Copenhagen Airport

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Copenhagen Airport, Kastrup
Københavns Lufthavn, Kastrup
Copenhagen Airports Logo.png
Copenhagen-Airport-from-air (cropped).jpg
Airport type Public
Owner Københavns Lufthavne
Serves Copenhagen, Denmark and Malmö, Sweden
Location Kastrup, Tårnby
Hub for
Elevation AMSL 5 m / 17 ft
Coordinates 55°37′05″N 012°39′22″E / 55.61806°N 12.65611°E / 55.61806; 12.65611Coordinates: 55°37′05″N 012°39′22″E / 55.61806°N 12.65611°E / 55.61806; 12.65611
CPH is located in Denmark
Location within Denmark
Direction Length Surface
m ft
04L/22R 3,600 11,811 Asphalt
04R/22L 3,300 10,827 Asphalt
12/30 2,800 9,186 Asphalt/Concrete
Statistics (2016)
Passengers 29,043,287
Domestic 1,710,868
International 27,332,419
Aircraft movements 265,784
Cargo (tonnes) N.A.
Source: AIP[1]

Copenhagen Airport, Kastrup (Danish: Københavns Lufthavn, Kastrup) or Copenhagen Airport (Danish: Københavns Lufthavn; IATA: CPHICAO: EKCH) is the main international airport serving Copenhagen, Denmark, the entire Zealand, the Øresund Region, and a large part of southern Sweden (not only Scania). It is the largest airport in the Nordic countries with 29 million passengers in 2016 and one of the oldest international airports in Europe. It is the third-busiest airport in Northern Europe, and by far the busiest for international travel in Scandinavia.[2]

The airport is located on the island of Amager, just 8 kilometres (5.0 mi) south of Copenhagen city centre, and 24 kilometres (15 mi) west of Malmö city centre via the Øresund Bridge. The airport covers an area of 11.8 square kilometres.[3] Most of the airport is situated in the municipality of Tårnby, with a small portion in the city of Dragør.

The airport is the main hub out of three used by Scandinavian Airlines and is also an operating base for Thomas Cook Airlines Scandinavia and Norwegian Air Shuttle. Copenhagen Airport handles around 60 scheduled airlines, and has a maximum operation capability of 83 operations/hour, and a total of 108 jet bridge and remote parking stands. Unlike other Scandinavian airports, most of the airport's passengers are international. In 2015, 6.1% of passengers travelled to and from other Danish airports, 83.5% to/from other European airports, and 10.4% were intercontinental passengers.[4] The airport is owned by Københavns Lufthavne, which also operates Roskilde Airport. The airport employs 1700 staff (excluding shops, restaurants etc.).[5]

Copenhagen Airport was originally called Kastrup Airport, since it is located in the small town of Kastrup, now a part of the Tårnby municipality. The formal name of the airport is still Copenhagen Airport, Kastrup, to distinguish it from Roskilde Airport, whose formal name is Copenhagen Airport, Roskilde.


The airport was inaugurated 20 April 1925 and was one of the first civil airports in the world. It consisted of a large, impressive terminal built of wood, a couple of hangars, a balloon mast, a hydroplane landing stage and a few grassy meadows that could be used as runways. The grass on the runways was kept short by sheep, which were shepherded away before take-offs and landings. From 1932 to 1939, takeoffs and landings increased from 6,000 to 50,000 and passenger number increased to 72,000. Between 1936 and 1939, a new terminal was built, considered one of the finest examples of Nordic functionalism. The terminal was designed by Vilhelm Lauritzen, who was considered a pioneer among architects, in terms not only of architecture and construction, but also of service and passenger comfort.[6]

In the years of World War II, the Copenhagen airport was closed for civil operations except for periodic flights to destinations in Sweden, Germany, and Austria. In the summer of 1941 the first hard-surface runway opened. It was 1,400 metres long and 65 metres wide. When World War II ended in May 1945, the Copenhagen airport was the most modern international airport in Europe, because the airport remained untouched by actual acts of war.

On 1 August 1947, Scandinavian Airlines was founded, an important event for the Copenhagen Airport, as Copenhagen was to be the main hub for the airline. Traffic increased rapidly in the first years Scandinavian Airlines operated. On 26 January 1947, a KLM Douglas DC-3 "Dakota" crashed at the airport after stopping en route to Stockholm. 22 people on board died, including the Swedish prince Gustav Adolf and the American opera singer Grace Moore. In 1948 Copenhagen airport was third largest airport in Europe with 150 daily takeoffs and almost 300,000 passengers for the year. The airport continued its rapid growth. The terminal was expanded several times and new hangars were erected.

In 1954 Scandinavian Airlines begins the world's first trans-polar route, flying initially to Los Angeles. The route proved to be a publicity coup, and for some years Copenhagen became a popular transit point for Hollywood stars and producers flying to Europe - also the airport handled 11,000 tonnes of freight per year. In 1956 the airport handled 1 million passengers per year and won the award[clarification needed] for the world's best airport. The runways were lengthened and fitted with technically advanced equipment.

Kastrup Airport in the 1960s.

By 10 May 1960, when the new airport terminal (now Terminal 2) was inaugurated, the daily number of jet operations had increased to 28, and still traffic kept on growing. The large new airport terminal soon became too small, and in 1969 yet another huge expansion programme was launched. Domestic traffic was relocated to a new domestic terminal (the eastern part of Terminal 1). The (current) international terminal was supplemented with a new pier (C) and a separate arrivals hall (the building between Terminals 2 and 3). A new control tower and 3,600 metres of additional runways allowed take-offs and landings to take place at the same time. When the comprehensive expansion was completed in 1972, the number of take-offs and landings exceeded 180,000 and there were more than eight million passengers.[7]

Throughout the 1970s, airport traffic continued to grow, but the airport was not expanded further. A new large airport located at the island of Saltholm (with a connecting bridge to Denmark and Sweden) was on the drawing board. It would be a huge investment, and the proposal was evaluated thoroughly by many experts. In 1980, however, the Danish parliament instead decided to expand the capacity of Copenhagen airport to 20-22 million passengers by the year 2000. This solution was far cheaper than building a new airport and because the new types of aircraft were less noisy, an airport on Saltholm did not offer a decisive environmental gain. In 1973 the airport handled 8 million passengers per year. The third (long) runway opens and the dual runway system (04L/22R-04R/22L) opened, strongly expanding the starts and landings capacity.

The expansion of the airport began in 1982, after the necessary period of planning. The intention was not to build Europe’s largest airport, but to build transit passengers’ favourite airport. A stay at the airport was supposed to be an integral part of the travel experience. Efficiency and precision were obvious demands, but focus was also on generating an oasis where international travellers could relax: beautiful architecture, Scandinavian design, and pleasant, light and comfortable surroundings with plenty of shops, restaurants and other facilities providing enjoyment and pleasure. The new cargo terminal was built in the eastern area of the airport.

A number of important construction projects were completed in 1998: a pier connecting the domestic and international terminals; a new arrivals hall; new modern baggage handling facilities; an underground railway station with two large underground parking facilities with 2400 spaces opens; and above it all the spacious and impressive delta-shaped terminal (Terminal 3) with 17 million passengers capacity. The first stage of the new Pier D was completed in the spring of 1999.[8]

On 1 July 2000 the Øresund Bridge opened which connects Denmark and Sweden by motorway and train. In 2001 the five-star Hilton hotel opened with 382 rooms. In 2006 for the first time in its history Copenhagen airport exceeded 20 million passengers and reached 20,900,000 passengers. In October 2007 the metro station opened, connecting the airport to the Copenhagen Metro. A new control tower opened in 2008 by Naviair as part of a major renovation of the ATC system. Airport officials announced plans to build a new low-cost terminal at the facility. On 31 October 2010 the new low cost terminal CPH Go opened by easyJet.[9] In 2013 the airport handled a new record of 24,067,030 passengers. In 2014 CPH announced plans to increase capacity to 40 million passengers per year.[10]

From late 2015, the airport became the first in Scandinavia to have regularly schedule A380 service after Emirates started operating the plane for its Copenhagen route.[11][12]


Map showing the terminals and runways.


Copenhagen Airport has two terminals, Terminals 2 and 3, which handle all flights and share a common airside passenger concourse as well as the arrivals section which houses customs and baggage claim and is physically located in Terminal 3. The newest section, CPH Go, dedicated to low-cost carriers opened in October 2010. So far, EasyJet, Transavia and Ryanair are the only airlines operating from this facility, which is accessed from terminal 3. An all new Terminal 4 has been discussed, but replaced by plans to expand the current facilities in appropriate increments.[13] Copenhagen Airport says passengers have easy transfer possibilities.[14]

Previously all domestic flights departed from Terminal 1, but from 29 March 2015 all departures have been collected in Terminals 2 and 3,[15][16] and Pier C was expanded with another jetbridge at DKK 10M to facilitate the Emirates Airbus A380 to Dubai from December 2015,[17][18] which was the first 2-class A380 carrying 615 passengers.[12][19]


Despite the short distance to the city centre, approaches to, and departures from, the airport are above water due to the heading of the dual parallel runway system (04R/22L & 04L/22R). Those runways point to the Øresund strait, close in both directions. The supplementary runway (30/12) oriented perpendicular to the main runways also has its approach or departure over Øresund in one direction. In the opposite direction, the 30/12 runway has noise restrictions as flight happens close over residential areas.[20] Other advantages are the low altitude of the airport and absence of hills and high buildings below the approach directions. In case of fog, the runway 22L is equipped with an ILS of category III C system, which allows modern aircraft to land in zero sight. Runway 04R/22L was widened by 4 meters in each side at DKK 30M to accommodate the Airbus A380, as part of a general concrete renewal program of DKK 300M.[12][17][18]

Airlines and destinations[edit]


Airlines Destinations Terminal
Adria Airways Ljubljana 3
Aegean Airlines Athens
Seasonal: Heraklion, Kalamata, Rhodes
Aeroflot Moscow–Sheremetyevo 2
airBaltic Riga 3
Air Berlin Berlin–Tegel, Düsseldorf 2
Air Cairo Seasonal charter: Sharm el-Sheikh 2
Air Canada Toronto–Pearson 2
Air Europa Seasonal: Madrid 2
Air France Paris–Charles de Gaulle
Seasonal: Bordeaux (begins 24 July 2017)[21]
Air Greenland Kangerlussuaq 2
Air Greenland
operated by Jet Time
Seasonal: Narsarsuaq 2
Air Serbia Belgrade 2
Alitalia Rome–Fiumicino 2
Alsie Express Sønderborg 3
Atlantic Airways Vágar
Seasonal: Bastia
AtlasGlobal Istanbul–Atatürk 2
Austrian Airlines Vienna
Seasonal: Innsbruck
BH Air Seasonal charter: Burgas 2
Blue Air Bucharest (begins 1 June 2017), Turin (begins 27 March 2017) CPH Go1
British Airways London–Heathrow 2
Brussels Airlines Brussels 2
Bulgarian Air Charter Seasonal charter: Varna (begins 2 April 2017) 2
Croatia Airlines Zagreb 2
Czech Airlines Prague 2
Danish Air Transport Bornholm, Karup
Seasonal: Sharm el-Sheikh
Seasonal charter: Burgas (begins 22 June 2017), Chania (begins 30 June 2017), Ioannina (begins 5 June 2017), Kefalonia (begins 20 May 2017), Larnaca (begins 20 May 2017), Sitia (begins 14 June 2017)
Delta Air Lines Seasonal: New York–JFK 2
easyJet Berlin-Schönefeld, Bristol, Edinburgh, London–Gatwick, London–Luton (ends 25 March 2017), Lyon, Manchester, Milan–Malpensa, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Venice CPH Go1
easyJet Switzerland Basel/Mulhouse, Geneva CPH Go1
EgyptAir Cairo 3
Emirates Dubai–International 2
Finnair Helsinki 2
operated by Air Berlin
Helsinki 2
Iberia Express Madrid 2
Icelandair Reykjavík–Keflavík 3
Iraqi Airways
operated by AirExplore
Baghdad 2
Jet Time Charter: Antalya, Aqaba, Bodrum, Bourgas, Chambéry, Chania, Corfu, Dalaman, Dubrovnik, Fuerteventura, Gazipasa, Gran Canaria, Grenoble, Heraklion, Hurghada, Innsbruck, Izmir, Kangerlussuaq, Kefalonia, Kos, Lanzarote, Larnaca, Málaga, Malta, Marsa Alam, Palma de Mallorca, Ponta Delgada, Rhodes, Salzburg, Samos, Sharm el-Sheikh, Skiathos, Tenerife–South 2
KLM Amsterdam 2
operated by KLM Cityhopper
Amsterdam 2
LOT Polish Airlines Warsaw–Chopin 3
Lufthansa Frankfurt, Munich 3
Luxair Luxembourg 2
Mahan Air Tehran–Imam Khomeini (suspended)[22] 2
Middle East Airlines Seasonal: Beirut 2
Montenegro Airlines Seasonal: Podgorica 2
operated by LOT Polish Airlines
Groningen, Örebro 3
Norwegian Air Shuttle Aalborg, Alicante, Amsterdam, Barcelona, Bergen, Berlin-Schönefeld, Budapest, Dubai–International, Dublin, Edinburgh, Faro, Funchal, Gran Canaria, Helsinki, Kraków, London–Gatwick, Madrid, Málaga, Marrakech, Milan–Malpensa, Nice, Oslo–Gardermoen, Paris–Orly, Prague, Riga, Rome–Fiumicino, Stockholm–Arlanda, Tel Aviv–Ben Gurion, Trondheim (ends 24 March 2017)
Seasonal: Agadir, Athens, Belgrade, Burgas, Catania, Chania, Corfu, Dubrovnik, Geneva, Grenoble, Heraklion, Ibiza, Kos, Larnaca, Lisbon, Malta, Marseille, Montpellier, Olbia, Palma de Mallorca, Pisa, Rhodes, Salzburg, Sarajevo, Split, Stavanger,[23] Tenerife–South, Varna (begins 24 June 2017),[24] Venice, Zagreb
Norwegian Air Shuttle
operated by Norwegian Long Haul
Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Fort Lauderdale, Los Angeles, New York–JFK, Orlando
Seasonal: Boston, Las Vegas, Oakland (begins 28 March 2017),[25] San Juan, St. Croix
Pakistan International Airlines Islamabad, Lahore 2
Pegasus Airlines Istanbul-Sabiha Gökcen
Seasonal: Antalya
Primera Air Charter: Alicante (begins 2 May 2017), Barcelona,[26] La Palma,[27] Málaga
Seasonal Dalaman, Enfidha, Faro,[26] Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Jersey, Kalamata (begins 18 May 2017),[26] Lanzarote, Lisbon (begins 11 May 2017), Menorca,[26] Palma de Mallorca, Ponta Delgada, Rhodes, Santorini, Tenerife–South, Varna, Zakynthos[26]
Qatar Airways Doha 2
Royal Air Maroc Casablanca 2
Ryanair Alicante, Bergamo, Bologna, Budapest, Charleroi, Cologne/Bonn, Dublin, Edinburgh, Kaunas, Liverpool (begins 31 October 2017),[28] London–Luton, London–Stansted (begins 26 March 2017),[29] Madrid, Málaga, Naples (begins 2 May 2017), Pescara (begins 28 March 2017), Porto, Rome–Ciampino, Seville (begins 29 October 2017), Tenerife–South, Thessaloniki (begins 29 March 2017), Valencia (begins 28 March 2017)
Seasonal: Zadar (begins 3 July 2017)[30]
Scandinavian Airlines Aalborg, Aarhus, Aberdeen, Amsterdam, Athens, Beijing–Capital, Bergen, Berlin–Tegel, Billund, Birmingham, Bologna, Boston, Brussels, Bucharest-Otopeni, Chicago–O'Hare, Dublin, Düsseldorf, Faro, Frankfurt, Gdańsk, Geneva, Gothenburg, Hamburg, Hanover, Helsinki, Krakow, London–Heathrow, Málaga, Manchester, Miami, Milan–Malpensa, Munich, Newark, Newcastle, Nice, Oslo–Gardermoen, Palanga, Palma de Mallorca, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Poznań, Prague, Reykjavík–Keflavík, Riga (begins 26 March 2017),[31] Rome–Fiumicino, San Francisco, Shanghai–Pudong, Stavanger, Stockholm–Arlanda, Stuttgart, Tallinn, Tokyo–Narita, Trondheim, Vagar (begins 26 March 2017),[31] Venice, Vienna, Vilnius, Warsaw–Chopin, Washington–Dulles, Wrocław, Zürich
Seasonal: Alicante, Barcelona, Bastia, Biarritz, Cagliari, Chania, Dubrovnik, Gran Canaria, Kaunas (begins 14 July 2017, ends 17 August 2017),[32][33] Malta (begins 25 June 2017), Montpellier, Naples, Olbia (begins 24 June 2017), Palermo, Pisa, Pristina, Pula, Saint Petersburg, Salzburg, Split, Thessaloniki
Singapore Airlines Singapore 2
SunExpress Seasonal charter: Antalya, İzmir, Konya 3
Swiss International Air Lines Zürich 2
TAP Portugal Lisbon 2
Thai Airways Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi
Seasonal: Phuket
Thomas Cook Airlines Scandinavia Charter: Antalya, Bodrum, Cancún, Chania, Dalaman, Funchal, Gran Canaria, Heraklion, Hurghada, Ibiza, Kos, Larnaca, Mytilene, Palma de Mallorca, Preveza, Punta Cana, Rhodes, Sharm El Sheikh, Skiathos, Tenerife, Varadero 2
Thomson Airways Seasonal: Cancun,[34] Krabi,[34] Mauritius,[34] Phuket[34] 2
Transavia Eindhoven, Munich (ends 26 October 2017)[35] CPH Go1
TUI fly Nordic Charter: Antalya, Burgas, Gran Canaria, Izmir, Krabi, Lanzarote, Larnaca, Phuket, Puerto Plata 2
Turkish Airlines Istanbul–Atatürk
Seasonal: Ankara, Istanbul-Sabiha Gökcen, Konya
Ural Airlines Seasonal: Yekaterinburg 2
Vueling Barcelona, Málaga, Paris–Charles de Gaulle
Seasonal: Florence, Rome–Fiumicino[36]
Widerøe Haugesund, Kristiansand, Sandefjord 3
Wizz Air Kyiv-Zhuliany (begins 26 August 2017),[37] Skopje, Sofia[38] CPH Go1
WOW air Reykjavík–Keflavík 2

^1 Check-in via Terminal 2.
^2 Two weekly flights from Copenhagen to Bangkok via Phuket. No direct flight in the other way – from Phuket to Copenhagen.[39]


Airlines Destinations
China Cargo Airlines Shanghai–Pudong
DHL Aviation East Midlands, Leipzig/Halle, Madrid, Oslo–Gardermoen, Stockholm–Arlanda
Emirates SkyCargo Atlanta, Chicago–O'Hare, Columbus–Rickenbacker,[40] Dubai–Al Maktoum,[41] Houston–Intercontinental, Los Angeles, Mexico City
Etihad Cargo Abu Dhabi, Amsterdam
FedEx Express Helsinki, Paris–Charles de Gaulle
West Air Sweden Helsinki


Norwegian Air Shuttle Boeing 737-300 taxiing at Copenhagen Airport
TUIfly Nordic Boeing 737-800 taxiing at Copenhagen Airport
Scandinavian Airlines Airbus A330-300 taxiing for takeoff from Copenhagen Airport
Busiest routes by passenger traffic (2014)[42]
United Kingdom London Gatwick Airport, Heathrow Airport, Stansted Airport 1,732,857
SwedenStockholm Arlanda Airport 1,449,963
Norway Oslo Gardermoen Airport, Sandefjord Airport 1,411,399
Netherlands Amsterdam Schiphol Airport 888,798
Denmark Aalborg Aalborg Airport 874,221
Finland Helsinki Helsinki Airport 780,976
France Paris Charles de Gaulle Airport, Orly Airport 774,252
Germany Frankfurt Frankfurt Airport 653,386
Belgium Brussels Brussels National Airport 466,709
Italy Milan Linate Airport, Malpensa Airport 433,630
Germany Berlin Tegel Airport, Schönefeld Airport 428,062
Switzerland Zürich Zürich Airport 426,089
Italy Rome Fiumicino Airport 423,176
Norway Bergen Bergen Airport 419,284
Iceland Reykjavik-Keflavik Reykjavík–Keflávik Airport 411,893
Germany Munich Munich Airport 406,832
Austria Vienna Schwechat Airport 382,220
Germany Düsseldorf Düsseldorf Airport 380,861
Spain Barcelona El Prat Airport 367,925
United States New York City John F. Kennedy Airport, Newark Airport 349,756
Sweden Gothenburg Landvetter Airport 335,135
Turkey Istanbul Atatürk Airport, Sabiha Gökçen Airport 328,169
Spain Málaga Costa del Sol Airport 315,082
United Kingdom Manchester Manchester Airport 297,209
Norway Stavanger Stavanger Airport 281,032
Switzerland Geneva Geneva Airport 276,133
France Nice Côte d'Azur Airport 274,524
Republic of Ireland Dublin Dublin Airport 270,333
United Arab Emirates Dubai Dubai Airport 257,019
Thailand Bangkok Suvarnabhumi Airport 254,222

12 busiest intercontinental scheduled routes by passengers handled[edit]

Top 12 busiest intercontinental routes from CPH (2016)

Rank Airport Passengers
1. United States New York–JFK, New York–Newark
Increase 15.8
Delta Air Lines, Norwegian, Scandinavian Airlines
2. United Arab Emirates Dubai–International
Increase 19.3
Emirates, Norwegian
3. Qatar Doha
Increase 36.9
Qatar Airways
4. Thailand Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi
Increase 1.6
Norwegian, Thai Airways
5. United States San Francisco
Increase 1.8
Scandinavian Airlines
6. Japan Tokyo–Narita
Increase 10.5
Scandinavian Airlines
7. United States Washington–Dulles
Increase 4.0
Scandinavian Airlines
8. United States Chicago–O'Hare
Increase 0.3
Scandinavian Airlines
9. China Beijing–Capital
Decrease 0.4
Beijing Capital Airlines, Scandinavian Airlines
10. China Shanghai–Pudong
Increase 33.5
Scandinavian Airlines
11. Canada Toronto–Pearson
Increase 13.9
Air Canada
12. Singapore Singapore
Decrease 2.5
Singapore Airlines

Top 20 Largest airlines in CPH 2016[edit]

Top 20 largest airlines operating at Copenhagen Airport in 2015 and 2016[43][44]

Passengers by year 2015
Passengers by year 2016
Difference in per cent
Scandinavian Airlines 10,287,224 10,568,477 2.7 Increase
Norwegian 4,534,650 5,020,802 10.7 Increase
Ryanair 715,251 1,917,727 168.1 Increase
Easyjet 1,530,569 1,578,943 3.2 Increase
Lufthansa 603,951 650,850 7.8 Increase
KLM 515,993 545,437 5.7 Increase
Air Berlin 482,982 509,018 5.4 Increase
Danish Air Transport 368,684 479,301 30.0 Increase
British Airways 519,775 476,578 8.3 Decrease
Finnair 378,553 387,740 2.4 Increase
Air France 387,771 376,254 3.0 Decrease
Thomas Cook Airlines Scandinavia 338,353 363,150 7.3 Increase
Icelandair 337,354 354,384 5.0 Increase
Vueling 293,258 345,476 17.8 Increase
Turkish Airlines 338,830 326,644 3.6 Decrease
Austrian 309,618 320,554 3.5 Increase
Emirates 259,630 312,688 20.4 Increase
Qatar Airways 209,537 287,032 37.0 Increase
Swiss 324,234 286,628 11.6 Decrease
THAI Airways International 230,512 235,029 2.0 Increase

Annual passenger numbers[edit]

Passenger numbers at Copenhagen Airport[45]
handled[nb 1]
% Change
% Change
2001 18,082,158 Steady 288,738 Steady
2002 18,253,446 Increase0.9 266,896 Decrease 7.6
2003 17,707,742 Decrease3.0 259,002 Decrease 3.0
2004 19,034,557 Increase7.5 272,512 Increase 5.2
2005 19,980,301 Increase5.0 268,652 Decrease 1.4
2006 20,877,533 Increase4.5 258,354 Decrease 3.8
2007 21,409,886 Increase2.5 257,587 Decrease 0.3
2008 21,529,857 Increase0.6 264,086 Increase 2.5
2009 19,715,317 Decrease8.4 236,170 Decrease 10.6
2010 21,501,473 Increase9.1 245,635 Increase 4.0
2011 22,725,284 Increase5.7 253,759 Increase 3.3
2012 23,334,939 Increase2.7 242,990 Decrease 4.2
2013 24,066,917 Increase3.1 244,933 Increase 0.8
2014 25,627,093 Increase6.5 251,799 Increase 2.8
2015 26,608,869 Increase3.8 254,832 Increase 1.2
2016 29,043,287 Increase9.2 265,784 Increase 4.2

Runway statistics[edit]

Take offs - runway number

  • 22 L - 4.8%
  • 22 R - 65.0%
  • 04 L - none
  • 04 R - 30.0%
  • 30 - 0.2%
  • 12 - none

Landings - runway number

  • 22 L - 65.8% (runway has ILS CAT III C system)
  • 22 R - 1.6%
  • 04 L - 30.3%
  • 04 R - 0.1%
  • 30 - 2.0%
  • 12 - 0.2%


Other facilities[edit]

SAS traffic office resides at the airport, and so do Cimber Sterling's. Thomas Cook Airlines has both its head- and traffic office here as well as a flight simulator centre. All these reside at Copenhagen Airport South and in Dragør, Dragør Municipality together with a VIP-terminal. The VIP-terminal building is actually the very first terminal building, from the 1920s. It was moved about 2 km during the 1990s.

In 2015, Boeing opened a Maintenance, repair, and operations facility at CPH, as proximity to daily operations is more important than high wages when checks have to be made every 1,000 flight hours.[47]

Ground transport[edit]

Within the airport area, special airport buses depart every 15 minutes. The bus line connects all terminals and parking lot areas and uses in all 11 bus stops. The transport is free of charge for all. During a few night hours, the buses depart every 20 minutes instead.[48]


Train towards Copenhagen Central Station at the Copenhagen Airport train station.

The airport's station is located underneath Terminal 3 on the Øresund Railway Line.

  • The station is served by trains operated by DSB Øresund as part of the Øresundståg service. These trains, running as local services between Copenhagen city centre and Helsingør, have a dense stopping pattern inside Denmark. Øresundståg also operates regional and intercity trains to destinations across the south of Sweden: Malmö, Gothenburg, Kalmar, Karlskrona, and Kristianstad.
  • DSB, the Danish national rail operator, have InterCity and InterCityExpress trains calling at this station. Domestic destinations include Esbjerg, Aarhus, Aalborg and Sønderborg. DSB additionally runs trains to border cities of Germany and Sweden, such as Flensburg (Germany) and Ystad (Sweden), where a ferry connects the station to the Danish island of Bornholm.
  • Swedish SJ runs several high-speed trains with daily departures between Copenhagen central station (København H) and Stockholm central station (Stockholm C) and Gothenburg (Göteborg). These train all call at the Copenhagen Airport station (København Lufthavn/Kastrup).


Line M2 of the Copenhagen Metro links the airport with the city centre in around 15 minutes. The Metro station is two floors above the underground rail station and continues on elevated tracks until it goes underground after 5 stations. The metro trains run very frequently; in rush hours every four minutes, outside rush hours and on weekends every six minutes, and every 15/20 minutes during night time.


  • Movia buses 5A, 35, 36 and Gråhundbus line 999 all stop at the airport; bus 888, express-bus to Jutland, also stops at the airport. Movia bus 2A stops near the airport. There are long-distance buses to Sweden and Norway operated by Swebus: 820 to Oslo via Gothenburg and 832 to Uppsala via Stockholm. GoByBus and Bus4You also operate the same routes.
  • The E20 motorway runs right by the airport. The E20 uses the toll road Øresund Bridge to Sweden. The airport has 8,600 parking spaces. Customers can pre-book their parking space online by visiting the Copenhagen Airport website [2].

Incidents and accidents[edit]

A Douglas Dakota, similar to the KLM aircraft that crashed in 1947.
  • 26 January 1947 (1947-01-26): Douglas Dakota (DC-3), PH-TCR of KLM crashed after takeoff from Copenhagen, killing all 22 on board, including Prince Gustaf Adolf of Sweden (father of present king Carl XVI Gustaf) and American singer and actress Grace Moore. The delayed KLM flight from Amsterdam had landed at Copenhagen for a routine stop before continuing to Stockholm. Soon after the Douglas DC-3 aircraft took off, it climbed to an altitude of about 50 metres (150 feet), stalled, and plummeted nose-first to the ground where it exploded on impact. The investigation showed that the crash had been caused by a forgotten elevator gust lock. Short of time, the captain never performed his checklist and took off not realising the lock was still in place. See 1947 KLM Douglas DC-3 Copenhagen accident.
  • 17 November 1957 (1957-11-17): Vickers Viscount G-AOHP of British European Airways crashed at Ballerup after the failure of three engines on approach to Copenhagen Airport. The cause was a malfunction of the anti-icing system on the aircraft.[49]
  • 28 August 1971 (1971-08-28): a Malév Ilyushin Il-18, HA-MOC crashed into the sea while executing an instrument approach. The main cause of the accident was microburst, a particularly dangerous and unpredictable meteorological phenomenon. 23 passengers and the crew of 9 died. 2 passengers survived. The captain of the plane was World War II flying ace of the Royal Hungarian Air Force, Dezső Szentgyörgyi. He was due to retire in less than 3 weeks.

Huge expansion plans[edit]

The airport did in February 2017 declare, Copenhagen Airport will become almost twice as large as today.[50] Regarding both number of annual passengers and intercontinental direct routes [51]

Intercontinental direct routes today[edit]

  1. San Francisco, USA
  2. Los Angeles, USA
  3. Chicago, USA
  4. Boston, USA
  5. Fort Lauderdale, USA
  6. Washington DC, USA
  7. Miami, USA
  8. Orlando, USA
  9. Las Vegas, USA
  10. Oakland, USA
  11. St. Croix, USA
  12. Newark, USA
  13. New York (JFK), USA
  14. Søndre Strømfjord, Greenland
  15. Narsarsuaq, Greenland
  16. Puerto Plato, Dominican Republic
  17. San Juan, Porto Rico
  18. Agadir, Marocco
  19. Marrakech, Marocco
  20. Casablanca, Marocco
  21. Cairo, Egypt
  22. Sharm El Sheik, Egypt
  23. Hurghada, Egypt
  24. Tel Aviv, Israel
  25. Beirut, Lebanon
  26. Bagdad, Iraq
  27. Erbil, Iraq
  28. Dubai, United Arab Emirates
  29. Lahore, Pakistan
  30. Islamabad, Pakistan
  31. Bangkok, Thailand
  32. Phuket, Thailand
  33. Krabi, Thailand
  34. Singapore, Singapore
  35. Beijing, China
  36. Shanghai, China
  37. Tokyo, Japan
  38. Tehran, Iran
  39. Cancun, Mexico
  40. Mauritius, Mauritius
  41. Doha, Qatar
  42. Toronto, Canada

Upcoming direct routes[edit]

  1. Vancouver, Canada
  2. Seattle, USA
  3. Mexico City, Mexico
  4. Sao Paolo, Brazil
  5. Johannesburg, South Africa
  6. Nairobi, Kenya
  7. Amman, Jordan
  8. Mumbai, India
  9. New Dehli, India
  10. Colombo, Sri Lanka
  11. Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
  12. Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam
  13. Hong Kong, China
  14. Manila, Philliphines
  15. Seoul, South Korea


See also[edit]


  1. ^ Number of passengers including domestic, international and transit


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  2. ^ - total passengers 2013 was 24,067,030 of them were 22,164,738; Stockholm Arlanda had 20,7 million passengers in total in 2013, but around a third are usually domestic; - Oslo Gardemoen had 23,159,233 passengers in 2013. But here is usually less than half international
  3. ^ "Area & Runway systems". CPH Airport. Retrieved 15 January 2016. 
  4. ^ "About CPH - News". CPH Airport. Retrieved 15 January 2016. 
  5. ^ Copenhagen Airports – Copenhagen Airports
  6. ^ "The pioneer era". Retrieved 10 May 2015. 
  7. ^ "Interkontinental 1940-1972". Retrieved 10 May 2015. 
  8. ^ "Hub 1973-1999". Retrieved 10 May 2015. 
  9. ^ "The airport today 2000+". Retrieved 10 May 2015. 
  10. ^ "Copenhagen Airport announces expansion plans". IceNews. 7 February 2013. 
  11. ^ Mutzabaugh, Ben (Apr 16, 2015). "Emirates pushes A380 seating capacity past 600". USA Today. Retrieved 31 May 2016. 
  12. ^ a b c "World's largest passenger plane lands at Copenhagen Airport". Copenhagen Post. 1 December 2015. 
  13. ^ "Expanding CPH". Retrieved 10 May 2015. 
  14. ^ "Transferpassagerer". Retrieved 10 May 2015. 
  15. ^ "Bedre forhold for indenrigs". Retrieved 10 May 2015. 
  16. ^ "Central placering af Indenrigs i CPH". Retrieved 10 May 2015. 
  17. ^ a b "Emirates to deploy the world's biggest aircraft on its Copenhagen service" CPH press, 9 April 2015.
  18. ^ a b "CPH: A380 er en milepæl for os", 10 April 2015.
  19. ^ "Verdenspremiere i CPH på 615-sæders fly", 10 April 2015.
  20. ^ Rasmussen, Thyge. "Flytrafik som vinden blæser" with Wind rose. (English: Plane traffic as the wind blows) Danish Meteorological Institute, 17 April 2015. Retrieved: 19 April 2015.
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  22. ^ "Iranere til møde med myndighederne". Retrieved 18 March 2017. 
  23. ^ "Norwegian åbner fra København til Stavanger". Norwegian Air Shuttle. Retrieved 25 November 2015. 
  24. ^
  25. ^ Norwegian adds Copenhagen – Oakland service in Spring 2017
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  27. ^
  28. ^ "Ryanair W17 new routes as of 05MAR17". Routesonline. Retrieved 5 March 2017. 
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  30. ^
  31. ^ a b Liu, Jim (11 October 2016). "SAS adds new European routes in S17". Routesonline. Retrieved 11 October 2016. 
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  33. ^ "Book a trip". Retrieved 27 January 2017. 
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  35. ^
  36. ^ "New Routes from Rome S16" (in Italian). 5 October 2015. Retrieved 6 October 2015. 
  37. ^ Liu, Jim (19 December 2016). "WizzAir expands Kiev Zhulyany service from Aug 2017". Routesonline. Retrieved 19 December 2016. 
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  39. ^ [1] Archived 7 October 2011 at the Wayback Machine.
  40. ^ "Emirates SkyCargo adding Columbus, Ohio, to worldwide cargo route - Columbus - Columbus Business First". Columbus Business First. 5 May 2015. Retrieved 10 May 2015. 
  41. ^ "Emirates SkyCargo Freighter Operations get ready for DWC move". Emirates SkyCargo. 2 April 2014. 
  42. ^ "CPH: Rekord med flere end 24 millioner rejsende i 2013" (in Danish). Retrieved 13 January 2014. 
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  44. ^
  45. ^ "Trafikstyrelsen Statistics" (in Danish). Danish Transport and Construction Agency. Retrieved 16 February 2016. 
  46. ^ "Areal og banesystem" at
  47. ^ Kristensen, Frederik Buhl (16 March 2015). "Boeing trodser det danske lønniveau og åbner værksted i København" [Boeing defies Danish wages, opens shop in Copenhagen]. Politiken. Archived from the original on 10 April 2015. Retrieved 11 April 2015. 
  48. ^ "Parkering i Københavns Lufthavn - Bestil online he". Retrieved 10 May 2015. 
  49. ^ "Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 8 September 2009. 
  50. ^
  51. ^ Download PDF (press "Download handout"), at page 4, existing Inter-Continental routes to the left (27 of them today) and another new 16 Inter-Continental routes, a total of 43.
  52. ^ Download PDF (press "Download handout"), at page 4, existing Inter-Continental routes to the left (27 of them today) and another new 16 Inter-Continental routes, a total of 43.

 This article incorporates public domain material from the Air Force Historical Research Agency website

External links[edit]

Media related to Copenhagen Airport at Wikimedia Commons
Copenhagen Airport travel guide from Wikivoyage