Jersey City, New Jersey
|Jersey City, New Jersey|
|City of Jersey City|
Aerial view Jersey City with Exchange Place in foreground
|Nickname(s): "Chilltown, J.C."
"Wall Street West"
|Motto: “Let Jersey Prosper”|
Location of Jersey City within Hudson County and the state of New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Jersey City, New Jersey
|Coordinates: Coordinates: |
|• Type||Faulkner Act (Mayor-Council)|
|• Mayor||Steven Fulop (term ends June 30, 2017)|
|• Deputy Mayor||Vivian Brady-Phillips|
|• Business Administrator||Robert Kakoleski|
|• Clerk||Robert Byrne|
|• Total||21.080 sq mi (54.596 km2)|
|• Land||14.794 sq mi (38.316 km2)|
|• Water||6.286 sq mi (16.281 km2) 29.82%|
|Area rank||133rd of 566 in state
1st of 12 in county
|Elevation||20 ft (6 m)|
|Population (2010 Census)|
|• Total||247,597 (75th)|
|• Estimate (2013)||257,342|
|• Rank||2nd of 566 in state
1st of 12 in county
|• Density||16,736.6/sq mi (6,462.0/km2)|
|• Density rank||10th of 566 in state
6th of 12 in county
|Time zone||EST (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)|
|ZIP codes||07097, 07302-07308, 07310-07311|
|GNIS feature ID||0885264|
Jersey City is the largest city in and seat of Hudson County, New Jersey. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population of Jersey City was 247,597, making it the second-most populous city in New Jersey, after Newark.
Part of the New York metropolitan area, Jersey City lies across from Lower Manhattan between the Hudson River and Upper New York Bay and the Hackensack River and Newark Bay. A port of entry, with 11 miles (18 km) of waterfront and significant rail connections, Jersey City is an important transportation terminus and distribution and manufacturing center for the Port of New York and New Jersey. Service industries have played a prominent role in the redevelopment of its waterfront and the creation of one of the nation's largest downtown office markets.
After a peak population of 316,715 measured in the 1930 Census, the city's population saw a half-century long decline to a low of 223,532 in the 1980 Census, but since then the city's population has grown, with the 2010 population reflecting an increase of 7,542 (+3.1%) from the 240,055 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 11,518 (+5.0%) from the 228,537 counted in the 1990 Census.
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Demographics
- 4 Commerce
- 5 Art and culture
- 6 Government
- 7 Education
- 8 Media
- 9 Transportation
- 10 Notable people
- 11 Sister cities
- 12 See also
- 13 References
- 14 External links
Lenape and New Netherland
The land comprising what is now Jersey City was inhabited by the Lenape, a collection of tribes (later called Delaware Indian). In 1609, Henry Hudson, seeking an alternate route to East Asia, anchored his small vessel Halve Maen (English: Half Moon) at Sandy Hook, Harsimus Cove and Weehawken Cove, and elsewhere along what was later named the North River. After spending nine days surveying the area and meeting its inhabitants, he sailed as far north as Albany. By 1621 the Dutch West India Company was organized to manage this new territory and in June 1623, New Netherland became a Dutch province, with headquarters in New Amsterdam. Michael Reyniersz Pauw received a land grant as patroon on the condition that he would establish a settlement of not fewer than fifty persons within four years. He chose the west bank of the North River (Hudson River) and purchased the land from the Lenape. This grant is dated November 22, 1630 and is the earliest known conveyance for what are now Hoboken and Jersey City. Pauw, however was an absentee landlord who neglected to populate the area and was obliged to sell his holdings back to the Company in 1633. That year, a house was built at Communipaw for Jan Evertsen Bout, superintendent of the colony, which had been named Pavonia (the Latinized form of Pauw's name, which means peacock). Shortly after, another house was built at Harsimus Cove and became the home of Cornelius Van Vorst, who had succeeded Bout as superintendent, and whose family would become influential in the development of the city. Relations with the Lenape deteriorated, in part because of the colonialist's mismanagement and misunderstanding of the indigenous people, and led to series of raids and reprisals and the virtual destruction of the settlement on the west bank. During Kieft's War, approximately eighty Lenapes were killed by the Dutch in a massacre at Pavonia on the night of February 25, 1643.
Scattered communities of farmsteads characterized the Dutch settlements at Pavonia: Communipaw, Harsimus, Paulus Hook, Hoebuck, Awiehaken, and other lands "behind Kil van Kull". The first village (located inside a palisaded garrison) established on what is now Bergen Square in 1660, and is considered to be the oldest town in what would become the state of New Jersey.
Among the oldest surviving houses in Jersey City are the Newkirk House (1690), Van Vorst Famhouse (c.1740) and the Van Wagenen House (1742). During the American Revolutionary War the area was in the hands of the British who controlled New York. In the Battle of Paulus Hook Major Light Horse Harry Lee attacked a British fortification on August 19, 1779. After the war Alexander Hamilton and other prominent New Yorkers and New Jerseyeans attempted to develop the area that would become historic downtown Jersey City and laid out the city squares and streets that still characterize the neighborhood, giving them names also seen in Lower Manhattan or after war heroes (Grove, Varick, Mercer, Wayne, Monmouth, and Montgomery among them). During the 19th century, former slaves reached Jersey City on one of the four routes of the Underground Railroad that led to the city.
The City of Jersey was incorporated by an Act of the New Jersey Legislature on January 28, 1820, from portions of Bergen Township, while the area was still a part of Bergen County. The city was reincorporated on January 23, 1829, and again on February 22, 1838, at which time it became completely independent of North Bergen and was given its present name. On February 22, 1840, it became part of the newly created Hudson County.
Soon after the Civil War, the idea arose of uniting all of the towns of Hudson County east of the Hackensack River into one municipality. A bill was approved by the State legislature on April 2, 1869, with a special election to be held October 5, 1869. An element of the bill provide that only contiguous towns could be consolidated. While a majority of the voters across the county approved the merger, the only municipalities that had approved the consolidation plan and that adjoined Jersey City were Hudson City and Bergen City. The consolidation began on March 17, 1870, taking effect on May 3, 1870. Three years later the present outline of Jersey City was completed when Greenville agreed to merge into the Greater Jersey City.
In the late 1880s three passenger railroad terminals opened in Jersey City next to the Hudson River (Pavonia Terminal, Exchange Place and Communipaw). Tens of millions of immigrants passed through these stations as they made their way westward from Ellis Island into the United States. The railroads transformed the geography of the city by building the Erie Cut as well as several large fright rail yards. The railroads became and would remain the largest employers in Jersey City into and during the early 20th century.
20th and 21st centuries
Jersey City was a dock and manufacturing town for much of the 19th and 20th centuries. Much like New York City, Jersey City has always been a destination for new immigrants to the United States. In its heyday before World War II, German, Irish, and Italian immigrants found work at Colgate, Chloro or Dixon Ticonderoga. In 1908, the first permanent, drinking water disinfection system in the U.S. was installed on the water supply for the City by John L. Leal. The Hudson Tubes opened in 1911, allowing passengers to take the train to Manhattan as an alternative to the extensive ferry system. The Black Tom explosion occurred on July 30, 1916, as an act of sabotage on American ammunition supplies by German agents to prevent the materials from being used by the Allies in World War I.
From 1917 to 1947, Jersey City was governed by Mayor Frank Hague. Originally elected as a reform candidate, the Jersey City History Web Site says his name is "synonymous with the early twentieth century urban American blend of political favoritism and social welfare known as bossism." Hague ran the city with an iron fist while, at the same time, molding governors, United States senators, and judges to his whims. Boss Hague was known to be loud and vulgar, but dressed in a stylish manner earning him the nickname "King Hanky-Panky". In his later years in office, Hague would often dismiss his enemies as "reds" or "commies". Hague lived like a millionaire, despite having an annual salary that never exceeded $8,500. He was able to maintain a fourteen-room duplex apartment in Jersey City, a suite at the Plaza Hotel in Manhattan, and a palatial summer home in Deal, and travel to Europe yearly in the royal suites of the best liners.
After Hague's retirement from politics, a series of mayors including John V. Kenny, Thomas J. Whelan and Thomas F. X. Smith attempted to take control of Hague's organization, usually under the mantle of political reform. None were able to duplicate the level of power held by Hague, but the city and the county remained notorious for political corruption for years. By the 1970s, the city experienced a period of urban decline that saw many of its wealthy residents leave for the suburbs, rising crime, civil unrest, political corruption, and economic hardship. From 1950 to 1980, Jersey City lost 75,000 residents, and from 1975 to 1982, it lost 5,000 jobs, or 9% of its workforce.
Beginning in the 1980s, development of the waterfront in an area previously occupied by rail yards and factories helped to stir the beginnings of a renaissance for Jersey City. The rapid construction of numerous high-rise buildings increased the population and led to the development of the Exchange Place financial district, also known as 'Wall Street West', one of the largest banking centers in the United States. Large financial institutions such as UBS, Goldman Sachs, Chase Bank, Citibank, and Merrill Lynch occupy prominent buildings on the Jersey City waterfront, some of which are among the tallest buildings in New Jersey. Simultaneous to this building boom, the light-rail network was developed. With 18,000,000 square feet (1,700,000 m2) of office space, it has the nation's 12th largest downtown.
In October 2013, City Ordinance 13.097 passed requiring employers with ten or more employees to offer up to five paid sick days a year. The bill impacts all businesses employing workers who work at least 80 hours a calendar year in Jersey City.
Jersey City is the seat of Hudson County, New Jersey, and the second-largest city in New Jersey. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city had a total area of 21.080 square miles (54.596 km2), of which 14.794 square miles (38.316 km2) of it was land and 6.286 square miles (16.281 km2) of it (29.82%) was water. As of the 1990 Census, it had the smallest land area of the 100 most populous cities in America.
Jersey City is bordered to the east by the Hudson River, to the north by Secaucus, North Bergen, Union City and Hoboken, to the west, across the Hackensack, by Kearny and Newark, and to the south by Bayonne. Given their proximity to Manhattan, Jersey City and Hudson County are sometimes referred to as New York City's Sixth Borough.
Jersey City (and most of Hudson County) is located on the peninsula known as Bergen Neck, with a waterfront on the east at the Hudson River and New York Bay and on the west at the Hackensack River and Newark Bay. Its north-south axis corresponds with the ridge of Bergen Hill, the emergence of the Hudson Palisades. The city is the site of some of the earliest European settlements in North America, which grew into each other rather expanding from central point. This growth and the topography greatly influenced the development of the sections of the city and the neighborhoods within them. The city is divided into 6 wards.
Downtown Jersey City
Downtown Jersey City is the area from the Hudson River westward to the Newark Bay Extension of the New Jersey Turnpike (Interstate 78) and the New Jersey Palisades; it is also bounded by Hoboken to the north and Liberty State Park to the south.
Newport and Exchange Place are redeveloped waterfront areas consisting mostly of residential towers, hotels and office buildings. Newport is a planned mixed-use community, built on the old Erie Lackawanna Railway yards, made up of residential rental towers, condominiums, office buildings, a marina, schools, restaurants, hotels, Newport Centre Mall, a waterfront walkway, transportation facilities, and on-site parking for more than 15,000 vehicles. Newport had a hand in the renaissance of Jersey City although, before ground was broken, much of the downtown area had already begun a steady climb (much like Hoboken). In recent years, this area of Jersey City has undergone gentrification that has seen the improvement in neighborhoods. This has also caused a rise of the standard of living throughout the city. Downtown also includes The Newport Centre area, which is also home of the Westin Hotel. Prior to the September 11 attacks Jersey City had 3 office towers over 100 meters. Since 9-11, another 3 more office towers and 10 residential buildings over 100 meters have been completed.
Bergen-Lafayette, formerly Bergen City, New Jersey, lies between Greenville to the south and McGinley Square to the north. It also borders Liberty State Park and Downtown to the east and the West Side neighborhood to the west. This area is commonly called "The Hill" by the natives of the city. Communipaw Avenue, Bergen Avenue, Martin Luther King Drive, and Ocean Avenue are main thoroughfares. The former Jersey City Medical Center complex, a cluster of Art Deco buildings on a rise in the center of the city, have been converted into residential complexes called The Beacon. Berry Lane Park, which will be the largest municipal park in Jersey City, is currently under construction along Garfield Avenue in the northern section of Bergen-Lafayette.
The southern border of The Heights is generally considered to be north of Bergen Arches and The Divided Highway, while Paterson Plank Road in Washington Park is its main northern boundary. Transfer Station is just over the city line. Its postal area ZIP Code is 07307. The Heights mostly contains two- and three-family houses and low rise apartment buildings, and is similar to North Hudson architectural style and neighborhood character.
The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Jersey City has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps. Jersey City is within USDA hardiness zone 7a on the West side of the city and hardiness zone 7b on the East side.
1840-1920 1840 1850-1870
1850 1870 1880-1890
1930-1990 2000 2010
* = Gained territory in previous decade.
|Black or African American||25.8%||29.7%||21.0%||4.5%|
|Hispanic or Latino (of any race)||27.6%||24.2%||9.1%||n/a|
Jersey City is one of the most racially diverse cities in the world. The city's formerly most populous ethnic group, non-Hispanic white, declined from 69.5% in 1970 to 21.5% by 2010. The growing population of Asian Indians makes up a large part of the India Square district in Journal Square, comprising 10.9% of the overall population of Jersey City in 2010, the highest proportion of any major U.S. city. Likewise, Jersey City is also home to a Little Manila to serve its large Filipino population. The city has a large Kenyan American community, and the country's largest Egyptian Coptic population. Jersey City also has a large Moroccan community. Pakistanis, Guyanese, Nigerians, Vietnamese, Chinese, Haitians, Polish, Italians, and Irish also make up a large percent of the population. The city is home to 4.4% of the state’s Hispanic population, and the highest number of mixed-race residents in Hudson County, at 13%. However, relations between ethnic groups have not always been amicable, as evidenced by incidents such as the infamous Dotbusters gang attacks of 1987 against residents of South Asian descent.
A 2011 survey of census data shows Jersey City to have one the nation's highest percentages of residents who work as artists, leading The Atlantic magazine to call it the 10th most artistic city in the USA.
At the 2010 United States Census, there were 247,597 people, 96,859 households, and 57,631 families residing in the city. The population density was 16,736.6 per square mile (6,462.0/km2). There were 108,720 housing units at an average density of 7,349.1 per square mile (2,837.5/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 32.67% (80,885) White, 25.85% (64,002) Black or African American, 0.51% (1,272) Native American, 23.67% (58,595) Asian, 0.07% (161) Pacific Islander, 12.81% (31,726) from other races, and 4.42% (10,956) from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 27.57% (68,256) of the population.
There were 96,859 households, of which 27.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 35.5% were married couples living together, 18.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 40.5% were non-families. 30.2% of all households were made up of individuals, and 7.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.53 and the average family size was 3.20.
In the city, 21.1% of the population were under the age of 18, 10.0% from 18 to 24, 37.6% from 25 to 44, 22.2% from 45 to 64, and 9.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33.2 years. For every 100 females there were 97.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.0 males.
The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $54,280 (with a margin of error of +/- $1,460) and the median family income was $58,533 (+/- $2,116). Males had a median income of $49,582 (+/- $1,968) versus $43,458 (+/- $1,837) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $30,490 (+/- $668). About 15.1% of families and 17.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 28.1% of those under age 18 and 15.6% of those age 65 or over.
As of the 2010 Census, Jersey City experienced an increase of 7,542 residents (3.1%) from its 2000 Census population of 240,055. Since it was believed the earlier population was under documented, the 2010 census was anticipated with the possibility that Jersey City might become the state's most populated city, surpassing Newark. The city has hired an outside firm to contest the results, citing the fact that development between 2000 and 2010 substantially increased the number of housing units and that new populations may have been under counted. Preliminary findings indicated that 19,000 housing units went uncounted.
As of the 2000 United States Census the population was 240,055 making Jersey City the 72nd most populous city in the U.S. Among cities with a population higher than 100,000 ranked in the 2000 Census, Jersey City was the fourth most densely populated large city in the United States, behind New York City; Paterson, New Jersey; and San Francisco. There were 88,632 households, and 55,660 families residing in the city. The population density was 16,093.7/mi2 (6,212.2/km2). There were 93,648 housing units at an average density of 6,278.3 per square mile (2,423.4/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 34.01% White, 28.32% African American, 0.45% Native American, 16.20% Asian, 0.08% Pacific Islander, 15.11% from other races, and 5.84% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 28.31% of the population.
Of all 88,632 households, 31.1% had children under the age of 18 living there, 36.4% were married couples living together, 20.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.2% were non-families. 29.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.67 and the average family size was 3.37.
In the city the population was spread out with 24.7% under the age of 18, 10.7% from 18 to 24, 35.1% from 25 to 44, 19.7% from 45 to 64, and 9.8% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females there were 95.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.6 males.
The median income of its households was $37,862, and the median income of its families was $41,639. Males had a median income of $35,119 versus $30,494 for females. The per capita income for the city was $19,410. About 16.4% of families and 18.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 27.0% of those under age 18 and 17.5% of those age 65 or over.
Jersey City has several shopping districts, some of which are traditional main streets for their respective neighborhoods, such as Central, Danforth, and West Side Avenues. Journal Square is a major commercial district. Newport Mall is a regional shopping area. Portions of the city are part of an Urban Enterprise Zone. In addition to other benefits to encourage employment within the Zone, shoppers can take advantage of a reduced 3½% sales tax rate (versus the 7% rate charged statewide) at eligible merchants. In February 2014, New Jersey State Senate President Stephen Sweeney argued that Jersey City, among other distressed cities, could benefit from a casino—were construction of one outside of Atlantic City eventually permitted by New Jersey.
Jersey City is home to the headquarters of Verisk Analytics and Lord Abbett, a privately held money management firm. Companies such as Computershare, ICAP, ADP, and Fidelity Investments also conduct operations in the city. Goya Foods, which is headquartered in adjacent Secaucus, announced plans in 2011 to open a 500,000-square-foot distribution center in Jersey City.
In 2014, Paul Fireman proposed a 95 story tower for Jersey City that would include a casino. The project would cost an estimated $4.6 billion and was endorsed by Mayor Steve Fulop.
Art and culture
- See List of Registered Historic Places in Hudson County, New Jersey
- Statue of Liberty National Monument, Ellis Island and Liberty Island
- Liberty Science Center
- The Katyń Memorial by well-known Polish-American artist Andrzej Pitynski on Exchange Place is the first memorial of its kind to be raised on American soil to honor the dead of the Katyń Forest Massacre.
- The Colgate Clock, promoted by Colgate-Palmolive as the largest in the world, sits in Jersey City and faces Lower New York Bay and Lower Manhattan (it is clearly visible from Battery Park in lower Manhattan). The clock, which is 50 feet (15 m) in diameter with a minute hand weighing 2,200 pounds, was erected in 1924 to replace a smaller one that was relocated to a plant in Jeffersonville, Indiana.
- The Landmark Loew's Jersey Theatre, one of the five Loew's Wonder Theatres constructed in the 1920s and the only one located outside of New York City, is located in Journal Square. Currently presenting classic films, live performances, and events while the theatre undergoes restoration by volunteers.
Museums and libraries
The Jersey City Free Public Library has five regional branches, some of which have permanent collections and host exhibitions. At the Main Library, the New Jersey Room contains historical archives and photos. The Greenville Branch is home to the Afro-American Historical and Cultural Society Museum. The Five Corners Branch specializes in works related to music and the fine arts, and is a gallery space. The library system also supports a bookmobile and five neighborhood libraries.
Liberty State Park is home to Central Railroad of New Jersey Terminal, the Interpretive Center, and Liberty Science Center, an interactive science and learning center. The center, which first opened in 1993 as New Jersey's first major state science museum, has science exhibits, the world's largest IMAX Dome theater, numerous educational resources, and the original Hoberman sphere. From the park, ferries travel to both Ellis Island and the Immigration Museum and Liberty Island, site of the Statue of Liberty.
Hudson County Shakespeare Festival
Since 1992, the Hudson Shakespeare Company has been the resident Shakespeare festival of Hudson County performing a free Shakespeare production for each month of the summer throughout various parks in the city. The group regularly performs at Hamilton Park (9th Street & Jersey Avenue), Van Vorst Park (Jersey Avenue & Montgomery Street), and The Historic Jersey City and Harsimus Cemetery (435 Newark Avenue).
Jersey City is governed under the Faulkner Act (Mayor-Council) form of municipal government by a mayor and a nine-member city council. The city council consists of six members elected from wards (view the Jersey City Ward Map) and three elected at large, all elected to four-year terms on a concurrent basis in non-partisan elections. As of 2013[update], members of the City Council are Council President Rolando R. Lavarro, Jr., Daniel Rivera (at Large), Joyce Watterman (at Large), Frank Gajewski (Ward A - Greenville), Khemraj “Chico” Ramchal (Ward B - West Side), Richard Boggiano (Ward C - Journal Square), Michael Yun (Ward D - The Heights), Candice Osborne (Ward E - Downtown) and Diane Coleman (Ward F - Bergen/Lafayette), all of whom are serving a term running from July 1, 2013 until June 30, 2017.
Federal, state and county representation
Jersey City is split between the 8th and 10th Congressional Districts and is part of New Jersey's 31st and 33rd state legislative districts. Prior to the 2011 reapportionment following the 2010 Census, Jersey City had been in the 31st, 32nd and the 33rd state legislative districts. Prior to the 2010 Census, Jersey City had been split between the 9th Congressional District, 10th Congressional District and the 13th Congressional District, a change made by the New Jersey Redistricting Commission that took effect in January 2013, based on the results of the November 2012 general elections. The split that went into effect in 2013 placed 111,678 residents living in the city's north and east in the 8th District, while 139,519 residents in the southwest portion of the city were placed in the 10th District.
New Jersey's Eighth Congressional District is represented by Albio Sires (D, West New York). New Jersey's Tenth Congressional District is represented by Donald Payne, Jr. (D, Newark). New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Cory Booker (D, Newark, term ends 2021) and Bob Menendez (D, Paramus, 2019).
The 31st District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Sandra Bolden Cunningham (D, Jersey City) and in the General Assembly by Charles Mainor (D, Jersey City) and Jason O'Donnell (D, Bayonne). The 33rd Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Brian P. Stack (D, Union City) and in the General Assembly by Sean Connors (D, Jersey City) and Ruben J. Ramos (D, Hoboken). The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie (R, Mendham Township). The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach).
The city encompasses three Hudson County freeholder districts in their entirety, while three others are shared with adjacent municipalities. The Hudson County Executive, elected at-large, is Thomas A. DeGise. Hudson County Board of Chosen Freeholders Districts 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, and 8 are located partially or entirely in Jersey City. District 1 comprises neighboring Bayonne and a small part of Jersey City, Country Village, and is represented by Doreen McAndrew DiDomenico. District 2 includes the West Side and parts of the Marion Section and Journal Square and is represented by William O'Dea. District 3, which stretches from Paulus Hook through Bergen Hill to the east side of Greenville is represented by Jeffrey Dublin. District 4 includes Harsimus, Hamilton Park, and portions of Journal Square and the Heights  and is represented by Eliu Rivera. District 5, comprising portions of the Heights and all of neighboring Hoboken, is represented by Anthony Romano. District 8 compromises all of North Bergen, the North End of Secaucus and the northern tip of the city near Transfer Station. It is represented by Thomas Liggio.
As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 120,229 registered voters in Jersey City, of which 58,194 (48.4%) were registered as Democrats, 7,655 (6.4%) were registered as Republicans and 54,293 (45.2%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were 87 voters registered to other parties.
In the 2008 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 81.8% of the vote here (65,780 cast), ahead of Republican John McCain with 16.8% (13,529 votes) and other candidates with 0.7% (584 votes), among the 80,381 ballots cast by the city's 139,158 registered voters, for a turnout of 57.8%. In the 2004 presidential election, Democrat John Kerry received 74.5% of the vote here (52,979 ballots cast), out polling Republican George W. Bush with 22.8% (16,216 votes) and other candidates with 0.5% (559 votes), among the 71,130 ballots cast by the city's 119,723 registered voters, for a turnout percentage of 59.4.
In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Democrat Jon Corzine received 76.2% of the vote here (29,817 ballots cast), ahead of Republican Chris Christie with 18.7% (7,336 votes), Independent Chris Daggett with 3.2% (1,263 votes) and other candidates with 0.9% (371 votes), among the 39,143 ballots cast by the city's 120,269 registered voters, yielding a 32.5% turnout.
- Jersey City Fire Department (JCFD)
- Jersey City Medical Center Emergency Medical Services
- Jersey City Police Department (JCPD)
- Port Authority of New York and New Jersey Police Department
- Hudson County Urban Search & Rescue
- Hudson County Sheriff's Office
Colleges and universities
Jersey City is home to the New Jersey City University (NJCU) and Saint Peter's University, both of which are located in the city's West Side district. It is also home to Hudson County Community College, which is located in Journal Square. The University of Phoenix has a small location at Newport, and Rutgers University offers MBA classes at Harborside Center. Hudson County Community College, a junior college located in the Journal Square area offering courses to help the transition into a larger university, is praised for the culinary department and program.
The Jersey City Public Schools serve students three years and older from Pre-K 3 through twelfth grade. The district is one of 31 Abbott districts statewide, which are now referred to as "SDA Districts" based on the requirement for the state to cover all costs for school building and renovation projects in these districts under the supervision of the New Jersey Schools Development Authority.
Dr. Ronald E. McNair Academic High School was the second-ranked public high school in New Jersey out of 322 schools statewide, in New Jersey Monthly magazine's September 2010 cover story on the state's "Top Public High Schools", after being ranked second in 2008 out of 316 schools. and was selected as 41st best high school in the United States in Newsweek magazine's national 2011 survey. William L. Dickinson High School is the oldest high school in the city and one of the largest schools in Hudson County in terms of student population. Opened in 1906 as the Jersey City High School it is one of the oldest school sites in the city, its a four-story Beaux-Arts building located on a hilltop facing the Hudson River. Liberty High School is also one of the top schools in the Heights and the only high school that focuses on all academics. Other public high schools in Jersey City are James J. Ferris High School, Lincoln High School, and Henry Snyder High School. The Hudson County Schools of Technology (which also has campuses in North Bergen and Secaucus) has a campus in Jersey City, which includes County Prep High School.
Among Jersey City's elementary and middle schools is Academy I Middle School and Frank R. Conwell Middle School #4, which is part of the Academic Enrichment Program for Gifted Students. Another school is Alexander D. Sullivan P.S. #30, an ESL magnet school in the Greenville district, which services nearly 800 Pre-k through 5th grade students.
Jersey City also has 12 charter schools, which are run under a special charter granted by the Commissioner of the New Jersey Department of Education, including the Mathematics, Engineering, Technology and Science Charter School (for grades 6 - 12) and the Dr. Lena Edwards Charter School (for K-8), which were approved in January 2011.
The Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Newark maintains a network of elementary and secondary Catholic schools serve every area of Jersey City. High schools administered by the Archdiocese are Hudson Catholic Regional High School, St. Anthony High School, Saint Dominic Academy and St. Peter's Preparatory School. St. Mary High School - Closed in June 2011 due to declining enrollment
Catholic grade schools include Our Lady of Mercy Academy, Our Lady of Czestochowa School, Resurrection School, Sacred Heart School, St. Aloysius Elementary Academy, St. Anne School, St. Joseph School and St. Nicholas School.
Other private schools
Other private high schools in Jersey City include First Christian Pentecostal Academy and Stevens Cooperative School. Kenmare High School is operated through the York Street Project as part of an effort to reduce rates of poverty in households headed by women, through a program that offers small class sizes, individualized learning and development of life skills.
A number of other charter and private schools are also available. Genesis Educational Center is a private Christian school located in downtown Jersey City for ages newborn through 8th grade. The Jersey City Art School is a private art school located in downtown Jersey City for all ages.
Jersey City is located within the New York media market, and most of its daily papers are available for sale or delivery. The daily newspaper The Jersey Journal, located at its namesake Journal Square, covers Hudson County, its morning daily, Hudson Dispatch now defunct. The Jersey City Reporter is part of the Hudson Reporter group of local weeklies. The Jersey City Independent is a web-only news outlet that covers politics and culture in the city. The River View Observer is another weekly published in the city and distributed throughout the county. Another countywide weekly, El Especialito, also serves the city. The Jersey City Independent is an online newspaper covering Jersey City and surrounding municipalities. It also publishes JCI Magazine, a print quarterly magazine. The Daily News maintains extensive publishing and distribution facilities at Liberty Industrial Park.
Jersey City is the filming location for the 2012 reality television series Snooki & JWoww, a spinoff of Jersey Shore that stars Nicole "Snooki" Polizzi and Jennifer "JWoww" Farley living at a former firehouse at 38 Mercer Street at Grove Street in Downtown Jersey City.
Of all Jersey City commuters, 8.17% walk to work, and 46.62% take public transit. This is the second highest percentage of public transit riders of any city with a population of 100,000+ in the United States, behind only New York City and ahead of Washington, D.C. 40.67% of Jersey City households do not own an automobile, the second-highest of all cities in the United States with 50,000 to 250,000 residents.
- Hudson-Bergen Light Rail: One of the most popular forms of transportation in the city. Of the 24 HBLR stations that connect its three terminus points, 13 are located in Jersey City.
- PATH: 24-hour rapid transit system with four stations in Jersey City: Exchange Place, Newport, Grove Street, and Journal Square to Hoboken Terminal (HOB), midtown Manhattan (33rd) (along 6th Ave to Herald Square/Pennsylvania Station), World Trade Center (WTC), and Newark Penn Station (NWK).
- Hoboken Terminal-New Jersey Transit Hoboken Division: Main Line (to Suffern, and in partnership with MTA/Metro-North, express service to Port Jervis), Bergen County Line, and Pascack Valley Line, all via Secaucus Junction (where transfer is possible to Northeast Corridor Line); Montclair-Boonton Line and Morris and Essex Lines (both via Newark Broad Street Station); North Jersey Coast Line (limited service as Waterfront Connection via Newark Penn Station to Long Branch and Bay Head); Raritan Valley Line (limited service via Newark Penn Station).
- NY Waterway ferries operate between Newport, Paulus Hook Ferry Terminal, Liberty Harbor, Port Liberté to Manhattan at Battery Park City Ferry Terminal, Pier 11/Wall Street, and West Midtown Ferry Terminal, where free transfer is available to a variety of "loop" buses.
- Statue Cruises provides service to and between Ellis Island and Liberty Island
- Liberty Water Taxi operates ferries between Dock M. of Liberty State Park and the Battery Park City.
The Journal Square Transportation Center, Exchange Place, and Hoboken Terminal (just over the city line's northeast corner) are major origination/destination points for buses. Service is available to numerous points within Jersey City, Hudson County, and some suburban areas as well as to Newark on the 1, 2, 6, 10, 22, 64, 67, 68, 80, 81, 82, 83, 84, 85, 86, 87, 88, 123, 125, 305, 319 lines. Also serving Jersey City are various lines operated by Academy Bus and A&C Bus. Increased use of jitneys, locally known as dollar vans, have greatly affected travel patterns in Hudson County, leading to decreased bus ridership on traditional bus lines. After studies examining existing systems and changes in public transportation usage patterns it was determined that a Journal Square-Bayonne bus rapid transit system should be investigated. In 2012 the Board of Chosen Freeholders authorized the identification of possible BRT corridors.
- Newark Liberty International Airport (EWR) is the closest of the metropolitan area's three major airports
- LaGuardia Airport (LGA) is in East Elmhurst, Queens
- John F. Kennedy International Airport (JFK) is on Jamaica Bay in Queens
- Teterboro Airport, in the Hackensack Meadowlands, serves private and corporate planes
- Newport Helistop Heliport at Hudson River at Newport
As of 2010[update], the city had a total of 218.57 miles (351.75 km) of roadways, of which 189.88 miles (305.58 km) were maintained by the municipality, 10.34 miles (16.64 km) by Hudson County and 12.23 miles (19.68 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation and 6.12 miles (9.85 km) by the New Jersey Turnpike Authority.
- Holland Tunnel: From Boyle Plaza in downtown Jersey City to its eastern terminus at Canal Street, Manhattan (carries / )
- Highways include the New Jersey Turnpike Extension / Interstate 78, the Pulaski Skyway ( U.S. Route 1/9), New Jersey Route 139 (), and New Jersey Route 440 ().
A part of the East Coast Greenway, a planned unbroken bike route from Maine to the Florida Keys, will travel through the city. In June 2012, part of the route was officially designated in Lincoln Park and over the Lincoln Highway Hackensack River Bridge. Both the Hudson River Waterfront Walkway and Hackensack RiverWalk are bicycle friendly. In April 2012, the city initiated the Morris Canal Greenway Plan to investigate the establishment of a greenway, including a bicycle path, that would follow the route of the Morris Canal to the greatest extent possible. in the same month, the city established bikes lanes along the length Grove Street, originally meant to temporary. In December 2012, the city announced that Grove Street lanes would become permanent and that it would add an additional 54 miles (87 km) of both dedicated and shared bike lanes. The Harbor Ring is an initiative to create a 50 mile bike route along the Lower Hudson River, Upper New York Bay, and Kill van Kull that would incorporate bike paths in the city. In 2013, the city simplified the application and reduced the cost for business and residences to install bike racks as well as making them obligatory for certain new construction projects. Hudson County has initiated exploration of a bike-share program. Jersey City, Hoboken and Weehawken intended to operate the program starting 2014 but delayed the launch due to lack of sponsorship.
Jersey City has participated in the sister city program since establishing a relationship with Cusco, Peru in 1988. Currently they have relationships with 12 international cities, showing a spirit of economic and cultural exchange and mutual friendship.
- Timeline of Jersey City area railroads
- Hudson River Waterfront Walkway
- Hackensack RiverWalk
- Demographics of New Jersey
- Filipinos in the New York City metropolitan region
- St. Mark Coptic Orthodox Church
- Gateway Region
- Gold Coast, New Jersey
- Bergen Township
- Kaulessar, Ricardo (April 15, 2005). "Why do people call Jersey City ‘Chilltown’?". Jersey City Reporter. Retrieved February 19, 2010.
- "Jersey City: "Wall Street West"". BusinessWeek. October 29, 2001. Retrieved February 19, 2010.
- Staff. "Topics of the Week", The New York Times, August 7, 1909. Accessed December 21, 2011. "The seal of the city with the popular motto, 'Let Jersey Prosper,' appears on the cover."
- Gazetteer of New Jersey Places, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 14, 2013.
- US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
- Office of the Mayor, City of Jersey City. Accessed August 1, 2013.
- 2013 New Jersey Mayors Directory, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs. Accessed August 1, 2013. As of date accessed, Jerramiah Healy is listed as mayor with a term-end date of June 30, 2013.
- McDonald, Terrence T. "Former Wall Street executive, NYC nonprofit official named Jersey City deputy mayors", The Jersey Journal, July 16, 2013. Accessed August 1, 2013. "John Thieroff, 47, formerly a senior vice president at GE Capital and the mastermind behind Fulop’s decisive win in May’s mayoral contest, will handle financial issues, while Vivian Brady-Phillips, executive vice president at NYC Leadership Academy, will concentrate on social services, according to Mayor Steve Fulop."
- Department of Business Administration, City of Jersey City. Accessed April 14, 2014.
- Office of the City Clerk, City of Jersey City. Accessed November 12, 2012.
- U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: City of Jersey City, Geographic Names Information System. Accessed March 6, 2013.
- DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 for Jersey City city, Hudson County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed December 21, 2011.
- Municipalities Grouped by 2011-2020 Legislative Districts, New Jersey Department of State, p. 13,14. Accessed January 6, 2013.
- Table DP-1. Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2010 for Jersey City, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed December 21, 2011.
- PEPANNRES - Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2013 - 2013 Population Estimates for New Jersey municipalities, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 16, 2014.
- Look Up a ZIP Code for Jersey City, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed September 5, 2011.
- American FactFinder, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
- A Cure for the Common Codes: New Jersey, Missouri Census Data Center. Accessed August 14, 2012.
- US Board on Geographic Names, United States Geological Survey. Accessed September 4, 2014.
- 2005 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, April 2005, p. 139.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- Hudson County, NJ, National Association of Counties. Accessed January 20, 2013.
- The Counties and Most Populous Cities and Townships in 2010 in New Jersey: 2000 and 2010, United States Census Bureau. Accessed November 7, 2011.
- Staff. Population and Housing, Jersey City Economic Development Corporation. Accessed November 12, 2012. "Although the 5% population growth in Jersey City during the 1990s was below growth in the rest of Hudson County, the state and the nation, it was a reversal of five decades of population decline. Between 1930 and 1980, the number of Jersey City residents had dropped by almost 30% from a peak of 316,715 persons in 1930 to 223,532 persons in 1980."
- Table 7. Population for the Counties and Municipalities in New Jersey: 1990, 2000 and 2010, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development, February 2011. Accessed November 12, 2012.
- Jersey City Past and Present: Pavonia, New Jersey City University. Accessed May 10, 2006.
- A Virtual Tour of New Netherland, New Netherland Institute. Accessed May 10, 2006.
- Ellis, Edward Robb (1966). The Epic of New York City. Old Town Books. p. 38.
- Jersey City's Oldest House, Jersey City History. Accessed September 11, 2007.
- "Newkirk House 510 Summit Avenue". Get NJ. Retrieved 2013-05-20.
- Karnoutsos, Carmela. "Summit House/Newkirk House". New Jersey City University. Retrieved 2013-05-20.
- "Jersey City Heights/Van Vorst House". Forgetten New York. February 28, 2008. Retrieved 2013-05-31.
- Olszewski, Anthony (2002). "From Before the Revolutionary War! Jersey City's Oldest House". www.cityofjerseycity.org. Retrieved 2013-05-31.
- Zinsli, Christopher. "Jersey City's Underground Railroad history: Thousands of former slaves sought freedom by passing through Jersey City"[dead link], Hudson Reporter, March 23, 2007. Accessed September 5, 2011. "New Jersey alone had as many as four main routes, all of which converged in Jersey City.... As the last stop in New Jersey before fugitive slaves reached New York, Jersey City played an integral role - by some estimates, more than 60,000 escaped slaves traveled through Jersey City."
- Snyder, John P. The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606-1968, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. pp. 146-147. Accessed July 27, 2013.
- Winfield, Charles Hardenburg. "History of the County of Hudson, New Jersey, from Its Earliest Settlement to the Present Time", p. 289. Kennard & Hay Stationery M'fg and Print. Co., 1874. Accessed December 21, 2011.
- Staff. "The New Government of Jersey City - The Subordinate Offices", The New York Times, April 25, 1870. Accessed December 21, 2011. "The new City Government of Jersey City goes into operation on the first Tuesday in May."
- "Municipal Incorporations of the State of New Jersey (according to Counties)" prepared by the Division of Local Government, Department of the Treasury (New Jersey); December 1, 1958, p. 78 – Extinct List.
- "A Handsome Building: The Erie Railway's New Station at Jersey City." New York Times 4 December 1887.
- Condit, Carl (1980). The Port of New York. A History of the Rail and Terminal System from the Beginnings to Pennsylvania Station (Volume 1). University of Chicago Press. pp. 46–52,152–168. ISBN 978-0-226-11460-6.
- New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection LSP:Communipaw Terminal
- Finish Erie Tunnel in Jersey Heights NYTimes
- "Jersey City History: The Bergen Arches of the Erie Railroad". The Jersey City Landmarks Conservancy. 2007. Retrieved 2009-03-18.
- Leal, John L. (1909). “The Sterilization Plant of the Jersey City Water Supply Company at Boonton, N.J.” Proceedings American Water Works Association. pp. 100-9.
- "Federal Bureau of Investigation – Press Room – Headline Archives". Fbi.gov. July 30, 1916. Retrieved June 10, 2010.
- Alexander, Jack (October 26, 1940). "King Hanky-Panky of Jersey City". The Saturday Evening Post. p. 122.
- "Hague's End". Time (magazine). May 23, 1949.
- Grundy, J. Owen (1975). The History of Jersey City (1609–1976). Jersey City: Walter E. Knight.
- "Hudson County's Degradation. Where Official Corruption Runs Riot is Not Concealed." The New York Times, October 22, 1893
- Strum, Charles. "Another Milepost on the Long Trail of Corruption in Hudson County" The New York Times; December 19, 1991
- Strunsky, Steve. "Why Can't Hudson County Get Any Respect?; Despite Soaring Towers, Rising Property Values and Even a Light Rail, the Region Struggles to Polish Its Image" The New York Times, January 14, 2001
- " A City Whose Time Has Come Again" The New York Times, April 30, 2000.
- Hudson-Bergen Light Rail schedule (PDF)
- Healy, Jerramiah. "Renaissance on the Waterfront and Beyond: Jersey City's Reach for the Stars". New Jersey State League of Municipalities.
- Murphy, Meredith R.; Drinker Biddle & Reath LLP (October 15, 2013). "Jersey City Passes Paid Sick Leave Law". The National Law Review. Retrieved 6 November 2013.
- Population of the 100 Largest Urban Places: 1990, United States Census Bureau, June 15, 1998. Accessed November 27, 2011.
- Strunsky, Steve (December 9, 2001). "CITIES; Bright Lights, Big Retail". The New York Times.
- Holusha, John. "Commercial Property / The Jersey Riverfront; On the Hudson's West Bank, Optimistic Developers", The New York Times, October 11, 1998. Accessed May 25, 2007. "'That simply is out of the question in midtown,' he said, adding that some formerly fringe areas in Midtown South that had previously been available were filled up as well. Given that the buildings on the New Jersey waterfront are new and equipped with the latest technology and just a few stops on the PATH trains from Manhattan, they become an attractive alternative. 'It's the sixth borough', he said."
- Belson, Ken (May 21, 2007). "In Stamford, a Plan to Rebuild an Area and Build an Advantage". The New York Times.
- Hudson County New Jersey Street Map. Hagstrom Map Company, Inc. 2008. ISBN 0-88097-763-9.
- Lynch, Kevin (June 1960). Images of the City. MIT. p. 29. ISBN 978-0-262-62001-7.
- Gabrielan, Randall (1999). Jersey City in Vintage Postcards. Arcadia Publishing. ISBN 978-0-7385-4954-5
- Christine Lagorio (January 11, 2005). "Close-Up on the Jersey City Waterfront". The Village Voice. Retrieved December 21, 2011.
- "The New Jersey Suburbs How New York is Extending on the West Side of the Hudson". The New York Times. April 22, 1872. Retrieved 2011-02-20.
- "JC Ward map". Jerseycityindependent.com. January 6, 2009. Retrieved June 10, 2010.
- Goldberger, Paul (August 2, 2004). "Shanghai on the Hudson". The New Yorker.
- "Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat".
- Hampson, Rick. "Model of urban future: Jersey City?", USA Today, April 16, 2007. Accessed December 21, 2011. "This was the former Jersey City Medical Center, a cluster of Art Deco buildings on a rise in the center of the city, far from the booming waterfront. Now the medical center was becoming The Beacon condominium complex, one of the nation's largest historic renovation projects."
- The Heights, Jersey City Redevelopment Agency. Accessed December 21, 2011.
- Climate Summary for Jersey City, New Jersey
- Census Estimates for New Jersey April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2013, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 23, 2014.
- Compendium of censuses 1726-1905: together with the tabulated returns of 1905, New Jersey Department of State, 1906. Accessed July 27, 2013.
- Bowen, Francis. American Almanac and Repository of Useful Knowledge for the Year 1843, p. 231, David H. Williams, 1842. Accessed July 27, 2013. Population on 1840 of 3,033 is listed, 39 less than shown in other sources.
- Raum, John O. The History of New Jersey: From Its Earliest Settlement to the Present Time, Volume 1, p. 278, J. E. Potter and company, 1877. Accessed July 27, 2013. "Jersey City is divided into sixteen wards and contained in 1850 a population of 6,856; in 1860, 29,226; and in 1870, 82,546. The population of this city has increased with wonderful rapidity having more than trebled within the last decade."
- Debow, James Dunwoody Brownson. The Seventh Census of the United States: 1850, p. 139. R. Armstrong, 1853. Accessed July 27, 2013.
- Staff. A compendium of the ninth census, 1870, p. 259. United States Census Bureau, 1872. Accessed July 27, 2013.
- Porter, Robert Percival. Preliminary Results as Contained in the Eleventh Census Bulletins: Volume III - 51 to 75, p. 98. United States Census Bureau, 1890. Accessed July 27, 2013.
- Thirteenth Census of the United States, 1910: Population by Counties and Minor Civil Divisions, 1910, 1900, 1890, United States Census Bureau, p. 337. Accessed July 27, 2013.
- Fifteenth Census of the United States : 1930 - Population Volume I, United States Census Bureau, p. 714. Accessed December 21, 2011.
- New Jersey Resident Population by Municipality: 1930 - 1990, Workforce New Jersey Public Information Network, backed up by the Internet Archive as of May 2, 2009. Accessed December 221, 2011.
- Census 2000 Profiles of Demographic / Social / Economic / Housing Characteristics for Jersey City city, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 27, 2013.
- DP-1: Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2000 - Census 2000 Summary File 1 (SF 1) 100-Percent Data for Jersey City city, Hudson County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 27, 2013.
- "Jersey City (city), New Jersey". State & County QuickFacts. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-05-15.
- "New Jersey - Race and Hispanic Origin for Selected Cities and Other Places: Earliest Census to 1990". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-05-15.
- From 15% sample
- Clapper, Tara. "Top 100 Racially-Diverse Cities List Includes New York and New Jersey Cities", Home Space, accessed January 19, 2011.
- Clark, Amy Sara. "Thousands flock to Jersey City to celebrate India's independence", The Jersey Journal, August 14, 2010. Accessed December 21, 2011. "Thousands of people from across Northern New Jersey converged in Jersey City's 'Little India' today for the 15th annual Indo-American Parade and Festival."
- "Little India", GETNJ.com. Accessed December 21, 2011.
- Schmidt, Margaret (February 15, 2009). "Kenyan immigrants in Jersey City celebrate Obama". NJ.com.
- Luos, Kikuyus (February 5, 2008). "Kenyan Unrest, Jersey Style". The Village Voice.
- Egyptians in the New York Metro Area, All Peoples Initiative, September 2008. Accessed December 21, 2011
- Cullen, Deanna. “Growing influence”, The Union City Reporter, February 13, 2011, pages 1 and 15
- Marriott, Michel. "In Jersey City, Indians Protest Violence", The New York Times, October 12, 1987. Accessed October 6, 2008. "But in recent weeks, Indians here say, the violence has taken on a new and uglier cast. One Jersey City Indian was beaten to death in Hoboken. Another remains in a coma after being discovered beaten unconscious on a busy street corner here earlier this month. And in a crudely handwritten letter, partially printed in The Jersey Journal, someone wrote, We will go to any extreme to get Indians to move out of Jersey City. The note was signed The Dotbusters."
- Carrol, Brendon (December 21, 2011). "Artists React to Jersey City's Designation as 10th Most Artistic US City". Jersey City Independent. Retrieved 2011-12-21
- "Jersey City #10 on 'The Atlantic' list of most artistic U.S. cities". The Jersey Journal. November 30, 2011. Retrieved 2011-12-19
- Florida, Richard (November 30, 2011). "The Most Artistic Cities in America". The Atlantic Cities. Retrieved 2011-12-19.
- DP03: Selected Economic Characteristics from the 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates for Jersey City city, Hudson County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 27, 2013.
- Hayes, Melissa. "2010 Census road tour stops in Jersey City", NJ.com/The Jersey Journal, January 5, 2010
- Hunger, Matt (June 16, 2011). "Jersey City Hires Outside Firm to Help Challenge 2010 Census Count". Jersey City Independent. Retrieved 2011-06-06.
- MacDonald, Terrence (June 16, 2011). "Jersey City paying consultant $25,000 to challenge Census count". The Jersey Journal. Retrieved 2011-06-18
- Hunger, Matt (September 2, 2011). "Firm's Preliminary Findings Say 2010 Census Count Missed 19,000 Housing Units in Jersey City". Jersey City Independent. Retrieved 2011-09-02
- Cities with 100,000 or More Population in 2000 ranked by Population, 2000 in Rank Order, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 5, 2011.
- Cities with 100,000 or More Population in 2000 ranked by Population per Square Mile, 2000 in Rank Order, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 5, 2011.
- Jersey City, New Jersey, City-Data. Accessed January 24, 2008.
- "JC Shopping Districts". Jerseycityonline.com. Retrieved June 10, 2010.
- Geographic & Urban Redevelopment Tax Credit Programs: Urban Enterprise Zone Employee Tax Credit, State of New Jersey, backed up by the Internet Archive as of May 25, 2009. Accessed September 5, 2011.
- Associated Press (February 7, 2014). "Sweeney Floats Idea of Casinos in Newark, Camden or Jersey City". NJ.com (powered by Independent Press).
- Todd, Susan. "Verisk Analytics of Jersey City raises $1.9B in stock offering", The Star-Ledger, October 8, 2009. Accessed October 8, 2009.
- Lord Abbett: Contact Us, accessed April 2, 2011.
- Major Employer's List, Hudson County Economic Development Corporation, accessed March 18, 2011.
- Hugh R. Morley (June 1, 2011). "Goya looks to expand into Jersey City". NorthJersey.com. Retrieved June 16, 2011.
- Bagli, Charles V. "Reebok Founder Proposes 95-Story Tower With Casino for Jersey City". The New York Times. Retrieved 15 July 2014.
- Stoltzfus, Duane (June 6, 1991). "Statue Erected as Memorial to Victims of Katyn Massacre". The Record.
- Lyons, Richard (July 9, 1989). "Jersey City Landmark; Now It's Time to Move the Colgate Clock". The New York Times. Retrieved January 30, 2010.
- Staff. "Grant to restore Loew's balcony", The Jersey Journal, July 6, 2009. Accessed February 11, 2012. "The Landmark Loew's Jersey Theatre in Jersey City is taking another step toward returning to its former glory, thanks to a grant from The Provident Bank Foundation.... The historic theater is only one of five 'Wonder Theatres' built by movie baron Marcus Lewis outside New York City."
- Staff, Village Voice (October 20, 2010). "BEST OF NYC®: Landmark Loews Jersey Theater, Best Movie Theater". Village Voice. Retrieved February 12, 2012.
- Net Ops. "JC Free Public Library". Jclibrary.org. Retrieved June 10, 2010.
- Liberty State Park, New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection. Accessed August 1, 2013.
- Home Page, Statue Cruises. Accessed August 1, 2013.
- "Unofficial Soviet Art on View in Jersey City". New York Times. 1981-10-27. Retrieved 2010-11-13.
- "Hudson Bergen Light Rail (HBLR)". Station Reporter. Accessed January 3, 2012.
- "MLK Station". Subwaynut.com. Retrieved June 10, 2010.
- Hudson-Bergen Light Rail. world.nycsubway.org. Accessed January 3, 2012.
- Ciccarelli, Jon. "Hudson Shakespeare Company venues".
- "Ellen Cantor and Joseph Grigley". Frieze magazine. Jan–Feb 2004.
- http://www.cityofjerseycity.com/administration.aspx?id=876. Retrieved 14 April 2014. Missing or empty
- City Council, City of Jersey City. Accessed August 1, 2013.
- Plan Components Report, New Jersey Redistricting Commission, December 23, 2011. Accessed January 6, 2013.
- 2012 New Jersey Citizen's Guide to Government, p. 59, New Jersey League of Women Voters. Accessed January 6, 2013.
- Districts by Number for 2011-2020, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed January 6, 2013.
- 2011 New Jersey Citizen's Guide to Government, p. 59, New Jersey League of Women Voters. Accessed January 6, 2013.
- New Jersey Congressional Districts 2012-2021: Jersey City Map, New Jersey Department of State. Accessed January 6, 2013.
- Directory of Representatives: New Jersey, United States House of Representatives. Accessed January 5, 2012.
- Directory of Representatives: New Jersey, United States House of Representatives. Accessed January 5, 2012.
- About Cory Booker, United States Senate. Accessed January 26, 2015. "He now owns a home and lives in Newark's Central Ward community."
- Biography of Bob Menendez, United States Senate, January 26, 2015. "He currently lives in Paramus and has two children, Alicia and Robert."
- Senators of the 114th Congress from New Jersey. United States Senate. Accessed January 26, 2015. "Booker, Cory A. - (D - NJ) Class II; Menendez, Robert - (D - NJ) Class I"
- Legislative Roster 2012-2013 Session, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed January 11, 2012.
- "About the Governor". State of New Jersey. Retrieved 2010-01-21.
- "About the Lieutenant Governor". State of New Jersey. Retrieved 2010-01-21.
- Thomas A. Degise, Hudson County Executive, Hudson County, New Jersey. Accessed January 5, 2011.
- Freeholder District 1, Hudson County, New Jersey. Accessed January 15, 2011.
- Bichao, Sergio (June 3, 2008). "Hudson County results". nj.com. Retrieved 2011-01-15.
- Freeholder Biographies, Hudson County, New Jersey. Accessed January 15, 2011.
- Freeholder District 2, Hudson County, New Jersey. Accessed January 15, 2011.
- Freeholder District 3, Hudson County, New Jersey. Accessed January 15, 2011.
- Freeholder District 4, Hudson County, New Jersey. Accessed January 15, 2011.
- Freeholder District 5, Hudson County, New Jersey. Accessed January 15, 2011.
- Freeholder District 8, Hudson County, New Jersey. Accessed January 15, 2011.
- Voter Registration Summary - Hudson, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, March 23, 2011. Accessed November 13, 2012.
- 2008 Presidential General Election Results: Hudson County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 23, 2008. Accessed November 13, 2012.
- 2004 Presidential Election: Hudson County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 13, 2004. Accessed November 13, 2012.
- 2009 Governor: Hudson County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 31, 2009. Accessed November 13, 2012.
- College Directions & Map, Hudson County Community College. Accessed December 21, 2011.
- Abbott Districts, New Jersey Department of Education, backed up by the Internet Archiveas of May 15, 2009. Accessed August 14, 2012.
- What are SDA Districts?, New Jersey Schools Development Authority. Accessed August 14, 2012. "SDA Districts are 31 special-needs school districts throughout New Jersey. They were formerly known as Abbott Districts, based on the Abbott v. Burke case in which the New Jersey Supreme Court ruled that the State must provide 100 percent funding for all school renovation and construction projects in special-needs school districts.... The districts were renamed after the elimination of the Abbott designation through passage of the state’s new School Funding Formula in January 2008."
- SDA Districts, New Jersey Schools Development Authority. Accessed August 14, 2012.
- Staff. "2010 Top High Schools", New Jersey Monthly, August 16, 2010. Accessed December 21, 2011.
- Staff. "36 N.J. high schools named among Newsweek's top 1000 in America", The Star-Ledger, June 21, 2011. Accessed December 21, 2011.
- Goodnough, Abby. "Once Upon a Time, When High Schools Were Palaces", The New York Times, October 6, 1996. Accessed December 21, 2011. "NINETY years ago, an enormous Beaux Arts building went up on a hill overlooking the Hudson River. It had Corinthian columns, terrazzo floors and a vestibule lined with English marble. It could have passed for a palace, or at least a palatial estate. But it was neither. It was, in fact, William L. Dickinson High School, the first public secondary school in Jersey City.... When it opened in 1906, Dickinson had a 2,000-seat auditorium used not just for school functions but for political debates, plays and concerts."
- High Schools, Hudson County Schools of Technology. Accessed November 16, 2011.
- "Alexander D. Sullivan School at Jersey City Board of Education". Jcboe.org. Retrieved June 10, 2010.
- Staff. "State approves 2 New Jersey City charter schools", The Jersey Journal, January 19, 2011. Accessed November 16, 2011.
- Hudson County High Schools, Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Newark. Accessed September 2, 2011.
- Persaud, Vishal. "Announcement St. Mary High School in Jersey City will close in June has some parents, students and staff stunned", The Jersey Journal, February 9, 2011. Accessed September 2, 2011. "Parents, students and staff at St. Mary High School in Jersey City remained stunned yesterday by Monday's news that the school is closing at the end of June.... St. Mary will graduate 72 seniors in June, which would have put the school's enrollment at 93 among the remaining classes. Ten years ago, St. Mary had 381 students, Lalicato said. At its peak in the mid-1980s, the school had more than 450 students."
- Thorbourne, Ken (June 26, 2014). "Amid economic challenges, Jersey City's Sacred Heart School continues mission". The Jersey Journal. Retrieved 2014-08-21.
- Hudson County Elementary Schools, Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Newark. Accessed September 2, 2011.
- Our History, First Pentecostal Church of God. Accessed January 3, 2012. "First Christian Pentecostal Academy spans from grades K4 through 8th. It is a ministry that God has used and continues to use to serve children and their families."
- About Us, Stevens Cooperative School. Accessed January 3, 2012. Welcome to Stevens Cooperative School, a school for children age two through 8th grade that has since 1949 been a beacon of progressive education in Hudson County.
- Who We Are: Kenmare High School, The York Street Project. Accessed September 2, 2011.
- "Genesis Educational Center". Riversidecares.org. Retrieved June 10, 2010.
- "The Jersey City Art School". Jcartschool.com. Retrieved June 10, 2010.
- Staff. "Owners Warn That Hudson County Newspaper Could Be Closed", The New York Times, January 3, 2002. Accessed September 5, 2011.
- "Jersey City Independent".
- "El Especial". El Especial. Retrieved June 10, 2010.
- Germano, Sara (May 18, 2011). "Jersey City Independent". Columbia Journalism Review. Retrieved 2014-08-31.
- "City data Jersey City Economy". City-data.com. Retrieved June 10, 2010.
- WFMU. "About WFMU FAQ". Wfmu.org. Retrieved June 10, 2010.
- "PHOTOS: Snooki, JWoww move into old Jersey City firehouse for 'Jersey Shore' spinoff". NJ.com. February 26, 2012.
- Most Public Transit Commuters in Cities with 50,000 to 250,000 Residents, Cars At Work. Accessed December 21, 2011.[dead link]
- Most Car-Free Households in Cities with 50,000 to 250,000, Bikes At Work. Accessed December 21, 2011.
- Ellis Island and Liberty Island Ferry Map
- Statue of Liberty & Ellis Island information at Star Cruises; Accessed August 31, 2010
- "Hornblower Cruises". Statuecruises.com. Retrieved June 10, 2010.
- "Jersey City Public Transportation Information". Jctransit.com. Retrieved June 10, 2010.
- Hudson County Bus / Rail Connections, New Jersey Transit, backed up by the Internet Archive as of May 25, 2009. Accessed September 5, 2011.
- "Hudson County Jitney Study". NJTPA. 2010-. Retrieved 2012-04-20. Check date values in:
- Urbitran Associates (November 2007). "Final Report". Hudson County Bus Circulation and Infrastructure Study. NJTPA. Retrieved 2012-04-20.
- New Jersey Transit, et al (November 2009). "Executive Summary". Final Report Jersey City Local Bus Study. NJT. Retrieved 2012-04-20.
- "Jersey City/Journal Square/Bayonne Bus Rapid Transit Study". NJTPA FY 2012-2013 Subregional Studies Program Proposal. NJTPA. Retrieved 2012-04-20.
- Hack, Charles (January 25, 2012). "Hudson freeholders to study express bus service between Jersey City and Bayonne". The Jersey Journal. Retrieved 2012-04-20
- "Newport Helistop Heliport". RunwayFinder. Retrieved June 10, 2010.
- Hudson County Mileage by Municipality and Jurisdiction, New Jersey Department of Transportation, May 2010. Accessed July 18, 2014.
- Haddon, Heather (May 12, 2012). "Greenway Clears Gritty Hurdle". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 2012-12-08.
- Reyes, Daniel (June 25, 2012). "New Bike Path Connects Jersey City and Newark". The Jersey Journal. Retrieved 2012-11-28.
- "Easy Riders JC". Easy Riders JC. Retrieved June 10, 2010.
- Wright, E. Assata (May 28, 2013). "Advancing the Morris Canal Greenway". Hudson Reporter. Retrieved 2013-07-08.
- "Morris Canal Greenway Plan". Retrieved 2012-12-07.
- "Technical Memorandum 1: Data Findings, Opportunities & Constraints Mapping" (PDF). City of Jersey City Morris Canal Greenway Plan. RBA Group. July 16, 2012. Retrieved 2013-06-21.
- Nathan, Sarah (December 7, 2012). "Move over, drivers: Jersey City plans to add 54 miles of bike lanes". The Jersey Journal. Retrieved 2012-12-07.
- Cruz, Vera (February 24, 2013). "New York Harbor and New Jersey meet Bike and pedestrian route planned to encourage recreation and transportation". Hudson Reporter. Retrieved 2013-03-19.
- "The Harbor Ring". Transportation Alternatives. Retrieved 2013-03-19.
- Goodyear, Sarah (October 12, 2012). "Could You One Day Ride Your Bike All the Way Around New York Harbor?". Atlantic Cities. Retrieved 2013-03-19.
- Copeland, Dennis (March 18, 2013). "Two major new bike initiatives to enhance Jersey City's bike infrastructure". The Jersey Journal. Retrieved 2013-03-19.
- "Exploration of Public Bike Share Program in Hudson County". Together North Jersey. Retrieved 2012-05-10.
- Benazil, Kathryn (December 17, 2013). "Ready to roll: Hoboken, Jersey City and Weehawken plan regional bike-sharing program". The Jersey Journal. Retrieved 2013-12-16.
- "Re: Sister Cities". Destination Jersey City. Retrieved March 13, 2014.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Jersey City, New Jersey.|