Jamuria (community development block)

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Jamuria
জামুরিয়া
Community development block
সমষ্টি উন্নয়ন ব্লক
Jamuria is located in West Bengal
Jamuria
Jamuria
Location in West Bengal
Coordinates: 23°40′26″N 87°08′24″E / 23.67389°N 87.14000°E / 23.67389; 87.14000
Country  India
State West Bengal
District Bardhaman
Parliamentary constituency Asansol
Assembly constituency Jamuria
Area
 • Total 61.04 sq mi (158.10 km2)
Elevation 436 ft (133 m)
Population (2011)
 • Total 123,176
 • Density 2,000/sq mi (780/km2)
Time zone IST (UTC+5.30)
PIN 713378 (Haripur)
713342 (Kenda)
713362 (Toposi)
713368 (Churulia)
Telephone/STD code 0341
Vehicle registration WB-37,WB-38,WB-41,WB-42,WB-44
Literacy Rate 69.42 per cent
Website http://bardhaman.gov.in/

Jamuria is a community development block that forms an administrative division in Asansol subdivision of Bardhaman district in the Indian state of West Bengal.

Geography[edit]

Bahadurpur, a gram panchayat, is located at 23°40′26″N 87°08′24″E / 23.6739661°N 87.1401215°E / 23.6739661; 87.1401215.

Jamuria CD Block is part of the Ajay Damodar Barakar tract. This area is sort of an extension of the Chota Nagpur Plateau. It is a rocky undulating area with laterite soil, with the Ajay on the north, the Damodar on the south and the Barakar on the west. For ages the area was heavily forested and infested with plunderers and marauders. The discovery of coal led to industrialisation of the area and most of the forests have been cleared.[1][2]

Jamuria CD Block is bounded by Nala CD Block, in Jamtara district of Jharkhand, and Khoyrasole CD Block in Birbhum district, on the north, Pandabeswar CD Block on the east, Asansol (municipal corporation) and Raniganj CD Block, on the south and Barabani CD Block on the west.[3][4]

It is located 101 km from Bardhaman, the district headquarters.[3]

Jamuria CD Block has an area of 158.10 km2. It has 1 panchayat samity, 10 gram panchayats, 93 gram sansads (village councils), 46 mouzas and 38 inhabited villages. Jamuria police station serves this block.[5]Headquarters of this CD Block is at Bahadurpur.[6]

Gram panchayats of Jamuria block/panchayat samiti are: Bahadurpur, Chinchuria, Churulia, Dobrana, Hijalgora, Kendra, Madantore, Parasea, Shyamalya and Tapsi.[7]

Demographics[edit]

Population[edit]

As per the 2011 Census of India Jamuria CD Block had a total population of 123,176, of which 75,144 were rural and 48,032 were urban. There were 64,578 (52%) males and 58,598 (48%) females. Population below 6 years was 15,141. Scheduled Castes numbered 37,793 (30.68%) and Scheduled Tribes numbered 10,272 (8.34%).[8]

As per 2001 census, Jamuria block had a total population of 112,799, out of which 59,839 were males and 52,960 were females. Jamuria block registered a population growth of 12.96 per cent during the 1991-2001 decade. Decadal growth for Bardhaman district was 14.36 per cent.[9]Decadal growth in West Bengal was 17.84 per cent.[10]Scheduled castes at 39,449 formed around one-third the population. Scheduled tribes numbered 10,575.[11]

Census Towns in Jamuria CD Block are (2011 census figures in brackets): Kunustara (5,127), Topsi (4,329), Nimsa (3,549), Chinchuria (6,617), Kenda (15,731), Parasia (8,894) and Kendra Khottamdi (part) (3,875).[8]

Large villages (with 4,000+ population) in Jamuria CD Block are (2011 census figures in brackets): Churulia (8,173) and Hijalgora (5,374), [8]

Other villages in Jamuria CD Block include (2011census figures in brackets): Bahadurpur (2,514), Dobrana (3,254), Madantore (2,813), Semalya (3,395) and Chhatrish Ganda (2,894).[8]Villages are Andharia, Bagdiha, Baguli, Bahadurpur, Bamanband, Barul, Bataspur, Benasol, Bhaterdaha, Bhuri, Bijaynagar, Birkulti, Chak Dola, Chichurbil, Churulia, Dahuka, Darbardanga, Desher Mohan, Dhasla, Dhasna, Dobrana, Hijalgora, Jamsol, Jayantipur, Jaynagar, Jote Janaki, Khamarsol, Kumardiha, Laikapur, Lalbazar, Madhabpur, Madhudanga, Manpur, Patharchur, Rakhakura, Sarakdihi, Sattar, Shankheri, Sidhpur and Taltore.[12]

Literacy[edit]

As per the 2011 census the total number of literates in Jamuria CD Block was 75,001 (69.42% of the population over 6 years) out of which males numbered 45,006 (79.41% of the male population over 6 years) and females numbered 29,995 (58.40% of the female population over 6 years). The gender disparity (the difference between female and male literacy rates) was 21.01%.[8]

As per 2001 census, Jamuria block had a total literacy of 67.29 per cent for the 6+ age group. While male literacy was 79.09 per cent female literacy was 53.86 per cent. Bardhaman district had a total literacy of 70.18 per cent, male literacy being 78.63 per cent and female literacy being 60.95 per cent.[13]

See also – List of West Bengal districts ranked by literacy rate


Languages and religion[edit]

Bengali is the local language in these areas.[3]

In 2001 Bengali was the mother-tongue of 79.9% of the population of Bardhaman district, Hindi was the mother-tongue of 10.9%, Santali 4.9%, Urdu 2.8%, Bhojpuri 0.1% and Oraon 0.1%. There were other languages spoken by small percentages. The percentage of population which reported Bengali as mother-tongue has declined from 82.3% in 1961 to 79.9% in 2001, the percentage of population which reported Hindi as mother-tongue increased from 8.5% in 1961 to 10.9% in 2001. However, as of 2017, CD Block-wise/ other region-wise break-up of mother tongue is not available in census/ other official sources.[14]

There have been reports in the media about the Hindi speaking population being substantial in the Asansol (Lok Sabha constituency).[15][16] Bardhaman district provided attractive livelihood opportunities for immigrants from Bihar/ Jharkhand.[17]

Religion in Jamuria CD Block
Hindu
  
88.18%
Muslim
  
11.21%
Christian
  
0.10%
Others
  
0.52%

In the 2011 census Hindus numbered 108,613 and formed 88.18% of the population in Jamuria CD Block. Muslims numbered 13,804 and formed 11.21% of the population. Christians numbered 121 and formed 0.10% of the population. Others numbered 638 and formed 0.52% of the population.[18]

Rural poverty[edit]

As per poverty estimates obtained from hosehold survey for families living below poverty line in 2005, rural poverty in Jamuria CD Block was 22.99%.[19]

Economy[edit]

Livelihood[edit]

In Jamuria CD Block in 2011, amongst the class of total workers, cultivators formed 11.91%, agricultural labourers 27.16%, household industry workers 1.96% and other workers 58.97%.[20]

In Jamuria CD Block a large percentage of the total workers were engaged as ‘other workers’ and only a small percentage as cultivators or agricultural labourers. This is because Asansol subdivision is a colliery based industrial area, where a majority of the people are engaged in the secondary or tertiary sectors.[21]

Infrastructure[edit]

All 46 or 100% of mouzas in Jamuria CD Block were electrified by 31 March 2014.[20]

43 mouzas in Jamuria CD Block had drinking water facilities in 2013-14. There were 37 fertiliser depots, 3 seed stores and 34 fair price shops in the CD Block.[20]

Coal mining[edit]

It is in the heart of the coal mining zone.[22] With plenty of coal seams near the surface, illegal mining has been a long-standing problem in the area.[23]

Agriculture[edit]

Circle frame.svg

Persons engaged in agriculture
in Jamuria CD Block

  Bargadars (15.12%)
  Patta holders (18.66%)
  Small farmers (6.03%)
  Marginal farmers (23.49%)
  Agricultural labourers (36.71%)

Although the Bargadari Act of 1950 recognised the rights of bargadars to a higher share of crops from the land that they tilled, it was not implemented fully. Large tracts, beyond the prescribed limit of land ceiling, remained with the rich landlords. From 1977 onwards major land reforms took place in West Bengal. Land in excess of land ceiling was acquired and distributed amongst the peasants.[24]Following land reforms land ownership pattern has undergone transformation. In 2013-14, persons engaged in agriculture in Jamuria CD Block could be classified as follows: bargadars 15.12%, patta (document) holders 18.66%, small farmers (possessing land between 1 and 2 hectares) 6.03%, marginal farmers (possessing land up to 1 hectare) 23.49% and agricultural labourers 36.71%.[20]

In 2003-04 net cropped area in Jamuria CD Block was 14,130 hectares and the area in which more than one crop was grown was 2,579 hectares.[25]

In 2013-14, Jamuria CD Block produced 5,425 tonnes of Aman paddy, the main winter crop, from 1,981 hectares and 13 tonnes of wheat from 6 hectares. It also produced pulses and oilseeds.[20]

Banking[edit]

In 2013-14, Jamuria CD Block had offices of 8 commercial banks and 1 gramin bank.[20]

Andal–Sainthia branch line
colliery of Raniganj Coalfield
km
to Bardhaman-Asansol section
0 Andal
to Bardhaman-Asansol section
NH19-IN.svg
National Highway 19
Grand Trunk Road
8 Sonachara
Kunustoria Colliery
12 Tapasi
15 Ikra(halt)
Sripur Colliery
20 Jamuria(halt)
27 Barabani
33 Chinchuri(halt)
41 Sitarampur
to Asansol–Gaya section
Harishpur
Singaran River
NH19-IN.svg
National Highway 19
Grand Trunk Road
5 Kajoragram
10 Siduli
Sitalpur Colliery
12 Ukhra
Pandaveswar Airfield
(abandoned)
Khottadih Open Cast Project
South Samla Colliery
20 Pandabeswar
Ajay River
23 Bhimgara Junction
29 Hazaratpur
33 Raswan
37 Barhragram
42 Lachmanpur Road
49 Palashthali
Hinglo River
29 Panchra
35 Dubrajpur
Bakreshwar River
42 Chinpai
Bakreshwar Thermal
Power Station
45 Kachujor
54 Suri
63 Kunuri
66 Mahisadahari(halt)
Kherua
to Sahibganj Loop
73 Sainthia
to Sahibganj Loop

Transport[edit]

Jamuria CD Block has 1 ferry service and 5 originating/ terminating bus routes.[20]

The Andal-Jamuria-Sitarampur branch line passes through this CD Block and there is a station at Jamuria.[26]

Education[edit]

In 2013-14, Jamuria CD Block had 65 primary schools with 6,645 students, 6 middle schools with 773 students, 6 high schools with 3,786 students and 7 higher secondary schools with 4,889 students. Jamuria CD Block had 1 general college with 557 students, and 198 institutions for special and non-formal education with 7,632 students.[20]

Culture[edit]

Kazi Nazrul Satabarshiki Bhawan at Churulia, birthplace of Kazi Nazrul Islam, in Jamuria block came up in the year of his birth centenary.[27]

Healthcare[edit]

In 2014, Jamuria CD Block had 1 block primary health centre, 2 primary health centres and 2 central government/ PSU medical centres with total 93 beds and 20 doctors (excluding private bodies). It had 14 family welfare sub centres. 3,373 patients were treated indoor and 161,780 patients were treated outdoor in the hospitals, health centres and subcentres of the CD Block.[20]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Census of India 2011, West Bengal: District Census Handbook, Barddhaman" (PDF). Physiography, pages 13-14. Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal. Retrieved 23 January 2017. 
  2. ^ Chattopadhyay, Akkori, Bardhaman Jelar Itihas O Lok Sanskriti (History and Folk lore of Bardhaman District.), (Bengali), Vol I, pp 14-15, Radical Impression. ISBN 81-85459-36-3
  3. ^ a b c "Jamuria Block". onefivenine. Retrieved 23 January 2017. 
  4. ^ "Tehsil Map of Barddhaman". CD Block/ Tehsil. Maps of India. Retrieved 23 January 2017. 
  5. ^ "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Burdwan". Tables 2.1, 2.2. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 22 January 2017. 
  6. ^ "District Census Handbook: Barddhaman" (PDF). Map of Barddhaman with CD Block HQs and Police Stations (on the fourth page). Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal, 2011. Retrieved 22 January 2017. 
  7. ^ "Directory of District, Subdivision, Panchayat Samiti/ Block and Gram Panchayats in West Bengal". Bardhaman - Revised in March 2008. Panchayats and Rural Development Department, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 30 January 2017. 
  8. ^ a b c d e "C.D. Block Wise Primary Census Abstract Data(PCA)". 2011 census: West Bengal – District-wise CD Blocks. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 16 January 2017. 
  9. ^ "Provisional population totals, West Bengal, Table 4, Barddhaman District". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 28 September 2011. Retrieved 4 February 2017. 
  10. ^ "Provisional Population Totals, West Bengal. Table 4". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 27 September 2007. Retrieved 4 February 2017. 
  11. ^ "TRU for all Districts (SC & ST and Total)". Census 2001. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2011-07-19. Retrieved 4 February 2017. 
  12. ^ "Villages in Jamuria C.D.Block". vlist.in. Retrieved 2013-11-09. 
  13. ^ "Provisional population totals, West Bengal, Table 5, Bardhaman District". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2011-09-28. Retrieved 4 February 2017. 
  14. ^ "Census of India 2011: District Census Handbook Barddhaman" (PDF). Table 11: Population by Mother-tongue in Barddhaman district (1961-2001), page 51. Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal. Retrieved 28 January 2017. 
  15. ^ "Red Corridors in West Bengal a Headache for EC". The New Indian Express, 7 May 2014. Retrieved 28 January 2017. 
  16. ^ "Hindi speaking voters 'Modi'fied, Didi looks for answers". Maps of India, 1 April 2014. Retrieved 28 January 2017. 
  17. ^ "District Human Development Report: Bardhaman" (PDF). Chapter I, Page 8. Development and Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, 2011. Retrieved 28 January 2017. 
  18. ^ "C1 Population by Religious Community". West Bengal. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 27 January 2017. 
  19. ^ "District Human Development Report: Bardhaman" (PDF). Table 4.2: Empirical Mesurement of Rural Poverty in Bardhaman 2005, page 94. Development and Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, 2011. Retrieved 30 January 2017. 
  20. ^ a b c d e f g h i "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Bardhaman". Tables 2.7, 2.1, 8.2, 16.1, 17.2, 18.1, 18.2, 20.1, 21.2, 4.4, 3.1, 3.3 – arranged as per use. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 30 January 2017. 
  21. ^ "District Human Development Report: Bardhaman" (PDF). Block/ Sub-division wise Variation in Occupational Distribution of Workers, page 47. Development and Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, 2011. Retrieved 30 January 2017. 
  22. ^ Chattopadhyay, Akkori, p 666
  23. ^ The Telegraph 21 May 2005
  24. ^ "District Human Development Report: South 24 Parganas". (1) Chapter 1.2, South 24 Parganas in Historical Perspective, pages 7-9 (2) Chapter 3.4, Land reforms, pages 32-33. Development & Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, 2009. Retrieved 7 August 2016. 
  25. ^ "District Human Development Report, Bardhaman" (PDF). Table 3.10, Gross Cropped Area, Net Cropped Area and Cropping Intesity of different blocks of Bardhaman district 2003-04, Page 53. Development and Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, May 2011. Retrieved 30 January 2017. 
  26. ^ "73539 Andal-Jasidih DEMU". Time Table. indiarailinfo. Retrieved 9 February 2017. 
  27. ^ "Jamuria to get its first cultural hub named after Kazi Nazrul Islam". The Statesman 8 February 2007. Retrieved 2011-08-26.