Khanakul I

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Khanakul I
খানাকুল I
Community development block
সমষ্টি উন্নয়ন ব্লক
Khanakul I is located in West Bengal
Khanakul I
Khanakul I
Location in West Bengal, India
Coordinates: 22°41′32″N 87°51′23″E / 22.6921903°N 87.8564644°E / 22.6921903; 87.8564644Coordinates: 22°41′32″N 87°51′23″E / 22.6921903°N 87.8564644°E / 22.6921903; 87.8564644
Country  India
State West Bengal
District Hooghly
Area
 • Total 172.40 km2 (66.56 sq mi)
Population (2001)
 • Total 221,832
 • Density 1,300/km2 (3,300/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Bengali, English
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Literacy 51%
Lok Sabha constituency Arambagh
Vidhan Sabha constituency Khanakul, Pursurah
Website hooghly.gov.in

Khanakul I is a community development block that forms an administrative division in Arambag subdivision of Hooghly district in the Indian state of West Bengal.

Geography[edit]

Overview[edit]

Hooghly district forms a part of the flat alluvial plains of the lower Gangetic delta. It lies on the western bank of the Hooghly, a distributary of the Ganges. The river bank of the Hooghly is heavily industrialised. The Dwarakeswar, in the western part of the district, forms the dividing line between the uplands and the plains. It is subsequently joined by the Shilabati to form the Rupnarayan, flowing along the western boundary of the district. The Damodar intersects the district. Human intervention in the form of construction of roads and railways and flood control measures have affected the topography. Urbanisation and industrialisation has altered land use pattern of the district. With a very high density of population (1,601 per km2), about 66% of the population live in the rural areas. In 2001, Hindus formed 83.63% of the population followed by Muslims, who formed 15.14% of the population. The Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes together constituted 43% of the population.[1]

Location[edit]

Khanakul I is located at 22°41′32″N 87°51′23″E / 22.6921903°N 87.8564644°E / 22.6921903; 87.8564644.

Khanakul I CD Block is bounded by Arambagh CD Block in the north, Khanakul II CD Block in the east and south, Ghatal CD Block, in Paschim Medinipur district, in the west.[2][3]

It is located 66 km from Chinsurah, the district headquarters.[2]

Area and administration[edit]

Khanakul I CD Block has an area of 172.40  km2.[4]Khanakul police station serves this CD Block. Khanakul I panchayat samity has 13 gram panchayats. The block has 93 inhabited villages.[5]Headquarters of this block is at Khanakul.

Gram panchayats[edit]

Gram panchayats of Khanakul I block/ panchayat samiti are: Arunda, Balipur, Khanakul I, Khanakul II, Kishorpur I, Kishorpur II, Pole I, Pole II, Rammohan I, Rammohan II, Tantisal and Thakuranichak East, Thakuranichak West and Ghoshpur.[6]

Demographics[edit]

Population[edit]

As per 2011 Census of India Khanakul I CD Block had a total population of 254,434, all of which were rural. There were 130,712 (51%) males and 123,722 (49%) females. Population below 6 years was 29,925. Scheduled Castes numbered 73,310 and Scheduled Tribes numbered 764.[7]

As per 2001 census, Khanakul I block had a total population of 221,832, out of which 112,183 were males and 109,649 were females. Khanakul I block registered a population growth of 13.00 per cent during the 1991-2001 decade. Decadal growth for Hooghly district was 15.72 per cent.[4] Decadal growth in West Bengal was 17.84 per cent.[8]

Large and other villages[edit]

Large villages (with 4,000+ population) in Khanakul I CD Block (2011 census figures in brackets): Mahisgot (4,414), Pilkhan (4,176), Ghoshpur (19,014), Paschim Thakurani Chak (5,514), Purbba Thakurani Chak (7,076), Kanchra (4,068), Mainan (5,623), Pol (11,038), Patul (5,474), Radhaballabhpur (5,168), Krishnanagar (4,767), Dainan Anantanagar (4,840), Tantisal (4,759), Balipur (8,254), Purbba Radhanagar (Radhanagore) (5,582) and Arunda (5,291).[7]

Other villages in Khanakul I CD Block (2011 census figures in brackets): Khanakul (3,489), Paschim Radhanagar (2,417) and Langulpara (1,989).[7]

Literacy[edit]

As per 2011 census the total number of literates in Khanakul I CD Block was 174,505 (77.73% of the population over 6 years) out of which 97,387 (56%) were males and 77,118 (44%) were females.[7]

As per 2011 census, literacy in Hooghly district was 81.80%.[9]Literacy in West Bengal was 77.08% in 2011.[10] Literacy in India in 2011 was 74.04%.[10]

As per the 2001 census, Khanakul I block had a total literacy of 51 per cent. While male literacy was 74.52 per cent, female literacy was 40.10 per cent.[11]

See also – List of West Bengal districts ranked by literacy rate


Language[edit]

Bengali is the local language in these areas.[2]

Religion[edit]

Religion in Khanakul I CD Block
Hindu
  
75.96%
Muslim
  
23.90%
Others
  
0.14%

In 2011 census Hindus numbered 254,434 and formed 75.96% of the population in Khanakul I CD Block. Muslims numbered 60,813 and formed 23.90% of the population. Others numbered 352 and formed 0.14% of the population.[12]

In 2011, Hindus numbered 4,574,569 and formed 82.89% of the population in Hooghly district. Muslims numbered 870,204 and formed 15.77% of the population. In West Bengal Hindus numbered 64,385,546 and formed 70.53% of the population. Muslims numbered 24,654,825 and formed 27.01% of the population.[12]

Human Development Report[edit]

Important Handicrafts of Hooghly District
  • Zari Work on Sari - Pandua, Pursurah, Jangipara, Tarakeswar and other blocks - 3,000 families involved
  • Chikon Embroidery – Babnan, Pandua, Singur - 2,500 families
  • Silk and Cotton Printing – Serampore (Chanditala) - 300 families
  • Brass and Bell Metal – Manikpat, Goghat, Arambagh - 150 families
  • Conch Shell – Pandua, Khanakul, Makla, Chandannagar
  • Jute Diversified Product – Baidyabati, Mogra
  • Terracota – Chinsurah, Chandannagar, Baidyabati, Mogra

Source:District Human Development Report 2010: Hooghly P. 67

The first wave of industrialisation (in Hooghly district, as well as the region) came with the establishment of jute mills along the banks of the Hooghly River long back in the British era. The district has moved from an overwhelmingly rural society with a mere 14.92% of the population living in urban areas in 1901 to a more urban society with 33.47% of the population living in urban areas in 2001. Increasing urbanisation has opened up a broader range of livelihood opportunities. However, in 12 out of the 18 community development blocks in the district the entire population continued to live in the rural areas in 2001. The district presents a unique picture of 12 municipalities surrounded by rural areas.[13]

In the rural areas of the district while 14.95% of the total workers were cultivators, agricultural labourers were 24.31%, thereby indicating the huge pressure on land that outstrips its ownership. In Khanakul I CD Block, while cultivators were 27.38% of the total workers, agricultural labourers formed 25.07%. Household workers formed 9.53% and other workers 38.02%. Up to 30.11.2006 a total of 5,260 hectares of vested agricultural land was distributed amongst 71,643 persons in Hooghly district. Amongst different categories of workers engaged in agriculture in Khanakul I CD Block 27.83% were bargadars, 3.92% patta (ownership document) holders, 1.89% small farmers, 23.07% marginal farmers and 43.30% agricultural workers in 2001.[13]

Agricultural activities or cultivation is divided into two categories: crop cultivation and plantation (orchards). There is a general belief that plantations are more remunerative. In Khanakul I CD Block 71.79% of the land is used for crop cultivation and 0.77% for orchards. In Khanakul I CD Block 77.91% of the land is sown more than once. Khanakul I CD Block produced 34,040 tonnes of Aman paddy from 12,794 hectares, 23,020 tonnes of Boro paddy from 6,398 hectares, 106,190 tonnes of Jute from 4,591 hectares and 123,220 tonnes of potatoes from 4,694 hectares in 2005-06. In Khanakul I CD Block out of the total cultivated area of 11,958 hectares 350 hectares is drought prone and 4,300 hectares is flood prone. The irrigation system in Hooghly district is based on five rivers: Hooghly, Damodar, Mundeswari, Darakeswar and Sankari. Erosion of the river banks of these rivers pose a problem in many areas, particularly the Khanakul area.[13]

Handloom saris of Dhaniakhali, Begampur, Jangipara and Rajbalhat areas, and dhutis of Haripal, Rajbalhat and Khanakul areas are familiar all over the country. However, in spite of Government support, the problems of adequate finance, raw materials and marketing persist. Low remuneration is forcing weavers to switch over to other professions. Dhaniakhali produces three varieties of saris – 100 counts (fine), 80 counts (medium) and 60 counts (general). Weaver’s wage for finishing a sari is Rs.47 for 60 counts, Rs.62 for 80 counts and Rs. 135 for 100 counts. It takes two days to complete a sari.[13]

Hooghly district has the distinction of all mouzas (villages) being electrified by 2005. In Khanakul I CD Block all 94 mouzas were electrified. However, in Khanakul I CD Block 29.28% of households owned houses with electricity and 23.27% households owned houses with toilets in 2001.[13]

In the rural areas of Hooghly district there are wide variations amongst the CD Blocks regarding families living below poverty line (BPL). The data provided in the table given below is based on a household survey for BPL list carried out by the state government in 2005.[13]


Economy[edit]

Infrastructure[edit]

Khanakul I CD Block had 4,000 hectares of canals. In 2003-04 Khanakul I had 29.81 km of surfaced roads under PWD, 49.35 km surfaced roads under Zilla Parishad and 274.90 km unsurfaced roads under Zilla Parishad.[14]

Pisciculture[edit]

In Khanakul I CD Block 1,332.01 hectares was the nett area under effective pisiculture and 8,505 persons were engaged in the profession. Approximate annual production in 2003-04 was 33,334.1 qtl.[14]

Transport[edit]

Khanakul I CD Block has 14 ferry services and 7 originating/ terminating bus routes.[14]

Education[edit]

In 2003-04, Khanakul I CD Block had 172 primary schools with 22,803 students, 10 middle schools with 3,310 students, 14 high schools with 8,686 students and 6 higher secondary schools with 8,645 students. Khanakul I CD Block had 1 general college with 1,893 students, 1 professional and technical institution with 86 students and 207 institutions with 10,058 students for special and non-formal education.[14]

Healthcare[edit]

Khanakul I CD Block had 1 hospital, 3 health centres and 37 clinics and 8 dispensaries with 43 beds and 5 doctors in 2003.[14]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "District Human Development Report: Hooghly". Chapter I / Page 1, 3 - Published 2011. Development and Planning Department, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 22 May 2016. 
  2. ^ a b c "Khanakul i Block". onefivenine. Retrieved 20 May 2016. 
  3. ^ "Map of Hooghly district". District Profile. Hooghly district administration. Retrieved 20 May 2016. 
  4. ^ a b "Provisional Population Totals, West Bengal. Table 4". Census of India 2001 – Hooghly district. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on September 27, 2007. Retrieved 2011-01-20. 
  5. ^ "District Statistical Handbook – 2008 – Hooghly" (PDF). Tables 2.1, 2.2, 2.4 (b), 3.1, 4.4, 4.5, 8.2, 18.1, 18.3, 21.1. Bureau of Applied Economics and Statistics, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 22 May 2016. 
  6. ^ "Directory of District, Subdivision, Panchayat Samiti/ Block and Gram Panchayats in West Bengal". Hooghly – Revised in March 2008. Panchayats and Rural Development Department, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 16 May 2016. 
  7. ^ a b c d "C.D. Block Wise Primary Census Abstract Data(PCA)". 2011 census: West Bengal – District-wise CD Blocks. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 26 May 2016. 
  8. ^ "Provisional Population Totals, West Bengal. Table 4". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on September 27, 2007. Retrieved 2011-01-20. 
  9. ^ "Hughli (Hooghly) Dustrict: Census 2011 data". 2016 Digital Trends. Census Population 2015 Data. Retrieved 22 May 2016. 
  10. ^ a b "Provisional population tables and annexures" (PDF). Census 2011:Table 2(3) Literates and Literacy rates by sex. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 9 February 2016. 
  11. ^ "Khanakul I". Local Self-government. Hooghly Zilla Parishad. Retrieved 2011-08-04. 
  12. ^ a b "C1 Population by Religious Community". West Bengal. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 3 May 2016. 
  13. ^ a b c d e f "District Human Development Report: Hooghly". Pages - 31-40, 57, 60, 62-65, 68-69, 73, 82, 225, 226-227. Published 2011. Development and Planning Department, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 24 May 2016. 
  14. ^ a b c d e "District Statistical Handbook – 2004 – Hooghly" (PDF). Tables 3.1, 4.4, 4.5, 8.2, 18.2, 18.4, 21.1, 21.2. Bureau of Applied Economics and Statistics, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 24 May 2016.