Vienna International Airport

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Vienna International Airport
Flughafen Wien-Schwechat
Vienna International Airport Logo.svg
2011-06-14 10-23-56 Austria Niederösterreich Fischamend Markt.jpg
Airport type Public
Operator Flughafen Wien AG
Serves Vienna, Austria and
Bratislava, Slovakia
Location Schwechat, Austria
Hub for
Focus city for
Elevation AMSL 183 m / 600 ft
Coordinates 48°06′37″N 016°34′11″E / 48.11028°N 16.56972°E / 48.11028; 16.56972Coordinates: 48°06′37″N 016°34′11″E / 48.11028°N 16.56972°E / 48.11028; 16.56972
Airport map
Airport map
VIE is located in Austria
Location within Austria
Direction Length Surface
m ft
11/29 3,500 11,483 Asphalt
16/34 3,600 11,811 Asphalt
Statistics (2016)
Aircraft Movements 226,811 Decrease 0.2%
Passenger Movements 23,352,016 Increase 2.5%
Freight (in tons) 282,726 Increase 3.7%
Source: Flughafen Wien AG[1]

Vienna International Airport (German: Flughafen Wien-Schwechat; IATA: VIEICAO: LOWW) is the international airport of Vienna, the capital of Austria, located in Schwechat, 18 km (11 mi) southeast of central Vienna and 57 km west of Bratislava. It is the country's biggest airport and serves as the hub for Austrian Airlines and a base for Eurowings and Niki. It is capable of handling wide-body aircraft up to the Airbus A380. The airport features a dense network of European destinations as well as long-haul flights to Asia, North America and Africa. During 2016, the airport handled 23.4 million passengers, a 2.5% increase compared to 2015.[2]


Early years[edit]

Originally built as a military airport in 1938, and used during World War II as the Heinkel firm's southern military aircraft design and production complex, or Heinkel-Süd facility, it was taken over by the British in 1945 and became RAF Schwechat under the occupation of the country. In 1954, the Betriebsgesellschaft was founded, and the airport replaced Aspern as Vienna's (and Austria's) principal aerodrome. There was just one runway, which in 1959 was expanded to measure 3,000 m (9,843 ft). The erection of the new airport building starting in 1959.[citation needed]

In 1972 another runway was built. In 1982 the airport was connected to the national motorway network (Ostautobahn). In 1986 the enlarged arrivals hall was opened, and in 1988 Pier East with 8 jetbridges.[citation needed]

Flughafen Wien AG (de), one of the few publicly traded airport operators in Europe, was privatised in 1992. The state of Lower Austria and the City of Vienna each hold 20% of the shares, the private employee participation foundation holds 10%, with the remaining 50% held privately.[3] The shares are part of the Austrian Traded Index.[citation needed]

In 1992, the new Terminal 1 was opened and a year later the shopping area around the plaza in the transit area of the B, C and D gates. In 1996 Pier West with 12 jetbridges got in operation.[citation needed]

Development since the 2000s[edit]

In 2006 the 109 m (358 ft) tall control tower started operating. It allows a free overview of the entire airport area and offers a night laser show, which should welcome the passengers even from the aircraft. From 2004–2007 an Office Park had been erected offering 69,000 m2 (740,000 sq ft) of rentable space. A VIP- and general aviation-terminal, including a separated apron, opened in 2006.[citation needed]

To accommodate future growth, in 1998 Vienna Airport published a master plan that outlined expansion projects until 2015. These projects included a new office park, railway station, cargo center, general aviation center, air traffic control tower, terminal, and runway. Additionally, the plan called for streamlined security control.[4] The centerpiece of the enlargement was the new terminal, dubbed Skylink during its construction. In 2002, the airport's management estimated that building the new terminal will cost 401.79 million.[5] However, costs skyrocketed and in 2009 stood at an estimated 929.5 million.[5] The Austrian Court of Audit then recommended that the airport implement several cost-savings measures, which in the Court's estimate brought down final costs to 849.15 million, still more than double the original plans.[5]

On June 5, 2012, the new Austrian Star Alliance Terminal (Terminal 3, named Skylink during its construction) was opened, which enables the airport to handle up to 30 million passengers per year.[6] Construction started in 2004 and was suspended due to projected cost increases in 2009, but resumed in 2010. The maximum planned costs totaled less than €770 million.[7] Following concerns over the mismanagement of the Skylink project, chief executive Herbert Kaufman agreed to resign at the end of December 2010.[8] The new building with its North Pier has 17 jetbridges and makes the airport capable of handling more aircraft, although the new terminal is not able to handle Airbus A380 aircraft. However, the older Concourse D will see an upgrade to accommodate the A380.[9]


Vienna International Airport has four terminal buildings named Terminal 1, 2 and 3 which are directly built against each other as well as the additional Terminal 1A located opposite Terminal 1. Terminals 1, 2 and 3 connect to the five concourses. The central arrivals hall for all terminal areas is located in Terminal 3.[10]


  • Terminal 1 underwent refurbishment in January 2013 and is now mainly used by Air Berlin and Niki as well as several other oneworld and SkyTeam airlines.
  • Terminal 1A, located in a standalone building opposite Terminal 1 hosts check-in facilities for a number of low-cost carriers.
  • Terminal 2 is currently closed, pending refurbishment.[9] It was used by numerous foreign airlines whose check-in facilities have been primarily relocated to Terminal 1.
  • Terminal 3, also referred to as the Austrian Star Alliance Terminal, with its adjoining Concourses F and G is the airport's newest facility. It is used by the Austrian Airlines Group, most Star Alliance members, and a number of other carriers including Emirates, El Al and Qatar Airways.


  • Concourse B is in the basement of Concourse C and features Gates B22–B43 (boarding by buses) for Schengen destinations
  • Concourse C (pier west) for Schengen destinations; features Gates C31–C42 (jetbridges), C35–C41 (only for transfer), C71–C75 (buses, Schengen only)
  • Concourse D (pier east; formerly Concourse A) for non-Schengen destinations with shared passport control at the entrance of pier east; features Gates D21–D29 (boarding via jetbridges), D31–D37 (boarding via buses), D61–D70 (buses). Concourse D will be refurbished and equipped to handle the Airbus A380 as part of the refurbishment programme announced in March 2016.[9]
  • Concourse F (Level 1 of pier north) is used for Schengen destinations and consists of Gates F01-F37 (jetbridges and buses)
  • Concourse G (Level 3 of pier north) for non-Schengen destinations; shared passport control at the entrance of Level 3; features Gates G01-G37 (jetbridges and busgates)

Expansion projects[edit]

Vienna Airport originally projected that it will need a third runway by 2012, or 2016 at the latest, in the event of cooperation with nearby Bratislava Airport.[4] It currently projects that a third runway will be necessary by 2025,[11] however, environmental organizations and some local communities oppose construction.[12] These groups have attacked the decision of Lower Austria (the state in which the airport is located) to move ahead with the first phase of construction; verdict from the administrative court that has taken up the lawsuit was expected later in 2015.[13] As of September 2016, there are ongoing public protests while still no legal decision has been made.[14]

Airlines and destinations[edit]


The following airlines offer regular scheduled and charter flights at Vienna International Airport:[15]

Airlines Destinations
Adria Airways Ljubljana
Aegean Airlines Athens
Seasonal: Heraklion
Aer Lingus Dublin
Aeroflot Moscow–Sheremetyevo
operated by Rossiya Airlines
St Petersburg
Air Algerie Algiers
airBaltic Riga, Tallinn
Air Berlin Berlin–Tegel, Düsseldorf
Seasonal: Olbia
Air Cairo Hurghada, Sharm El Sheikh
Air China Barcelona, Beijing–Capital
Air France Paris–Charles de Gaulle
Air India Delhi
Air Malta Malta
Air Moldova Chișinău
Air Serbia Belgrade
Air VIA Charter: Burgas, Varna
ASL Airlines France Seasonal charter: Bordeaux, Toulouse
Austrian Airlines Amman–Queen Alia, Amsterdam, Antalya, Athens, Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Basel/Mulhouse, Beijing–Capital, Belgrade, Berlin–Tegel, Bologna, Brussels, Bucharest, Budapest, Cairo, Chicago–O'Hare, Chișinău, Cologne/Bonn, Copenhagen, Dnipro, Düsseldorf, Erbil, Frankfurt, Funchal, Geneva, Gothenburg, Gran Canaria, Graz, Hamburg, Hong Kong, Iași, Ibiza, Innsbruck, Isfahan, Kiev-Boryspil, Klagenfurt, Košice, Kraków, Krasnodar, Lanzarote, Larnaca, Leipzig/Halle, Linz, London–Heathrow, Luxor, Lviv, Lyon, Manchester, Marrakesh, Miami, Milan–Malpensa, Minsk, Moscow–Domodedovo, Munich, Naples,[16] Newark, New York–JFK, Nice, Odessa, Oslo–Gardermoen, Palma de Mallorca, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Podgorica, Prague, Pristina, Salzburg, Sarajevo, Shanghai–Pudong, Sharm el-Sheikh, Shiraz, Sibiu, Skopje, Sofia, Stockholm–Arlanda, Stuttgart, Tehran–Imam Khomeini, Tel Aviv–Ben Gurion, Tenerife–South, Thessaloniki, Tirana, Tokyo–Narita (resumes 15 May 2018),[17] Toronto–Pearson, Varna, Venice, Vilnius, Warsaw–Chopin, Washington–Dulles, Yerevan, Zagreb, Zürich
Seasonal: Bari, Bodrum, Cagliari, Cape Town (resumes 28 October 2018),[18] Catania, Cephalonia, Chania, Chios, Colombo, Corfu, Dalaman, Dubrovnik, Faro, Florence, Fuerteventura, Havana, Heraklion, Kalamata, Karpathos, Kos, Lamezia Terme, Los Angeles, Mahé (begins 25 October 2017),[19] Malé, Mauritius, Menorca, Mykonos, Mytilene, Ohrid, Olbia, Palermo, Patras, Preveza, Reykjavík–Keflávik, Rhodes, St. Petersburg, Samos, Santorini, Skiathos, Split, Volos, Zakynthos
Seasonal charter: Glasgow,[20] Jersey,[20] Shannon[20]
BH Air Charter: Burgas
British Airways London–Heathrow
Brussels Airlines Brussels
Bulgaria Air Sofia
Seasonal: Varna
Bulgarian Air Charter Charter: Burgas, Varna
China Airlines Taipei–Taoyuan
Croatia Airlines Zagreb
Seasonal: Split
Czech Airlines Seasonal charter: Brač
easyJet Amsterdam, Berlin–Schönefeld, Bristol, Edinburgh, London–Gatwick, London–Luton, Lyon, Manchester, Naples
easyJet Switzerland Geneva
EgyptAir Cairo
El Al Tel Aviv–Ben Gurion
Emirates Dubai–International
Ethiopian Airlines Addis Ababa, Brussels
operated by Air Berlin
Birmingham, Madrid, Porto
Seasonal: Ibiza, Kalamata,[21] Malta, Mytilene, Paphos (ends 23 October 2017), Santorini[22]
operated by Eurowings Europe
Agadir (begins 4 November 2017),[23] Alicante, Barcelona, Bastia, Brindisi, Dortmund (begins 29 October 2017),[24] Düsseldorf, Faro, Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Hamburg, Hanover, London–Stansted, Málaga, Marsa Alam, Nice, Nuremberg, Olbia, Pisa, Palma de Mallorca, Paphos (begins 1 July 2018),[25] Rome–Fiumicino, Valencia
Seasonal: Jerez de la Frontera, Kavala, Lamezia Terme, Samos, Santorini, Zadar
operated by Germanwings
Cologne/Bonn, Düsseldorf, Stuttgart
EVA Air Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Taipei–Taoyuan
Finnair Helsinki
operated by Nordic Regional Airlines
operated by Stobart Air
Freebird Airlines Charter: Antalya, Istanbul-Sabiha Gökcen, Izmir
Germania Seasonal: Rostock
Georgian Airways Tbilisi
Iberia Madrid
Iran Air Tehran–Imam Khomeini Seasonal: Edinburgh
KLM Amsterdam
operated by KLM Cityhopper
Korean Air Seoul–Incheon
Seasonal: Zürich1
Kuwait Airways Seasonal: Kuwait City
LOT Polish Airlines Warsaw–Chopin
Lufthansa Frankfurt
Luxair Luxembourg
Montenegro Airlines Podgorica
Niki Agadir, Catania, Faro, Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Lanzarote, Larnaca, Málaga, Marrakesh, Palma de Mallorca, Tenerife–South
Seasonal: Calvi, Chania, Corfu, Dubrovnik, Heraklion, Ibiza, Kalamata, Karpathos, Kos, Preveza, Reykjavík–Keflávik, Rhodes, Santorini, Zakynthos
operated by LOT Polish Airlines
Norwegian Air Shuttle Oslo–Gardermoen
Nouvelair Seasonal: Enfidha
Onur Air Seasonal: Istanbul–Atatürk
Pegasus Airlines Ankara, Istanbul–Sabiha Gökçen
Seasonal: Antalya
People's Viennaline St. Gallen/Altenrhein
Seasonal charter: Olbia, Preveza[26]
Qatar Airways Doha
Royal Jordanian Amman–Queen Alia
S7 Airlines Moscow–Domodedovo
Scandinavian Airlines Copenhagen
SkyWork Airlines Basel/Mulhouse, Bern
SunExpress Ankara, Antalya, Izmir
Seasonal: Dalaman
SunExpress Deutschland Seasonal: Marrakesh, Varna
Swiss International Air Lines Zürich
TAP Portugal Lisbon
TAROM Bucharest
Thai Airways Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi (resumes 16 November 2017)[27]
Transavia Rotterdam
Transavia France Paris–Orly
Tunisair Tunis
Charter: Djerba,[28] Enfidha[29]
Turkish Airlines Istanbul–Atatürk, Istanbul–Sabiha Gökçen
Seasonal: Ankara, Antalya, Kayseri, Samsun, Trabzon
Ukraine International Airlines Kiev–Boryspil
UTair Aviation Moscow-Vnukovo
Volotea Genoa, Marseille, Nantes
Vueling Barcelona, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Rome–Fiumicino
Wings of Lebanon Beirut


Airlines Destinations
Asiana Cargo Frankfurt, Gothenburg, Seoul–Incheon, Moscow–Domodedovo
ASL Airlines Belgium Athens, Liège, Ljubljana
Cargolux Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Doha, Hanoi, Hong Kong, Luxembourg, Novosibirsk, Taipei–Taoyuan
FedEx Express Budapest, Paris–Charles de Gaulle
Korean Air Cargo Basel/Mulhouse, Brussels, Copenhagen, Milan–Malpensa, Navoi, Seoul–Incheon, Tel Aviv–Ben Gurion, Oslo–Gardermoen, Zaragoza
Silk Way Airlines Baku, Hanoi, Milan–Malpensa, Seoul–Incheon
Turkish Airlines Cargo Istanbul–Atatürk, Minsk
UPS Airlines Budapest, Cologne/Bonn


Traffic figures[edit]

Interior of Terminal 1
Interior of Terminal 1A
Interior of Terminal 3
Traffic by calendar year. Official ACI Statistics
Passengers Change from previous year Aircraft operations Change from previous year Cargo
(metric tons)
Change from previous year
2005 15,859,050 Increase 7.26% 252,988 Increase 3.42% 180,066 Increase13.77%
2006 16,855,725 Increase 6.28% 260,846 Increase 3.11% 201,870 Increase12.11%
2007 18,768,468 Increase11.35% 280,912 Increase 7.69% 205,024 Increase 1.56%
2008 19,747,289 Increase 5.22% 292,740 Increase 4.21% 201,364 Decrease 1.79%
2009 18,114,103 Decrease 8.27% 261,758 Decrease10.58% 198,407 Decrease 1.47%
2010 19,691,206 Increase 8.71% 265,150 Increase 1.30% 231,824 Increase16.84%
2011 21,106,292 Increase 7.19% 266,865 Increase 0.65% 291,313 Increase25.66%
2012 22,195,794 Increase 5.02% 264,542 Decrease 0.87% 265,467 Decrease 8.89%
2013 21,999,926 Decrease 0.75% 250,224 Decrease 5.41% 268,155 Increase 1.03%
2014 22,483,158 Increase 2.20% 249,989 Decrease 0.09% 290,116 Increase 8.19%
Source: Airports Council International. World Airport Traffic Reports
(Years 2005,[30] 2006,[31] 2007,[32] 2009,[33] 2011,[34] 2012,[35] 2013,[36] and 2014[37])

Busiest routes[edit]

Busiest routes at Vienna Airport, excluding transit passengers (2014)
Rank Destination Passengers Change
Rank Destination Passengers Change
Europe and Turkey 16 Romania Bucharest 405,524 Decrease 3.6%
1 Germany Frankfurt 1,346,063 Increase 2.9% 17 Denmark Copenhagen 379,201 Decrease 8.6%
2 Switzerland Zürich 957,652 Increase 1.0% 18 Germany Stuttgart 337,241 Increase 0.4%
3 United Kingdom London 911,471 Increase 8.0% 19 Bulgaria Sofia 322,671 Decrease 4.8%
4 Germany Düsseldorf 791,427 Increase 4.2% 20 Turkey Antalya 280,144 Increase 17.2%
5 Germany Berlin 785,324 Increase 6.7% Intercontinental
6 France Paris 768,681 Increase 0.0% 1 United Arab Emirates Dubai 458,614 Increase 3.3%
7 Turkey Istanbul 681,679 Increase 4.5% 2 Israel Tel Aviv 313,089 Decrease 4.4%
8 Russia Moscow 646,994 Decrease 11.2% 3 Thailand Bangkok 282,782 Increase 5.3%
9 Germany Hamburg 560,490 Increase 3.6% 4 United States New York 220,545 incl. EWR
10 Germany Munich 539,321 Decrease 3.6% 5 Cyprus Larnaca 201,852 Increase 22.4%
11 Netherlands Amsterdam 535,891 Increase 4.1% 6 Japan Tokyo 148,393 Decrease 0.2%
12 Belgium Brussels 430,718 Increase 5.1% 7 United States Washington 147,538 Increase 17.0%
13 Italy Rome 425,907 Increase 9.6% 8 Qatar Doha 119,537 Increase 22.5%
14 Spain Barcelona 421,406 Increase 10.8% 9 Canada Toronto 117,349 Increase 12.0%
15 Italy Milan 415,314 Increase 9.2% 10 United States Chicago 116,118 new route
Source: Statistik Austria[38][39]

Ground transportation[edit]


The airport's railway station

The Vienna S-Bahn line S7 provides a local service to the city centre taking approx. 25 minutes.[40] The more expensive City Airport Train connects the airport directly to Wien Mitte railway station, close to the city centre, in just 16 minutes.[41]

Additionally, the underground railway station has been expanded to accommodate long-distance trains. Since December 2014, the first trains passing Vienna's new main station, ICE services from Germany, terminate at the airport. Since December 2015, ÖBB Railjet services operate to the airport as well. Long-distance train rides between the airport and the main station take approx. 15 minutes.


The airport lies directly adjacent to motorway A4 which leads from central Vienna to Budapest. It has its own exit named Flughafen Wien-Schwechat. Bratislava can be reached via motorway A6 which splits from the A4 in the east. Taxis and car rental facilities are available at the airport. There are also several taxi companies that operate at the airport.


Furthermore, there are also buses from the airport to various places in Vienna and to other cities including Bratislava, Budapest and Brno.

Accidents and incidents[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Viennaairport - Press releases & news". Retrieved 21 February 2017. 
  2. ^ "Good Business Results of the Flughafen Wien Group: Further Improvement of Revenue and Earnings Despite High Extraordinary Depreciation of € 30.4 Million Due to Negative Runway Ruling" (Press release). Vienna International Airport. 1 March 2017. Retrieved 1 March 2017. 
  3. ^ "FWAG (group) facts & figures - Open for new horizons". Viennaairport. 2012-06-05. Retrieved 2013-06-20. 
  4. ^ a b Annual Report 2005 Flughafen Wien AG (PDF) (Report). Schwechat: Vienna International Airport. 16 February 2006. Retrieved 3 August 2015. 
  5. ^ a b c "Skylink: Empfehlungen des Rechnungshof umgesetzt" [Skylink: Recommendations from the Court of Audit implemented]. Kurier. 12 May 2015. Retrieved 3 August 2015. 
  6. ^ Allett, Tom (18 June 2012). Cook, Caroline, ed. "Vienna’s Skylink Open for Business". Airports International. Key Publishing Ltd. Retrieved 3 August 2015. 
  7. ^ "Flughafen Wien - Presseaussendungen & News - Offen für neue Horizonte". Retrieved 2013-06-20. 
  8. ^ "Airline Industry and Aviation Safety News from Flightglobal". Retrieved 2010-12-19. 
  9. ^ a b c - "Vienna Airport: New terminal, new routes" (German) 30 March 2016
  10. ^ - AIRPORT MAP retrieved 30 July 2016
  11. ^ "Flughafen: Vorstände vorzeitig verlängert" [Airport: [Management] Board [appointments] extended]. ORF. 23 June 2015. Retrieved 3 August 2015. 
  12. ^ Wurst, Matthias (1 October 2012). "The Third Runway: Toxic on Take-Off". The Vienna Review. Vienna Review Publishing. Retrieved 3 August 2015. 
  13. ^ "Dritte Piste dürfte vor Höchstrichter landen" [Third runway likely to end up in front of Chief Justice]. ORF. 1 July 2015. Retrieved 3 August 2015. 
  14. ^ "Wien: Demo gegen dritte Piste angekündigt - Austrian Aviation Net". Retrieved 21 February 2017. 
  15. ^ "Viennaairport - Online timetable". Retrieved 2 June 2015. 
  16. ^
  17. ^ "Austrian resumes Tokyo from May 2018". routesonline. Retrieved 6 July 2017. 
  18. ^
  19. ^ 2017, UBM (UK) Ltd. "Austrian files Seychelles schedule for NW17". Retrieved 21 February 2017. 
  20. ^ a b c "Timetable". myAustrian Holidays. Retrieved 23 April 2017. 
  21. ^
  22. ^
  23. ^
  24. ^;art930,3295178
  25. ^
  26. ^ "Peoples Viennaline: Nonstop von Wien nach Lefkas". Retrieved 21 February 2017. 
  27. ^
  28. ^
  29. ^
  30. ^ Airport Council International's 2005 World Airport Traffic Report
  31. ^ Airport Council International's 2006 World Airport Traffic Report
  32. ^ Airport Council International's 2007 World Airport Traffic Report
  33. ^ Airport Council International's 2009 World Airport Traffic Report
  34. ^ Airport Council International's 2011 World Airport Traffic Report
  35. ^ Airport Council International's 2012 World Airport Traffic Report
  36. ^ Airport Council International's 2013 World Airport Traffic Report
  37. ^ Airport Council International's 2014 World Airport Traffic Report
  38. ^ STATISTIK AUSTRIA (2015). Karner, Thomas; Rudlof, Manfred; Schuster, Sabine; et al., eds. Verkehrsstatistik 2014 [Transportation statistics 2014] (PDF) (Report) (in German). Vienna: Verlag Österreich GmbH. p. 63. ISBN 978-3-902925-85-5. Retrieved 2015-12-15. 
  39. ^ STATISTIK AUSTRIA (2014). Karner, Thomas; Rudlof, Manfred; Schuster, Sabine; et al., eds. Verkehrsstatistik 2013 [Transportation statistics 2013] (PDF) (Report) (in German). Vienna: Verlag Österreich GmbH. p. 64. Retrieved 2015-12-15. 
  40. ^ "Flughafen Wien - Bahnverbindungen". Retrieved 2 June 2015. 
  41. ^ "Flughafen Wien - City Airport Train/ CAT". Retrieved 2 June 2015. 
  42. ^ "ASN Aircraft accident Convair CV-340-58 YU-ADC Wien-Schwechat International Airport (VIE)". 1955-10-10. Retrieved 2013-10-05. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Vienna International Airport at Wikimedia Commons
Vienna International Airport travel guide from Wikivoyage