Hura (community development block)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
For other uses, see Hura (disambiguation).
Hura
হুড়া
Community development block
সমষ্টি উন্নয়ন ব্লক
Hura is located in West Bengal
Hura
Hura
Location in West Bengal, India
Coordinates: 23°18′N 86°39′E / 23.30°N 86.65°E / 23.30; 86.65Coordinates: 23°18′N 86°39′E / 23.30°N 86.65°E / 23.30; 86.65
Country  India
State West Bengal
District Purulia
Government
 • Type Community development block
Area
 • Total 382.21 km2 (147.57 sq mi)
Elevation 167 m (548 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 143,575
 • Density 380/km2 (970/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Bengali, English
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 723130 (Hura)
Telephone/STD code 03251
Vehicle registration WB-55, WB-56
Literacy 68.79%
Lok Sabha constituency Purulia
Vidhan Sabha constituency Manbazar, Kashipur
Website purulia.gov.in
http://hurablock.org/

Hura is a community development block that forms an administrative division in Purulia Sadar East subdivision of Purulia district in the Indian state of West Bengal.

History[edit]

Background[edit]

The Jaina Bhagavati-Sutra of the 5th century AD mentions that Purulia was one of the sixteen mahajanapadas and was a part of the kingdom known as Vajra-bhumi in ancient times. In 1833, Manbhum district was carved out of Jungle Mahals district, with headquarters at Manbazar. In 1838, the headquarters was transferred to Purulia. In 1956, Manbhum district was partitioned between Bihar and West Bengal under the States Reorganization Act and the Bihar and West Bengal (Transfer of Territories) Act 1956.[1]

Geography[edit]

Hura is located at 23°18′N 86°39′E / 23.30°N 86.65°E / 23.30; 86.65.

Hura CD Block is located in the eastern part of the district. The Kangsabati River forms the boundary between Hura and Puncha CD Blocks. The lower Kangsabati basin has degraded lowlands .[2]

Hura CD Block is bounded by Kashipur and Para CD Blocks on the north, Indpur CD Block and Hirbandh, in Bankura district, on the east, Puncha CD Block on the south, and Purulia I CD Block on the west.[3][4]

It is located 35 km from Purulia, the district headquarters.[3]

Hura CD Block has an area of 382.21 km2. It has 1 panchayat samity, 10 gram panchayats, 107 gram sansads (village councils), 116 mouzas and 111 inhabited villages. Hura police station serves this block.[5] Headquarters of this CD Block are at Hura.[6]

Gram panchayats of Hura block/panchayat samiti are: Chatumadar, Daldali, Hura, Jabarrah, Kalabani, Keshargarh, Ladhurka, Lakhanpur, Manguria-Lalpur and Rakhera-Bishpuria.[7]

Demographics[edit]

Population[edit]

As per the 2011 Census of India Hura CD Block had a total population of 143,575, all of which were rural. There were 72,867 (51%) males and 70,708 (49%) females. Population below 6 years was 18,467. Scheduled Castes numbered 28,087 (19.56%) and Scheduled Tribes numbered 36,561 (25.46%).[8]

As per 2001 census, Hura block had a total population of 127,423, out of which 64,462 were males and 62,961 were females. Hura block registered a population growth of 12.04 per cent during the 1991-2001 decade. Decadal growth for Purulia district was 13.96 per cent.[9] Decadal growth in West Bengal was 17.84 per cent.[10]

Large villages (with 4,000+ population) in Hura CD Block are (2011 census figures in brackets): Kalabani (5,698), Manguralalpur (6,683), Daldali (4,488), Kesargarh (4,626) and Parsia (4,075).[8]

Other villages in Hura CD Block are (2011 census figures in brackets): Hura (3,419), Rakshyara (2,387), Bishpuria (3,661), Chatumatar (1,842), Jabra (2,073), Ladhurka (3,652) and Lakshanpur (2,973).[8]

Literacy[edit]

As per the 2011 census the total number of literates in Hura CD Block was 86,067 (68.79% of the population over 6 years) out of which males numbered 51,971 (81.95% of the male population over 6 years) and females numbered 34,096 (55.27%) of the female population over 6 years). The gender disparity (the difference between female and male literacy rates) was 26.68%.[8]

See also – List of West Bengal districts ranked by literacy rate


Languages and religions[edit]

Bengali is the local language in these areas.[3]

There is a tribal presence in many of the CD Blocks of the district. Santali was spoken by around 14% of the population of the earlier Manbhum district. Some people also speak Mundari or Kolarian languages such as Kurmali, Mundari and the languages of the Bhumij or Mahli.[11]

Religion in Hura CD Block
Hindu
  
81.00%
Muslim
  
6.83%
Christian
  
0.12%
Others
  
12.05%

In the 2011 census Hindus numbered 116,296 and formed 81.00% of the population in Hura CD Block. Muslims numbered 9,807 and formed 6.83% of the population. Christians numbered 170 and formed 0.12% of the population. Others numbered 17,302 and formed 12.05% of the population.[12] Others include Addi Bassi, Marang Boro, Santal, Saranath, Sari Dharma, Sarna, Alchchi, Bidin, Sant, Saevdharm, Seran, Saran, Sarin, Kheria,[13] and other religious communities.[12]

Economy[edit]

Infrastructure[edit]

111 mouzas in Hura CD Block were electrified by 31 March 2014.[14]

Agriculture[edit]

In 2013-14, persons engaged in agriculture in Hura CD Block could be classified as follows: bargadars 0.51%, patta (document) holders 13.39%, small farmers (possessing land between 1 and 2 hectares) 6.71%, marginal farmers (possessing land up to 1 hectare) 22.12% and agricultural labourers 57.27%.[14]

In 2013-14, the total area irrigated in Hura CD Block was 13,160.68 hectares, out of which 1,198.00 hectares by canal water, 8,397.97 hectares by tank water, 11.21 hectares by river lift irrigation, 185.4 hectares by open dug wells and 3,368.10 hectares by other means.[14]

In 2013-14 Hura CD Block produced 3,673 tonnes of Aman paddy, the main winter crop, from 2,233 hectares, 13 tonnes of Boro paddy, the spring crop, from 5 hectares, 32 tonnes of wheat from 16 hectares. It also produced maskalai, mustard and potatoes.[14]

Banking[edit]

In 2013-14, Hura CD Block had offices of 6 commercial banks and 2 gramin banks.[14]

Transport[edit]

In 2013-14, Hura CD Block had 8 originating/ terminating bus routes. The nearest railway station is 24 km from CD Block headquarters.[14]

NH 314, running from Bankura to Purulia, passes through this CD Block.[15]

Education[edit]

In 2013-14, Hura CD Block had 189 primary schools with 13,322 students, 27 middle schools with 1,084 students, 7 high schools with 3,452 students and 16 higher secondary schools with 15,499 students. Hura CD Block had 1 general college with 2,496 students, 2 professional/ technical institutes with 165 students and 322 institutions with 9,023 students for special and non-formal education.[14]

Healthcare[edit]

In 2014, Hura CD Block had 1 rural hospital and 3 primary health centres, with total 48 beds and 6 doctors. 8,735 patients were treated indoor and 242,155 patients were treated outdoor in the hospitals, health centres and subcentres of the CD Block.[14]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Historical background". Purulia District. Archived from the original on 2008-01-03. Retrieved 2008-03-02. 
  2. ^ "District Census Handbook Puruliya" (PDF). pages 11,12. Directorate of Census Operations West Bengal. Retrieved 6 December 2016. 
  3. ^ a b c "Hura Block". onefivenine. Retrieved 14 September 2016. 
  4. ^ "Purulia district". Blocks in Purulia district. Purulia district administration. Retrieved 14 September 2016. 
  5. ^ "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Purulia". Tables 2.1, 2.2,. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 12 September 2016. 
  6. ^ "District Census Handbook: Puruliya" (PDF). Map of District Puruliya with CD Block HQs and Police Stations (on the fifth page). Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal, 2011. Retrieved 2 December 2016. 
  7. ^ "Annexure A to G.O No.121(Sanction)-RD/CCA/BRGF/1C-5/08". Allotment under BRGF Fund 1st Instalment 2010-11 – Purulia District. Government of West Bengal - Department of Panchayats & Rural Development. Retrieved 2011-08-04. 
  8. ^ a b c d "C.D. Block Wise Primary Census Abstract Data(PCA)". 2011 census: West Bengal – District-wise CD Blocks. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 12 September 2016. 
  9. ^ "Provisional population totals, West Bengal, Table 4, Puruliya District". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 28 September 2011. Retrieved 12 September 2016. 
  10. ^ "Provisional Population Totals, West Bengal. Table 4". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 27 September 2007. Retrieved 17 July 2016. 
  11. ^ "Bengal District Gazetteers - Manbhum by H. Coupland, ICS". Section 72, First Published 1911. University of California, San Diego. Retrieved 27 September 2016. 
  12. ^ a b "C1 Population by Religious Community". West Bengal. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 28 September 2016. 
  13. ^ "ST-14 A Details Of Religions Shown Under 'Other Religions And Persuasions' In Main Table". West Bengal. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 28 September 2016. 
  14. ^ a b c d e f g h "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Purulia". Tables 8.2, 17.2, 18.2, 18.1, 20.1, 21.2, 4.4, 3.1, 3.3 – arranged as per use. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 6 December 2016. 
  15. ^ "Rationalisation of Numbering Systems of National Highways" (PDF). New Delhi: Department of Road Transport and Highways. Retrieved 1 October 2016. 

See also[edit]