Mandirbazar (community development block)

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Mandirbazar
মন্দিরবাজার
Community development block
সমষ্টি উন্নয়ন ব্লক
Mandirbazar is located in West Bengal
Mandirbazar
Mandirbazar
Location in West Bengal
Coordinates: 22°10′01″N 88°16′56″E / 22.16694°N 88.28222°E / 22.16694; 88.28222
Country  India
State West Bengal
District South 24 Parganas
Parliamentary constituency Mathurapur
Assembly constituency Mandirbazar
Area
 • Total 118.07 km2 (45.59 sq mi)
Elevation 8 m (26 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 214,050
 • Density 1,800/km2 (4,700/sq mi)
Time zone IST (UTC+5.30)
PIN 743395 (South Bishnupur)
743336 (Ghateswar)
Area code(s) 03174
Vehicle registration WB-19, WB-20, WB-22
Literacy Rate 75.89 per cent
Website http://s24pgs.gov.in/

Mandirbazar is a community development block that forms an administrative division in Diamond Harbour subdivision of South 24 Parganas district in the Indian state of West Bengal.

History[edit]

Land reforms[edit]

During 1946-1950 the Tebhaga movement in several parts of the 24 Parganas district led to the enactment of the Bargadari Act. Although the Bargadari Act of 1950 recognised the rights of bargadars to a higher share of crops from the land that they tilled, it was not implemented. Large tracts, beyond the prescribed limit of land ceiling, remained with the rich landlords. In 1967, West Bengal witnessed peasant uprising, against non-implementation of land reforms legislation, starting from Kheyadaha gram panchayat in Sonarpur CD Block. From 1977 onwards major land reforms took place in West Bengal under the Left Front government. Land in excess of land ceiling was acquired and distributed amongst the peasants. Subsequently, “Operation Barga” was aimed at securing tenancy rights for the peasants. In Mandirbazar CD Block 1,097.89 acres of land was acquired and vested. Out of this 413.42 acres or 37.66% of the vested land was distributed. The total number of patta holders was 2,116.[1]

Geography[edit]

Location[edit]

Mandirbazar is located at 22°10′01″N 88°16′56″E / 22.1670330°N 88.2822650°E / 22.1670330; 88.2822650.

Mandirbazar CD Block is bounded by Magrahat I and Magrahat II CD Blocks in the north, Jaynagar I and Jaynagar II CD Blocks in the east, Mathurapur I CD Block in the east and south, and Kulpi CD Block in the west.[2][3]

It is located 45 km from Alipore, the district headquarters.[2]

Area and administration[edit]

Mandirbazar CD Block has an area of 118.07 km2 Mandirbazar police station serves this CD Block. Mandirbazar panchayat samity has 10 gram panchayats. The block has 111 inhabited villages.[4]Headquarters of this block is at Mandirbazar.

Topography[edit]

South 24 Parganas district is divided into two distinct physiographic zones: the marine-riverine delta in the north and the marine delta zone in the south. As the sea receded southwards, in the sub-recent geological period, a large low lying plain got exposed. Both tidal inflows and the rivers have been depositing sediments in this plain. The periodical collapse of both the natural levees and man-made embankments speed up the process of filling up of the depressions containing brackish water wetlands. The marine delta in the south is formed of interlacing tidal channels. As non-saline water for irrigation is scarce, agriculture is monsoon dominated. Some parts of the wetlands are still preserved for raising fish.[5]

Gram panchayats[edit]

Gram panchayats of Mandirbazar block/panchayat samiti are: Anchna, Chandpur Chaitanyapur, Dhanurhat, Gabberia, Ghateswar, Jagaishpur, Kecharkur, Krishnapur, Nishapur and South Bishnupur.[6]

Demographics[edit]

Population[edit]

As per 2011 Census of India Mandirbazar CD Block had a total population of 214,050, of which 188,995 were rural and 25,055 were urban. There were 110,105 (51%) males and 103,945 (49%) females. Population below 6 years was 29,752. Scheduled Castes numbered 90,955 and Scheduled Tribes numbered 31.[7]

As per 2001 census, Mandirbazar block had a total population of 183,093, out of which 94,627 were males and 88,466 were females. Mandirbazar block registered a population growth of 14.54 per cent during the 1991-2001 decade. Decadal growth for South 24 Parganas district was 20.89 per cent. Decadal growth in West Bengal was 17.84 per cent. Scheduled castes at 85,077 formed about one-half the population. Scheduled tribes numbered 1,547.[4][8][9]

Census towns and villages[edit]

Census towns in Mandirbazar CD Block (2011 census figures in brackets): Chandpur (M) (6,777), Bangsidharpur (M) (5,218) and Purba Bishnupur (13,060).[7]

Large villages in Madirbazar CD Block (2011 census figures in brackets): Sadashibpur (10,935), Nilambarpur (K) (8,636), Purba Gopalnagar (K) (4,231), Mallikpratap (M) (9,462), Tekpanza (M) (9,107) and Nishapur (M) (5,427).[7]

Literacy[edit]

As per 2011 census the total number of literates in Mandirbazar CD Block was 139,868 (75.89% of the population over 6 years) out of which 78,647 (56%) were males and 61,221 (44%) were females.[7]

As per 2011 census, literacy in South 24 Parganas district was 77.51[10] Literacy in West Bengal was 77.08% in 2011.[11] Literacy in India in 2011 was 74.04%.[11]

As per 2001 census, Mandirbazar block had a total literacy of 65.99 per cent for the 6+ age group. While male literacy was 77.83 per cent female literacy was 53.29 per cent. South 24 Parganas district had a total literacy of 69.45 per cent, male literacy being 79.19 per cent and female literacy being 59.01 per cent.[4]


Language[edit]

Bengali is the local language in these areas.[2]

Religion[edit]

Religion in Mandirbazar CD Block
Hindu
  
62.03%
Muslim
  
37.65%
Others
  
0.32%

In the 2011 census Hindus numbered 132,770 and formed 62.03% of the population in Mandirbazar CD Block. Muslims numbered 80,599 and formed 37.65% of the population. Others numbered 681 and formed 0.32% of the population.[12]

In the 2011 census, Hindus numbered 5,155,545 and formed 63.17% of the population in South 24 Parganas district. Muslims numbered 2,903,075 and formed 35.57% of the population.[12]In West Bengal Hindus numbered 64,385,546 and formed 70.53% of the population. Muslims numbered 24,654,825 and formed 27.01% of the population.[12]

Human Development Report[edit]

According to the South 24 Parganas district Human Development Report it is an overwhelmingly rural district with 85% of the population living in rural areas. An analysis of the district’s population shows that 33 percent of the district’s population belongs to Scheduled Castes. While 65.86% of people are Hindus, 33.24% are Muslims. 86% of the population resided in the 29 CD Blocks. In 2005, more than 4 lakh households were identified as living below poverty line, pushing the poverty ratio in the district to 34.11%, way above the state and national poverty ratios.[13]

Mandirbazar CD Block has a poverty ratio of 29.90% of the households in 2005. In standard of living it has a rank 15 amongst all the 29 blocks. In Infrastructure development it has the 16th rank amongst all CD Blocks. In Mandirbazar, 15.60% households have access to electricity. The length of surfaced roads is 1.95 km per sq km area. The number of bank branches is 0.32 per 10,000 population. In Mandirbazar, 48.04% of rural households are engaged as daily/ agricultural/ other physical labour, 19.45% are culivators, 19.40% are self-employed rural artisans/ hawkers, 6.88% are engaged in labour oriented regular jobs in the unorganised sector, and 11.27% are engaged in the organised sector or work as professionals.[13]

As per 1991 census, while male literacy rate was 68.10% female literacy was 33.60% and there was a gender gap of 34.50% in Mandirbazar. The CD Blocks are gradually catching up with the municipalities in matters of literacy. In 2006, Mandirbazar had 29 secondary and higher secondary schools. 6 of them had no libraries and 25 of them did not have computer facilities. This CD Block has the highest number of secondary/higher secondary schools without a library in the district.[13]

In 2006, in Mandirbazar for 99 villages there were 25 health sub-centres and 1 rural hospital/public health centre having 15 beds with 5 medical officers, 5 nurses, 31 health assistants and 2 pharmacists and technicians. 61.6% of the 599 habitations in Mandirbazar CD Block were fully covered with safe drinking water (including tube wells and tap water), 36.6% habitations were partly covered and 1.8% habitations were not covered.[13]


Transport[edit]

Private Bus
  • SD18 Esplanade - South Bishnupur/Raidighi
Mini Bus
  • M10 Diamond Harbour - Raidighi
  • M15 Falta Sector 1 - Bijoygunge Bazar(Lakshmikantapur)


References[edit]

  1. ^ "District Human Development Report: South 24 Parganas". (1) Chapter 1.2, South 24 Parganas in Historical Perspective, pages 7-9 (2) Chapter 3.4, Land reforms, pages 32-33. Development & Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, 2009. Retrieved 17 April 2016. 
  2. ^ a b c "Mandirbazar Block". onefivenine. Retrieved 2 April 2016. 
  3. ^ "South 24 Parganas". CD Block/Tehsil map. Maps of India. Retrieved 2 April 2016. 
  4. ^ a b c "District Statistical Handbook – 2009 – South 24 Parganas" (PDF). South 24 Parganas at a glance, Tables 2.1, 2.2, 2.4 (b), 4.5. Bureau of Applied Economics and Statistics, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 3 April 2016. 
  5. ^ "District Human Development Report: South 24 Parganas". Chapter 1 South 24 Parganas: An Overview, p 9-12. Development & Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, 2009. Retrieved 1 April 2016. 
  6. ^ "Blocks and Gram Panchayats in South 24 Parganas". South 24 Parganas District Administration. Retrieved 1 April 2016. 
  7. ^ a b c d "C.D. Block Wise Primary Census Abstract Data(PCA)". 2011 census: West Bengal – District-wise CD Blocks. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 2 April 2016. 
  8. ^ "Provisional Population Totals, West Bengal. Table 4". Census of India 2001 – South 24 Parganas. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on September 27, 2007. Retrieved 2011-01-20. 
  9. ^ "Provisional Population Totals, West Bengal. Table 4". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on September 27, 2007. Retrieved 2011-01-20. 
  10. ^ "District Census 2011". Population Census 2011. Retrieved 24 January 2016. 
  11. ^ a b "Provisional population tables and annexures" (PDF). Census 2011:Table 2(3) Literates and Literacy rates by sex. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 9 February 2016. 
  12. ^ a b c "C1 Population by Religious Community". West Bengal. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 18 June 2016. 
  13. ^ a b c d "District Human Development Report: South 24 Parganas". Intro: pp 16-19, 42 Block specific: pp 39-40, 73, 99, 132, 146, 192, 221. Development & Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, 2009. Retrieved 7 April 2016.