Gopiballavpur I

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Gopiballavpur I
গোপিবল্লভপুর I
Community development block
সমষ্টি উন্নয়ন ব্লক
Gopiballavpur I is located in West Bengal
Gopiballavpur I
Gopiballavpur I
Location in West Bengal, India
Coordinates: 22°12′14″N 86°57′38″E / 22.2037790°N 86.9604870°E / 22.2037790; 86.9604870Coordinates: 22°12′14″N 86°57′38″E / 22.2037790°N 86.9604870°E / 22.2037790; 86.9604870
Country  India
State West Bengal
District Jhargram
Government
 • Type Community development block
Area
 • Total 275.83 km2 (106.50 sq mi)
Elevation 82 m (269 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 108,254
 • Density 390/km2 (1,000/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Bengali, English
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 721506 (Gopiballavpur)
Area code(s) 03221
Vehicle registration WB-34
Literacy 65.44%
Lok Sabha constituency Jhargram
Vidhan Sabha constituency Nayagram
Website paschimmedinipur.gov.in

Gopiballavpur I is a community development block that forms an administrative division in Jhargram subdivision of Jhargram district in the Indian state of West Bengal.

History[edit]

Naxalite movement in Debra-Gopiballavpur[edit]

In 1968 many revolutionary intellectuals, broadly termed as Naxalites, settled in Gopiballavpur. Amongst them was Santosh Rana, who was a local person. In September 1969 a guerrilla squad killed an oppressive landlord. The landlords fled to the towns and a big peasant movement began. Landlords’ crops were forcibly harvested. Around 150 people were killed. Santosh Rana was the key figure in virtually “liberating” Debra, Gopiballavpur and neighbouring areas in West Bengal, as well as in Odisha and Jharkhand (then it was Bihar). The movement gradually split and collapsed in the early seventies.[1][2][3]

Red corridor[edit]

106 districts spanning 10 states across India, described as being a part of the Left Wing Extremism activities, constitutes the Red corridor. In West Bengal the districts of Pashim Medinipur, Bankura, Purulia and Birbhum are part of the Red corridor. However, as of July 2016, there has been no reported incidents of Maoist related activities from these districts for the previous 4 years.[4] In the period 2009-2011 LWE violence resulted in more than 500 deaths and a similar number missing in Paschim Medinipur district.[5]

The Lalgarh movement, which started attracting attention after the failed assassination attempt on Buddhadeb Bhattacharjee, then chief minister of West Bengal, in the Salboni area of Paschim Medinipur district, on 2 November 2008 and the police action that followed, had also spread over to these areas.[6] The movement was not just a political struggle but an armed struggle that concurrently took the look of a social struggle. A large number of CPI (M) activists, and others active in different political parties, were killed. Although the epi-centre of the movement was Lalgarh, it was spread across 19 police stations in three adjoining districts – Paschim Medinipur, Bankura and Purulia, all thickly forested and near the border with Jharkhand. The deployment of CRPF and other forces started on 11 June 2009. The movement came to an end after the 2011 state assembly elections and change of government in West Bengal. The death of Kishenji, the Maoist commander, on 24 November 2011 was the last major landmark.[6][7]

From 2009 Maoist violence had rapidly spread across eleven western CD Blocks of the district: Binpur I, Binpur II, Salboni, Grahbeta II, Jamboni, Jhargram, Midnapore Sadar, Gopiballavpur I, Gopiballavpur II, Sankrail and Nayagram.[8]

Geography[edit]

In Gopiballavpur I CD Block 60% of the cultivated area has infertile lateritic soil and 40% has alluvial soil. Gopiballavpur I CD Block is drought prone with a particularly severe drought situation.[9]

Alampur, a constituent gram panchayat of Gopiballavpur I block is located at 22°12′14″N 86°57′38″E / 22.2037790°N 86.9604870°E / 22.2037790; 86.9604870.

Gopiballavpur I CD Block is bounded by Gopiballavpur II CD Block in the north, Sankrail and Nayagram CD Blocks in the east, Koliana and Suliapada CD Blocks/tehsils, in Mayurbhanj district in Odisha, in the south and Saraskana CD Block/tehsil in Mayurbhanj district and Baharagora CD Block, in East Singhbhum district in Jharkhand, in the west.[10][11]

It is located 60 km from Midnapore, the district headquarters.[10]

Gopiballavpur I CD Block has an area of 275.83 km2. It has 1 panchayat samity, 7 gram panchayats, 80 gram sansads (village councils), 216 mouzas and 199 inhabited villages. Gopiballavpur police station serves this block.[12] Headquarters of this CD Block is at Chhatinasol.[13]

Gopiballavpur I CD Block had a forest cover of 5,449 hectares, against a total geographical area of 27,392 hectares in 2005-06.[14]

Gram panchayats of Gopiballavpur I block/ panchayat samiti are: Alampur, Amarda, Gopiballavpur, Kendugari, Saria, Sasra and Satma.[15]

Demographics[edit]

Population[edit]

As per the 2011 Census of India Gopiballavpur I CD Block had a total population of 108,254, all of which were rural. There were 55,475 (51%) males and 52,779 (49%) females. Population below 6 years was 13,127. Scheduled Castes numbered 29,423 (27.18%) and Scheduled Tribes numbered 36,819 (34.01%).[16]

As per the 2001 census, Gopiballavpur I block had a total population of 94,796, out of which 48,802 were males and 45,994 were females. Gopiballavpur I block registered a population growth of 18.20 per cent during the 1991-2001 decade. Decadal growth for the combined Midnapore district was 14.87 per cent.[17] Decadal growth in West Bengal was 17.45 per cent.[18]

Large villages (with 4,000+ population) in Gopiballavpur I CD Block are (2011 census figures in brackets): Gopiballavpur (4,061) and Nayabasan (4,828).[16]

Other villages in Gopiballavpur I CD Block include (2011 census figures in brackets): Alampur Pirasimul (2,862), Saria (629), Sasara (3,418), Amarda (869), Satma (Kortir) (1,390), Kenduageria (1,401) and Chhatinasol (1,040).[16]

Literacy[edit]

As per the 2011 census the total number of literates in Gopiballavpur I CD Block was 62,248 (65.44% of the population over 6 years) out of which males numbered 36,620 (75.11% of the male population over 6 years) and females numbered 25,628 (55.26% of the female population over 6 years). The gender gap in literacy rates was 19.85%.[16]

See also – List of West Bengal districts ranked by literacy rate


Languages and religion[edit]

Bengali is the local language in these areas.[10]

There is a tribal presence in many of the CD Blocks of the district. Santali is spoken by 55.93% of the tribal population of the district. The Bhumij, forming 11.16% of the tribal population, and the Mundas, forming 6.10% of the tribal population, speak Mundari. Other small groups include Koras and Mahalis. The Lodhas, forming 3.85% of the tribal population, the only primitive tribe in the district, speak Lodhi.[19]

Religion in Gopiballavpur I CD Block
Hindu
  
97.85%
Muslim
  
0.70%
Others
  
1.45%

In the 2011 census Hindus numbered 105,926 and formed 97.85% of the population in Gopiballavpur I CD Block. Muslims numbered 761 and formed 0.70% of the population. Others numbered 1,567 and formed 1.45% of the population.[20] Others include Addi Bassi, Marang Boro, Santal, Saranath, Sari Dharma, Sarna, Alchchi, Bidin, Sant, Saevdharm, Seran, Saran, Sarin, Kheria,[21] Christian and other religious communities.[20]

BPL families[edit]

In Gopiballavpur I CD Block 44.21% families were living below poverty line in 2007.[22]

According to the District Human Development Report of Paschim Medinipur: The 29 CD Blocks of the district were classified into four categories based on the poverty ratio. Nayagram, Binpur II and Jamboni CD Blocks have very high poverty levels (above 60%). Kharagpur I, Kharagpur II, Sankrail, Garhbeta II, Pingla and Mohanpur CD Blocks have high levels of poverty (50-60%), Jhargram, Midnapore Sadar, Dantan I, Gopiballavpur II, Binpur I, Dantan II, Keshiari, Chandrakona I, Gopiballavpur I, Chandrakona II, Narayangarh, Keshpur, Ghatal, Sabang, Garhbeta I, Salboni, Debra and Garhbeta III CD Blocks have moderate levels of poverty (25-50%) and Daspur II and Daspur I have low levels of poverty (below 25%).[22]

Economy[edit]

Infrastructure[edit]

192 or 98% of mouzas in Gopiballavpur I CD Block were electrified by 31 March 2014.[23]

215 mouzas in Gopiballavpur I CD Block had drinking water facilities in 2013-14. There were 51 fertiliser depots, 10 seed stores and 30 fair price shops in the CD Block.[23]

Agriculture[edit]

Circle frame.svg

Persons engaged in agriculture
in Gopiballavpur I CD Block

  Bargadars (3.14%)
  Patta holders (36.43%)
  Small farmers (1.71%)
  Marginal farmers (20.84%)
  Agricultural labourers (37.68%)

Although the Bargadari Act of 1950 recognised the rights of bargadars to a higher share of crops from the land that they tilled, it was not implemented fully. Large tracts, beyond the prescribed limit of land ceiling, remained with the rich landlords. From 1977 onwards major land reforms took place in West Bengal. Land in excess of land ceiling was acquired and distributed amongst the peasants.[24]Following land reforms land ownership pattern has undergone transformation. In 2013-14, persons engaged in agriculture in Gopiballavpur I CD Block could be classified as follows: bargadars 3.14%, patta (document) holders 36.63%, small farmers (possessing land between 1 and 2 hectares) 1.71%, marginal farmers (possessing land up to 1 hectare) 20.84% and agricultural labourers 37.68%.[23]

In 2005-06 net cropped area in Gopiballavpur I CD Block was 15,265 hectares and the area in which more than one crop was grown was 10,547 hectares.[25]

The extension of irrigation has played a role in growth of the predominantly agricultural economy.[26]In 2013-14, the total area irrigated in Gopiballavpur I CD Block was 4,395 hectares, out of which 1,123 hectares were by canal waters, 48 hectares by tank water, 30 hectares by deep tubewells, 2,530 hectares by shallow tube wells, 50 hectares by river lift irrigation, 203 hectares by open dug wells and 411 hectares by other methods.[23]

In 2013-14, Gopiballavpur I CD Block produced 1,965 tonnes of Aman paddy, the main winter crop, from 1,937 hectares, 1,092 tonnes of Aus paddy (summer crop) from 642 hectares, 2,672 tonnes of Boro paddy (spring crop) from 874 hectares, 329 tonnes of wheat from 143 hectares and 126,782 tonnes of potatoes from 3,308 hectares. It also produced pulses and oilseeds.[23]

Banking[edit]

In 2013-14, Gopiballavpur I CD Block had offices of 7 commercial banks and 1 gramin bank.[23]

Transport[edit]

Gaopiballavpur I CD Block has 3 ferry services and 8 originating/ terminating bus routes. The nearest railway station is 45 km from the CD Block headquarters.[23]

Education[edit]

In 2013-14, Gopiballavpur I CD Block had 131 primary schools with 6,952 students, 29 middle schools with 805 students and 12 higher secondary schools with 12,925 students. Gopiballavpur I CD Block had 1 general college with 1,240 students, 1 technical/ professional institution with 100 students and 289 institutions for special and non-formal education with 8,126 students.[23]

The United Nations Development Programme considers the combined primary and secondary enrolment ratio as the simple indicator of educational achievement of the children in the school going age. The infrastructure available is important. In Gopiballavpur I CD Block out of the total 131 primary schools in 2008-2009, 106 had pucca buildings, 3 partially pucca and 22 multiple type.[27]

Nayagram and Gopiballavpur I CD Blocks have been identified as educationally backward blocks and special efforts are being made through National Programme of Education for Girls at Elementary Level and Kasturba Gandhi Balika Vidyalaya hostels. These are the hostels for accommodating girl students from weaker sections of the society and all costs relating to their livelihood are borne by the government so that they are not to be deprived of availing elementary education for want of money or other social issues.[27]

Subarnarekha Mahavidyalaya was established at Gopiballavpur in 1988 and is affiliated to Vidyasagar University. It offers honours in English, Bengali, Sanskrit, Santali, history, geography, anthropology and accountancy[28]

Healthcare[edit]

In 2014, Gopiballavpur I CD Block had 1 rural hospital and 3 primary health centres with total 50 beds and 5 doctors. It had 21 family welfare sub centres and 1 family welfare centre. 5,264 patients were treated indoor and 87,323 patients were treated outdoor in the hospitals, health centres and subcentres of the CD Block.[23]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "30 Years of Naxalbari". Naxalbari-type Upsurge – (3) Debra-Gopiballavpur. Revolutionary Publications. Retrieved 27 July 2016. 
  2. ^ Chaudhuri, Arindam. "Santosh Rana". Retrieved 27 July 2016. 
  3. ^ "Interview with Santosh Rana". Seminar, March 2010 (issue on Red Resurgence). Retrieved 27 July 2016. 
  4. ^ Singh, Vijayita. "Red Corridor to be redrawn". The Hindu, 25 July 2016. Retrieved 1 August 2016. 
  5. ^ "District Human Development Report: Paschim Medinipur" (PDF). May 2011. Page 271. Development & Planning Department, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 31 July 2016. 
  6. ^ a b "Lalgarh Battle". Frontline. 17 July 2009. Retrieved 23 July 2016. 
  7. ^ "Kishenji's death a serious blow to Maoist movement". The Hindu. 25 November 2011. Retrieved 23 July 2016. 
  8. ^ "District Human Development Report: Paschim Medinipur" (PDF). May 2011. Page 271. Development & Planning Department, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 8 January 2017. 
  9. ^ "District Human Development Report: Paschim Medinipur" (PDF). page 26 (Predominant Soil), pages 265- 268 (Identification of Flood prone areas, Names of drought prone blocks). Development and Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, 2011. Retrieved 2 January 2017. 
  10. ^ a b c "Gopiballavpur I Block". onefivenine. Retrieved 22 July 2016. 
  11. ^ "District Map Paschim Medinipur". Maps. Paschim Medinipur district administration. Retrieved 22 July 2016. 
  12. ^ "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Paschim Medinipur". Tables 2.1, 2.2. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 10 October 2016. 
  13. ^ "District Census Handbook: Paschim Medinipur" (PDF). Map of Paschim Medinipur with CD Block HQs and Police Stations (on the fifth page). Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal, 2011. Retrieved 20 November 2016. 
  14. ^ "District Human Development Report, Paschim Medinipur" (PDF). Table 2.4, Page 28. Development and Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, May 2011. Retrieved 2 January 2017. 
  15. ^ "Directory of District, Subdivision, Panchayat Samiti/ Block and Gram Panchayats in West Bengal". Paschim Medinipur - Revised in March 2008. Panchayats and Rural Development Department, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 1 August 2016. 
  16. ^ a b c d "C.D. Block Wise Primary Census Abstract Data(PCA)". 2011 census: West Bengal – District-wise CD Blocks. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 3 May 2016. 
  17. ^ "Provisional population totals, West Bengal, Table 4, (erstwhile) Medinipur District". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on September 28, 2011. Retrieved 22 July 2016. 
  18. ^ "Provisional Population Totals, West Bengal. Table 4". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 27 September 2007. Retrieved 17 July 2016. 
  19. ^ "District Human Development Report: Paschim Medinipur" (PDF). Page 217 Scheduled Tribe Community. Development and Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, 2011. Retrieved 25 July 2016. 
  20. ^ a b "C1 Population by Religious Community". West Bengal. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 29 July 2016. 
  21. ^ "ST-14 A Details Of Religions Shown Under 'Other Religions And Persuasions' In Main Table". West Bengal. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 29 July 2016. 
  22. ^ a b "District Human Development Report: Paschim Medinipur" (PDF). May 2011. Page 177. Development & Planning Department, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 8 January 2017. 
  23. ^ a b c d e f g h i "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Paschim Medinipur". Tables 2.1, 8.2, 16.1, 17.2, 18.2, 18.1, 20.1, 21.2, 4.4, 3.1, 3.3 – arranged as per use. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 2 January 2017. 
  24. ^ "District Human Development Report: South 24 Parganas". (1) Chapter 1.2, South 24 Parganas in Historical Perspective, pages 7-9 (2) Chapter 3.4, Land reforms, pages 32-33. Development & Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, 2009. Retrieved 7 August 2016. 
  25. ^ "District Human Development Report, Paschim Medinipur" (PDF). Table 2.4, Page 28. Development and Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, May 2011. Retrieved 2 January 2017. 
  26. ^ "District Human Development Report: Paschim Medinipur" (PDF). Chapter V: Economic Livelihoods, pages 129-131. Development and Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, 2011. Retrieved 2 January 2017. 
  27. ^ a b "District Human Development Report: Paschim Medinipur" (PDF). May 2011. Pages: 60-75. Development & Planning Department, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 31 July 2016. 
  28. ^ "Subarnarekha Mahavidyalaya". SM. Retrieved 5 January 2017.