|Community development block
সমষ্টি উন্নয়ন ব্লক
|• Type||Community development block|
|• Total||188.57 km2 (72.81 sq mi)|
|Elevation||16 m (52 ft)|
|• Density||690/km2 (1,800/sq mi)|
|• Official||Bengali, English|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|ISO 3166 code||IN-WB|
|Vehicle registration||WB-15, WB-16, WB-18|
|Lok Sabha constituency||Arambagh|
|Vidhan Sabha constituency||Goghat|
Hooghly district forms a part of the flat alluvial plains of the lower Gangetic delta. It lies on the western bank of the Hooghly, a distributary of the Ganges. The river bank of the Hooghly is heavily industrialised. The Dwarakeswar, in the western part of the district, forms the dividing line between the uplands and the plains. It is subsequently joined by the Shilabati to form the Rupnarayan, flowing along the western boundary of the district. The Damodar intersects the district. Human intervention in the form of construction of roads and railways and flood control measures have affected the topography. Urbanisation and industrialisation has altered land use pattern of the district. With a very high density of population (1,601 per km2), about 66% of the population live in the rural areas. In 2001, Hindus formed 83.63% of the population followed by Muslims, who formed 15.14% of the population. The Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes together constituted 43% of the population.
Goghat is located at.
Goghat I CD Block is bounded by Raina II CD Block, in Bardhaman district, in the north, Arambagh CD Block in the east, Chandrakona I and Ghatal CD Blocks, in Paschim Medinipur district, in the south, and Goghat II CD Block in the west.
Area and administration
Goghat I CD Block has an area of 188.57 km2. Goghat police station serves this CD Block. Goghat I panchayat samity has 7 gram panchayats. The block has 97 inhabited villages. Headquarters of this block is at Goghat.
As per 2011 Census of India Goghat I CD Block had a total population of 140,030, all of which were rural. There were 71,804 (51%) males and 68,226 (49%) females. Population below 6 years was 14,581. Scheduled Castes numbered 54,321 and Scheduled Tribes numbered 8,415.
As per 2001 census, Goghat I block had a total population of 125,277, out of which 64,162 were males and 61,115 were females. Goghat I block registered a population growth of 14.36 per cent during the 1991-2001 decade. Decadal growth for Hooghly district was 15.72 per cent. Decadal growth in West Bengal was 17.84 per cent.
As per 2011 census the total number of literates in Goghat I CD Block was 98,732 (78.70% of the population over 6 years) out of which 55,063 (56%) were males and 43,669 (44%) were females.
As per the 2001 census, Goghat I block had a total literacy of 51.15 per cent. While male literacy was 72.72 per cent, female literacy was 40.69 per cent.
|Literacy in CD Blocks of
|Arambagh – 79.10|
|Khanakul I – 77.73|
|Khanakul II – 79.16|
|Goghat I – 78.70|
|Goghat II – 77.24|
|Pursurah – 82.12|
|Haripal – 78.59|
|Singur – 84.01|
|Tarakeswar – 79.96|
|Balagarh – 76.94|
|Chinsurah Mogra – 83.01|
|Dhaniakhali – 75.66|
|Pandua – 75.86|
|Polba Dadpur – 75.14|
|Chanditala I – 83.76|
|Chanditala II – 84.78|
|Jangipara – 75.34|
|Sreerampur Uttarpara – 87.33|
|Source: 2011 Census: CD Block Wise
Primary Census Abstract Data
In 2011 census Hindus numbered 125,620 and formed 89.71% of the population in Goghat I CD Block. Muslims numbered 13,655 and formed 9.75% of the population. Others numbered 755 and formed 0.54% of the population.
In 2011, Hindus numbered 4,574,569 and formed 82.89% of the population in Hooghly district. Muslims numbered 870,204 and formed 15.77% of the population. In West Bengal Hindus numbered 64,385,546 and formed 70.53% of the population. Muslims numbered 24,654,825 and formed 27.01% of the population.
Human Development Report
|Important Handicrafts of Hooghly District|
Source:District Human Development Report 2010: Hooghly P. 67
The first wave of industrialisation (in Hooghly district, as well as the region) came with the establishment of jute mills along the banks of the Hooghly River long back in the British era. The district has moved from an overwhelmingly rural society with a mere 14.92% of the population living in urban areas in 1901 to a more urban society with 33.47% of the population living in urban areas in 2001. Increasing urbanisation has opened up a broader range of livelihood opportunities. However, in 12 out of the 18 community development blocks in the district the entire population continued to live in the rural areas in 2001. The district presents a unique picture of 12 municipalities surrounded by rural areas.
In the rural areas of the district while 14.95% of the total workers were cultivators, agricultural labourers were 24.31%, thereby indicating the huge pressure on land that outstrips its ownership. In Goghat I CD Block, however, the situation was a little different. While cultivators were 36.65% of the total workers, agricultural labourers formed 33.28%. Household workers formed 3.3% and other workers 26.76%. Up to 30.11.2006 a total of 5,260 hectares of vested agricultural land was distributed amongst 71,643 persons in Hooghly district. Amongst different categories of workers engaged in agriculture in Goghat I CD Block 9.73% were bargadars, 16.81% patta holders, 6.95% small farmers, 22.97% marginal farmers and 43.53% agricultural workers in 2001.
Agricultural activities or cultivation is divided into two categories: crop cultivation and plantation (orchards). There is a general belief that plantations are more remunerative. In Goghat I CD Block 93.26% of the land is used for crop cultivation and only 1.88% for orchards. In Goghat I CD Block 54.75% of the land is sown more than once. Goghat I CD Block produced 36,960 tonnes of Aman paddy from 12,574 hectares, 23,380 tonnes of Boro paddy from 8,211 hectares, 200 tonnes of jute from 9 hectares and 164,840 tonnes of potatoes from 5,870 hectares in 2005-06. In Goghat I CD Block out of the total cultivated area of 13,867 hectares 2,500 hectares is drought prone and 2,554 hectares is flood prone. The irrigation system in Hooghly district is based on five rivers: Bhagirathi, Damodar, Mundeswari, Darakeswar and Sankari. Erosion of the river banks of these rivers pose a problem in many areas, particularly the Khanakul area.
Hooghly district has the distinction of all mouzas (villages) being electrified by 2005. In Goghat I CD Block all 99 mouzas were electrified. However, in Goghat I CD Block 27.99% of households owned houses with electricity and 20.99% households owned houses with toilets in 2001.
In the rural areas of Hooghly district there are wide variations amongst the CD Blocks regarding families living below poverty line (BPL). The data provided in the table given below is based on a household survey for BPL list carried out by the state government in 2005.
in CD Blocks of
|Goghat I – 29.97%|
|Goghat II – 17.25%|
|Arambagh – 49.89%|
|Khanakul I – 11.10%|
|Khanakul II – 16.47%|
|Pursurah – 31.51%|
|Chinsurah Sadar subdivision|
|Dhaniakhali – 31.85%|
|Pandua – 34.30%|
|Balagarh – 11.19%|
|Chinsurah Mogra – 15.99%|
|Polba Dadpur – 28.54%|
|Tarakeswar – 18.62%|
|Haripal – 27.56%|
|Singur – 18.39%|
|Jangipara – 32.05%|
|Chanditala I – 9.07%|
|Chanditala II – 8.98%|
|Sreerampur Uttarpara – 7.59%|
District Human Development Report:
Hooghly, 2010, page 89
This is a rich agricultural area with several cold storages.
Goghat I had 3,060 hectares of canals for irrigation in 2003-04. In Goghat I CD Block 587.99 hectares was the nett area under effective pisiculture and 7,405 persons were engaged in the profession. Approximate annual production in 2003-04 was 23,401.6 qtl. In 2003-04 Goghat I had 18.80 km of surfaced roads under PWD, 46.45 km surfaced roads under Zilla Parishad and 322.31 km unsurfaced roads under Zilla Parishad.
EMU services, earlier operating from Howrah to Tarakeswar, was extended to Goghat railway station, after completion of the electrified broad gauge Tarakewar-Goghat sector of the Tarakeswar-Bishnupur extension of the Sheoraphuli–Bishnupur branch line.
Goghat I CD Block has 1 ferry service and 3 originating/ terminating bus routes.
From Arambagh bus stand many buses go directly to Goghat.
In 2003-04, Goghat I CD Block had 125 primary schools with 12,427 students, 10 middle schools with 2,600 students, 13 high schools with 6,870 students and 5 higher secondary schools with 5,106 students. Goghat I CD Block had 148 institutions with 5,685 students for special and non-formal education.
Goghat I CD Block had 2 health centres, 23 clinics and 2 dispensaries with 8 beds and 2 doctors in 2003.
- Kamarpukur – birthplace of Sri Ramkrishna.
- Jayrambati - birthplace of Sarada Devi.
- Garh Mandaran – ruins of a fort of the Afghan era made famous by Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay in his novel Durgeshnandini.
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