|This article relies too much on references to primary sources. (August 2015)|
Nashik city view from Pandavleni
|• Mayor||Ashok Murtadak (MNS)|
|• Municipal Commissioner||Dr. Praveen Gedam|
|• Deputy Mayor||Gurmeet Bagga (Independent)|
|• Metro City||482 km2 (186 sq mi)|
|Elevation||660 m (2,170 ft)|
|• Metro City||1,862,769|
|• Density||3,900/km2 (10,000/sq mi)|
|• Metro rank||29th|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|Vehicle registration||MH 15 (Nashik city), MH 41 (Malegaon), MH 51 (Nashik North),MH 52(Sinnar)|
Nashik (pron:ˈnʌʃɪk) ( pronunciation (help·info)) is an ancient city of India, located in the north-west region of Maharashtra. It is the administrative headquarter of the Nashik District and Nashik Division.
- 1 Geography
- 2 Civic administration
- 3 Demographics
- 4 Points of interest
- 5 Forts
- 6 Dams
- 7 Kumbh Mela
- 8 Economy
- 9 Education
- 10 Tourism
- 11 Media
- 12 People from Nashik
- 13 References
- 14 External links
Nashik is located in northern Maharashtra at 600 m (2,000 ft) from the mean sea level. The river Godavari originates 24 km (15 mi) from Brahmagiri Mountain, Tryambakeshwar, Nashik and flows along the northern boundary of the city through the old residential settlement in the city.The river has been dying at an alarming rate due to pollution created by factories. Other than Godavari, various important rivers like Vaitarana, Bhima, Girana, Kashyapi and Darana flow across Nashik. Nashik lies on western edge of the Deccan Plateau which is a volcanic formation. All over the district, lime nodules and kankar are found practically. Jalgaon and Aurangabad are to the east of Nashik. Ahmadnagar lies to the south while Thane and part of Gujrat are to the west of Nashik. The soil here is primarily black which is favorable for agriculture. Trimbakeshwar is about 30 km (19 mi) from the city, from where river Godavari originates. The total land area of the city is about 259.13 km2 (100.05 sq mi) which makes it the third largest urban area of Maharashtra after Mumbai Metropolitan Region and the Pune and Pimpri Chinchwad Urban Region (together as second).
According to the Census of India, 2011, Nashik had a population of 1,486,973. Males constitute 784,995 of the population and females 701,978. Out of Nashik population urban population is 1,562,769 in which 824,641 are males and 738,128 are females. Nashik city had an average literacy rate of 90.96% where male literacy was 94.96%, and female literacy was 86.51%. The sex ratio is 894 per 1000 males for Nashik city . Child sex ratio is 865 girls per 1000 boys.In Nashik, 11.42% of the population is under 6 years of age. In the same year (census year 2001) the Nashik Urban Agglomeration had a population of 1,152,326 and thus it was the fourth largest urban area of Maharashtra State after Mumbai, Pune and Nagpur. The projected population of Nashik urban agglomeration (which includes abutting urban areas like Deolali) as on 11 November 2012 is 1,562,769. 52.5% of Nashik's population is in the 15–59 years age category.
Points of interest
Panchavati has significant religious attributes for Hindus with a temple complex on the bend of the Godavari river, which includes Kalaram Temple. It is a pilgrimage site, with the Kumbh Mela, the largest peaceful gathering in the world – involving over 100 million people in 2013, taking place here once every twelve years in rotation with Haridwar, Allahabad, and Ujjain.
In Hindu theology, as outlined in the epic Ramayana, Panchavati was the place in the forest of Dandakaranya (Danda Kingdom), where Rama built his home along with his wife Sita and brother Lakshman during their period of exile in the wilderness. Panchavati literally means "a garden of five banyan trees". These trees are said to have been there during the exile of Lord Rama. There is a place called Tapovan where Lakshmana, the brother of Rama, cut off the nose of Surpanakha, the sister of Ravana, when she attempted to kill Sita. The entire Aranya Kanda (book of the forest) of Ramayana is set in Panchavati.
This tank is a holy place for Hindus. Devotees believe that a dip in this tank will fulfill their wishes. According to Hindu mythology, Lord Rama used to take bath in this tank during his stay in Nashik.
Muktidham is located at Nashik road. This temple with intricate architecture was constructed out of white marble. The temple has carvings of 18 chapters from Bhagawad Gita, believed to be the great Indian religious text, 12 Jyotirlinga and idols of Hindu deities.
Situated on the corner of Ahillyabai Holkar bridge. This temple was built in 1756 by Chandrachud. The sanctum sanctorum houses the idol of Lord Vishnu. Speciality about its architecture is it is built in such a way that very first rays of the sun falls on the deity of Lord Vishnu.
Being a well known holy place of India, this shrine is one among the 12 Jyotirlingas. It is just 30 km from Nashik. The shrine houses a Shiva Linga in the sanctum sanctorum. Devotees believe that a person will attain salvation after visiting this temple. The sacred river Godavari originates here. The holy bath tank known as Kushavarta is located at 5 min away from the main temple. This Kushvarta holds greater importance during the Kumbhmela shahi snan. At Kushavarta river Ganga takes route to the rest of the India and origin of this river Ganga named here as Godavari is at top of the Bramhagiri hill. This holy pond is always full with Godavari water, never dries up and no body knows from where the water comes into the pond and forms the river.
This is one of the oldest temples dedicated to Lord Shiva and Lord Hanuman.This place is located six km away from Nashik on the road to Gangapur. The temple is located on the banks of the Godavari river.
The coin museum in Nashik houses a huge collection of real coins, replicas, line drawings, articles and photographs of coins from various eras and kingdoms in Indian history.[better source needed]
Deolali contonment falls under Nashik district.It was established in the year 1869. Army staff college, now the Defence services Staff College of India, and the Command Staff College of Pakistan were originally located in Deolali.
Veer Savarkar Smarak, Bhagur
Ramshej Fort is located 10 km from Nashik near Pindori village. According to Indian mythology Lord Rama used to rest on this fort. The fort is flat and on open ground. Trees around the fort are also mild.
Harihar Fort is derived by the name Harshgad. Its highest point is 1120 meters above sea level. It is famous for its Cliff for chimney style climbing and its named as Scottish Fall.[better source needed][better source needed]
Kashypi Dam is located on Kashypi river near Rajapur, Nashik.
Girna Dam is an earthfill type of dam situated on river Girna near Nandgaon, Nashik District in the state of Maharashtra in India.
Darna Dam is a gravity dam on Darna river near Igatpuri, Nashik district in the state of Maharashtra in India.
Nashik hosts one of the largest religious gatherings in the world known as Maha Kumbh. Kumbh mela (festival) is celebrated once in twelve years. The Ardh (half) Kumbh Mela is celebrated every six years at Haridwar and Allahabad, the Purna (complete) Kumbh takes place every twelve years at four places in Allahabad, Haridwar, Ujjain, and Nashik. Previous kumbh mela was in year 2003. According to the Puranas, it is believed that Kumbh derives its name from an immortal pot of nectar, which the devtas(Gods) and demons fought over. The four places where nectar has been fallen are at the banks of river Godavari in Nashik, river Kshipra in Ujjain, river Ganges in Haridwar, at Sangam of Ganges, Yamuna and Sarswati in Allahabad.
Akhara is an organisation of saints and Vairaghis. Akharas came into existence during the 8th century AD. Akharas are classified as Shiva Akhara for the followers of lord Shiva; Vaishnava or Vairagi Akhara for the followers of lord Vishnu; Kalpwasis for the followers of lord Brahma. At present there are three major Akharas:
List of main Akharas:
It is the path from Tapovan to Godavari Ramkund Where all sadhus will go to banks of Godavari for Holy bath or Shahi snan.The path stretches from Tapovan to Godavari via Nag Chowk, Kalaram Temple and Sardar Chowk.In last kumbhmela of year 2003,there were 29 pilgrims killed at Sardar Chowk in Stampede.To avoid such accidents NMC has started working for the widening of this path. In this year 2015, city administration planning to widened road from 9 meters to 15 meters depending upon the area.[better source needed]
The complete details of Simhastha Kumbh Mela Nashik - Trimbakeshwar 2015 can be found on https://kumbhmela2015.maharashtra.gov.in/1035/Home (Official website of Maharashtra Government)
Nashik has many private healthcare facilities as well as a government run civil hospital. The Maharashtra University of Health Sciences (MUHS) is situated at Nashik. Nashik has many major corporate hospitals like Apollo Hospital, Wockhardt Hospital, Sahyadri Hospital, Vijan Cardiac & Critical Care Center, and Six Sigma Medicare and Research Center [better source needed][better source needed]
Nashik is famous for grapes, onions, and tomatoes. Nashik was famous for its table grapes for a very long time. Also known as Wine Capital of India, In early 1925, the Table Grape revolution was started in Ojar, a small town near Nashik. Today, table grapes are being exported to Europe, the Middle East, and Asia.
According to Official Website of Nashik District out of the total 1563000 Hectors of geographical area, the cultivable area is 864000 Hectors. The average Kharip crop area is 663200 Hectors while the average Rabbi crop area is 136500 Hectors. The actual sown area is 658763 Hectors (99%) and the forest land is 340000 Hectors (21.75%). The uncultivable area is 23000 Hectors (1.48%).
Solid waste management
In the entire Nashik Municipal Corporation area about 225 MT of solid waste is generated per day. Unlike other Indian cities, this garbage is collected by vehicles titled 'Ghantagadi' (meaning the vehicle with a bell); a system which has resulted into a 'garbage dump free' city. Smaller versions of the ghantagadi ply in the congested old city areas. A plant has been set by the Nashik Municipal Corporation near Pandav Leni (Pandavleni Caves) to process the garbage and convert into compost.
Rain water harvesting
The Nashik Municipal Corporation has made it mandatory for new constructions in the city to install a rain water harvesting system without which a completion certificate is not granted to the construction. This measure is expected to help recharge the aquifers and augment the ground water level in the city.
There is a Hindustan Aeronautics Limited aircraft manufacturing plant located 10 mi (16 km) from Nashik,. The Currency Note Press and India Security Press are located in Nashik Road, where Indian currency and government stamp papers are printed respectively. Nashik also has textile industry, e.g. carpet weaving in remote areas like Surgana Block,. National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development has selected Yeola Block for development of Paithani Cluster. To facilitate the export a Container Freight Station has been started at MIDC Ambad by the Central Government. There are some IT companies situated in Nashik like Winjit and many more.
Nashik has been the educational hub of North Maharashtra. Colleges in Nashik are affiliated to the University of Pune (Savitribai Phule Pune University ).The University of Pune has announced setting up of an additional campus in Nashik which is to be located on Dindori road and spread over 100 acres of land.Today the city houses a large number of private and governmental educational institutions offering higher education in Medicine, Engineering & Technology, Architecture, Pharmacy, Military Management among others. Bhonsala Military School is the oldest residential school in Nashik as are the Gokhale Educaction Society run colleges. Nashik also hosts one of the most prominent B-schools in the country: The city has now adapted to redefine the system of professional education. Educational Institutions like Mumbai Educational Trust's (MET) Bhujbal Knowledge City, Sapkal Knowledge Hub and Sandip Foundation have set up their campuses in the city. The city has two state-run universities, the Yashwantrao Chavan Maharashtra Open University and the Maharashtra University of Health Sciences.
There are a number of notable places in or near Nashik, including the Gargoti Museum, which has a collection of zeolites (micro porous crystalline solids), and is located 32 km (20 mi) from Nashik in a town called Sinnar. There is also the Coin Museum, founded in 1980, which has a collection about the Indian currency system, including coins, moulds, dyes, replicas and photographs. About 30 km (19 mi) from Nashik is the Dugarwadi waterfall. Nashik is also called as pilgrimage city. Nashik is one of the places where Kumbh Mela is held. There are holy temples like Shree KalaRam Mandir, Trimbakeshwar Temple, Saptshrungi Vani Gad, Gondeshwar Temple, Shree Sunder Narayan Temple, Muktidham, Bhakti Dham, Shree Kapaleshwar Mahadev, Shree Laxmi Narayan Temple, Shree Someshwar Temple, Shree Ved Temple and Dutondya Maruti. The other major tourist attraction includes Artillery Centre, Nandur Madhmeshwar, Dhammagiri, Saputara, Bhandardara & Kalsubai Peak, Chamber Caves, Shree Godavari Ramkund, Sita Gumpha, Pandavleni Caves, Godavari Ghat, Ramkund, Dadasaheb Phalke Memorial, Veer Savarkar Smarak, Dudhsagar Falls, Jawhar, Blue Lagoon Water Park, Shrine of the Infant Jesus, Yoga Vidya Dham, Akhil Bhartiya Shree Swami Samarth Gurupeeth in Trimakeshwar, Anjeneri Hills,Shree Swami Samarth Kendra in Dindori, E&G Green Valley Resort and Shubham Water World. Nashik is known as the "wine capital of India". Nashik has also many liquor manufacturing factories, such as United Spirits Ltd, Pernod-Ricard, and Sula Vineyards.
Nashik has a number of print publications which include Marathi dailies like Deshdoot, Divya Marathi, Sakal, Lokmat, Maharashtra Times and Loksatta. Hindi newspapers such as a Navbharat Times, Dainik Bhaskar are available. The Indian Express, The Times of India, The Economic Times are also available.
People from Nashik
- Dadasaheb Phalke, The father of Indian Cinema
- Kusumagraj (Vishnu Vāman Shirwādkar), Marathi poet, playwriter, and novelist
- Vasant Kanetkar ( Marathi Playwriter)
- Pandit Dattatreya Vishnu Paluskar, Hindustani classical vocalist
- Vinayak Damodar Savarkar (Indian pro-independence activism, politician, poet, writer and playwright)
- Anant Laxman Kanhere (Indian independence fighter)
- Krishnaji Gopal Karve (Indian freedom fighter and a revolutionary)
- Tatya Tope (Ramachandra Pandurang Tope - Indian Brahmin Maratha leader and an influential general in the Indian Rebellion of 1857) (Born in Yeola, Nashik District)
- Kavita Raut (Indian long-distance runner)
- Abhishek Raut (Indian cricketer)
- Anjana Thamke (Indian athlete)
- Dattaraya Ramchandra Kaprekar (Indian recreational mathematician)
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|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Nashik.|