Nashik

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Nashik
Nasik
Goda ghat nasik.jpg
PandavLena Caves Nashik.jpg
Sula Vineyards.jpg
Kalaram Temple Nashik Corner View.jpg
Grapes. Nasik.jpg
NashikViewfromPandavLeni.jpg
Clockwise from top left: Godavari Ghat, Pandavleni Caves, Kalaram Temple, Nashik city skyline, Nashik grapes, Sula Vineyards
Nickname(s): 
Wine Capital of India[1]
Nashik is located in Maharashtra
Nashik
Nashik
Location of Nashik in Maharashtra
Nashik is located in India
Nashik
Nashik
Nashik (India)
Coordinates: 20°00′N 73°47′E / 20.00°N 73.78°E / 20.00; 73.78Coordinates: 20°00′N 73°47′E / 20.00°N 73.78°E / 20.00; 73.78
Country India
StateMaharashtra
DistrictNashik
Government
 • TypeMunicipal Corporation
 • MayorSatish Kulkarni
 • Guardian MinisterChhagan Bhujbal
 • Municipal CommissionerKailash Jadhav[2]
 • Commissioner of PoliceDeepak Pandey[2]
Area
 • Total267 km2 (103 sq mi)
Elevation
584 m (1,916 ft)
Population
 (2011)[4]
 • Total1,562,769
 • Density5,900/km2 (15,000/sq mi)
 • Rank
India : 29th
Demonym(s)Nashikkar, Nashikites
Language
 • OfficialMarathi
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
422 001
Telephone code91(253)
Vehicle registrationMH-15 (Nashik City), MH-41,51 (Nashik Rural)
Websitenashik.gov.in
nashikcorporation.in
www.nashikcorporation.in

Nashik (/ˈnʌʃɪk/, Marathi: [naːʃik] , also called as Nasik (About this soundlisten))[5] is an ancient city and the largest city in the northern region of the Indian state of Maharashtra. Situated on the banks of river Godavari, Nashik is the fourth largest city in Maharashtra, after Mumbai, Pune and Nagpur. Nashik is well known for being one of the Hindu pilgrimage sites of the Kumbh Mela, which is held every 12 years.[6][7] Nashik is located about 190 km north of state capital Mumbai. The city is called the "Wine Capital of India" as more than half of India's vineyards and wineries are located here. Around 90% of all wine produced in India comes from the Nashik Valley.[1][8]

Nashik is one of the fastest growing cities in India. It has been a major industrial center in automobile hub. The city houses companies like Atlas Copco, Robert Bosch GmbH, CEAT Limited, Crompton Greaves, Graphite India, ThyssenKrupp, Epcos, Everest Industries, Gabriel India, GlaxoSmithKline, Hindustan Coca-Cola, Hindustan Unilever Limited, Jindal Polyster, Jyoti Structures, Kirlosker Oil Engines, KSB Pumps, Larsen & Toubro, Mahindra and Mahindra, Mahindra Sona, United Spirits Limited, Perfect Circle Industries, Mahindra Ugine Steel, Samsonite, Shalimar Paints, Siemens, VIP Industries, Indian Oil Corporation, XLO India Limited and Jindal Saw etc.

Etymology[edit]

As per Ramayana, Nashik is the location on the banks of Godavari river where Laxman, by the wish of Lord Rama, cut the nose of demoness Shurpanakha and thus this city was named as "Nashik".[7]

History[edit]

Geography[edit]

Nashik lies in the northern part of Maharashtra state at 584 m (1,916 ft)[9] from the mean sea level which gives it ideal temperature variation, particularly in winters.[1]

Nashik has lush mountainous terrain

The river Godavari originates from the Brahmagiri Mountain, Trimbakeshwar about 24 km (15 mi) from Nashik and flows through the old residential settlement, now in the central part of the city. Due to high pollution created by factories in proximity of the city the river was dying at an alarming rate. It has since been successfully cleaned.[10]

Nashik lies on the western edge of the Deccan Plateau which is an ancient volcanic formation.[11]

Trimbakeshwar is about 30 km (19 mi) from the city, it is where from river Godavari originates. The land area of the city is about 259.13 km2 (100.05 sq mi).[12]

Climate[edit]

The city's tropical location and high altitude combine to give it a relatively mild version of a tropical wet and dry climate. Temperatures rise slightly in October, but this is followed by the cool season from November to February. The cool season sees warm temperatures of around 28 °C during the day, but cool nights, with lows averaging 10 °C, and extremely dry air.

Climate data for Nashik (Ozar Airport) 1981–2010, extremes 1965–2006
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 35.5
(95.9)
38.6
(101.5)
40.4
(104.7)
42.4
(108.3)
43.9
(111.0)
43.3
(109.9)
35.4
(95.7)
34.3
(93.7)
36.5
(97.7)
38.5
(101.3)
34.7
(94.5)
33.4
(92.1)
43.9
(111.0)
Average high °C (°F) 29.3
(84.7)
31.5
(88.7)
35.2
(95.4)
37.6
(99.7)
37.6
(99.7)
33.1
(91.6)
28.8
(83.8)
27.7
(81.9)
29.6
(85.3)
31.9
(89.4)
30.7
(87.3)
29.1
(84.4)
31.8
(89.2)
Average low °C (°F) 10.4
(50.7)
12.0
(53.6)
15.8
(60.4)
19.3
(66.7)
21.9
(71.4)
22.7
(72.9)
22.0
(71.6)
21.2
(70.2)
20.4
(68.7)
17.7
(63.9)
13.7
(56.7)
10.7
(51.3)
17.3
(63.1)
Record low °C (°F) 0.4
(32.7)
0.6
(33.1)
5.7
(42.3)
9.4
(48.9)
13.5
(56.3)
18.4
(65.1)
17.0
(62.6)
17.0
(62.6)
13.5
(56.3)
9.8
(49.6)
5.0
(41.0)
2.2
(36.0)
0.4
(32.7)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 2.4
(0.09)
0.1
(0.00)
0.3
(0.01)
6.2
(0.24)
24.5
(0.96)
135.9
(5.35)
156.1
(6.15)
137.0
(5.39)
131.5
(5.18)
63.3
(2.49)
17.9
(0.70)
3.3
(0.13)
678.4
(26.71)
Average rainy days 0.2 0.0 0.1 0.7 1.4 6.7 12.0 10.4 8.3 3.6 1.1 0.3 44.8
Average relative humidity (%) (at 17:30 IST) 30 23 17 19 30 58 76 80 73 49 39 35 44
Source: India Meteorological Department[13][14]

Governance and politics[edit]

Civic administration[edit]

Nashik city is governed by the Nashik Municipal Corporation.[15] Nashik is a district headquarters located on the banks of Godavari and is 185 km (115 mi) away from Mumbai. The city has developed on both the banks of Godavari which divides the city into almost equal halves.[16]

The Municipal Commissioner of Nashik is Kailas Jadhav.[17]

The ward committee consists of councillors representing the electoral wards within the territorial area of the ward committee.[18] There are 6 ward committee's namely Nashik (E), Nashik (W), Nashik Road, Panchavati, CIDCO and Satpur.[18] The main function of the committees is to approve the cost of works for the wards, incorporate the expenses in the budget etc.

Civic services[edit]

The Nashik Municipal Corporation (NMC) is planning to start major civic projects in 2020. Projects like the creation of more smart roads, setting up of 800 CCTVs, installation of LED streetlights, Goda beautification project, construction of two major water treatment projects (WTPs), upgradation of STPs, making smart parking operational, etc. would be given priority by the municipal corporation.[19]

Solid waste management[edit]

In the Nashik Municipal Corporation area about 225 MT of solid waste is generated per day. Unlike other Indian cities, this garbage is collected by vehicles titled 'Ghantagadi' (meaning the vehicle with a bell): a system which has resulted in smaller versions of the ghantagadi ply in the congested old city areas. A plant has been set by the Nashik Municipal Corporation near Pandav Leni (Pandavleni Caves) to process the garbage and convert into compost.[20]

Ram Kund in Nashik; the city is an important Hindu pilgrimage destination

Digital services[edit]

The NMC provides an online website for various civic services like birth certificate registration, medical services, taxes, development services, etc.[21]

Demographics[edit]

Nashik is the fourth largest city in Maharashtra in terms of population after Mumbai, Pune and Nagpur. According to the Census of India, 2011, Nashik had a population of 1,486,053. Males constitute 782,517 of the population and females 703,536. Metropolitan Nashik population was 1,561,809 in which 821,921 were males and 739,888 were females. Nashik city had an average literacy rate of 89.85%: male literacy was 93.40%, and female literacy was 85.92%.[22]

The sex ratio is 894 per 1,000 males for Nashik city. Child sex ratio is 865 girls per 1,000 boys. In Nashik, 11.42% of the population is under 6 years of age.[23] In census year 2001 the Nashik Urban Agglomeration had a population of 1,152,326. Thus it was the fourth largest urban area of Maharashtra State after Mumbai, Pune and Nagpur. The projected population of Nashik urban agglomeration (which includes abutting urban areas like Deolali) as on 11 November 2012 is 1,562,769.[24]

Religions in Nashik City[25]
Religion Percent
Hindus
85.21%
Muslims
8.90%
Buddhist
3.18%
Jains
1.10%
Christian
1.00%
Sikhs
0.39%
Others†
0.22%
Distribution of religions
Includes not stated and others.

Art and culture[edit]

108 feet Rishabdev Bhagwan at Mangi Tungi

In February 2016, The Statue of Ahimsa, a 108 ft idol of first Jain tirthankara Rishabhdev carved in monolithic stone was consecrated at Mangi Tungi. It is recorded in the Guinness Book of World Records as the tallest Jain idol in the world.[26]

Trimbakeshwar Temple near Nashik (source of the Godavari River)

Trirashmi Caves[edit]

Cave No.10 "Nahapana Vihara" at Pandavleni Caves, (circa 120 CE).

The Trirashmi (Pandavleni) Caves, or Nashik Caves, are a group of 24 caves carved between the 1st century BCE and the 2nd century CE,[27] representing the Hinayana Buddhist caves.

Dams[edit]

  • Gangapur Dam is on the river Godavari near Gangawadi village and it is earthen dam, Nashik.[28]
  • Chankapur dam which is on the Girna river is one of the big dams built by the British in the 19th century. It is 3 km from the village Abhona in Kalwan tehsil and 60 km from Nashik.
  • Kashypi Dam is on the Kashypi river near Rajapur, Nashik.
  • Girna Dam is an earthfill type of dam on river Girna near Nandgaon, Nashik District.
  • Darna Dam is a gravity dam on Darna river near Igatpuri, Nashik district.

Kumbh Mela[edit]

The Kumbh Mela is celebrated every six years at Haridwar and Allahabad and Maha Kumbh takes place every twelve years at four places in Allahabad, Haridwar, Ujjain, and Nashik. According to the Puranas, it is believed that Kumbh derives its name from an immortal pot of nectar, which the devatas (Gods) and demons fought over. The four places where the nectar fell are at the banks of river Godavari in Nashik, river Kshipra in Ujjain, river Ganges in Haridwar and at Triveni Sangam of Ganga, Yamuna and invisible Saraswati River in Allahabad.[6][29]

Economy[edit]

Agriculture[edit]

A grape vineyard in Nashik.

In early 1925, the table grape revolution was started in Ojhar, a small town near Nashik, by Raosaheb Jairam Krishna Gaikwad. Today, table grapes are exported to Europe, the Middle East, and Asia.[30]

The average Kharip crop area is 663,200 hectares while the average Rabbi crop area is 136,500 hectares. The sown area is 658,763 hectares (99%) and the forest land is 340,000 hectares (21.75%). The uncultivable area is 23,000 hectares (1.48%).[31]

Industry[edit]

The Igatpuri-Nashik-Sinnar investment region is an important node in the US$90 billion Delhi Mumbai Industrial Corridor Project.[32][33]

Nashik is a defense and aerospace manufacturing hub with Hindustan Aeronautics Limited aircraft manufacturing plant located at Ozar.[34] The Currency Note Press[35] and India Security Press are on Nashik Road, where Indian currency and government stamp papers are printed respectively.[36]

Sukhoi Su-30MKI is manufactured at Hindustan Aeronautics Limited plant in Nashik

Existing industrial areas in Nashik district are Satpur, Ambad, Sinnar, Igatpuri, Dindori and Vinchur. The proposed additional areas are Sinnar, Malegaon and Rajur Bahula.[37]

Large-scale industries present in Nashik district are Atlas Copco, Robert Bosch GmbH, CEAT Limited, Crompton Greaves, Graphite India, ThyssenKrupp, Epcos, Everest Industries, Gabriel India, GlaxoSmithKline, Hindustan Coca-Cola, Hindustan Unilever Limited, Jindal Polyster, Jyoti Structures, Kirlosker Oil Engines, KSB Pumps, Larsen & Toubro, Mahindra and Mahindra, Mahindra Sona, United Spirits Limited, Perfect Circle Industries, Mahindra Ugine Steel, Samsonite, Shalimar Paints, Siemens, VIP Industries, Indian Oil Corporation, XLO India Limited and Jindal Saw.[38]

Apart from manufacturing, Nashik is an emerging investment destination for Information Technology companies. Tata Consultancy Services has invested in Nashik under the government of India BPO promotion scheme (IBPS). Also WNS, Accenture, TCS[39] has set up Digital Impact Square, or DISQ, which is a social innovation center.[40]

Nashik has a textile industry.[9] National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development has selected Yeola Block for development of Paithani Cluster.[9] To facilitate exports, a container freight station was started at MIDC Ambad by the Central Government.[41]

Wine industry[edit]

Tasting cellar at Sula Vineyards.

Nashik has been described as "The Wine Capital of India" the Nashik region reportedly produced 10,000 tonnes of grapes per year.[42]

In 2013, there were 22 wineries in Nashik, out of 46 wineries throughout India.[43] The largest vineyard in Nashik is the Sula Vineyards.[1]

In the harvest season, Nashik is home to several wine festivals, such as the India Grape Harvest and SulaFest.[44][45]

Transport[edit]

  1. Roadways – Nashik is connected to others cities in India by road.
  2. RailwaysNashik Road Railway Station is city railway station along with Deolali which lies within the city boundary.
  3. Airways – Nashik has its airport located at Ozar and an old airport at Gandhinagar which connected Nashik to Mumbai. The Gandhinagar Airport is now reserved for the military. Nashik Airport is domestic airport and it is connected to Ahmedabad, Pune, Hyderabad, Bangalore, Belgaum and Delhi under the UDAN scheme. SpiceJet, Trujet, Star Air and AirIndia provide services from Nashik Airport.
  4. Public Transport – In city people often mostly prefer auto rickshaw to travel. City bus service (CITILINC) is operated by NMPML(Nashik Mahanagar Parivahan Mahamandal Limited)
  5. Metro – Greater Nashik Metro is proposed by Maharashtra Metro Rail Corporation Limited. It will be operational in 2024.

Public transport[edit]

The Nashik Municipal Corporation (NMC) has rolled out its city bus service Citilinc on 8th Jul 2021.The previous state government had given its nod to the NMC to take over the city bus service from the ailing Maharashtra State Road Transport Corporation (MSRTC).[46]

Education[edit]

The city has two state-run universities: the Yashwantrao Chavan Maharashtra Open University and the Maharashtra University of Health Sciences.

International relations[edit]

Twin towns and sister cities

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Why Nashik is the wine capital of India - Asia-Pacific - RFI". 25 September 2016. Archived from the original on 9 April 2018. Retrieved 9 April 2018.
  2. ^ a b "Who's who | Nashik District, Government of Maharashtra | India". nashik.gov.in. Retrieved 11 January 2021.
  3. ^ "Nashik Municipal Corporation" (PDF). nashikcorporation.in. Retrieved 24 November 2020.
  4. ^ "Cities having population 1 lakh and above" (PDF). Census of India 2011. The Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Archived from the original (PDF) on 23 July 2013. Retrieved 29 December 2012.
  5. ^ "jjkent.com". jjkent.com. Archived from the original on 27 January 2013. Retrieved 28 September 2013.
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  7. ^ a b "Development and present Status of Nashik District" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 9 April 2018. Retrieved 9 April 2018.
  8. ^ "Visit Nashik, Wine Capital of India". CNN. 14 November 2017. Archived from the original on 9 April 2018. Retrieved 9 April 2018.
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  10. ^ "geography". Archived from the original on 18 January 2019. Retrieved 21 April 2019.
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  12. ^ "History of Nashik". Nashikcorporation.com. Archived from the original on 27 December 2008. Retrieved 16 July 2010.
  13. ^ "Station: Ozar (A) Climatological Table 1981–2010" (PDF). Climatological Normals 1981–2010. India Meteorological Department. January 2015. pp. 577–578. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 February 2020. Retrieved 10 April 2020.
  14. ^ "Extremes of Temperature & Rainfall for Indian Stations (Up to 2012)" (PDF). India Meteorological Department. December 2016. p. M149. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 February 2020. Retrieved 10 April 2020.
  15. ^ "Nashik Municipal Corporation :: Nashik Municipal Corporation". nashikcorporation.in. Archived from the original on 13 January 2019. Retrieved 21 April 2019.
  16. ^ "Nashik Municipal Corporation :: General Body". nashikcorporation.in. Retrieved 8 October 2020.
  17. ^ Pawar, Tushar (8 October 2020). "Civic body asks MNGL to pay for road damage". The Times of India. Retrieved 8 October 2020.
  18. ^ a b "Nashik Municipal Corporation :: Ward Committeee". nashikcorporation.in. Retrieved 9 October 2020.
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  27. ^ Empires: Perspectives from Archaeology and History by Susan E. mouurya p.168
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  30. ^ Pawar, Tushar (16 May 2012). "India's grape export up by nearly 60% this year". The Times of India. Archived from the original on 24 June 2013. Retrieved 28 September 2013.
  31. ^ "Official Website of Nashik District". Nashik.nic.in. 31 October 2012. Archived from the original on 1 July 2015. Retrieved 2 July 2015.
  32. ^ "Delhi-Mumbai Industrial Corridor launched in Maharashtra". Financial Express. 4 March 2014. Archived from the original on 14 January 2018. Retrieved 13 January 2018.
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  35. ^ "Currency Note Press, Nashik has Highest Ever Monthly Production of 451.5 Million Pieces (MPCS) of Banknotes during January, 2013". Press Information Bureau, Government of India. 8 February 2013. Archived from the original on 7 February 2019. Retrieved 21 April 2019.
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External links[edit]