Santuri (community development block)
|Community development block
সমষ্টি উন্নয়ন ব্লক
|• Total||179.69 km2 (69.38 sq mi)|
|Elevation||148 m (486 ft)|
|• Density||440/km2 (1,100/sq mi)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5.30)|
|Vehicle registration||WB-55, WB-56|
|Literacy Rate||64.15 per cent|
The Jaina Bhagavati-Sutra of 5th century AD mentions that Purulia was one of the sixteen mahajanapadas and was a part of the kingdom known as Vajra-bhumi in ancient times. In 1833, Manbhum district was carved out of Jungle Mahals district, with headquarters at Manbazar. In 1838, the headquarters was transferred to Purulia. In 1956, Manbhum district was partitioned between Bihar and West Bengal under the States Reorganization Act and the Bihar and West Bengal (Transfer of Territories) Act 1956.
Santuri is located at.
Santuri CD Block is located in the north-eastern part of the district. The Damodar marks the northern boundary of the CD Block. The Damodar Dwaraka upland is an extension of the Chota Nagpur Plateau. The area is undulating with hillocks of hard rocks. 
Santuri CD Block is bounded by Salanpur CD Block, in Bardhaman district, across the Damodar River on the north, Saltora CD Block, in Bankura district, on the east, Kashipur CD Block on the south and Raghunathpur I and Neturia CD Blocks on the west.
Santuri CD Block has an area of 179.69 km2. It has 1 panchayat samity, 6 gram panchayats, 57 gram sansads (village councils), 104 mouzas, 92 inhabited villages and 1 census town. Santuri police station serves this block. Headquarters of this CD Block is at Muraddi.
As per the 2011 Census of India Santuri CD Block had a total population of 78,515, of which 72,586 were rural and 5,929 were urban. There were 40,085 (51%) males and 38,430 (49%) females. Population below 6 years was 10,584. Scheduled Castes numbered 20,091 (25.59%) and Scheduled Tribes numbered 25,083 (31.95%). 
As per 2001 census, Santuri block had a total population of 69,546, out of which 35,839 were males and 33,707 were females. Santuri block registered a population growth of 9.36 per cent during the 1991-2001 decade. Decadal growth for Purulia district was 13.96 per cent. Decadal growth in West Bengal was 17.84 per cent.
As per the 2011 census the total number of literates in Santuri CD Block was 43,604 (64.15% of the population over 6 years) out of which males numbered 26,495 (76.32% of the male population over 6 years) and females numbered 17,109 (51.45%) of the female population over 6 years). The gender disparity (the difference between female and male literacy rates) was 24.87%.
|Literacy in CD Blocks of
|Purulia Sadar East subdivision|
|Manbazar I – 63.78%|
|Manbazar II – 60.27%|
|Bandwan – 61.38%|
|Purulia I – 78.37%|
|Purulia II – 63.39%|
|Hura – 68.79%|
|Puncha – 68.14%|
|Purulia Sadar West subdivision|
|Jhalda I – 66.18%|
|Jhalda II – 54.76%|
|Joypur – 57.94%|
|Arsha – 57.48%|
|Baghmundi – 57.17%|
|Balarampur – 60.40%|
|Barabazar – 63.27|
|Para – 65.62%|
|Raghunathpur I – 67.36%|
|Raghunathpur II – 67.29%|
|Neturia – 65.14%|
|Santuri – 64.15%|
|Kashipur – 71.06%|
2011 Census: CD Block Wise
Primary Census Abstract Data
Languages and religions
There is a tribal presence in many of the CD Blocks of the district. Santali was spoken by around 14% of the population of the earlier Manbhum district. Some people also speak Mundari or Kolarian languages such as Kurmali, Mundari and the languages of the Bhumij or Mahli.
In the 2011 census Hindus numbered 55,510 and formed 70.71% of the population in Santuri CD Block. Muslims numbered 6,282 and formed 8.00% of the population. Christians numbered 208 and formed 0.26% of the population. Others numbered 16,515 and formed 21.03% of the population. Others include Addi Bassi, Marang Boro, Santal, Saranath, Sari Dharma, Sarna, Alchchi, Bidin, Sant, Saevdharm, Seran, Saran, Sarin, Kheria, and other religious communities.
89 mouzas in Santuri CD Block were electrified by 31 March 2014.
In 2013-14, persons engaged in agriculture in Santuri CD Block could be classified as follows: bargadars 3.73%, patta (document) holders 20.87%, small farmers (possessing land between 1 and 2 hectares) 2.77%, marginal farmers (possessing land up to 1 hectare) 30.70% and agricultural labourers 41.93%.
In 2013-14, the total area irrigated in Santuri CD Block was 12,154.1 hectares, out of which 4,117.16 hectares by canal water, 6,747.47 hectares by tank water, 20.59 hectares by river lift irrigation, 147.80 hectares by open dug wells and 1,121.10 hectares by other means.
In 2013-14, Santuri CD Block had 3 originating/ terminating bus routes.
In 2013-14, Santuri CD Block had 89 primary schools with 6,682 students, 13 middle schools with 999 students, 6 high schools with 2,321 students and 6 higher secondary schools with 4,601 students. Santuri CD Block had 176 institutions with 4,230 students for special and non-formal education.
In 2014, Santuri CD Block had 1 block primary health centre, 2 primary health centres and 1 private nursing home, with total 296 beds and 24 doctors. 13,260 patients were treated indoor and 216,626 patients were treated outdoor in the health centres and subcentres of the CD Block.
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