Taldangra (community development block)

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Taldangra
তালডাংরা
Community development block
সমষ্টি উন্নয়ন ব্লক
Taldangra is located in West Bengal
Taldangra
Taldangra
Location in West Bengal, India
Coordinates: 23°01′N 87°07′E / 23.02°N 87.11°E / 23.02; 87.11Coordinates: 23°01′N 87°07′E / 23.02°N 87.11°E / 23.02; 87.11
Country  India
State West Bengal
District Bankura
Government
 • Type Community development block
Area
 • Total 349.70 km2 (135.02 sq mi)
Elevation 74 m (243 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 147,893
 • Density 420/km2 (1,100/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Bengali, English
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 722152 (Taldangra)
722156 (Panchmura)
Telephone/STD code 03244
ISO 3166 code IN-WB
Vehicle registration WB-67, WB-68
Literacy 70.87%
Lok Sabha constituency Bankura, Bishnupur
Vidhan Sabha constituency Taldangra, Bishnupur
Website bankura.gov.in

Taldangra is a community development block that forms an administrative division in Khatra subdivision of Bankura district in the Indian state of West Bengal.

History[edit]

From Bishnupur kingdom to the British Raj[edit]

From around 7th century AD till around the advent of British rule, for around a millennium, history of Bankura district is identical with the rise and fall of the Hindu Rajas of Bishnupur. The Bishnupur Rajas, who were at the summit of their fortunes towards the end of the 17th century, started declining in the first half of the 18th century. First, the Maharaja of Burdwan seized the Fatehpur Mahal, and then the Maratha invasions laid waste their country.[1]

Bishnupur was ceded to the British with the rest of Burdwan chakla in 1760. In 1787, Bishnupur was united with Birbhum to form a separate administrative unit. In 1793 it was transferred to the Burdwan collectorate. In 1879, the district acquired its present shape with the thanas of Khatra and Raipur and the outpost of Simplapal being transferred from Manbhum, and the thanas of Sonamukhi, Kotulpur and Indas being retransferred from Burdwan. However, it was known for sometime as West Burdwan and in 1881 came to be known as Bankura district.[1]

Geography[edit]

Taldangra is located at 23°01′N 87°07′E / 23.02°N 87.11°E / 23.02; 87.11.

Taldangra CD Block is located in the south-eastern part of the district and belongs to the hard rock area.[2]

Taldangra CD Block is bounded by Onda CD Block on the north, Bishnupur CD Block and Garhbeta II CD Block, in Paschim Medinipur district, on the east, Simlapal CD Block on the south and Khatra and Indpur CD Blocks on the west.[3][4]

It is located 20 km from Bankura, the district headquarters.[3]

Taldangra CD Block has an area of 349.74 km2. It has 1 panchayat samity, 9 gram panchayats, 109 gram sansads (village councils), 145 mouzas and 141 inhabited villages. Taldangra police station serves this block.[5] Headquarters of this CD Block is at Taldangra.

Gram panchayats of Taldangra block/ panchayat samiti are: Amdangra, Bibarda, Fulmati, Harmasra, Khalagram, Panchmura, Saltora, Satmouli and Taldangra.[6]

Demographics[edit]

Population[edit]

As per the 2011 Census of India Taldangra CD Block had a total population of 147,893, all of which were rural. There were 74,999 (51%) males and 72,894 (49%) females. Population below 6 years was 17,848. Scheduled Castes numbered 38,903 (26.30%) and Scheduled Tribes numbered 20,597 (13.93%).[7]

As per 2001 census, Taldangra block had a total population of 128,748, out of which 65,679 were males and 63,069 were females. Taldangra block registered a population growth of 15.39 per cent during the 1991-2001 decade. Decadal growth for the district was 13.79 per cent.[8] Decadal growth in West Bengal was 17.84 per cent.[9]

Large villages (with 4,000+ population) in Taldangra CD Block are (2011 census figures in brackets): Bibarda (5,399), Chenchurya (6,185) and Rajpur (7,497).[7]

Other villages in Taldangra CD Block are (2011 census figures in brackets): Taldangra (1,581), Satmouli (2,082), Panchmura (3,719), Phulmati (2,706), Harmasra (3,131) and Khalgram (1,486).[7]

Literacy[edit]

As per the 2011 census the total number of literates in Taldangra CD Block was 92,168 (70.87% of the population over 6 years) out of which males numbered 53,006 (75.44% of the male population over 6 years) and females numbered 39,162 (55.81%) of the female population over 6 years). The gender disparity (the difference between female and male literacy rates) was 19.21%.[7]

See also – List of West Bengal districts ranked by literacy rate


Languages and religion[edit]

Bengali is the local language in these areas.[3]

There is a tribal presence in many of the CD Blocks of the district. Santali is spoken by around 10% of the population in the district. Some people also speak Mundari.[10]

Religion in Taldangra CD Block
Hindu
  
78.58%
Muslim
  
10.49%
Christian
  
0.02%
Others
  
10.91%

In the 2011 census Hindus numbered 116,220 and formed 78.58% of the population in Taldangra CD Block. Muslims numbered 15,508 and formed 10.49% of the population. Christians numbered 24 and formed 0.02% of the population. Others numbered 16,141 and formed 10.91% of the population.[11] Others include Addi Bassi, Marang Boro, Santal, Saranath, Sari Dharma, Sarna, Alchchi, Bidin, Sant, Saevdharm, Seran, Saran, Sarin, Kheria,[12] and other religious communities.[11]

BPL families[edit]

In Taldangra CD Block 49.89% families were living below poverty line in 2007.[13]

Economy[edit]

Infrastructure[edit]

141 or 97% of mouzas in Taldangra CD Block were electrified by 31 March 2014.[14]

145 mouzas in Taldangra CD Block had drinking water facilities in 2013-14. There were 63 fertiliser depots, 8 seed stores and 48 fair price shops in the CD Block.[14]

Agriculture[edit]

In 2013-14, persons engaged in agriculture in Taldangra CD Block could be classified as follows: bargadars 8.06%, patta (document) holders 17.16%, small farmers (possessing land between 1 and 2 hectares) 5.44%, marginal farmers (possessing land up to 1 hectare) 16.38% and agricultural labourers 52.97%.[14]

In 2003-04 net area sown Taldangra CD Block was 16,168 hectares and the area in which more than one crop was grown was 11,930 hectares.[15]

In 2013-14, the total area irrigated in Taldangra CD Block was 16,984 hectares, out of which 12,262 hectares was by canal water, 1,435 hectares by tank water, 1,300 hectares by river lift irrigation, 232 hectares by deep tubewell, 1,350 hectares by shallow tubewell, 5 hectares by open dug wells and 400 hectares by other methods.[14]

In 2013-14, Taldangra CD Block produced 4,429 tonnes of Aman paddy, the main winter crop, from 1,922 hectares, 4,424 tonnes of Aus paddy from 1,921 hectares, 1,474 tonnes of Boro paddy from 503 hectares, 549 tonnes of wheat from 329 hectares and 40,671,000 tonnes of potatoes from 879 hectares. It also produced pulses and mustard.[14]

Handloom and pottery industries[edit]

The handloom industry engages the largest number of persons in the non farm sector and hence is important in Bankura district. The handloom industry is well established in all the CD Blocks of the district and includes the famous Baluchari saris. In 2004-05 Taldangra CD Block had 395 looms in operation.[16]

Bankura district is famous for the artistic excellence of its pottery products that include the famous Bankura horse. The range of pottery products is categorised as follows: domestic utilities, terracota and other decorative items and roofing tiles and other heavy pottery items. The terracotta and decorative items include horse, elephant, tiger, ox, flower vase, Mansa Saj, ash-tray and other items of religious use. These are produced in the following CD Blocks: Taldangra, Sonamukhi, Sarenga, Bankura I and Bankura II. Around 3,200 families were involved in pottery making in the district in 2002. 122 families were involved in Taldangra CD Block.[17]

Banking[edit]

In 2013-14, Taldangra CD Block had offices of 3 commercial banks and 5 gramin banks.[14]

Transport[edit]

In 2013-14, Taldangra CD Block had 10 originating/ terminating bus routes. The nearest railway railway station is 25 km from the CD Block headquarters.[14]

NH 14, (old numbering NH 60), running from Morgram to Kharagpur, passes through this CD Block.[18]

State Highway 2 (West Bengal) running from Bankura to Malancha (in North 24 Parganas district) and State Highway 9 (West Bengal) running from Durgapur (in Paschim Bardhaman district) to Nayagram (in Jhargram district) pass through this CD Block.[19]

Education[edit]

In 2013-14, Taldangra CD Block had 172 primary schools with 12,132 students, 15 middle schools with 2,363 students, 10 high schools with 6,384 students and 15 higher secondary schools with 13,486 students. Taldangra CD Block had 1 general college with 2,337 students, 3 professional/ technical institution with 486 students and 244 institutions for special and non-formal education with 7,237 students.[20]

Panchmura Mahavidyalaya was established at Panchmura in 1965.[21]

Healthcare[edit]

In 2014, Taldangra CD Block had 1 rural hospital, 4 primary health centres and 1 private nursing home with total 74 beds and 11 doctors. It had 26 family welfare sub centres and 1 family welfare centre. 8,207 patients were treated indoor and 300,423 patients were treated outdoor in the hospitals, health centres and subcentres of the CD Block.[22]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b O’Malley, L.S.S. "Bengal District Gazetteers: Bankura". Bankura District Authorities. Retrieved 29 August 2016. 
  2. ^ "District Census Handbook Bankura" (PDF). pages 13-17. Directorate of Census Operations West Bengal. Retrieved 8 December 2016. 
  3. ^ a b c "Taldangra Block". onefivenine. Retrieved 21 August 2016. 
  4. ^ "Tehsil Map of Bankura". CD Block/ Tehsil. Maps of India. Retrieved 21 August 2016. 
  5. ^ "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Bankura". Tables 2.1, 2.2. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 15 October 2016. 
  6. ^ "Directory of District, Subdivision, Panchayat Samiti/ Block and Gram Panchayats in West Bengal". Bankura - Revised in March 2008. Panchayats and Rural Development Department, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 27 August 2016. 
  7. ^ a b c d "C.D. Block Wise Primary Census Abstract Data(PCA)". 2011 census: West Bengal – District-wise CD Blocks. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 29 August 2016. 
  8. ^ "Provisional population totals, West Bengal, Table 4, Bankura District". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 28 September 2011. Retrieved 18 August 2016. 
  9. ^ "Provisional Population Totals, West Bengal. Table 4". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 27 September 2007. Retrieved 17 July 2016. 
  10. ^ "Bengal District Gazetteers: Bankura by L.S.S.O’Malley, first published 1908, reprint 1995" (PDF). Language p. 51-52. Bankura District Administration. Retrieved 25 July 2016. 
  11. ^ a b "C1 Population by Religious Community". West Bengal. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 28 August 2016. 
  12. ^ "ST-14 A Details Of Religions Shown Under 'Other Religions And Persuasions' In Main Table". West Bengal. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 28 August 2016. 
  13. ^ "District Human Development Report: Bankura" (PDF). April 2007. Page 27, Pages 237-244. Development & Planning Department, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 8 December 2016. 
  14. ^ a b c d e f g "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Bankura". Tables 8.2, 17.2, 18.2, 18.1, 20.1, 21.2, 4.4, 3.1, 3.3 – arranged as per use. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 6 December 2016. 
  15. ^ "District Human Development Report: Bankura" (PDF). April 2007. Page: 58. Development & Planning Department, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 23 August 2016. 
  16. ^ "District Human Development Report: Bankura" (PDF). April 2007. Page: 85. Development & Planning Department, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 23 August 2016. 
  17. ^ "District Human Development Report: Bankura" (PDF). April 2007. Pages: 83-84. Development & Planning Department, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 23 August 2016. 
  18. ^ "Rationalisation of Numbering Systems of National Highways" (PDF). New Delhi: Department of Road Transport and Highways. Retrieved 1 September 2016. 
  19. ^ "List of State Highways in West Bengal". West Bengal Traffic Police. Retrieved 23 August 2016. 
  20. ^ "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Bankura". Tables 4.4. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 25 August 2016. 
  21. ^ "Panchmura Mahavidyalaya". Panchmura Mahavidyalaya. Retrieved 1 December 2016. 
  22. ^ "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Bankura". Tables 3.1, 3.2, 3.3. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 25 August 2016.