List of metro systems

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The Shanghai Metro is the longest metro system by route length.
The Beijing Subway is the most-patronized metro system.
The New York City Subway has the most stations.
The London Underground is the oldest metro system.

A metro system is an electrified rapid transit train system. In some cases, metro systems are referred to as subways, U-Bahns or undergrounds. As of October 2014, 148 cities[1] in 55 countries around the world host the approximately 160 metro systems that are listed here. The earliest metro system, the London Underground, first opened as an "underground railway" in 1863;[2] its first electrified underground line opened in 1890,[2] making the London Underground the world's first metro system.[3] The longest metro system in the world, in terms of route length, is the Shanghai Metro.[1]

Considerations[edit]

The International Association of Public Transport (L’Union Internationale des Transports Publics, or UITP) defines metro systems as urban passenger transport systems, "operated on their own right of way and segregated from general road and pedestrian traffic".[4][5] The terms Heavy rail (mainly in North America) and heavy urban rail are essentially synonymous with the term "metro".[6][7][8] Heavy rail systems are also specifically defined as an "electric railway".[6][7]

The dividing line between metro and other modes of public transport, such as light rail[6][7] and commuter rail,[6][7] is not always clear, and while UITP only makes distinctions between "metros" and "light rail",[4] the U.S.'s APTA and FTA distinguish all three modes.[6][7] A common way to distinguish metro from light rail is by their separation from other traffic. While light rail systems may share roads or have level crossings, a metro system runs, almost always, on a grade-separated exclusive right-of-way, with no access for pedestrians and other traffic. And in contrast to commuter rail or light rail, metro systems are primarily used for transport within a city, and have higher service frequencies and substantially higher passenger volume capacities. Furthermore, most metro systems do not share tracks with freight trains or inter-city rail services. It is however not relevant whether the system runs on steel wheels or rubber tyres, or if the power supply is from a third rail or overhead line.

The name of the system is not a criterion for inclusion or exclusion. Some cities use metro as a brand name for a transit line with no component of rapid transit whatsoever. Similarly, there are systems branded light rail that meet every criterion for being a rapid transit system. Some systems also incorporate light metro or light rail lines as part of the larger system under a common name. These are listed, but the light rail lines are not counted in the provided network data. Certain transit networks match the technical level and service standards of metro systems, but reach far out of the city and are sometimes known as suburban, regional or commuter rail. These are not included. Neither are funicular systems, or people movers, such as amusement park, ski resort and airport transport systems.

This list counts metros separately when multiple metros in one city or metropolitan area have separate owners or operating companies. This list expressly does not aim at representing the size and scope of the total rapid transit network of a certain city or metropolitan area. The data of this list should not be used to infer the size of a city’s, region’s, or country’s rapid transit systems, or to establish a ranking. Doing so would in many cases lead to a gross misrepresentation.

Legend[edit]

The locations of all the world's metro systems
Countries with Metro Systems
City
Primary city served by the metro system.
Country
Sovereign state in which the metro system is located.
Name
The most common English name of the metro system (and the connecting Wiki page for that system).
Year opened
The year the metro system was opened for commercial service at metro standards. In other words, parts of the system may be older, but as parts of a former light rail or commuter rail network, so the year that the system obtained metro standards (e.g. electrified) is the one listed.
Year of last expansion
The last time the metro system was expanded in terms of the system length or number of stations.
Stations
The number of stations in the metro network, as quoted by the system's operating company.
System length
The system length of a metro network is the sum of the lengths of all routes in the rail network in kilometres (or miles). Each route is counted only once, regardless of how many lines pass over it, and regardless of whether it is single-track or multi-track, single carriageway or dual carriageway.
Ridership
The number of unique journeys on the metro system every year. Some metro systems count transferring between lines as multiple journeys, but others do not.

List[edit]

This list is sortable. Click on the Sort both.gif icon in the column header to change sort key and sort order.

City Country Name Year
opened
Year of last
expansion
Stations System length Ridership
(millions)
Algiers  Algeria Algiers Metro 2011[9] 2011[9][10] 10[9] 9.2 km (5.7 mi)[9] 13 (FY2012)[R 1]
Buenos Aires  Argentina Buenos Aires Underground 1913 2013[note 1] 83[11] 51.4 km (31.9 mi)[11] 252 (2013)[R 2][Note 1]
Yerevan  Armenia Yerevan Metro 1981[12] 1996[13] 10[12] 13.4 km (8.3 mi)[12] 15.6 (2013)[R 3]
Vienna  Austria Vienna U-Bahn[14] 1976[15][16] 2013[17][note 2] 104[17] 80 km (50 mi)[17] 567.6 (2011)[R 4]
Baku  Azerbaijan Baku Metro 1967[18] 2011[note 3] 23[18] 34.6 km (21.5 mi)[18] 206.6 (2013)[R 3]
Minsk  Belarus Minsk Metro 1984[19] 2014[19][note 4] 29[19] 37.3 km (23.2 mi)[19] 328.3 (2013)[R 3][R 5]
Brussels  Belgium Brussels Metro 1976[20] 2009[note 5] 59[note 6] 39.9 km (24.8 mi)[21] 138.3 (2013)[R 6]
Belo Horizonte  Brazil Belo Horizonte Metro 1986[22] 2002[22] 19[23] 28.1 km (17.5 mi)[24] 64.9 (2013)[R 7]
Brasília  Brazil Brasília Metro 2001[25] 2010[25] 24[26] 42.4 km (26.3 mi)[26] 54.75 (2013)[R 8]
Porto Alegre  Brazil Porto Alegre Metro 1985 2013[note 7] 22 43.4 km (27.0 mi) 62 (2011)[R 9]
Recife  Brazil Recife Metro 1985[27] 2009[27] 28[28] 39.5 km (24.5 mi)[28] 79.6 (2012)[R 10]
Rio de Janeiro  Brazil Rio de Janeiro Metro 1979[29] 2014[30] 35[31] 41 km (25 mi)[31] 401.5 (2012)[R 11]
Salvador  Brazil Salvador Metro 2014 2014 5 7.3 km (4.5 mi) n/a
São Paulo  Brazil São Paulo Metro 1974[32] 2014[33][note 8] 67[32] 74.8 km (46.5 mi)[32] 888.6 (2013)[R 12][Note 2]
Sofia  Bulgaria Sofia Metro 1998[34] 2012[34] 27[34] 31.0 km (19.3 mi)[34] 164.3 (2013)[R 13]
Montreal  Canada Montreal Metro 1966 2007[note 9] 68[35] 69.2 km (43.0 mi) 356.1 (2013)[R 14][Note 3]
Toronto  Canada Toronto rapid transit[36] 1954[37] 2002[37][note 10] 69[37] 68.3 km (42.4 mi)[37] 309.5 (2013)[R 14][Note 3][Note 4]
Vancouver  Canada SkyTrain 1985[38] 2009[note 11] 47[39] 68.6 km (42.6 mi)[39] 120.4 (2012)[R 15][Note 3]
Santiago  Chile Santiago Metro 1975[40] 2011 108[41] 103 km (64 mi)[41] 666.9 (2013)[R 16]
Beijing  China Beijing Subway[42][43] 1981[note 12] 2014[44] 232[44][45][note 13] 465 km (289 mi)[44] 3209 (2013)[R 17]
Changsha  China Changsha Metro 2014[46] 2014[46] 19[46] 22.3 km (13.9 mi)[46] n/a
Chengdu  China Chengdu Metro 2010 2014[47] 49 50.8 km (31.6 mi) 103 (2012)[R 18]
Chongqing  China Chongqing Rail Transit 2005 2013[48] 92 168 km (104 mi)[49] 310 (2012)[R 19]
Dalian  China Dalian Metro[50] 2003 2013[50] 26 103.8 km (64.5 mi) 43.8 (2011)[R 20]
Foshan  China FMetro[note 14] 2010 2010 14 20.4 km (12.7 mi) n/a[Note 5]
Guangzhou  China Guangzhou Metro 1997 2013[51] 130[52][note 15] 240 km (150 mi)[53] 2054 (2013)[R 21]
Harbin  China Harbin Metro 2013 2013[54][55] 18[54][55] 17.5 km (10.9 mi)[54][55] n/a
Hangzhou  China Hangzhou Metro[56] 2012 2014[57][note 16] 44 66.0 km (41.0 mi) 116.8 (2013)[R 22]
Hong Kong  China MTR 1979[note 17] 2014[note 18] 82[58] 174.7 km (108.6 mi)[58] 1600 (2013)[R 23]
Kunming  China Kunming Rail Transit 2012 2013[59][note 19] 14 40.1 km (24.9 mi) n/a
Nanjing  China Nanjing Metro[60] 2005 2014[60][note 20] 92 179.45 km (111.51 mi) 452 (2013)[R 24]
Ningbo  China Ningbo Rail Transit[61] 2014 2014[61] 20 20.9 km (13.0 mi) n/a
Shanghai  China Shanghai Metro[note 21] 1993 2014[62] 337[63][64][note 22] 548 km (341 mi)[62] 2500 (2013)[R 25]
Shenyang  China Shenyang Metro 2010 2013[65] 43 55.1 km (34.2 mi) 195.5(2012)[R 26]
Shenzhen  China Shenzhen Metro 2004 2011[66] 131 178.4 km (110.9 mi) 914 (2013)[R 27]
Suzhou  China Suzhou Rail Transit 2012 2013[67][note 23] 46 52.3 km (32.5 mi) 25.4 (2012)[R 28]
Tianjin  China Tianjin Metro 1984 2013[68] 87 137 km (85 mi) 111 (2012)[R 29]
Wuhan  China Wuhan Metro 2004 2013[69] 61 79.1 km (49.2 mi) 277.4 (2013)[R 30]
Wuxi  China Wuxi Metro 2014[70] 2014 24[70] 29 km (18.0 mi)[70] n/a
Xi'an  China Xi'an Metro 2011 2014[71][note 24] 55 51.9 km (32.2 mi) 59 (2012)[R 31]
Zhengzhou  China Zhengzhou Metro 2013 2013[72] 20 26.3 km (16.3 mi) n/a
Medellín  Colombia Medellín Metro 1995[73] 2012[note 25] 27[74] 28.8 km (17.9 mi)[74] 165.4 (2012)[R 32]
Prague  Czech Republic Prague Metro 1974[75] 2008[note 26] 57[76] 59.4 km (36.9 mi)[76] 589.2 (2012)[R 33]
Copenhagen   Denmark Copenhagen Metro 2002 2007 22[77] 20.4 km (12.7 mi)[77] 54.3 (2011)[R 34][R 35]
Santo Domingo  Dominican Republic Santo Domingo Metro 2009 2013[78] 30[78][79] 27.4 km (17.0 mi)[78][79] 30.9 (2012)[R 36]
Cairo  Egypt Cairo Metro[80] 1987 2014[note 27] 61 77.9 km (48.4 mi) 805 (FY2010)[R 37]
Helsinki  Finland Helsinki Metro 1982[81] 2007[81] 17[82] 21.1 km (13.1 mi)[82] 62 (2013)[R 38]
Lille  France Lille Metro 1983[83] 2000[83] 60[84] 45 km (28 mi)[84] 99 (2011)[R 39]
Lyon  France Lyon Metro 1978[85] 2013[85][note 28] 39[85] 30.3 km (18.8 mi)[85] 270.1 (2012)[R 40]
Marseille  France Marseille Metro 1977 2010 28[86] 21.5 km (13.4 mi)[86] 79.9 (2013)[R 41]
Paris  France Paris Métro 1900[87] 2013 303[88] 214 km (133 mi)[87] 1527 (2013)[R 42][Note 6]
Rennes  France Rennes Metro 2002 2002 15 9.4 km (5.8 mi) 47.5 (2011)[R 43]
Toulouse  France Toulouse Metro 1993[89] 2007[89][note 29] 37[89] 28.2 km (17.5 mi)[89] 107 (2012)[R 44]
Tbilisi  Georgia Tbilisi Metro 1966[90] 2000[91] 22[92] 27.1 km (16.8 mi)[92] 96.2 (2013)[R 3]
Berlin  Germany Berlin U-Bahn 1902 2009 173[93] 151.7 km (94.3 mi)[94] 493.3 (2013)[R 45]
Hamburg  Germany Hamburg U-Bahn 1912[95] 2012[note 30] 91[96] 104 km (65 mi)[96] 209 (2012)[R 46]
Munich  Germany Munich U-Bahn 1971[97] 2010[note 31] 96[97][note 32] 95 km (59 mi)[97] 378 (2012)[R 47]
Nuremberg  Germany Nuremberg U-Bahn 1972 2011[note 33] 46[98] 35 km (22 mi)[98] 98.7 (2012)[R 48]
Athens  Greece Athens Metro[note 34] 1904[99][note 35] 2013[note 36] 61 84.7 km (52.6 mi)[100] 493.8 (2013)[R 49]
Budapest  Hungary Budapest Metro 1896 2014[101] 52 38.2 km (23.7 mi)[101][102] 302.4 (2011)[R 50]
Bangalore  India Namma Metro 2011 2014[103] 16 17.0 km (10.6 mi) 15 (FY2013)[R 51][R 52]
Delhi  India Delhi Metro 2002[104] 2013 137[105][note 37] 190.0 km (118.1 mi)[106] 799.62 (FY2013)[R 53]
Gurgaon  India Rapid MetroRail Gurgaon 2013 2013 6 5.1 km (3.2 mi) 12 (2014)[R 54]
Kolkata  India Kolkata Metro 1984 2013 24 28.1 km (17.5 mi) 237.25 (2013)[R 55]
Mumbai  India Mumbai Metro 2014 2014 12[107] 11.4 km (7.1 mi)[107] 100 (2014) (based on 50 in first 6 months of operation) [108]
Mashhad  Iran Mashhad Urban Railway 2011[109] 2011 22 19 km (12 mi) n/a
Shiraz  Iran Shiraz Metro 2014[110] 2014 8[110] 10.5 km (6.5 mi)[110] n/a
Tehran  Iran Tehran Metro[note 38] 2000[note 39] 2014[111][note 40] 85[111] 152 km (94 mi)[111] 633 (FY2013)[R 56]
Brescia  Italy Brescia Metro 2013[112] 2013 17[113] 13.7 km (8.5 mi)[113] 12 (2013)[R 57]
Genoa  Italy Genoa Metro 1990[114] 2012[114] 8[114] 7.0 km (4.3 mi)[114] 11 (2012)[R 58]
Milan  Italy Milan Metro[115] 1964[115] 2014[115] 103[115] 94.5 km (58.7 mi)[115] 419.8 (2013)[116]
Naples  Italy Naples Metro[note 41] 1993 2013 20 20.2 km (12.6 mi)[117] n/a
Rome  Italy Rome Metro 1955 2014[note 42] 67[118] 53.2 km (33.1 mi)[118] 279 (2012)[R 59]
Turin  Italy Turin Metro 2006[119] 2011[119] 21[119] 13.2 km (8.2 mi)[119] 38.6 (2012)[R 60]
Fukuoka  Japan[note 43] Fukuoka City Subway 1981 2005 35 29.8 km (18.5 mi) 137.2 (FY2012)[R 61][Note 7]
Hiroshima  Japan[note 43] Astram Line 1994 1994 21 18.4 km (11.4 mi) 18.5 (2010)[R 62]
Kobe  Japan[note 43] Kōbe Rapid Transit Railway 1968 2001 10 7.6 km (4.7 mi) 121 (2008)[R 63][Note 7]
Kobe Municipal Subway 1977 2001 25 30.6 km (19.0 mi) 121 (2008)[R 64][Note 7]
Kyoto  Japan[note 43] Kyoto Municipal Subway 1981 2008 31 31.2 km (19.4 mi) 125.5 (2008)[R 65][Note 7]
Nagoya  Japan[note 43] Nagoya Municipal Subway 1957 2011 87[120] 93.3 km (58.0 mi)[120] 443.4 (FY2012)[R 66][Note 7]
Osaka  Japan[note 43] Osaka Municipal Subway 1933 2006 123[121] 129.9 km (80.7 mi)[121] 899 (FY2013)[R 67][Note 7]
Sapporo  Japan[note 43] Sapporo Municipal Subway 1971 1999 46 48 km (30 mi) 210 (2008)[R 68][Note 7]
Sendai  Japan[note 43] Sendai Subway 1987 1987 17 14.8 km (9.2 mi) 58.7 (FY2012)[R 69][Note 7]
Tokyo  Japan[note 43] Toei Subway 1960 2000 106[122] 109.0 km (67.7 mi)[122] 866 (FY2012)[R 70][Note 7]
Rinkai Line 1996 2002 8 12.2 km (7.6 mi) 72 (FY2011)[R 71][Note 7]
Tokyo Metro 1927 2008 179[123] 195.1 km (121.2 mi)[123] 2351 (FY2012)[R 72][Note 7]
Yokohama  Japan[note 43] Yokohama Municipal Subway 1972 2002 32 40.4 km (25.1 mi) 198 (2008)[R 73][Note 7]
Minatomirai Line 2004 2008 6 4.1 km (2.5 mi) 161 (FY 2012)[R 74][Note 7]
Almaty  Kazakhstan Almaty Metro 2011 2011 7[124] 8.5 km (5.3 mi)[124] 6.6 (2013)[R 3][R 75]
Pyongyang  North Korea Pyongyang Metro 1973 1987[note 44] 17 22 km (14 mi) 36 (2009)[R 76]
Busan  South Korea Busan Metro 1985 2011[note 45] 128 130.2 km (80.9 mi) 320.4 (2012)[R 77][R 78]
Daegu  South Korea Daegu Metro 1997 2012[note 46] 59 57.3 km (35.6 mi) 126.5 (2012)[R 79]
Daejeon  South Korea Daejeon Metro 2006 2007[note 47] 22 22.7 km (14.1 mi) 38 (2012)[R 80]
Gwangju  South Korea Gwangju Metro 2004 2008[note 48] 20 20.1 km (12.5 mi) 18 (2012)[R 80]
Incheon  South Korea Incheon Subway 1999 2009 29 29.4 km (18.3 mi) 99 (2013)[R 81]
Seoul Capital Area  South Korea Seoul Subway
(Lines 1-9)
[note 49][note 50]
1974[125] 2012[125][note 51] 296 327.0 km (203.2 mi)[125] 2560 (2012)[R 82][Note 8][Note 9]
Korail metro lines[126][note 52][note 50] 1994 2013 75 124.6 km (77.4 mi) n/a
Shinbundang Line[note 50] (NeoTrans) 2011 2011 6 17.3 km (10.7 mi) n/a
Kuala Lumpur  Malaysia Rapid Rail[note 53] 1996 1998[127] 48[127] 56 km (35 mi)[127] 164.3 (2013)[R 83][Note 10]
Mexico City  Mexico Mexico City Metro 1969[128] 2012[note 54] 195[129][note 55] 226.5 km (140.7 mi)[129] 1685 (2013)[R 84]
Monterrey  Mexico Monterrey Metro 1991[130] 2008[130] 31[131] 32 km (20 mi)[132] 170.6 (2013)[R 85]
Amsterdam  Netherlands Amsterdam Metro[note 56] 1977 2005 33[133] 31.4 km (19.5 mi)[134] 59.5 (2013)[R 86]
Rotterdam  Netherlands Rotterdam Metro[note 57] 1968 2010 62 78.3 km (48.7 mi) 82 (2012)[R 87][R 88]
Oslo  Norway Oslo Metro[note 58] 1966[note 59] 2006[note 60] 97 86 km (53 mi)[135] 85 (2013)[R 89]
Panama City  Panama Panama Metro 2014 2014 12[136] 13.7 km (8.5 mi)[137] n/a
Lima  Peru Lima Metro 2011 2014[138] 26 34.0 km (21.1 mi)[138] 91 (2013)[R 90]
Manila  Philippines Manila Light Rail Transit System 1984[139] 2010[139] 31[140] 33.4 km (20.8 mi)[139][141] 243.3 (2013)[R 91][R 92][Note 9]
Manila Metro Rail Transit System 1999 2000 13 16.9 km (10.5 mi)[142] 158.8 (2011)[R 93][Note 9]
Warsaw  Poland Warsaw Metro 1995 2008 21[143] 22.7 km (14.1 mi)[143] 139.2 (2012)[R 94][R 95]
Lisbon  Portugal Lisbon Metro 1959[144] 2012[144][note 61] 55[145] 43.2 km (26.8 mi)[145] 136 (2013)[R 96]
Bucharest  Romania Bucharest Metro 1979[146] 2011[146][note 62] 51[147] 69.3 km (43.1 mi)[147] 172.6 (2012)[R 97]
Kazan  Russia Kazan Metro[148] 2005 2013[149] 10[150] 15.8 km (9.8 mi)[150] 31.3 (2013)[R 3][R 98]
Moscow  Russia Moscow Metro[151][152] 1935 2014[153] 196[152] 327.5 km (203.5 mi)[152] 2491 (2013)[R 99][R 3]
Nizhny Novgorod  Russia Nizhny Novgorod Metro 1985 2012[154] 14[150] 18.8 km (11.7 mi)[150] 40 (2013)[R 3][R 100]
Novosibirsk  Russia Novosibirsk Metro 1986 2010[155] 13[150] 15.9 km (9.9 mi)[150] 88.8 (2013)[R 3][R 101]
Saint Petersburg  Russia Saint Petersburg Metro 1955 2012[156] 67[150] 113.2 km (70.3 mi)[150] 758.6 (2013)[R 3]
Samara  Russia Samara Metro 1987 2007[157] 9[150] 10.3 km (6.4 mi)[150] 15.6 (2013)[R 3]
Yekaterinburg  Russia Yekaterinburg Metro 1991 2012[158] 9[150] 12.7 km (7.9 mi)[150] 52.4 (2013)[R 3]
Mecca  Saudi Arabia Al Mashaaer Al Mugaddassah Metro 2010 2010 9 18.1 km (11.2 mi) 4 (2011)[R 102][Note 11]
Singapore  Singapore Mass Rapid Transit[159] 1987 2013[note 63] 105 152.9 km (95.0 mi) 921.6 (2012)[R 103]
Barcelona  Spain Barcelona Metro[note 64] 1924 2011 141[160] 102.6 km (63.8 mi)[160] 369.9 (2013)[R 104]
Bilbao  Spain Metro Bilbao 1995 2011 40[161] 43.3 km (26.9 mi)[161] 87.1 (2012)[R 104]
Madrid  Spain Madrid Metro[note 65] 1919[162] 2010[163] 300[163] 293 km (182 mi)[163] 557.9 (2013)[R 104]
Stockholm  Sweden Stockholm Metro[164] 1950 1994[note 66] 100 105.7 km (65.7 mi) 328 (2013)[R 105]
Lausanne    Switzerland Lausanne Metro[note 67] 2008 2008 14 5.9 km (3.7 mi)[165] 27.6 (2013) [R 106][Note 12]
Kaohsiung  Taiwan Kaohsiung Mass Rapid Transit 2008 2012 37[166] 42.7 km (26.5 mi)[166] 60.7 (2013)[R 107]
Taipei  Taiwan Taipei Metro 1996 2014 103[167] 121.3 km (75.4 mi)[167] 635 (2013)[R 108]
Bangkok  Thailand BTS Skytrain 1999[168] 2013[168] 34[169] 36.5 km (22.7 mi)[169] 208.8 (2013)[R 109]
Metropolitan Rapid Transit 2004 2004 18[170] 20 km (12 mi)[170] 80.6 (2012)[R 110]
Adana  Turkey Adana Metro 2010 2010 13[171] 13.9 km (8.6 mi)[171] 14 (2011)[R 111]
Ankara  Turkey Ankara Metro 1997 2014[note 68] 45[172] 55.1 km (34.2 mi)[172] 89.4 (2013)[R 112]
Bursa  Turkey Bursaray 2002 2014[note 69] 38[173] 38.9 km (24.2 mi)[173] 91.3 (2010)[R 113]
Istanbul  Turkey Istanbul Metro[note 70] 1989 2014[174][note 71] 65[174] 86.6 km (53.8 mi)[174] 232.2 (2013)[R 114]
İzmir  Turkey İzmir Metro 2000 2014[175][note 72] 17[175] 20 km (12 mi)[175] 91.3 (2013)[R 115]
Dnipropetrovsk  Ukraine Dnipropetrovsk Metro 1995 1995 6[124] 7.1 km (4.4 mi)[124] 7.5 (2013)[R 116][R 3]
Kharkiv  Ukraine Kharkiv Metro 1975 2010 29[124] 37.6 km (23.4 mi)[124] 231.1 (2013)[R 117][R 3]
Kiev  Ukraine Kiev Metro 1960 2013 52[124] 67.6 km (42.0 mi)[124] 536.2 (2013)[R 118][R 3]
Dubai  United Arab Emirates Dubai Metro 2009 2012[note 73] 47 74.6 km (46.4 mi) 137.8 (2013)[R 119]
Glasgow  UK Glasgow Subway 1896[176] 1896 15[176] 10.4 km (6.5 mi)[176] 12.6 (FY2012)[R 120]
London  UK London Underground[177] 1890[2][note 74] 2008[2] 270[178] 402 km (250 mi)[178] 1260 (FY2013)[R 121][Note 13]
Docklands Light Railway 1987[179] 2011 45[179] 34 km (21 mi) 101.5 (FY2013)[R 122]
Atlanta  USA MARTA 1979[180] 2000[180] 38[181] 77 km (48 mi)[181] 69.9 (2013)[R 14][Note 3]
Baltimore  USA Baltimore Metro Subway 1983 1995 14[182] 24.9 km (15.5 mi)[182] 15.4 (FY2012)[R 123]
Boston  USA Massachusetts Bay
Transportation Authority
[note 75]
1901[183] 2014[184] 51[185] 61 km (38 mi)[185] 166.7 (2013)[R 14][Note 3]
Chicago  USA Chicago 'L' 1897[186][note 76] 1993[187] 145[187] 165.4 km (102.8 mi)[187][note 77] 229.1 (2013)[187]
Cleveland  USA RTA Rapid Transit: Red Line 1955[188] 1968[188] 18[189] 31 km (19 mi)[189] 6.4 (2013)[R 14][Note 3]
Los Angeles  USA Metro Rail[note 78] 1993[190] 2000[190][note 79] 16[190] 28.0 km (17.4 mi)[190] 51.0 (2013)[R 14][Note 3][Note 14]
Miami  USA Metrorail 1984[191] 2012 23[192] 40.1 km (24.9 mi)[192] 21.3 (2013)[R 14][Note 3]
New York City  USA New York City Subway 1904[193][note 80] 2001[note 81] 421[193][note 82] 373 km (232 mi)[194] 1708 (2013)[R 124]
Staten Island Railway 1925[note 83] 1925 22[193][195] 22.5 km (14.0 mi)[194] 4.2 (2013)[R 14][Note 3]
Port Authority Trans-Hudson 1908[196] 1911[note 84] 13[197] 22.2 km (13.8 mi)[198] 72.8 (2013)[R 14][Note 3]
Philadelphia  USA SEPTA[199][note 85] 1907 1973 75[199] 59.1 km (36.7 mi)[200][201] 98.2 (FY2013)[R 125][Note 15]
PATCO Speedline 1936[202][note 86] 1969 13[202] 22.9 km (14.2 mi)[202] 10.5 (2013)[R 14][Note 3]
San Francisco  USA Bay Area Rapid Transit 1972[203] 2003 44[203] 167 km (104 mi)[203] 117.8 (FY2013)[R 126]
San Juan, Puerto Rico  USA Tren Urbano 2004 2005 16 17.2 km (10.7 mi) 10.9 (2013)[R 14][Note 3]
Washington, D.C.  USA Washington Metro 1976[204] 2014[205] 91[204] 188 km (117 mi)[204] 209 (2013)[R 127]
Tashkent  Uzbekistan Tashkent Metro 1977 2001[note 87] 29[124] 36.2 km (22.5 mi)[124] 59.2 (2013)[R 3]
Caracas  Venezuela Caracas Metro[note 88] 1983[206] 2010[note 89] 47[207] 63.5 km (39.5 mi)[206] 490 (2012)[R 128]

Metro systems under construction[edit]

The following is an incomplete list of worldwide metro systems currently under construction:

Location Country Name Start of construction Planned opening
Sydney  Australia Sydney Rapid Transit 2014 2019[UC 1][UC 2]
Changchun  China Changchun Rail Transit 2011 2020
Dongguan  China Dongguan Rail Transit 2010 2015
Fuzhou  China Fuzhou Metro 2012 2015
Guiyang  China Guiyang Urban Rail Transit 2013 2017
Hefei  China Hefei Metro 2009 2016
Jinan  China Jinan Metro 2013 2018
Lanzhou  China Lanzhou Metro 2012 2016[UC 3]
Macau  China Macau Light Rail Transit 2012 2016
Nanchang  China Nanchang Metro 2009 2015
Nanning  China Nanning Rail Transit 2011 2016
Qingdao  China Qingdao Metro 2009 2015
Shijiazhuang  China Shijiazhuang Metro 2012 2017
Ürümqi  China Ürümqi Metro 2014 2018
Xiamen  China Xiamen Metro 2013 2017
Xuzhou  China Xuzhou Metro[UC 4][UC 5] 2014 2017
Quito  Ecuador Quito Metro 2012 2016
Thessaloniki  Greece Thessaloniki Metro 2006[UC 6] 2018
Chennai  India Chennai Metro 2010 2015
Hyderabad  India Hyderabad Metro Rail 2012 2015
Jaipur  India Jaipur Metro 2010 2014
Kochi  India Kochi Metro 2013 2016
Lucknow  India Lucknow Metro 2014[UC 7] 2017
Navi Mumbai  India Navi Mumbai Metro 2011 2017
Jakarta  Indonesia Jakarta Mass Rapid Transit 2013 2018
Ahvaz  Iran Ahvaz Metro 2004 2014
Isfahan  Iran Isfahan Metro[UC 8][UC 9] 2001 2014
Qom  Iran Qom Metro[UC 10][UC 11] 2010 2015
Tabriz  Iran Tabriz Metro[UC 12][UC 13][UC 14] 2003 2015
Doha  Qatar Doha Metro 2013 2019
Chelyabinsk  Russia Chelyabinsk Metro 1992 2019
Omsk  Russia Omsk Metro 1992 2016
Riyadh  Saudi Arabia Riyadh Metro 2014 2019
Taichung  Taiwan Taichung Mass Rail Transit System 2009 2017
Taoyuan  Taiwan Taoyuan Metro 2006 2015
Hanoi  Vietnam Hanoi Metro 2009 2016
Ho Chi Minh City  Vietnam Ho Chi Minh City Metro 2010 2018

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

System notes[edit]

  1. ^ Line A, Line B and Line H of the Buenos Aires Underground had their last expansions in 2013.
  2. ^ Line U2 was extended to Aspern Seestadt in 2013.
  3. ^ Latest restoration of old line in 2011
  4. ^ The Moskovskaya Line extended to Malinovka in 2014.
  5. ^ Line 2's loop was completed in 2009
  6. ^ Not including stations of premetro Lines T3, T4, and T7.
  7. ^ Extension of northernmost terminus to Novo Hamburgo in 2013.
  8. ^ Most recent expansion of Line 4.
  9. ^ See Orange Line (Montreal Metro)
  10. ^ See Sheppard line
  11. ^ See Canada Line
  12. ^ The Beijing Subway's first line began trial operations on October 1, 1969. It opened to revenue service under trial operations on January 15, 1971. Initially, only members of the public with credential letters from their work units could purchase tickets, but this restriction was removed on December 27, 1972. The subway line passed its final inspections and ended trial operations on September 15, 1981. During the trial operations period, annual ridership rose from 8.28 million in 1971 to 55.2 million in 1980. See the history section of the Beijing Subway for details and references.
  13. ^ As of December 28, 2013, the number of unique stations in operation in the Beijing Subway is 232. The unique station count treats the multiple platforms of a station complex as one station. If each station complex's platforms are counted as separate stations, then the total number of stations in operation as of February 15, 2014 would be 262. The unique station count of 232 excludes: the Erligou Station on Line 6, the Andelibeijie and National Art Museum Stations on Line 8, the Wangjing East Station on Line 15 and the Yizhuang Railway Station on the Yizhuang Line, which were not in use as of December 28, 2013. Also excluded are the three restricted stations of Line 1, which are no longer used. The total station count of 262 excludes the stations listed above and treats the Gongyixiqiao Station as two stations, as the southern terminus for Line 4 and northern terminus for the Daxing Line, even though through-train service have effectively transformed the two lines into a single line for which the Gongyixiqiao Station is not a terminus but a single station.
  14. ^ 1st line of FMetro serves two cities - Foshan and Guangzhou
  15. ^ The number excludes the stations and lengths on the Guangfo Metro/Guangfo Line, which is part of the FMetro in Foshan.
  16. ^ Hangzhou Metro's Line 1.
  17. ^ The first MTR route to offer metro service was the Modified Initial System in 1979, which consists of portions of the later Tsuen Wan Line and Kwun Tong Line. Though the eventual East Rail Line opened as a conventional railway in 1910, it did not offer metro service until at least in 1982 when it was electrified.
  18. ^ West Island Line extension.
  19. ^ Kunming's Line 1.
  20. ^ Nanjing South Railway Station.
  21. ^ This figure excludes Maglev line and Jinshan Railway, both often included in Shanghai Metro maps but not considered part of the system.
  22. ^ As of October 2013:
    • If interchange stations are counted as a single station, there are 263 stations.
    • If interchange stations are counted as multiple stations, there are 312 stations.
    • If interchange stations are counter as multiple stations, but shared tracks/platforms on Lines 3 and 4 are counted as a single station, there are 303 stations.
  23. ^ Opening of Suzhou's Line 2.
  24. ^ Xi'an Metro's Line 1.
  25. ^ Extension of Line A from Itagüí south to La Estrella.
  26. ^ Line C was last extended in 2008.
  27. ^ Line 3's first section opened in 2012 and was extended in 2014.
  28. ^ Extension of Lyon Metro's Line B to Oullins Gare station.
  29. ^ Opening of Toulouse Metro's Line B.
  30. ^ Opening of Line U4.
  31. ^ The U3 extension from Olympia-Einkaufszentrum (OEZ) to Moosach.
  32. ^ The official source states there are 100 stations in Munich U-Bahn system, but notes that four connecting/transfer stations have been counted twice; thus, there are 96 stations counting all stations once.
  33. ^ The U3 extension from Maxfeld to Friedrich-Ebert-Platz.
  34. ^ The Blue Line (Line 3) also has a 20.7 kilometres (12.9 mi) section (with 4 stations) to the airport that is owned by the Hellenic Railways Organisation and is mainly used by the suburban railway system.
    "Homepage - The Company - Historic Data - Transit in Athens". Attiko Metro S.A. Retrieved 2014-06-02. 
    Schwandl, Robert. "Athina". UrbanRail.net. Retrieved 2014-06-03. 
  35. ^ The Green Line (Line 1), operated until 2011 by Athens-Piraeus Electric Railways, was opened in 1869 as a steam train railway line. It was electrified in 1904, extended with underground sections through the city in 1948, and extended to its full length to Kifissia in 1957 using the right-of-way of a former metre gauge suburban line. Full metro operation since 1904 between Piraeus and Athens and 1957 to Kifissia. In 2011, it was integrated with Athens Metro under the company STASY S.A.
    "Homepage - The Company - Historic Data - Transit in Athens". Attiko Metro S.A. Retrieved 2014-06-02. 
  36. ^ Line 3 extended west to Agia Marina on 14 December 2013.
  37. ^ The Delhi Metro's six lines serve 137 stations, including the six stations on the Delhi Airport Metro Express line, if counting interchange stations only once, as of September 2013.
  38. ^ The 41.5 km (25.8 mi) Line 5 of the Tehran Metro is a commuter rail line, and so is not included in the statistics here - only Lines 1-4 are.
  39. ^ Opening of metro-standards Line 2.
  40. ^ Extension of Line 3.
  41. ^ Naples Metro is made up of Line 1 and Line 6 only. Line 2 is a commuter rail line.
  42. ^ Opening of Line C.
  43. ^ a b c d e f g h i j In general, the majority of urban rail service in Japanese metropolitan areas is provided by systems not included in this list. For a complete list of urban rail systems in Japan, see List of urban rail systems in Japan.
  44. ^ Yŏnggwang and Puhŭng opened in 1987
  45. ^ Line 4 and Busan-Gimhae Light Rail Transit opened in 2011
  46. ^ Daegu Subway Line 2 extension opened in 2012.
  47. ^ Second phase of line 1
  48. ^ Line 1 fully opened
  49. ^ The Seoul Subway (Lines 1-9) is actually operated by three different operators – Seoul Metro, Seoul Metropolitan Rapid Transit Corporation (SMRT), and Seoul Metro Line9 Corporation. But because all of these lines are owned by the City Government of Seoul, they are counted together here in the table as one system.
  50. ^ a b c Seoul's Metropolitan Subway system can also be viewed as a comprehensive metro network made up of multiple owned/operated metro systems. If viewed as such, the combined route length of Seoul's comprehensive metro-standards network would be 468.9 km (291.4 mi), and it would serve a grand total of 377 stations.
  51. ^ Seoul Subway Line 7 extension opened in October 2012.
  52. ^ Includes the Bundang Line (52.9 km, 36 stations), Korail portions of Seoul Subway Line 3 (Islan Line: 19.2 km, 9 stations) and Seoul Subway Line 4 (Gwacheon Line: 11.8 km, 8 stations; and Ansan Line: 27.6 km, 14 stations), and the Suin Line (non-Ansan portion) (13.1 km, 8 stations).
  53. ^ Statistics presented include Ampang Line and Kelana Jaya Line only; KL Monorail Line not included.
  54. ^ Line 12 opened 2012.
  55. ^ There are 147 stations on the network map, counting transfer stations as one. The sum of the number of the stations for all lines is 195.
  56. ^ Line 50, 53, and 54 are rapid transit. The figures provided exclude the portion of the Amstelveen Line (Line 51) that operates as light rail.
  57. ^ Some sections of the Rotterdam Metro (portions of Lines A and B) have some level crossings (with priority), and use overhead wires instead of a third rail (as most of the system does), and so could therefore be considered "light rail" instead of "metro".
  58. ^ These systems have similarities to light rail systems, because of existence of road level crossings, but are listed since there are almost entirely separated from roads.
  59. ^ The first underground portion was opened in 1928, but that was a tram line. One surface line has origins from 1898. System opened as a full Metro in 1966.
  60. ^ Opening of the completed Ring line in 2006.
  61. ^ The Red Line was expanded to the airport in 2012.
  62. ^ Line M4 extended to Parc Bazilescu in 2011.
  63. ^ The Downtown MRT Line Stage 1 was opened in 2013.
  64. ^ TMB-operated lines L1-L5 and L9-L11 only. FGC-operated lines L6-L8 share track with other FGC commuter lines, and thus don't qualify as metro-standards lines.
  65. ^ Including MetroSur and other suburban lines, but not the three Metro Ligero de Madrid lines which are light rail.
  66. ^ Skarpnäck metro station opened in 1994
  67. ^ The Lausanne Metro has two lines: Line M1 is light rail, while Line M2 is rapid transit. The stats listed are for Line M2 only.
  68. ^ Opening of lines M2 and M3.
  69. ^ Extension to Gürsu.
  70. ^ Currently operational metro standards lines, M1 to M4, only included. All other Istanbul lines or segments are either Tram or Commuter rail, or are under construction, and so are not included here.
  71. ^ Extension of Line M2 to Yenikapı.
  72. ^ Extension to Fahrettin Altay.
  73. ^ The Red Line was completed in 2012.
  74. ^ London's Metropolitan Railway first opened for service in 1863, operating steam locomotive trains in cut and cover tunnels. It began operating as a modern metro when electric-propulsion trains began operating on the system's first deep-level tube line in 1890.
  75. ^ The Red, Orange, and Blue lines of the subway are rapid transit. The originally-elevated Orange Line opened in 1901, sharing the Tremont Street Subway that opened in 1897 as an underground streetcar tunnel (for the light rail Green Line).
  76. ^ Dated from the opening of "The Loop", when the system became unified and electrified.
  77. ^ This figure comes from the sum of the following figures from the accompanying reference (i.e. "Facts at a Glance". Chicago Transit Authority. December 2012. Retrieved 2013-07-21. ): 35.8 miles of elevated route, 35.0 miles at grade level, 20.6 miles on embankments, and 11.4 miles of subway.
  78. ^ Rapid transit portion of L.A. Metro Rail only: Red and Purple lines. All other L.A. Metro Rail lines are Light rail, and are not included here.
  79. ^ This was the date of the last extension to the Red Line in the rapid transit portion of Los Angeles' Metro Rail.
  80. ^ First regular elevated railway service, originally cable hauled, began in 1868. Elevateds converted to steam power in 1870, electrified by 1903. The first section of electrified subway opened in 1904.
  81. ^ Completion of the connection between the IND 63rd Street Line and the IND Queens Boulevard Line on December 16, 2001.
  82. ^ The total number of stations is 468, but with transfer stations counted only once, the number is 421 (including the temporarily closed Cortlandt Street – World Trade Center station.
  83. ^ While the line opened as a railroad in 1860, it was not until 1925 that rapid transit equipment would be operated here.
  84. ^ Manhattan Transfer and Park Place stations opened in 1911, though these stations were closed and replaced with Harrison and Newark stations, respectively, in 1937.
  85. ^ Includes SEPTA's rapid transit lines only: Broad Street Line (Orange Line), Market–Frankford Line (Blue Line) and Norristown High Speed Line.
  86. ^ The opening of the Bridge Line, the precursor rapid transit line to PATCO's, which ran between 8th Street in Philadelphia and Broadway in Camden. The current PATCO Speedline, with service through to Lindenwold, opened in 1969.
  87. ^ The Yunusobod Line was opened in 2001
  88. ^ Statistics presented here for the Caracas Metro include the Los Teques Metro which functions as effectively a subsidiary and extension of the Caracas Metro.
  89. ^ Los Jardines, Coche, Mercado stations (Line 3) open – Schwandl, Robert. "Caracas". UrbanRail.Net. Retrieved 2013-01-10. .

Ridership notes[edit]

  1. ^ This ridership figure includes the Premetro (Line E2) ridership in the total.
  2. ^ Does not include ridership on the Line 4 - Yellow, operated by ViaQuatro (a private company).
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l All American Public Transportation Association (APTA) figures are derived from unlinked transit passenger trips (i.e. a transfer between two lines counts as two passenger trips, transferring twice counts as three trips, etc.).
  4. ^ This ridership figure is the sum of the "Heavy Rail (HR)" and "Intermediate Rail (IR)" figures for Toronto from the APTA Ridership report – in other words, this figure includes ridership on the Scarborough RT line which APTA considers to be "Intermediate Rail (IR)".
  5. ^ Counted in with Guangzhou.
  6. ^ Does not include ridership on the RER (1200 million), Transilien (1090 million), and the Tramways (~ 190 million).
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m Compared to European or North American systems, Japanese rapid transit systems are generally neither thought of as metros nor as completely subterranean "subways" complicating whether only using the municipal subway statistic is accurate when comparing with other Metros around the world. As example Tokyo Metro and the Tokyo Metropolitan Bureau of Transportation's Toei Subway constitute only 22% of the 14.6 billion metropolitan railway ridership in Greater Tokyo (MLIT Yearly Statistics). In addition, when one considers intracity lines of JR East and private railway companies, Greater Tokyo (130 lines) has higher daily ridership than any other metropolitan area in the world with 14.6 billion passengers annually. The Osaka Municipal Subway also has only a minority share of all metropolitan railway ridership in Greater Osaka, constituting only 17.6% of Greater Osaka's 4.745 billion rail passengers annually in 2010. Including the municipal subway systems in both Kobe and Kyoto, the result still only comprises 22% of all rail travel in the Greater Osaka area with 1065.8 million passengers yearly (MLIT Yearly Statistics). For Greater Nagoya, the Nagoya Municipal Subway has only a minority share of all metropolitan railway ridership in Greater Nagoya constituting only 38% of Greater Nagoya's 1.095 billion rail passengers annually in 2010 (MLIT Yearly Statistics). For a complete list of urban rail systems in Japan with ridership statistics, see List of urban rail systems in Japan.
  8. ^ Seoul Subway Lines 1 to 9: 2,560 million (2012) (Seoul Metropolitan Government Statistics) This figure counts only gate-passers, so it only includes SMRT, Seoul Metro, and Seoul Subway Line 9 riders. Many other lines such as those operated by Korail (1,027 million (2012) (Korail Metropolitan Subway)), AREX, as well as the Shinbundang Line function as separate metro systems within the greater Seoul rapid transit network and are excluded (often due to unavailable data).
  9. ^ a b c Ridership is based on unlinked passenger trips (i.e. a transfer between two lines counts as two trips, transferring between three lines counts as three trips, etc.).
  10. ^ Including KL Monorail.
  11. ^ Note: Operated during Hajj only.
  12. ^ Ridership figure is for rapid transit Line M2 only; ridership on the light rail M1 line is excluded from this figure.
  13. ^ Does not include ridership on the separate Docklands Light Railway (100 million), London Overground (124.6 million), London Tramlink (30.1 million), or National Rail systems within Greater London.
  14. ^ L.A. Metro's heavy rail lines, the Red and Purple Lines, only.
  15. ^ Ridership figures for Broad Street Line, Market–Frankford Line, and Norristown High Speed Line (the heavy rail lines) only.

References[edit]

System references[edit]

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  2. ^ a b c d "A brief history of the Underground - London Underground milestones". Transport for London. Retrieved 2014-06-06. 
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  49. ^ 四条轨道线路撑起主城交通大动脉
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  63. ^ 【12号线、16号线12月29日起载客试运营】
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Ridership references[edit]

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Under construction system references[edit]

Bibliography[edit]

  • Vuchic, Vukan R. (2007). Urban Transit Systems and Technology. John Wiley & Sons. ISBN 978-0-471-75823-5. 
  • Ovenden, Mark (2005). Metro Maps Of The World. Capital Transport. ISBN 1-85414-288-7. 
  • Hinkel, W.; Treiber, K.; Valenta, G.; Liebsch, H. (2004). Underground Railways Yesterday - Today - Tomorrow. Schmid Verlag. ISBN 3-900607-44-3. 
  • Fischler, Stan (2000). Subways Of The World. MBI. ISBN 0-7603-0752-0. 
  • Garbutt, Paul (1997). World Metro Systems. Capital Transport. ISBN 1-85414-191-0. 

Online resources[edit]

External links[edit]