|Place of origin||Philippines|
In Filipino cuisine, pancit are noodles. Noodles were introduced into the Philippines early on by Chinese Filipino settlers in the archipelago, and over the centuries have been fully adopted into local cuisine, of which there are now numerous variants and types. The term pancit is derived from the Hokkien pian i sit (Chinese: 便ê食; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: piān-ê-si̍t or Chinese: 便食; pinyin: biàn shí) which literally means "convenient food." Different kinds of noodles can be found in Filipino supermarkets which can then be cooked at home. Noodle dishes are also standard fare in local restaurants. Food establishments specializing in noodles are often referred to as panciterias.
Nancy Reyes Lumen of the Philippine Center for Investigative Journalism writes that according to food lore handed down from the Chinese, noodles should be eaten on one's birthday. They are therefore commonly served at birthday celebrations and Chinese restaurants in the Philippines often have "birthday noodles" listed on their menus. However, she warns that since "noodles represent long life and good health", they must not be cut, as that would "corrupt the symbolism."
Pancit is a derivative of a type of noodle(s) that originated in China but pancit which is different in its own aspect originated in the Philippines. The fact that pancit is eaten and part of Filipino culture means that it was most likely brought over from settlers originating in China or East Asia.
Luglug and Palabok
Pancit luglug, a Kapampangan version of pancit palabok, are essentially similar dishes, the difference being primarily in the noodles used in the recipe. Luglog uses a thicker noodle than the traditional bihon of a pancit palabok and usually has less condiments and relish on top. Both pancit dishes use a round rice noodle (often specifically labeled for pancit luglug or palabok) smothered with a thick, golden shrimp sauce or other flavored sauce, and topped with:
- Shrimp (the size and shell-on or shell-off depending on preference)
- Crushed or ground pork rind
- Hard-boiled egg (sliced into disks or quartered lengthwise or chopped)
- Tinapa (smoked fish) flakes
- Freshly minced green onion
Tiwi, Albay residents created a new pancit made from seaweed, which has health benefits. It is rich in calcium and magnesium and the seaweed noodles can be cooked into pancit canton, pancit luglug, spaghetti, or carbonara.
List of other variants
- Pancit Abra - common in Northern Luzon particularly in the province of Abra
- Pancit alanganin
- Pancit alahoy
- Pancit batchoy
- Pancit Bato - is local to the Bicol Region; especially the town of Bato in Camarines Sur. The noodles were a bit toasted when it was dried.
- Pancit bihon guisado - or simply pancit bihon (traditionally and historically also spelled as Spanish: bijon) is the type usually associated with the word "pancit", very thin rice noodles fried with soy sauce some citrus, possibly with patis, and some variation of sliced meat and chopped vegetables. The exact bihon composition depends on someone's personal recipe but usually, Chinese sausage and cabbage are the basic relish.
- Pancit buko - coconut strips are substituted for noodles
- Pancit Cabagan - served in Cabagan, Isabela and nearby towns. Stir-fried and served either dry with separate soup, or "wet" or soup and noodles combined.
- Pancit canton - Filipino adaptation of lo mein and chow mein
- Pancit canton Ilonggo
- Pancit chami (Lucena City, Quezon)
- Pancit choca (or Pancit pusit) - a black pancit from Cavite made with squid ink and bihon
- Pancit estacion - from Tanza, Cavite
- Pancit habhab - Lucban, Quezon specialty. Served in banana leaves, eaten directly without utensils
- Pancit kilawin - a variety of pancit which originated in Rosario, Cavite. In lieu of pancit noodles, shredded unripe papaya fruit is used cooked with vinegar and fish. Usually partnered with dinuguan dish
- Pancit kinalas - Naga City, Camarines Sur
- Pancit lanu - San Vicente Street in San Pedro, Laguna
- Pancit lomi - Originally from Batangas, pancit lomi is usually sold in eateries across the province. With the mobility of the Filipinos; however, other people got wind of pancit lomi and now you will see different lomihans (eateries with just lomi) whipping up their own pancit lomi, panciterias (eateries specializing in pancit) adding it in their menu, and carinderias (which are usually offering the usual viands and not pancit) starting to offer it alongside its other rice-based meals.
- Pancit luglug or Luglog
- Pancit lucban
- Pancit Malabon - Thick rice noodles with different toppings. Known in Malabon City and anywhere else.
- Pancit mami - round egg noodles
- Pancit mayaman - Guinayangan, Quezon
- Pancit miki - round egg noodles
- Pancit míki-híhon guisado - round egg noodles + bihon
- Pancit Olongapo - Pancit Miki with sarsa sauce. Miki cooked in tradition added with sarsa, a thickened chicken and pork broth, darkened a little with soy sauce of choice
- Pancit Molo - wonton soup with wonton wrappers added to the broth, serving as its "noodles"
- Pancit moròng
- Pancit palabok
- Pancit pula - variation of pancit miki from Batangas City
- Pancit Sotanghon - a cellophane noodle soup with a chicken broth base. It may include some kind of meat and vegetable. A typical sotanghon is made with calamansi, sliced straw mushrooms, slivered dark-meat chicken and green onion.
- Pansit sabaw (Pansit miki with soup)
- Pansit Tuguegarao or Batil Patong - not commonly known outside of Tuguegarao in the province of Cagayan in Northern Luzon, Philippines. It is an unusual noodle dish with a sauce based on soy and "cara-beef" beef broth. It is served with two piquant side dishes: a cup of egg-drop soup made with the same cara-beef broth; and a dish of chopped onions, vinegar or calamansi, chili peppers and soy sauce. The noodles are usually wheat-based and are topped with ground cara-beef, pork liver, mung bean sprouts, and poached egg from whence the name batil patong, literally "scrambled and placed on top" is thought to be derived. Sometimes, other vegetables, crushed pork-rind cracklings or chorizo are also added on top. Soup was served separately.
- Pansit sinanta - also from Tuguegarao, consists of flat egg noodles, bihon, clams and chicken, with broth colored with annatto and served with pinakufu, a variant of dango.
- Lumen, Nancy Reyes. (2005). Republic of Pancit. Philippine Center for Investigative Journalism iReport, (1). Retrieved 2009-10-27.
- Yoorekka, Filipino Food: Try These Elevated Dishes in Metro Manila
- Pancit Lomi Recipe and History
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