Hirbandh (community development block)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Hirbandh
হীরাবাঁধ
Community development block
সমষ্টি উন্নয়ন ব্লক
Hirbandh is located in West Bengal
Hirbandh
Hirbandh
Hirbandh is located in India
Hirbandh
Hirbandh
Location in West Bengal, India
Coordinates: 23°03′48″N 86°48′08″E / 23.0633859°N 86.8022919°E / 23.0633859; 86.8022919Coordinates: 23°03′48″N 86°48′08″E / 23.0633859°N 86.8022919°E / 23.0633859; 86.8022919
Country  India
State West Bengal
District Bankura
Government
 • Type Community development block
Area
 • Total 215.60 km2 (83.24 sq mi)
Elevation 123 m (404 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 83,834
 • Density 390/km2 (1,000/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Bengali, English
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 722171 (Hirbandh)
Telephone/STD code 03243
ISO 3166 code IN-WB
Vehicle registration WB-67, WB-68
Literacy 64.18%
Lok Sabha constituency Bankura
Vidhan Sabha constituency Ranibandh ST
Website bankura.gov.in

Hirbandh is a community development block that forms an administrative division in Khatra subdivision of Bankura district in the Indian state of West Bengal.

History[edit]

From Bishnupur kingdom to the British Raj[edit]

From around the 7th century AD till around the advent of British rule, for around a millennium, history of Bankura district is identical with the rise and fall of the Hindu Rajas of Bishnupur. The Bishnupur Rajas, who were at the summit of their fortunes towards the end of the 17th century, started declining in the first half of the 18th century. First, the Maharaja of Burdwan seized the Fatehpur Mahal, and then the Maratha invasions laid waste their country.[1]

Bishnupur was ceded to the British with the rest of Burdwan chakla in 1760. In 1787, Bishnupur was united with Birbhum to form a separate administrative unit. In 1793 it was transferred to the Burdwan collectorate. In 1879, the district acquired its present shape with the thanas of Khatra and Raipur and the outpost of Simplapal being transferred from Manbhum, and the thanas of Sonamukhi, Kotulpur and Indas being retransferred from Burdwan. However, it was known for sometime as West Burdwan and in 1881 came to be known as Bankura district.[1]

Geography[edit]

Hirbandh is located at 23°03′48″N 86°48′08″E / 23.0633859°N 86.8022919°E / 23.0633859; 86.8022919

Hirbandh CD Block is located in the western part of the district and belongs to the hard rock area.[2]

Hirbandh CD Block is bounded by Indpur CD Block on the north, Khatra CD Block on the east and on a part of the south, Ranibandh CD Blocks on the rest of the south and Manbazar I CD Block, in Purulia district, on the west.[3][4]

It is located 41 km from Bankura, the district headquarters.[3]

Hirbandh CD Block has an area of 190.97 km2. It has 1 panchayat samity, 5 gram panchayats, 59 gram sansads (village councils), 121 mouzas and 116 inhabited villages. Hirbandh police station serves this block.[5] Headquarters of this CD Block is at Hirbandh.

Gram panchayats of Hirbandh block/ panchayat samiti are: Baharamuri, Gopalpur, Hirbandh, Malian and Mashiara.[6]

Demographics[edit]

Population[edit]

As per the 2011 Census of India Hirbandh CD Block had a total population of 83,834, all of which were rural. There were 42,917 (51%) males and 40,917 (49%) females. Population below 6 years was 9,977. Scheduled Castes numbered 22,827 (27.23%) and Scheduled Tribes numbered 23,806 (28.40%).[7]

In the 2001 census, Hirbandh community development block had a total population of 72,499 of which 37,230 were males and 35,269 were females. Decadal growth for the period 1991-2001 was 16.53% for Hirdih, against 13.79% in Bankura district.[8] Decadal growth in West Bengal was 17.84%.[9]

Villages in Hirbandh CD Block are (2011 census figures in brackets): Hirbandh (1,733), Baharamuri (2,401), Malian (2,457), Gopalpur (999) and Mosiara (2,559).[7]

Literacy[edit]

As per the 2011 census the total number of literates in Hirbandh CD Block was 47,399 (64.18% of the population over 6 years) out of which males numbered 29,446 (77.80% of the male population over 6 years) and females numbered 17,953 (49.86%) of the female population over 6 years). The gender disparity (the difference between female and male literacy rates) was 27.94%.[7]

See also – List of West Bengal districts ranked by literacy rate


Languages and religion[edit]

Bengali is the local language in these areas.[3]

There is a tribal presence in many of the CD Blocks of the district. Santali is spoken by around 10% of the population in the district. Some people also speak Mundari.[10]

Religion in Hirbandh CD Block
Hindu
  
80.98%
Muslim
  
2.32%
Christian
  
0.004%
Others
  
16.70%

In the 2011 census Hindus numbered 67,889 and formed 80.98% of the population in Hirbandh CD Block. Muslims numbered 1,945 and formed 2.32% of the population. Christians numbered 3 and formed 0.004% of the population. Others numbered 13,997 and formed 16.70% of the population.[11] Others include Addi Bassi, Marang Boro, Santal, Saranath, Sari Dharma, Sarna, Alchchi, Bidin, Sant, Saevdharm, Seran, Saran, Sarin, Kheria,[12] and other religious communities.[11]

BPL families[edit]

In Hirbandh CD Block 49.95% families were living below poverty line in 2007.[13]

Migration has been observed in the following CD Blocks of Bankura district: Bankura I, Chhatna, Saltora, Indpur, Ranibandh, Hirbandh, Khatra, Raipur and Sarenga. Although authentic figures are not available, a sample survey has been done. According to the sample survey, around 54.5% to 85.4% of the families on an average migrate from these blocks. Another study shows that around 23% of the people from the under-privileged blocks in the western and southern Bankura migrate. Those migrating belong mostly to the SC or ST population. They migrate for periods varying from 15 days to 6/8 months. Most people migrate to meet their food deficit and go to Bardhaman and Hooghly districts but some go to Gujarat and Maharashtra as construction labour.[13]

Economy[edit]

Infrastructure[edit]

116 or 96% of mouzas in Hirbandh CD Block were electrified by 31 March 2014.[14]

121 mouzas in Hirbandh CD Block had drinking water facilities in 2013-14. There were 33 fertiliser depots, 6 seed stores and 40 fair price shops in the CD Block.[14]

Agriculture[edit]

In 2013-14, persons engaged in agriculture in Hirbandh CD Block could be classified as follows: bargadars 1.34%, patta (document) holders 10.28%, small farmers (possessing land between 1 and 2 hectares) 7.12%, marginal farmers (possessing land up to 1 hectare) 23.81% and agricultural labourers 57.45%.[14]

In 2003-04 net area sown in Hirbandh CD Block was 11,062 hectares and the area in which more than one crop was grown was 2,561 hectares.[15]

In 2013-14, the total area irrigated in Hirbandh CD Block was 3,209 hectares, out of which 929 hectares was by canal water, 1,050 hectares by tank water, 940 hectares by river lift irrigation, 70 hectares by open dug wells and 220 hectares by other methods.[14]

In 2013-14, Hirbandh CD Block produced 19,285 tonnes of Aman paddy, the main winter crop, from 7,829 hectares, 107 tonnes of wheat from 50 hectares and 1,431 tonnes of potatoes from 53 hectares. It also produced pulses and mustard.[14]

Handloom and pottery industries[edit]

The handloom industry engages the largest number of persons in the non farm sector and hence is important in Bankura district. The handloom industry is well established in all the CD Blocks of the district and includes the famous Baluchari saris. In 2004-05 Hirbandh CD Block had 407 looms in operation.[16]

Bankura district is famous for the artistic excellence of its pottery products that include the famous Bankura horse. The range of pottery products is categorised as follows: domestic utilities, terracota and other decorative items and roofing tiles and other heavy pottery items. Around 3,200 families were involved in pottery making in the district in 2002. 95 families were involved in Hirbandh CD Block.[17]

Banking[edit]

In 2013-14, Hirbandh CD Block had offices of 1 commercial bank and 3 gramin banks.[14]

Transport[edit]

In 2013-14, Hirbandh CD Block had 6 originating/ terminating bus routes. The nearest railway railway station is 45 km from the CD Block headquarters.[14]

State Highway 2 (West Bengal) running from Bankura to Malancha (in North 24 Parganas district) and State Highway 4 (West Bengal) running from Jhalda (in Purulia district) to Digha foreshore (in Purba Medinipur district) pass through this CD Block.[18]

Education[edit]

In 2013-14, Hirbandh CD Block had 95 primary schools with 6,121 students, 9 middle schools with 1,342 students, 6 high schools with 4,424 students and 7 higher secondary schools with 4,581 students. Hirbandh CD Block had 78 institutions for special and non-formal education with 3,100 students.[19]

Healthcare[edit]

In 2014, Hirbandh CD Block had 1 rural hospital and 2 prmary health centres with total 44 beds and 6 doctors. It had 18 family welfare sub centres and 1 family welfare centre. 2,991 patients were treated indoor and 171,046 patients were treated outdoor in the hospitals, health centres and subcentres of the CD Block.[20]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b O’Malley, L.S.S. "Bengal District Gazetteers: Bankura". Bankura District Authorities. Retrieved 29 August 2016. 
  2. ^ "District Census Handbook Bankura" (PDF). pages 13-17. Directorate of Census Operations West Bengal. Retrieved 8 December 2016. 
  3. ^ a b c "Khatra Block". onefivenine. Retrieved 21 August 2016. 
  4. ^ "Tehsil Map of Bankura". CD Block/ Tehsil. Maps of India. Retrieved 21 August 2016. 
  5. ^ "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Bankura". Tables 2.1, 2.2. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 15 October 2016. 
  6. ^ "Directory of District, Subdivision, Panchayat Samiti/ Block and Gram Panchayats in West Bengal". Bankura - Revised in March 2008. Panchayats and Rural Development Department, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 27 August 2016. 
  7. ^ a b c "C.D. Block Wise Primary Census Abstract Data(PCA)". 2011 census: West Bengal – District-wise CD Blocks. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 29 August 2016. 
  8. ^ "Provisional population totals, West Bengal, Table 4, Bankura District". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 28 September 2011. Retrieved 18 August 2016. 
  9. ^ "Provisional Population Totals, West Bengal. Table 4". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 27 September 2007. Retrieved 17 July 2016. 
  10. ^ "Bengal District Gazetteers: Bankura by L.S.S.O'Malley, first published 1908, reprint 1995" (PDF). Language p. 51-52. Bankura District Administration. Retrieved 25 July 2016. 
  11. ^ a b "C1 Population by Religious Community". West Bengal. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 28 August 2016. 
  12. ^ "ST-14 A Details Of Religions Shown Under 'Other Religions And Persuasions' In Main Table". West Bengal. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 28 August 2016. 
  13. ^ a b "District Human Development Report: Bankura" (PDF). April 2007. Page 27, Pages 237-244. Development & Planning Department, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 8 December 2016. 
  14. ^ a b c d e f g "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Bankura". Tables 8.2, 17.2, 18.2, 18.1, 20.1, 21.2, 4.4, 3.1, 3.3 – arranged as per use. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 6 December 2016. 
  15. ^ "District Human Development Report: Bankura" (PDF). April 2007. Page: 58. Development & Planning Department, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 23 August 2016. 
  16. ^ "District Human Development Report: Bankura" (PDF). April 2007. Page: 85. Development & Planning Department, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 23 August 2016. 
  17. ^ "District Human Development Report: Bankura" (PDF). April 2007. Pages: 83-84. Development & Planning Department, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 23 August 2016. 
  18. ^ "List of State Highways in West Bengal". West Bengal Traffic Police. Retrieved 23 August 2016. 
  19. ^ "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Bankura". Tables 4.4. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 25 August 2016. 
  20. ^ "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Bankura". Tables 3.1, 3.2, 3.3. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 25 August 2016.