List of monuments and memorials of the Confederate States of America

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Baxley, Georgia

This is a list of Confederate monuments and memorials dedicated to the memory of those who served and died in service to the Confederate States during the American Civil War.

Many Confederate monuments were erected in the former Confederate states and border states in the decades following the Civil War, in many instances by the United Daughters of the Confederacy, Ladies Memorial Associations, and other memorial organizations.[1][2][3][4][5] Other Confederate monuments are located on Civil War battlefields.[1]

New Confederate monuments continue to be proposed, and some have been built in recent years. In Arizona, a Sons of Confederate Veterans camp erected a Confederate monument in Phoenix in 1999[6] and Confederate heritage groups dedicated a Confederate memorial in Sierra Vista in 2010.[7] The Delaware Confederate Monument was unveiled in 2007 in Georgetown, Delaware.[8] In South Carolina in 2010, the Sons of Confederate Veterans have sought to erect a monument to mark the 150th anniversary of the passage of the Ordinance of Secession in December 1860, but the cities of Charleston and North Charleston have refused them permission.[9][10]

Many Confederate monuments are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.[11] " Confederate monuments are listed here alphabetically by state, and by city within each state:

Alabama[edit]

Montgomery

Arizona[edit]

  • Arizona Confederate Veterans Monument in Greenwood Memory Lawn Cemetery in Phoenix, erected in 1999 by the Sons of Confederate Veterans[6]
  • Arizona Confederate Veterans Monument in Wesley Bolen Park, next to the Arizona State Capitol in Phoenix, erected by the United Daughters of the Confederacy[6]
  • Confederate Memorial in the Historical Soldiers Memorial Cemetery area of the Southern Arizona Veterans' Cemetery in Sierra Vista. The monument was erected in 2010 to honor soldiers interred in that cemetery who served in the Confederate Army during the Civil War and later fought in Indian wars in Arizona as members of the U.S. Army.[7]

Arkansas[edit]

Individual monuments and memorials[edit]

Robert E. Lee Monument in Marianna, the county seat of Lee County
  • Bayou Meto Hornets, Jacksonville
  • Captain Richard Tunball Banks Monument, New Edinburg
  • Children of the Confederacy, Little Rock
  • Confederate Bench, Little Rock
  • Confederate Headquarters, Little Rock
  • Confederate Last Stand, Little Rock
  • Confederate Mothers Memorial Park, Russellville
  • David O. Dodd Execution Site, Little Rock
  • David O. Dodd Memorial, Little Rock
  • David O. Dodd Memorial, Pine Bluff
  • General John Porter McCown Monument, Magnolia
  • General Robert E. Lee Monument, Marianna
  • General Thomas J. Churchill Memorial, Little Rock
  • General William Read Scurry Memorial, Little Rock
  • Jefferson Davis Memorial, Fort Smith
  • John Sappington Marmaduke, Marmaduke
  • Monument to Confederate Women (or "Mother of the South"), Arkansas State Capitol grounds, Little Rock, Arkansas. Unveiled in 1913. Statue depicts a mother and daughter saying good-bye to their 16-year-old son and brother who is leaving to join his father in the fighting.[15]
  • Record Cave, Dover

Other[edit]

  • Confederate Masonic Memorial, Washington
  • Confederate State Capital, Bathhouse Row in Hot Springs
  • CSS Pontchartrain, Little Rock
  • Loss of the Sultana, Marion
  • Sinking of the Sultana, Marion

Delaware[edit]

  • Delaware Confederate Monument, Georgetown, Delaware, unveiled in 2007[8]

Florida[edit]

Olustee
  • Confederate Monument, Bradenton, unveiled June 3, 1927[16]
  • Confederate Monument Brooksville, unveiled June 3, 1916[17]
  • Florida's Last Confederate Veteran Memorial, Crestview, City Park, unveiled January 18, 1958[18]
  • Confederate Sun Dial Monument, Daytona Beach, unveiled April 26, 1961[19]
  • Confederate Boulder Monument, Daytona Beach, unveiled April 22, 1979[20]
  • Florida's First Confederate Monument, Defuniak Springs, unveiled 1871 and nearby historic marker[21]
  • Confederate Veterans of Florida Monument, Ellenton, unveiled October 10, 1937[22]
  • Lee Bust Memorial, Fort Myers The bust was commissioned from Italian sculptor Aldo Pero for $6,000 by the Laetitia Ashmore Nutt Chapter of the United Daughters of the Confederacy, chapter 1447 and dedicated on January 19, 1966.[23]
  • Confederate Monument, Gainesville, Courthouse lawn, unveiled January 19, 1904[24]
  • Confederate Monument, Jacksonville, downtown Hemming Park, unveiled June 16, 1898[25]
  • Florida's Tribute to the Women of the Confederacy, Jacksonville, dedicated October 26, 1915. The sculptor was Allen George Newman.[26]
  • General Joseph Finnegan Grave Monument, Jacksonville, Old City Cemetery[27]
  • Yellow Fort Bluff Monument, Yellow Bluff Fort Historic State Park, Jacksonville, unveiled March 5, 1951
  • Confederate soldier statue in Munn Park in downtown Lakeland, created by the McNeel Marble Works dedicated June 3, 1910[28]
  • Confederate Monument, City Park, Madison, dedicated June 3, 1909[29]
  • Confederate Monument, Marianna, Jackson County Courthouse lawn, unveiled November 30, 1881[30]
  • Battle of Marianna Monument, Marianna, Jackson County Courthouse lawn, unveiled November 2, 1924[31]
  • Confederate Monument, Miami, Old City Cemetery, unveiled June 3, 1914[32]
  • Confederate Monument, Monticello, unveiled June 3, 1899[33]
  • Confederate Monument, Ocala, front of courthouse, unveiled April 25, 1908[34]
  • Battlefield Monument, Olustee Battlefield Historic State Park, Olustee, dedicated October 23, 1912
  • General Joseph Finnegan Monument, Olustee Battlefield Historic State Park, Olustee, unveiled 1912
  • Confederate Monument, Palatka, unveiled April 26, 1925[35]
  • Our Confederate Dead, Pensacola, dedicated June 17, 1891[36]
  • Grave of Stephen Mallory, St. Michael's Cemetery, Pensacola
  • Battle of Natural Bridge Monument, Woodville, unveiled April 26, 1922[37]

Georgia[edit]

Photos[edit]

Illinois[edit]

Kentucky[edit]

Louisiana[edit]

  • Caddo Parish Confederate Monument, on grounds of the Caddo Parish Court House, Shreveport, Louisiana, dedicated in 1906 by the United Daughters of the Confederacy - see listing at National Register of Historic Places
  • Orleans Parish - Robert E. Lee monument and circle - erected in 1884. 60 ft. column with 12 ft. statue on an earthen mound.
  • Orleans Parish - P. G. T. Beauregard equestrian monument - erected in 1913
  • Orleans Parish - President Jefferson Davis - erected in 1911
  • Orleans Parish - Liberty Place monument - erected 1891 to the battle for the attempted overthrow of the Carpetbag government put in place by the Federal Government in 1872. The battle occurred in 1874.

Maryland[edit]

  • Memorial to Confederate Soldiers - Baltimore, Maryland. Mount Royal Avenue.
  • Memorial to Robert E. Lee and Stonewall Jackson - Baltimore, Maryland. In the western side of The Dell, Charles Village, near the Baltimore Museum of Art.
  • Rockville [Confederate] Civil War Monument - Rockville, Maryland. The monument sits on the side of the courthouse in downtown Rockville. The statue faces south. The pedestal reads "To our heroes of Montgomery Co Maryland. That we through life may not forget to love the thin gray line." Date Installed or Dedicated: 01/01/1913[45]

Mississippi[edit]

Missouri[edit]

Montana[edit]

  • Confederate Memorial Fountain, Helena, Montana

North Carolina[edit]

Silent Sam in Chappel Hill

Pennsylvania[edit]

See the List of Confederate monuments at Gettysburg[51]

  • Gettysburg Battlefield is the site of several Confederate monuments erected between 1884 and 1982 to honor the dead of specific units or states[52]

South Carolina[edit]

Orangeburg

Tennessee[edit]

Texas[edit]

Virginia[edit]

Photos[edit]

West Virginia[edit]

Brazil[edit]

Jimmy Carter at Confederado monument
In 1972, Georgia Governor Jimmy Carter visited the confederate monument in Americana, São Paulo, Brazil.
  • In 1865, at the end of the American Civil War, a substantial number of Southerners left the South; many moved to other parts of the United States, such as the American West, but a few left the country entirely. The most popular country of Southerners emigration was Brazil.[60] These emigrants were known as Confederados. A Confederate monument was placed in Americana, São Paulo, Brazil.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Civil War Monuments, Tennessee Encyclopedia of History and Culture
  2. ^ David N. Wiggins (2006), Georgia's Confederate Monuments and Cemeteries, Arcadia Press.
  3. ^ a b Confederate Monument in Forsyth Park, City of Savannah website, accessed April 24, 2010
  4. ^ United Daughters of the Confederacy Alabama Division (ALUDC), Encyclopedia of Alabama
  5. ^ Ladies' Memorial Associations and The Lost Cause, Encyclopedia of Virginia
  6. ^ a b c Gravemarking and Monuments, Colonel Sherod Hunter Camp 1525, Sons of Confederate Veterans, accessed April 26, 2010
  7. ^ a b Confederate Memorial dedicated, Sierra Vista Herald, April 17, 2010
  8. ^ a b "Hurrah! The Delaware Confederate Monument Has a Home at Last!". Sons of Confederate Veterans Camp #2608 website. Retrieved April 24, 2010. 
  9. ^ http://www.heraldonline.com/2010/04/14/2088405/n-charleston-leaders-want-confederate.html
  10. ^ http://www.southcarolinaradionetwork.com/2010/04/22/scv-secession-monument-at-no-chas-park-was-mayors-idea/
  11. ^ Staff (2009-03-13). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 
  12. ^ Alabama Confederate Monument, Conservation Solutions Inc., accessed April 24, 2010
  13. ^ Ladies Memorial Association, Encyclopedia of Alabama
  14. ^ http://siris-artinventories.si.edu/ipac20/ipac.jsp?session=14711X9406B28.6423&profile=ariall&source=~!siartinventories&view=subscriptionsummary&uri=full=3100001~!441~!2&ri=2&aspect=Browse&menu=search&ipp=20&spp=20&staffonly=&term=Outdoor+Sculpture+--+Alabama+--+Montgomery&index=OBJEC&uindex=&aspect=Browse&menu=search&ri=2
  15. ^ a b c d National Register of Historic Places Multiple Property Registration Form: Civil War Commemorative Sculpture in Arkansas, 1886-1934, 1996.
  16. ^ Widner, Ralph W., Confederate Monuments: Enduring Symbols of the South and the War Between the States, Andromeda Associates, Washington D.C., 1982 p. 32
  17. ^ Widner, p.32
  18. ^ Widner, p.32
  19. ^ Widner, p.32
  20. ^ Widner, p.33
  21. ^ Widner, p.32
  22. ^ Widner, p.32
  23. ^ http://www.artswfl.com/public-art-2/fort-myers-river-district-public-art-2/robert-e-lee-bust/robert-e-lee-bust
  24. ^ Widner, p.34
  25. ^ Widner, p.34
  26. ^ http://siris-artinventories.si.edu/ipac20/ipac.jsp?session=14S1X138436E2.6589&profile=ariall&source=~!siartinventories&view=subscriptionsummary&uri=full=3100001~!313445~!23&ri=4&aspect=Browse&menu=search&ipp=20&spp=20&staffonly=&term=Outdoor+Sculpture+--+Florida+--+Jacksonville&index=OBJEC&uindex=&aspect=Browse&menu=search&ri=4
  27. ^ Widner, p.35
  28. ^ Widner, p.34
  29. ^ Widner, p.35
  30. ^ Widner, p.36
  31. ^ Widner, p.36
  32. ^ Widner, p.36
  33. ^ Widner, p.36
  34. ^ Widner, p.37
  35. ^ Widner, p.38
  36. ^ http://siris-artinventories.si.edu/ipac20/ipac.jsp?session=147122JY4223C.6622&profile=ariall&uri=link=3100006~!278357~!3100001~!3100002&aspect=Browse&menu=search&ri=7&source=~!siartinventories&term=J.+F.+Manning+Company%2C+fabricator.&index=AUTHOR
  37. ^ Widner, p.37
  38. ^ Photograph, Photograph by Melinda Smith Mullikin, New Georgia Encyclopedia
  39. ^ Downtown Confederate monument defaced with anti-white messages, The Augusta Chronicle, November 8, 2009
  40. ^ Confederate Monument, St. James United Methodist Church
  41. ^ Widner, Ralph W., Confederate Monuments: Enduring Symbols of the South and the War Between the States, Andromeda Associates, Washington D.C., 1982 p. 70
  42. ^ Waycross website
  43. ^ a b Visitors Guide to the Confederate Prison Site & Confederate Memorials Alton, Illinois, Visitors Guide to the Middle Mississippi River Valley, accessed June 25, 2015
  44. ^ https://web.archive.org/web/20160402021505/https://www.nps.gov/nr/travel/national_cemeteries/illinois/Confederate_Mound_Oak_Woods_Cemetery.html
  45. ^ [1] Waymarking
  46. ^ Erica Sherrill Owens, Group celebrates Confederate Memorial Day, Hattiesburg American, April 24, 2010
  47. ^ https://www.apps.mdah.ms.gov/Public/prop.aspx?id=2767&view=facts&y=1176
  48. ^ North Carolina Civil War Monuments: North Carolina Department of Cultural Resources - Retrieved 2014-08-19
  49. ^ http://docsouth.unc.edu/commland/monument/16/
  50. ^ Downtown Salisbury Street Scenes - Confederate Monument, Rowan County, North Carolina, government website, accessed April 24, 2010
  51. ^ List of monuments of the Gettysburg Battlefield#Confederate monuments
  52. ^ Confederate Monuments at Gettysburg, StoneSentinels.com website, accessed April 24, 2010
  53. ^ Seigler, Robert S., A Guide to Confederate Monuments in South carolina: Passing the Silent Cup, South Carolina Department of Archives and History, 1997 p. 25
  54. ^ "Cherokee County Confederate Monument". Historical Marker Project. Retrieved August 14, 2016. 
  55. ^ Monument Guide: Confederate Soldiers, State Preservation Board Caretakers of the Texas Capitol website, accessed April 24, 2010
  56. ^ Confederate Monument, DallasHistory.net website, accessed April 26, 2010
  57. ^ http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth34974/
  58. ^ http://www.politico.com/magazine/story/2016/08/texas-confederacy-rising-again-214159
  59. ^ Visitor Information: Monuments and Memorials: Confederate Memorial, Arlington National Cemetery website, accessed April 24, 2010
  60. ^ Herbert, Paul N (December 17, 2009). "Confederados forge new cultural identity". The Washington Times.