Pu'er City

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Prefecture-level city
Location of Pu'er City jurisdiction in Yunnan
Location of Pu'er City jurisdiction in Yunnan
Pu'er is located in Yunnan
Location of the city centre in Yunnan
Coordinates (Simao District government): 22°47′13″N 100°58′37″E / 22.787°N 100.977°E / 22.787; 100.977Coordinates: 22°47′13″N 100°58′37″E / 22.787°N 100.977°E / 22.787; 100.977
CountryPeople's Republic of China
GB/T 2260 CODE530800
Admin HQSimao District
Admin units
 • Total45,385 km2 (17,523 sq mi)
Elevation[1]1,306 m (4,285 ft)
Highest elevation3,306 m (10,846 ft)
Lowest elevation376 m (1,234 ft)
 • Total2,360,000
 • Density52/km2 (130/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard Time)
Postal code665000
Area code(s)0879
ISO 3166 codeCN-YN-08
Licence plate prefixes云J
Websitewww.puershi.gov.cn (in Chinese)
Yunnan Statistics Bureau[2] Yunnan Portal[3]
Pu'er City
Alternative Chinese name
Chinese思茅 (1950–2007)
PostalSzumao (1950–2007)

Pu'er is a prefecture-level city in southern Yunnan Province, China. The name Pu'er dates back to 1729, but was changed to Simao in 1950 after the Communist Revolution. In 2007, the original name of Pu'er was restored. This change had an effect on the size of the official Pu'er tea production area, a major regional product. The urban administrative center of Pu'er is Simao District, which is also the former name of the prefecture-level city itself. A major downturn in the price of tea in 2007 caused severe economic distress in the area.[4] The price of Pu'er has since recovered and Pu'er tea still contributes much to the income of the area.

Geography and climate[edit]

Pu'er is located in southern/southwestern Yunnan, on the lower reaches of the Mekong (known in Chinese as the Lancang), with the bordering prefectures being Yuxi to the northeast, Honghe to the east, Xishuangbanna to the south, Lincang to the northwest, and Dali and Chuxiong. It also shares borders with Vietnam (Điện Biên Province), Laos (Phongsaly Province), and Burma (Shan State), being the only prefecture in Yunnan to border all three countries. As with much of the province, mountainous terrain dominates its administrative area, covering 98.3%. Elevations range from 376 to 3,306 metres (1,234 to 10,846 ft).[1]

Located at an altitude of above 1,300 m (4,300 ft) and within a degree south of the Tropic of Cancer, Pu'er, as with much of southern Yunnan, has a warm humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cwa), with muddled distinction between the seasons and daytime temperatures remaining warm year-round. Highs peak in April and May before the core of the rainy season and reach a minimum in December; however, the warmest and coolest months are June and January, respectively at 22.7 °C (72.9 °F) and 13.4 °C (56.1 °F); the annual mean is 18.93 °C (66.1 °F). June through September accounts for nearly 70% of the annual rainfall of 1,487.4 mm (59 in) and during this time, some rainfall occurs on most days, pushing relative humidity above 80% and there is a marked reduction in sunshine. With monthly percent possible sunshine ranging from 24% in July to 69% in February, the city receives 2,038 hours of bright sunshine annually.

Administrative divisions[edit]

Name Hanzi Hanyu Pinyin Population
(2003 est.)
Area (km²) Density
Simao District 思茅区 Sīmáo Qū 200,000 4,093 49
Ning'er Hani and Yi Autonomous County 宁洱哈尼族彝族自治县 Níng'ěr Hānízú Yízú Zìzhìxiàn 190,000 3,670 52
Mojiang Hani Autonomous County 墨江哈尼族自治县 Mòjiāng Hānízú Zìzhìxiàn 350,000 5,459 64
Jingdong Yi Autonomous County 景东彝族自治县 Jǐngdōng Yízú Zìzhìxiàn 350,000 4,532 77
Jinggu Dai and Yi Autonomous County 景谷傣族彝族自治县 Jǐnggǔ Dǎizú Yízú Zìzhìxiàn 290,000 7,777 37
Zhenyuan Yi, Hani and Lahu Autonomous County 镇沅彝族哈尼族拉祜族自治县 Zhènyuán Yízú Hānízú Lāhùzú Zìzhìxiàn 200,000 4,223 47
Jiangcheng Hani and Yi Autonomous County 江城哈尼族彝族自治县 Jiāngchéng Hānízú Yízú Zìzhìxiàn 90,000 3,476 26
Menglian Dai, Lahu and Va Autonomous County 孟连傣族拉祜族佤族自治县 Mènglián Dǎizú Lāhùzú Wǎzú Zìzhìxiàn 110,000 1,957 56
Lancang Lahu Autonomous County 澜沧拉祜族自治县 Láncāng Lāhùzú Zìzhìxiàn 470,000 8,807 53
Ximeng Va Autonomous County 西盟佤族自治县 Xīméng Wǎzú Zìzhìxiàn 80,000 1,391 58


Association football is the most popular sport in Pu'er. The largest sports venue in the city is the 15,000-capacity Pu'er Stadium.[citation needed]



  1. ^ a b 普洱城市介绍以及其后背景分析——中国天气网 最好最全面天气预报信息资讯平台 (in Chinese). Weather China. Retrieved 2012-06-30.
  2. ^ 云南省统计局. yn.gov.cn (in Chinese).
  3. ^ 云南省人民政府门户网站. Yunnan People's Government (in Chinese).
  4. ^ Jacobs, Andrew. "A County in China sees Its Fortune in Tea Leaves until a Bubble Bursts, International Herald Tribune, January 17, 2009". New York Times.

External links[edit]