Midnapore Sadar (community development block)

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Midnapore Sadar
মেদিনীপুর সদর
Community development block
সমষ্টি উন্নয়ন ব্লক
Midnapore Sadar is located in West Bengal
Midnapore Sadar
Midnapore Sadar
Location in West Bengal, India
Coordinates: 22°25′19″N 87°19′41″E / 22.422°N 87.328°E / 22.422; 87.328Coordinates: 22°25′19″N 87°19′41″E / 22.422°N 87.328°E / 22.422; 87.328
Country  India
State West Bengal
District Paschim Medinipur
Government
 • Type Community development block
Area
 • Total 323.64 km2 (124.96 sq mi)
Elevation 53 m (174 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 191,705
 • Density 590/km2 (1,500/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Bengali, English
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 721102 (Vidyasagar University)
721130 (Pathra)
721150 (Panchkhuri)
Area code(s) 03221
ISO 3166 code IN-WB
Vehicle registration WB-34
Literacy 70.48%
Lok Sabha constituency Medinipur
Vidhan Sabha constituency Medinipur, Kharagpur
Website paschimmedinipur.gov.in

Midnapore Sadar is a community development block that forms an administrative division in Medinipur Sadar subdivision of Paschim Medinipur district in the Indian state of West Bengal.

History[edit]

Red corridor[edit]

106 districts spanning 10 states across India, described as being part of the Left Wing Extremism activities, constitutes the Red corridor. In West Bengal the districts of Pashim Medinipur, Bankura, Purulia and Birbhum are part of the Red corridor. However, as of July 2016, there has been no reported incidents of Maoist related activities from these districts for the previous 4 years.[1] In the period 2009-2011 LWE violence resulted in more than 500 deaths and a similar number missing in Paschim Medinipur district.[2]

Lalgarh movement, which started attracting attention after the failed assassination attempt on Buddhadeb Bhattacharjee, then chief minister of West Bengal, in the Salboni area of Paschim Medinipur district, on 2 November 2008 and the police action that followed, had also spread over to these areas.[3] The movement was not just a political struggle but an armed struggle that concurrently took the look of a social struggle. A large number of CPI (M) activists, and others active in different political parties, were killed. Although the epi-centre of the movement was Lalgarh, it was spread across 19 police stations in three adjoining districts – Paschim Medinipur, Bankura and Purulia, all thickly forested and near the border with Jharkhand. The deployment of CRPF and other forces started on 11 June 2009. The movement came to an end after the 2011 state assembly elections and change of government in West Bengal. The death of Kishenji, the Maoist commander, on 24 November 2011 was the last major landmark.[3][4]

From 2009 Maoist violence had rapidly spread across eleven western CD Blocks of the district: Binpur I, Binpur II, Salboni, Grahbeta II, Jamboni, Jhargram, Midnapore Sadar, Gopiballavpur I, Gopiballavpur II, Sankrail and Nayagram.[5]

Geography[edit]

In Midnapore Sadar CD Block 55% of the cultivated area has alluvial soil and 45% has lateritic soil. Midnapore Sadar CD Block is drought prone.[6]

Midnapore is located at 22°25′19″N 87°19′41″E / 22.422°N 87.328°E / 22.422; 87.328.

Midnapore Sadar CD Block is bounded by Salboni and Keshpur CD Blocks in the north, Kharagpur II CD Block in the east, Kharagpur I and Jhargram CD Blocks in the south and Binpur I CD Block in the west.[7][8]

Midnapore Sadar CD Block has an area of 323.64 km2. It has 1 panchayat samity, 9 gram panchayats, 129 gram sansads (village councils), 271 mouzas and 232 inhabited villages. Medinipur police station serves this block.[9]Headquarters of this CD Block is at Barapathar Cantonment.[10]

Midnapore Sadar CD Block had a forest cover of 5,940 hectares, against a total geographical area of 33,300 hectares in 2005-06.[11]

Gram panchayats of Midnapore Sadar block/ panchayat samiti are:Bonpura, Chandra, Dherua, Kankabati (Tantigeria), Monidaha, Panchkhuri I, Panchkhuri II, Pathra and Siromoni.[12]

Demographics[edit]

Population[edit]

As per the 2011 Census of India Midnapore CD Block had a total population of 191,705, all of which were rural. There were 97,490 (51%) males and 94,215 (49%) females. Population below 6 years was 25,920. Scheduled Castes numbered 37,445 (19.53%) and Scheduled Tribes numbered 33,869 (17.67%).[13]

As per 2001 census, Midnapore Sadar block had a total population of 157,584, out of which 80,824 were males and 76,760 were females. Midnapore Sadar block registered a population growth of 26.77 per cent during the 1991-2001 decade. Decadal growth for the combined Midnapore district was 14.87 per cent.[14]Decadal growth in West Bengal was 17.84 per cent.[15]

Large villages (with 4,000+ population) in Midnapore CD Block are (2011 census figures in brackets): Khasjangal Cantonment (4,080), Ramnagar (4,223), Panchkhuri (4,612), Hatihalka (5,371) and Bhabaninagar (4,225).[13]

Other villages in Midnapore CD Block include (2011 census figures in brackets): Pathra (3,356), Banpura (3,544), Shiromani (2,619), Manidaha (2,438), Dherua (2,119), Chandra (675) and Kankabati (287).[13]

Literacy[edit]

As per the 2011 census the total number of literates in Midnapore CD Block was 116,837 (70.48% of the population over 6 years) out of which males numbered 66,145 (78.43% of the male population over 6 years) and females numbered 50,702 (62.24% of the female population over 6 years). The gender gap in literacy rates was 16.19%.[13]

See also – List of West Bengal districts ranked by literacy rate


Languages and religions[edit]

Bengali is the local language in these areas.[7]

There is a Tribal presence in many of the CD Blocks of the district. Santali is spoken by 55.93% of the tribal population of the district. The Bhumij, forming 11.16% of the tribal population, and the Mundas, forming 6.10% of the tribal population, speak Mundari. Other small groups include Koras and Mahalis. The Lodhas, forming 3.85% of the tribal population, the only primitive tribe in the district, speak Lodhi.[16]

Religion in Midnapore CD Block
Hindu
  
71.74%
Muslim
  
25.58%
Others
  
2.68%

In the 2011 census Hindus numbered 137,527 and formed 71.74% of the population in Midnapore CD Block. Muslims numbered 49,039 and formed 25.58% of the population. Others numbered 5,139 and formed 2.68% of the population’[17] Others also include Addi Bassi, Marang Boro, Santal, Saranath, Sari Dharma, Sarna, Alchchi, Bidin, Sant, Saevdharm, Seran, Saran, Sarin, Kheria.[18] Christians and other religious communities.[17]

BPL families[edit]

In Midnapore Sadar CD Block 31.95% families were living below poverty line in 2007.[19]

According to the District Human Development Report of Paschim Medinipur: The 29 CD Blocks of the district were classified into four categories based on the poverty ratio. Nayagram, Binpur II and Jamboni CD Blocks have very high poverty levels (above 60%). Kharagpur I, Kharagpur II, Sankrail, Garhbeta II, Pingla and Mohanpur CD Blocks have high levels of poverty (50-60%), Jhargram, Midnapore Sadar, Dantan I, Gopiballavpur II, Binpur I, Dantan II, Keshiari, Chandrakona I, Gopiballavpur I, Chandrakona II, Narayangarh, Keshpur, Ghatal, Sabang, Garhbeta I, Salboni, Debra and Garhbeta III CD Blocks have moderate levels of poverty (25-50%) and Daspur II and Daspur I have low levels of poverty (below 25%).[19]

Economy[edit]

Infrastructure[edit]

243 or 90% of mouzas in Midnapore CD Block were electrified by 31 March 2014.[20]

226 mouzas in Midnapore Sadar CD Block had drinking water facilities in 2013-14. There were 84 fertiliser depots, 35 seed stores and 37 fair price shops in the CD Block.[20]

Agriculture[edit]

Circle frame.svg

Persons engaged in agriculture
in Midnapore Sadar CD Block

  Bargadars (5.52%)
  Patta holders (30.79%)
  Small farmers (3.07%)
  Marginal farmers (20.85%)
  Agricultural labourers (39.77%)

Although the Bargadari Act of 1950 recognised the rights of bargadars to a higher share of crops from the land that they tilled, it was not implemented fully. Large tracts, beyond the prescribed limit of land ceiling, remained with the rich landlords. From 1977 onwards major land reforms took place in West Bengal. Land in excess of land ceiling was acquired and distributed amongst the peasants.[21]Following land reforms land ownership pattern has undergone transformation. In 2013-14, persons engaged in agriculture in Midnapore Sadar CD Block could be classified as follows: bargadars 5.52%, patta (document) holders 30.79%, small farmers (possessing land between 1 and 2 hectares) 3.07%, marginal farmers (possessing land up to 1 hectare) 20.85% and agricultural labourers 39.77%.[20]

In 2005-06 the nett cropped area in Midnapore Sadar CD Block was 17,700 hectares and the area in which more than one crop was grown was 9,927 hectares.[22]

The extension of irrigation has played a role in growth of the predominantly agricultural economy.[23]In 2013-14, the total area irrigated in Midnapore Sadar CD Block was 9,680 hectares, out of which 700 hectares were irrigated by canal water, 800 hectares by tank water, 4,830 hectares by deep tubewells, 2,400 hectares by shallow tube wells, 900 hectares by river lift irrigation, 40 hectares by open dug wells and 10 hectares by other methods.[20]

In 2013-14, Midnapore Sadar CD Block produced 85,138 tonnes of Aman paddy, the main winter crop, from 36,128 hectares, 5,062 tonnes of Aus paddy (summer crop) from 2,373 hectares, 921 tonnes of Boro paddy (spring crop) from 302 hectares, 1,904 tonnes of wheat from 1,072 hectares and 8,691 tonnes of potatoes from 638 hectares. It also produced oilseeds.[20]

Banking[edit]

In 2013-14, Midnapore Sadar CD Block had offices of 21 commercial banks and 3 gramin banks.[20]

Transport[edit]

Midnapore Sadar CD Block has 2 ferry services and 8 originating/ terminating bus routes.[20]

The Kharagpur-Adra line of South Eastern Railway passes through this CD Block and there is a station at Midnapore (outside the CD Block).[24]

NH 14, (old numbering NH 60), running from Morgram to Kharagpur, passes through this CD Block.[25]

Education[edit]

In 2013-14, Midnapore Sadar CD Block had 118 primary schools with 12,078 students, 16 middle schools with 1,773 students, 1 high school with 2,998 students and 14 higher secondary schools with 32,153 students. Midnapore Sadar CD Block had 366 institutions for special and non-formal education with 18,640 students.[20]

The United Nations Development Programme considers the combined primary and secondary enrolment ratio as the simple indicator of educational achievement of the children in the school going age. The infrastructure available is important. In Midnapore Sadar CD Block out of the total 117 primary schools in 2008-2009, 68 had pucca buildings, 12 partially pucca, 1 kucha and 36 multiple type.[26]

Midnapore College and Raja Narendra Lal Khan Women's College is the general degree college in this block.

Vidyasagar University is also in this block.

Healthcare[edit]

In 2014, Midnapore Sadar CD had 1 block primary health centre and 2 primary health centres with total 31 beds and 6 doctors. It had 25 family welfare sub centres and 1 family welfare centre. 4,382 patients were treated indoor and 102,243 patients were treated outdoor in the hospitals, health centres and subcentres of the CD Block.[20]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Singh, Vijayita. "Red Corridor to be redrawn". The Hindu, 25 July 2016. Retrieved 1 August 2016. 
  2. ^ "District Human Development Report: Paschim Medinipur" (PDF). May 2011. Page 271. Development & Planning Department, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 31 July 2016. 
  3. ^ a b "Lalgarh Battle". Frontline. 17 July 2009. Retrieved 23 July 2016. 
  4. ^ "Kishenji’s death a serious blow to Maoist movement". The Hindu. 25 November 2011. Retrieved 23 July 2016. 
  5. ^ "District Human Development Report: Paschim Medinipur" (PDF). May 2011. Page 271. Development & Planning Department, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 8 January 2017. 
  6. ^ "District Human Development Report: Paschim Medinipur" (PDF). page 26 (Predominant Soil), pages 265- 268 (Identification of Flood prone areas, Names of drought prone blocks). Development and Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, 2011. Retrieved 2 January 2017. 
  7. ^ a b "Midnapore Block". onefivenine. Retrieved 22 July 2016. 
  8. ^ "District Map Paschim Medinipur". Maps. Paschim Medinipur district administration. Retrieved 22 July 2016. 
  9. ^ "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Paschim Medinipur". Tables 2.1, 2.2. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 10 October 2016. 
  10. ^ "District Census Handbook: Paschim Medinipur" (PDF). Map of Paschim Medinipur with CD Block HQs and Police Stations (on the fifth page). Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal, 2011. Retrieved 20 November 2016. 
  11. ^ "District Human Development Report, Paschim Medinipur" (PDF). Table 2.4, Page 28. Development and Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, May 2011. Retrieved 2 January 2017. 
  12. ^ "Directory of District, Subdivision, Panchayat Samiti/ Block and Gram Panchayats in West Bengal". Paschim Medinipur - Revised in March 2008. Panchayats and Rural Development Department, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 1 August 2016. 
  13. ^ a b c d "C.D. Block Wise Primary Census Abstract Data(PCA)". 2011 census: West Bengal – District-wise CD Blocks. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 3 May 2016. 
  14. ^ "Provisional population totals, West Bengal, Table 4, (erstwhile) Medinipur District". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on September 28, 2011. Retrieved 22 July 2016. 
  15. ^ "Provisional Population Totals, West Bengal. Table 4". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 27 September 2007. Retrieved 17 July 2016. 
  16. ^ "District Human Development Report: Paschim Medinipur" (PDF). Page 217 Scheduled Tribe Community. Development and Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, 2011. Retrieved 25 July 2016. 
  17. ^ a b "C1 Population by Religious Community". West Bengal. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 29 July 2016. 
  18. ^ "ST-14 A Details Of Religions Shown Under 'Other Religions And Persuasions' In Main Table". West Bengal. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 29 July 2016. 
  19. ^ a b "District Human Development Report: Paschim Medinipur" (PDF). May 2011. Page 177. Development & Planning Department, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 8 January 2017. 
  20. ^ a b c d e f g h i "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Paschim Medinipur". Tables 2.1, 8.2, 16.1, 17.2, 18.2, 18.1, 20.1, 21.2, 4.4, 3.1, 3.3 – arranged as per use. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 2 January 2017. 
  21. ^ "District Human Development Report: South 24 Parganas". (1) Chapter 1.2, South 24 Parganas in Historical Perspective, pages 7-9 (2) Chapter 3.4, Land reforms, pages 32-33. Development & Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, 2009. Retrieved 7 August 2016. 
  22. ^ "District Human Development Report, Paschim Medinipur" (PDF). Table 2.4, Page 28. Development and Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, May 2011. Retrieved 2 January 2017. 
  23. ^ "District Human Development Report: Paschim Medinipur" (PDF). Chapter V: Economic Livelihoods, pages 129-131. Development and Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, 2011. Retrieved 2 January 2017. 
  24. ^ "58601 Kharagpur-Adra Passenger". Time Table. indiarailinfo. Retrieved 25 July 2016. 
  25. ^ "Rationalisation of Numbering Systems of National Highways" (PDF). New Delhi: Department of Road Transport and Highways. Retrieved 5 August 2016. 
  26. ^ "District Human Development Report: Paschim Medinipur" (PDF). May 2011. Page: 60. Development & Planning Department, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 31 July 2016. 

External links[edit]