNY 4,346
 - per capita CNY 4,346
Yunnan e-Portal
Zhaotong
Chinese 昭通
Postal Chaotung

Zhaotong (Chinese: ; pinyin: Zhāotōng) is a prefecture-level city located in the northeast corner of Yunnan province of Southwest China.

Population[edit]

Demography[edit]

The prefecture, almost exclusively agricultural, is one of the poorest in China, which led the authorities to encourage young people to migrate to eastern and southern parts of China to find work. For the year 2003, the number of emigrants was 650,000.

The government wanted the number to increase by 50,000 in 2004.

Religion[edit]

It is the seat of the Latin Catholic Apostolic Prefecture of Zhaotong.

Economy[edit]

The main industries in the prefecture are mining, tobacco and cement manufacturing

Zhaotong has some of the largest Lignite sources in China.

Transport[edit]

Zhaotong has several bridges over the Jinsha River, an upstream section of the Yangtze.

Administrative divisions[edit]

Light green -Yi. Blue - miao.
Map
Name Hanzi Hanyu Pinyin Population (2003 est.) Area (km²) Density (/km²)
Zhaoyang District 昭阳区 Zhāoyáng Qū 760,000 2,240 339
Ludian County 鲁甸县 Lǔdiàn Xiàn 370,000 1,519 244
Qiaojia County 巧家县 Qiǎojiā Xiàn 520,000 3,245 160
Yanjin County 盐津县 Yánjīn Xiàn 360,000 2,096 172
Daguan County 大关县 Dàguān Xiàn 250,000 1,802 139
Yongshan County 永善县 Yǒngshàn Xiàn 410,000 2,833 145
Suijiang County 绥江县 Suíjiāng Xiàn 160,000 882 181
Zhenxiong County 镇雄县 Zhènxióng Xiàn 1,260,000 3,785 333
Yiliang County 彝良县 Yíliáng Xiãn 520,000 2,884 180
Weixin County 威信县 Wēixìn Xiàn 370,000 1,416 261
Shuifu County 水富县 Shuǐfù Xiàn 90,000 319 282

Climate[edit]

Influenced by the low latitude and moderate elevation, Zhaotong has a temperate subtropical highland climate (Köppen Cwb), with cool, dry winters, and warm, humid summers. Temperatures frequently drop below freezing at night in winter, though the days warm up to around 10 °C (50 °F). Conversely, in summer, average highs rise to 25 °C (77 °F). A great majority of the year's rainfall occurs from May to September.


Climate data for Zhaotong (1971−2000)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 23.6
(74.5)
25.7
(78.3)
28.2
(82.8)
31.2
(88.2)
33.4
(92.1)
32.5
(90.5)
31.8
(89.2)
31.1
(88)
29.7
(85.5)
28.0
(82.4)
25.1
(77.2)
23.2
(73.8)
33.4
(92.1)
Average high °C (°F) 9.4
(48.9)
11.8
(53.2)
16.8
(62.2)
20.5
(68.9)
22.4
(72.3)
23.4
(74.1)
24.9
(76.8)
24.7
(76.5)
21.3
(70.3)
17.4
(63.3)
13.9
(57)
10.6
(51.1)
18.1
(64.6)
Daily mean °C (°F) 3.7
(38.7)
5.8
(42.4)
10.0
(50)
14.0
(57.2)
16.9
(62.4)
18.8
(65.8)
20.3
(68.5)
19.8
(67.6)
16.9
(62.4)
13.0
(55.4)
8.9
(48)
5.1
(41.2)
12.8
(55)
Average low °C (°F) −1.9
(28.6)
−0.1
(31.8)
3.3
(37.9)
7.6
(45.7)
11.5
(52.7)
14.3
(57.7)
15.7
(60.3)
15.0
(59)
12.5
(54.5)
8.7
(47.7)
3.9
(39)
−0.4
(31.3)
7.5
(45.5)
Record low °C (°F) −9.8
(14.4)
−10.6
(12.9)
−6.9
(19.6)
−2.7
(27.1)
−0.1
(31.8)
7.4
(45.3)
7.5
(45.5)
7.0
(44.6)
4.4
(39.9)
−0.8
(30.6)
−5.2
(22.6)
−10.4
(13.3)
−10.6
(12.9)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 8.6
(0.339)
7.2
(0.283)
13.2
(0.52)
32.1
(1.264)
73.7
(2.902)
125.1
(4.925)
158.4
(6.236)
121.8
(4.795)
91.2
(3.591)
50.6
(1.992)
18.5
(0.728)
4.6
(0.181)
705.0
(27.756)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 5.5 6.5 6.5 9.9 14.6 17.6 16.7 17.0 16.6 14.5 8.1 4.6 138.1
Source: Weather China

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]