Santuri (community development block)

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Santuri
সান্তুরি
Community development block
সমষ্টি উন্নয়ন ব্লক
Santuri is located in West Bengal
Santuri
Santuri
Location in West Bengal
Coordinates: 23°31′44″N 86°51′50″E / 23.52889°N 86.86389°E / 23.52889; 86.86389
Country  India
State West Bengal
District Purulia
Parliamentary constituency Bankura
Assembly constituency Raghunathpur
Area
 • Total 179.69 km2 (69.38 sq mi)
Elevation 148 m (486 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 78,515
 • Density 440/km2 (1,100/sq mi)
Time zone IST (UTC+5.30)
PIN 723157 (Santuri)
723156 (Murardih)
Telephone/STD code 03251
Vehicle registration WB-55, WB-56
Literacy Rate 64.15 per cent
Website http://purulia.gov.in/

Santuri is a community development block that forms an administrative division in Raghunathpur subdivision of Purulia district in the Indian state of West Bengal.

History[edit]

Background[edit]

The Jaina Bhagavati-Sutra of 5th century AD mentions that Purulia was one of the sixteen mahajanapadas and was a part of the kingdom known as Vajra-bhumi in ancient times. In 1833, Manbhum district was carved out of Jungle Mahals district, with headquarters at Manbazar. In 1838, the headquarters was transferred to Purulia. In 1956, Manbhum district was partitioned between Bihar and West Bengal under the States Reorganization Act and the Bihar and West Bengal (Transfer of Territories) Act 1956.[1]

Geography[edit]

Santuri is located at 23°31′44″N 86°51′50″E / 23.529°N 86.864°E / 23.529; 86.864.

Santuri CD Block is located in the north-eastern part of the district. The Damodar marks the northern boundary of the CD Block. The Damodar Dwaraka upland is an extension of the Chota Nagpur Plateau. The area is undulating with hillocks of hard rocks. [2]

Santuri CD Block is bounded by Salanpur CD Block, in Bardhaman district, across the Damodar River on the north, Saltora CD Block, in Bankura district, on the east, Kashipur CD Block on the south and Raghunathpur I and Neturia CD Blocks on the west.[3][4]

It is located 64 km from Purulia, the district headquarters.[3]

Santuri CD Block has an area of 179.69 km2. It has 1 panchayat samity, 6 gram panchayats, 57 gram sansads (village councils), 104 mouzas, 92 inhabited villages and 1 census town. Santuri police station serves this block.[5] Headquarters of this CD Block is at Muraddi.[6]

Gram panchayats of Santuri block/panchayat samiti are: Balitora, Gariska, Muraddih, Ramchandrapur-Kotaldih, Santuri and Tarbari.[7]

Demographics[edit]

Population[edit]

As per the 2011 Census of India Santuri CD Block had a total population of 78,515, of which 72,586 were rural and 5,929 were urban. There were 40,085 (51%) males and 38,430 (49%) females. Population below 6 years was 10,584. Scheduled Castes numbered 20,091 (25.59%) and Scheduled Tribes numbered 25,083 (31.95%). [8]

As per 2001 census, Santuri block had a total population of 69,546, out of which 35,839 were males and 33,707 were females. Santuri block registered a population growth of 9.36 per cent during the 1991-2001 decade. Decadal growth for Purulia district was 13.96 per cent.[9] Decadal growth in West Bengal was 17.84 per cent.[10]

Census Towns in Santuri CD Block are (2011 census figures in brackets): Murulia (5,929).[8]

Villages in Santuri CD Block are (2011 census figures in brackets): Santuri (2,700), Muraddi (2,321), Gorsika (1,741), Tarabari (1,772), Ramchandrapur (2,648), Kotaldih (1,663) and Balora (3,206).[8]

Literacy[edit]

As per the 2011 census the total number of literates in Santuri CD Block was 43,604 (64.15% of the population over 6 years) out of which males numbered 26,495 (76.32% of the male population over 6 years) and females numbered 17,109 (51.45%) of the female population over 6 years). The gender disparity (the difference between female and male literacy rates) was 24.87%.[8]

See also – List of West Bengal districts ranked by literacy rate


Languages and religions[edit]

Bengali is the local language in these areas.[3]

There is a tribal presence in many of the CD Blocks of the district. Santali was spoken by around 14% of the population of the earlier Manbhum district. Some people also speak Mundari or Kolarian languages such as Kurmali, Mundari and the languages of the Bhumij or Mahli.[11]

Religion in Santuri CD Block
Hindu
  
70.71%
Muslim
  
8.00%
Christian
  
0.26%
Others
  
21.03%

In the 2011 census Hindus numbered 55,510 and formed 70.71% of the population in Santuri CD Block. Muslims numbered 6,282 and formed 8.00% of the population. Christians numbered 208 and formed 0.26% of the population. Others numbered 16,515 and formed 21.03% of the population.[12] Others include Addi Bassi, Marang Boro, Santal, Saranath, Sari Dharma, Sarna, Alchchi, Bidin, Sant, Saevdharm, Seran, Saran, Sarin, Kheria,[13] and other religious communities.[12]

Economy[edit]

Infrastructure[edit]

89 mouzas in Santuri CD Block were electrified by 31 March 2014.[14]

Agriculture[edit]

In 2013-14, persons engaged in agriculture in Santuri CD Block could be classified as follows: bargadars 3.73%, patta (document) holders 20.87%, small farmers (possessing land between 1 and 2 hectares) 2.77%, marginal farmers (possessing land up to 1 hectare) 30.70% and agricultural labourers 41.93%.[14]

In 2013-14, the total area irrigated in Santuri CD Block was 12,154.1 hectares, out of which 4,117.16 hectares by canal water, 6,747.47 hectares by tank water, 20.59 hectares by river lift irrigation, 147.80 hectares by open dug wells and 1,121.10 hectares by other means.[14]

In 2013-14, Santuri CD Block produced 3,001 tonnes of Aman paddy, the main winter crop, from 1,542 hectares. It also produced wheat, mustard and potatoes.[14]

Banking[edit]

In 2013-14, Santuri CD Block had offices of 3 commercial banks and 2 gramin banks.[14]

Transport[edit]

In 2013-14, Santuri CD Block had 3 originating/ terminating bus routes.[14]

State Highway 8 (West Bengal) running from Santaldih (in Purulia district) to Majhdia (in Nadia district) passes through this CD Block.[15]

The Asansol-Adra line of South Eastern Railway passes through this block and there are stations at Madhukunda and Muradi.[16]

Education[edit]

In 2013-14, Santuri CD Block had 89 primary schools with 6,682 students, 13 middle schools with 999 students, 6 high schools with 2,321 students and 6 higher secondary schools with 4,601 students. Santuri CD Block had 176 institutions with 4,230 students for special and non-formal education.[14]

Healthcare[edit]

In 2014, Santuri CD Block had 1 block primary health centre, 2 primary health centres and 1 private nursing home, with total 296 beds and 24 doctors. 13,260 patients were treated indoor and 216,626 patients were treated outdoor in the health centres and subcentres of the CD Block.[14]

External links[edit]

  • Baranti travel guide from Wikivoyage

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Historical background". Purulia District. Archived from the original on 2008-01-03. Retrieved 2008-03-02. 
  2. ^ "District Census Handbook Puruliya" (PDF). pages 11,12. Directorate of Census Operations West Bengal. Retrieved 6 December 2016. 
  3. ^ a b c "Santuri Block". onefivenine. Retrieved 14 September 2016. 
  4. ^ "Purulia district". Blocks in Purulia district. Purulia district administration. Retrieved 14 September 2016. 
  5. ^ "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Purulia". Tables 2.1, 2.2,. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 12 September 2016. 
  6. ^ "District Census Handbook: Puruliya" (PDF). Map of District Puruliya with CD Block HQs and Police Stations (on the fifth page). Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal, 2011. Retrieved 2 December 2016. 
  7. ^ "Directory of District, Subdivision, Panchayat Samiti/ Block and Gram Panchayats in West Bengal". Paschim Medinipur - Revised in March 2008. Panchayats and Rural Development Department, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 28 September 2016. 
  8. ^ a b c d "C.D. Block Wise Primary Census Abstract Data(PCA)". 2011 census: West Bengal – District-wise CD Blocks. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 12 September 2016. 
  9. ^ "Provisional population totals, West Bengal, Table 4, Puruliya District". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 28 September 2011. Retrieved 12 September 2016. 
  10. ^ "Provisional Population Totals, West Bengal. Table 4". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 27 September 2007. Retrieved 17 July 2016. 
  11. ^ "Bengal District Gazetteers - Manbhum by H. Coupland, ICS". Section 72, First Published 1911. University of California, San Diego. Retrieved 27 September 2016. 
  12. ^ a b "C1 Population by Religious Community". West Bengal. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 28 September 2016. 
  13. ^ "ST-14 A Details Of Religions Shown Under 'Other Religions And Persuasions' In Main Table". West Bengal. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 28 September 2016. 
  14. ^ a b c d e f g h "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Purulia". Tables 8.2, 17.2, 18.2, 18.1, 20.1, 21.2, 4.4, 3.1, 3.3 – arranged as per use. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 6 December 2016. 
  15. ^ "List of State Highways in West Bengal". West Bengal Traffic Police. Retrieved 21 September 2016. 
  16. ^ "Asansol-Kharagpur Passenger 58018". indiarailinfo. Retrieved 21 September 2016.