Jangipara (community development block)
|Community development block
সমষ্টি উন্নয়ন ব্লক
|• Total||162 km2 (63 sq mi)|
|• Density||1,200/km2 (3,200/sq mi)|
|• Official||Bengali, English|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|Lok Sabha constituency||Sreerampur|
|Vidhan Sabha constituency||Jangipara|
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Demographics
- 4 Human Development Report
- 5 Economy
- 6 Transport
- 7 Education
- 8 Culture
- 9 Health
- 10 References
Rajbalhat in Jangipara CD Block was capital of Bhurshut kingdom or Bhurishrestha Empire in the 16th century. There used to be a garh (fort) but no signs of it survive. Only one temple, that of Rajballavi, of that era is still active. There were three garhs and forts at Garh Bhabanipur, Pandua (Pedo or Pedo Basantapur) and Rajbalhat, but there is hardly any trace of these.
Hooghly district forms a part of the flat alluvial plains of the lower Gangetic delta. It lies on the western bank of the Hooghly, a distributary of the Ganges. The river bank of the Hooghly is heavily industrialised. The Dwarakeswar, in the western part of the district, forms the dividing line between the uplands and the plains. It is subsequently joined by the Shilabati to form the Rupnarayan, flowing along the western boundary of the district. The Damodar intersects the district. Human intervention in the form of construction of roads and railways and flood control measures have had an impact on the topography. Urbanisation and industrialisation has altered land use pattern of the district. With a very high density of population (1,601 per km2), about 66% of the population live in the rural areas. In 2001, Hindus formed 83.63% of the population followed by Muslims, who formed 15.14% of the population. The Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes together constituted 43% of the population.
Jangipara is located at.
Jangipara CD Block is bounded by Tarakeswar and Haripal CD Blocks in the north, Chanditala I CD Block in the east, Jagatballavpur CD Block, in Howrah district, in the south and Udaynarayanpur CD Block in Howrah district, and Pursurah CD Block in the west.
Area and administration
Jangipara CD Block has an area of 162.00 km2.
As per 2011 Census of India Jangipara CD Block had a total population of 221,578, of which 205,099 were rural and 16,479 were urban. There were 112,317 (51%) males and 109,261 (49%) females. Population below 6 years was 11,858. Scheduled Castes numbered 68,395 and Scheduled Tribes numbered 10,220.
As per 2001 census, Jangipara block had a total population of 200,936, out of which 101,338 were males and 99,598 were females. Jangipara block registered a population growth of 13.28 per cent during the 1991-2001 decade. Decadal growth for Hooghly district was 15.72 per cent. Decadal growth in West Bengal was 17.84 per cent.
Census Towns, large villages and other villages
Large villages (with 4,000+ population) in Jangipara CD Block (2011 census figures in brackets): Borhal (4,548), Krishnanagar (10,520), Kotalpur (6,948), Furfura (7,407), Mandalika (5,946) and Laksmanpur (4,008).
As per 2011 census the total number of literates in Jangipara CD Block was 157,993 (75.34% of the population over 6 years) out of which 85,861 (54%) were males and 72,132 (46%) were females.
As per the 2001 census, Jangipara block had a total literacy of 50.82 per cent. While male literacy was 71.82 per cent, female literacy was 48.83 per cent.
|Literacy in CD Blocks of
|Arambagh – 79.10|
|Khanakul I – 77.73|
|Khanakul II – 79.16|
|Goghat I – 78.70|
|Goghat II – 77.24|
|Pursurah – 82.12|
|Haripal – 78.59|
|Singur – 84.01|
|Tarakeswar – 79.96|
|Balagarh – 76.94|
|Chinsurah Mogra – 83.01|
|Dhaniakhali – 75.66|
|Pandua – 75.86|
|Polba Dadpur – 75.14|
|Chanditala I – 83.76|
|Chanditala II – 84.78|
|Jangipara – 75.34|
|Sreerampur Uttarpara – 87.33|
|Source: 2011 Census: CD Block Wise
Primary Census Abstract Data
In 2011 census Hindus numbered 169,308 and formed 76.41% of the population in Jangipara CD Block. Muslims numbered 51,295 and formed 23.15% of the population. Others numbered 975 and formed 0.44% of the population.
In 2011, Hindus numbered 4,574,569 and formed 82.89% of the population in Hooghly district. Muslims numbered 870,204 and formed 15.77% of the population. In West Bengal Hindus numbered 64,385,546 and formed 70.53% of the population. Muslims numbered 24,654,825 and formed 27.01% of the population.
Human Development Report
|Important Handicrafts of Hooghly District|
Source:District Human Development Report 2010: Hooghly P. 67
The first wave of industrialisation (in Hooghly district, as well as the region) came with the establishment of jute mills along the banks of the Hooghly River long back in the British era. The district has moved from an overwhelmingly rural society with a mere 14.92% of the population living in urban areas in 1901 to a more urban society with 33.47% of the population living in urban areas in 2001. Increasing urbanisation has opened up a broader range of livelihood opportunities. However, in 12 out of the 18 community development blocks in the district the entire population continued to live in the rural areas in 2001. The district presents a unique picture of 12 municipalities surrounded by rural areas.
In the rural areas of the district while 14.95% of the total workers were cultivators, agricultural labourers were 24.31%, thereby indicating the huge pressure on land that outstrips its ownership. In Jangipara CD Block, while cultivators were 16.28% of the total workers, agricultural labourers formed 29.80%. Household workers formed 10.02% and other workers 43.90%. Up to 30.11.2006 a total of 5,260 hectares of vested agricultural land was distributed amongst 71,643 persons in Hooghly district. Amongst different categories of workers engaged in agriculture in Jangipara CD Block 14.10% were bargadars, 5.25% patta (ownership document) holders, 15.31% small farmers, 22.10% marginal farmers and 43.23% agricultural workers in 2001.
Agricultural activities or cultivation is divided into two categories: crop cultivation and plantation (orchards). There is a general belief that plantations are more remunerative. In Jangipara CD Block 75.87% of the land is used for crop cultivation and 1.86% for orchards. In Jangipara CD Block 90.30% of the land is sown more than once. Jangipara CD Block produced 32,560 tonnes of Aman paddy from 10,660 hectares, 8,540 tonnes of Boro paddy from 4,342 hectares, 32,570 tonnes of Jute from 1,559 hectares and 137,170 tonnes of potatoes from 6,379 hectares in 2005-06. In Chanditala II CD Block out of the total cultivated area of 4,215 hectares 1,000 hectares is drought prone and 3,000 hectares is flood prone. The irrigation system in Hooghly district is based on five rivers: Hooghly, Damodar, Mundeswari, Darakeswar and Sankari. Erosion of the river banks of these rivers pose a problem in many areas, particularly the Khanakul area.
Handloom saris of Dhaniakhali, Begampur, Jangipara and Rajbalhat areas, and dhutis of Haripal, Rajbalhat and Khanakul areas are familiar all over the country. However, in spite of Government support, the problems of adequate finance, raw materials and marketing persist. Low remuneration is forcing weavers to switch over to other professions. Dhaniakhali produces three varieties of saris – 100 counts (fine), 80 counts (medium) and 60 counts (general). Weaver’s wage for finishing a sari is Rs.47 for 60 counts, Rs.62 for 80 counts and Rs. 135 for 100 counts. It takes two days to complete a sari.
Hooghly district has the distinction of all mouzas (villages) being electrified by 2005. In Jangipara CD Block all 129 mouzas were electrified even earlier. However, in Jangipara CD Block 42.21% of households owned houses with electricity and 36.15% households owned houses with toilets in 2001.
In the rural areas of Hooghly district there are wide variations amongst the CD Blocks regarding families living below poverty line (BPL). The data provided in the table given below is based on a household survey for BPL list carried out by the state government in 2005.
in CD Blocks of
|Goghat I – 29.97%|
|Goghat II – 17.25%|
|Arambagh – 49.89%|
|Khanakul I – 11.10%|
|Khanakul II – 16.47%|
|Pursurah – 31.51%|
|Chinsurah Sadar subdivision|
|Dhaniakhali – 31.85%|
|Pandua – 34.30%|
|Balagarh – 11.19%|
|Chinsurah Mogra – 15.99%|
|Polba Dadpur – 28.54%|
|Tarakeswar – 18.62%|
|Haripal – 27.56%|
|Singur – 18.39%|
|Jangipara – 32.05%|
|Chanditala I – 9.07%|
|Chanditala II – 8.98%|
|Sreerampur Uttarpara – 7.59%|
District Human Development Report:
Hooghly, 2010, page 89
Jangipara CD Block had 6,458 hectares of canals. In 2003-04 Jangipara had 79.50 km of surfaced roads under PWD, 59.95 km surfaced roads under Zilla Parishad and 296.50 km unsurfaced roads under Zilla Parishad.
This is a rich agricultural area. Though rice is the prime crop of the district, the agricultural economy largely depends on potato, jute, vegetables, and orchard products. Potato is cultivated in all the blocks of this district. There are several cold storages in the area.
In Jangipara CD Block 723.98 hectares was the nett area under effective pisiculture and 4,238 persons were engaged in the profession. Approximate annual production in 2003-04 was 21,719.4 qtl.
Jangipara CD Block has 1 ferry service and 4 originating/ terminating bus routes.
The narrow gauge line of Martin's Light Railways from Howrah Maidan to Amta, Sehakhala and Champadanga was built in 1897 and was closed down in 1971. While the broad gauge Howrah-Amta line came up in 2000, and although the branch line from Bargachia to Sehakhala and Champadanga was sanctioned along with the Howrah-Amta line in 1974-75, the branch line is yet to come up.
Now, one has to go to Jangipara by road either directly from Kolkata or from Tarakeswar or Haripal. From Kolkata via Howrah-Domjur-Bargachhia-Amta road, approx 47 km. Or From Howrah, Tarekeswar / Arambag local, to Haripal, from Haripal bus is available to Jangipara.
Jangipara assembly constituency covers a primarily rural area. It is around 45 kilometres (28 mi) from Kolkata and has 170,000 voters. Forty per cent of them are in the 18-30 age group. It has over a hundred primary, twenty-six secondary and eight higher secondary schools, and one degree college in Jangipara. However, hundreds of students from Jangipara travel over 15 km to Haripal or Howrah to attend college for their special subject.
In 2003-04, Jangipara CD Block had 146 primary schools with 22,789 students, 6 middle schools with 655 students, 11 high schools with 9,708 students and 12 higher secondary schools with 8,400 students. Jangipara CD Block had 191 institutions with 8,112 students for special and non-formal education.
Groundwater in Jangipara block contains arsenic above WHO guideline value of arsenic in drinking water (10 µg/L) but is lower than the Indian standard value for arsenic in drinking water (50 µg/L).
Jangipara CD Block had 1 hospital, 4 health centres and 36 clinics with 84 beds and 14 doctors in 2003.
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