Nashik

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Nashik
नाशिक
Metro City
Nashik city view from Pandavleni
Nashik city view from Pandavleni
Nashik is located in Maharashtra
Nashik
Nashik
Location of Nashik in Maharashtra
Coordinates: 20°00′N 73°47′E / 20.00°N 73.78°E / 20.00; 73.78Coordinates: 20°00′N 73°47′E / 20.00°N 73.78°E / 20.00; 73.78
Country  India
State Maharashtra
District Nashik
Government
 • Type Mayor–Council
 • Mayor Ashok Murtadak (MNS)
 • Municipal Commissioner Dr. Praveen Gedam
 • Deputy Mayor Gurmeet Bagga (Independent)
Area
 • Metro City 482 km2 (186 sq mi)
Elevation 660 m (2,170 ft)
Population (2011)[1]
 • Metro City 37,86,973
 • Density 7,900/km2 (20,000/sq mi)
 • Metro[2] 1,562,769
 • Metro rank 29th
Demonym Nashikkar
Language
 • Official Marathi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 422 0xx
Telephone code 91(253)
Vehicle registration MH 15 (Nashik city), MH 41 (Malegaon), MH 51 (Nashik North),MH 52(Sinnar)
Website www.nashik.nic.in

Nashik (pron:ˈnʌʃɪk) (About this sound pronunciation )[3] is an ancient city of India located in the north-west region of Maharashtra. It is the administrative headquarters of the Nashik District and Nashik Division.Nashik is the third largest city in Maharashtra after Mumbai and Pune.Nashik is the eleventh most populous district in India. With a 175 year old flourishing public library, surrounded by hills, Nashik purportedly has the best around the year climate (temperature - humidity variance) amongst cities in India. This combined with reasonable real estate prices has made it a go-to destination for old age homes and health care institutions.It is adobe of many manufacturing industries and the Delhi Mumbai Industrial Corridor (DMIC) project has earmarked the Sinnar and Igatpuri regions of Nashik district as a region for development of dedicated freight corridors.

Nashik was the abode of Lord Rama during his 14 years in exile here. It is located on the banks of the Godavari which originates in the south-west of the city at Trimbakeshwar. It is one of the four places in the world where the Kumbh Mela is held making it one of the holiest Hindu cities. The city has many ancient temples including the Kalaram Temple and Trimbakeshwar Shiva Temple.

Main article: History of Nashik
Ram, Lakshman, Sita at a Nashik Temple.
"Ram kund".

Geography[edit]

Trimbakeshwar Temple near Nashik (source of the Godavari River)

Nashik is located in northern Maharashtra at 600 m (2,000 ft)[4] from the mean sea level. The river Godavari originates 24 km (15 mi) from Nashik and flows along the northern boundary of the city through the old residential settlement in the city.The river has been dying at an alarming rate due to pollution created by factories.[5] Other than Godavari, various important rivers like Vaitarana, Bhima, Girana, Kashyapi and Darana flow across Nashik.[6][7] Nashik lies on western edge of the Deccan Plateau which is a volcanic formation.[8] All over the district, lime nodules and kankar are found practically.[6] Jalgaon and Aurangabad are to the east of Nashik. Ahmadnagar lies to the south while Thane and part of Gujrat are to the west of Nashik.[9] The soil here is primarily black which is favorable for agriculture. Trimbakeshwar is about 30 km (19 mi) from the city, from where river Godavari originates. The total land area of the city is about 259.13 km2 (100.05 sq mi)[10] which makes it the third largest urban area of Maharashtra after Mumbai Metropolitan Region and the Pune and Pimpri Chinchwad Urban Region (together as second).

Mythology[edit]

According to Ramayana, Lord Rama made Nashik his home during his 14 years in exile. At the same place Lakshmana, cut off the nose of Surpanakha and thus this place was named as "Nasik" (in Sanskrit Nasika means nose). Several other references to the Ramayana can be found in Nashik, which includes the Sita Gumpha caves, from where Sita, Lord Rama's wife, was abducted by Ravana. Danda (alias Dandaka, a kingdom and a forest had the same name) was a colonial state of Lanka under the reign of Ravana. Ravana's governor Khara ruled this province. It was the stronghold of all the Rakshasa tribes living in the Dandaka Forest. It is roughly the Nashik District, Maharashtra with Janasthana (Nashik city) as its capital. It was from here that the Rakshasa Khara attacked Raghava Rama of Kosala, who lived with his wife and brother at Panchavati (modern day Nashik), not far away.

Climate[edit]

There are two meteorological observatories in the district, one at Malegaon and the other at Nasik. The records of these two observatories may be taken as representative of the climatic conditions in the district. Malegaon is situated in the eastern part of the district which is at a slightly lower elevation than the rest of the district. The temperatures at this station are about 3 °C higher than at Nasik in summer and about one or two degrees higher in the cold season. In the' region of the western ghats the temperatures may be much lower than at Nasik depending on the elevations. Temperatures begin to increase rapidly from about the latter half of February, May is the hottest month with the mean daily maximum temperature at 40.6 °C (105.1 °F) at Malegaon and 37.4 °C (99.3 °F) at Nasik. The heat is intense in the height of summer and on some days the maximum temperatures may go above 46 °C in the eastern parts of the district with comparatively lower elevations. The oppressiveness, during May and in June till the onset of the south-west monsoon, is relieved on some days by afternoon thundershowers, Night temperatures during June are slightly higher than during May. With the onset of the south-west monsoon early in June day temperatures decrease appreciably and the weather throughout the southwest monsoon season is pleasant. Early in October the south-west monsoon withdraws from the district and the day temperatures increase by two or three degrees Celsius on the average in October. However, night temperatures decrease progressively after September. From November temperatures decrease rapidly. December is the coldest month with the mean daily minimum temperature at 11.3 °C (52.3 °F) at Malegaon and 10.2 °C (50.4 °F) at Nasik. The mean daily maximum temperature in this month is 29.5 °C (85.1 °F) at Malegaon and 28. 3 °C (82.9 °F) at Nasik. In association with western disturbances which, move across north India, in the cold season, cold waves affect the district and minimum temperatures sometimes drop to the freezing point of water and frosts occur causing damage to crops. The highest maximum temperature recorded was 46.7 °C (116.1 °F) on May 23, 1916, at Malegaon while it was 42.4 °C (108.3 °F) on May 12, 1960, at Nasik. The lowest minimum temperature at Malegaon was 0.1 °C (30.9 °F) on February 1, 1929 and at Nasik it was 0.6 °C (33.1 °F) on January 7, 1945.

Humidity: The air is very humid during the south-west monsoon season. In the post-monsoon, cold and summer seasons the air is dry. The summer season is the driest part of the year with relative humidities between 20 and 25 per cent only in the afternoons.

Cloudiness: The skies are heavily clouded to overcast during the south-west monsoon season. In the rest of the year skies are mostly clear or lightly clouded.

Winds: Winds are generally light to moderate with some strengthening in wind force during the latter part of the summer season and in the south-west monsoon season. Winds are south-westerly or westerly in the south-west monsoon season. In the post-monsoon season winds are light and variable in direction in the mornings and north-easterly or easterly in the afternoons. In the cold season winds blow from directions between south-west and north-west in the mornings and between north and east in the afternoons. In the hot season winds are from directions between south-west and north-west.

Transport[edit]

Roads[edit]

Nashik is on the intersection of two national highways: the Mumbai–Agra Highway NH-3 and the Nashik–Pune Highway NH-50. Apart from these, other major cities like Aurangabad are connected via a state highway which is also 4 lane highway. Nashik is easily accessible by road from Gujarat state in western India. There are other numerous State Highways which offer very good road connectivity to Nashik. Nashik is well connected to Mumbai through Mumbai Nashik Expressway which is a part of Mumbai-Agra Highway (NH3)connects Dhule and Indore to the city on the other side of the highway. Pune is connected through NH 50 which is to be upgraded into a four lane road soon.

Public Transport

MSRTC Shivneri bus

Maharashtra State Road Transport Corporation runs cheaper transport service for intercity, intrastate, interstate travel. It has Three bus stations in Nashik: Nashik Bus Sthanak (CBS-1) at Thakkar bazar, Mahamarg bus stand and old CBS. Its services include semiluxury 2+2 NEEM AARAAM, Parivartan 2+2, Asiad 2+2, and ordinary ST 2+3. Bus services are available for big cities in and around the states like Indore, Amravati, Pune, Aurangabad, Shirdi, Mumbai, Nanded, Nagpur, Akola, Jalgaon, Bhusawal, Latur, Buldhana, Washim, Sangli, Satara, Kolhapur, Ratnagiri, Yavatmal, Ahmednagar, Osmanabad, Solapur, Pandharpur, Surat, Ahmadabad, Vadodara and Indore.

Railways[edit]

Nashik Road Railway Station is the major railway station in the city which is around 10 km (6.2 mi) from the central area of the city. Deolali railway station is around 20 km from the city which serves the military cantonment area. Nashik Road railway station is an important railway station for Central Railway it generates highest revenue in Bhusawal division.Manmad railway station comes under Nashik district and serves huge importance for visitors travelling towards Shirdi from North and South India.Igatpuri railway station is another major railway station where DC to AC conversion of electric lines are carried out by changing the engine.It has four major platforms. the fourth platform is announced recently

Nashik Road falls on the Mumbai–Bhusawal route of the Central Railways. Nashik can be reached without changing trains from various major cities in India like Mumbai, New Delhi, Kolkata, Nagpur, Kanpur and Guwahati. There are a few trains connecting Southern and Northern parts of India which travel via Nashik.

Demographics[edit]

According to the Census of India, 2011, Nashik had a population of 1,486,973. Males constitute 784,995 of the population and females 701,978. Out of Nashik population urban population is 1,562,769 in which 824,641 are males and 738,128 are females. Nashik city had an average literacy rate of 90.96% where male literacy was 94.96%, and female literacy was 86.51%. The sex ratio is 894 per 1000 males for Nashik city . Child sex ratio is 865 girls per 1000 boys.In Nashik, 11.42% of the population is under 6 years of age.[11] In the same year (census year 2001) the Nashik Urban Agglomeration had a population of 1,152,326 and thus it was the fourth largest urban area of Maharashtra State after Mumbai, Pune and Nagpur. The projected population of Nashik urban agglomeration (which includes abutting urban areas like Deolali) as on 11 November 2012 is 1,562,769.[12] 52.5% of Nashik's population is in the 15–59 years age category. Around 11% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Point Of Interest[edit]

Panchavati[edit]

Panchavati has significant religious attributes for Hindus with a temple complex on the bend of the Godavari river, which includes Kalaram Temple.[13] It is a pilgrimage site,[14] with the Kumbh Mela, the largest peaceful gathering in the world – involving over 100 million people in 2013, taking place here once every twelve years in rotation with Haridwar, Allahabad, and Ujjain.[15]

In Hindu theology, as outlined in the epic Ramayana, Panchavati was the place in the forest of Dandakaranya (Danda Kingdom), where Rama built his home along with his wife Sita and brother Lakshman during their period of exile in the wilderness. Panchavati literally means "a garden of five banyan trees". These trees are said to have been there during the exile of Lord Rama.[16] There is a place called Tapovan where Lakshmana, the brother of Rama, cut off the nose of Surpanakha, the sister of Ravana, when she attempted to kill Sita. The entire Aranya Kanda (book of the forest) of Ramayana is set in Panchavati.

Ramkund[edit]

This tank is a holy place for Hindus. Devotees believe that a dip in this tank will fulfill their wishes. According to Hindu mythology, Lord Rama used to take bath in this tank during his stay in Nashik.[17] Ramkund is the place where river Godvari unites with two other rivers Varuni and Tharuni.This combination of three rivers is known as Triveni Sangam.

Muktidham Temple[edit]

Muktidham is located at Nasik road. This temple with intricate architecture was constructed out of white marble. The temple has carvings of 18 chapters from Bhagawad Gita, believed to be the great Indian religious text, 12 Jyotirlinga and idols of Hindu deities.[17][18]

Kalaram Temple[edit]

Kalaram Temple is dedicated to Lord Rama.The meaning of kalaram is black Rama.[17] Thousands of people visit this temple every year. Tourists are enthralled by its huge 70 feet black stone structure. The temple’s gold-plated copper pagodas are enriched with intricate art work.

Sundarnarayan Temple[edit]

Situated on the corner of Ahillyabai Holkar bridge. This temple was built in 1756 by Chandrachud. The sanctum sanctorum houses the idol of Lord Vishnu. Speciality about its architecture is it is built in such a way that very first rays of the sun falls on the deity of Lord Vishnu.[17] According to holy book Dnyaneshwari , Devgiri's King took bath in Badrika Sangam Pond which is on the way of this temple.

Trimbakeshwar[edit]

Being a well known holy place of India, this shrine is one among the 12 Jyotirlingas. It is just 30 km from Nashik. The shrine houses a Shiva Linga in the sanctum sanctorum. Devotees believe that a person will attain salvation after visiting this temple. The sacred river Godavari originates here. The holy bath tank known as Kushavarta is located at 5 min away from the main temple. This Kushvarta is having great importance in shahi snan. At Kushavarta river Ganga takes route to the rest of the India and origin of this river Ganga named here as Godavari is at top of the Bramhagiri hill. This holy pond is always full with Godavari water, never dries up and no body knows from where the water comes into the pond and forms the river.[19][20]

Someshwar Temple[edit]

This, one of the oldest temples dedicated to Lord Shiva and Lord Hanuman.This place is located six km away from Nashik on the road to Gangapur. The temple is located on the banks of the Godavari river.[21]

Kapaleshwar Temple[edit]

It is one of the oldest temples in Nashik. There is no icon of Nandi (bull) in this temple which is uncommon thing about Lord Shiva's temples.[21]

Coin Museum[edit]

The coin museum in Nashik houses a huge collection of real coins, replicas, line drawings, articles and photographs of coins from various eras and kingdoms in Indian history.[22]

Deolali[edit]

Deolali contonment falls under Nashik district.It was established in year 1869.[23] Army staff college,now the Defence services Staff College of India and the Command and the Staff College of Pakistan was originally located in Deolali.[24]

Veer Savarkar Smarak, Bhagur[edit]

The freedom fighter Swatantrya Veer Vinayak Damodar Savarkar was born in Bhagur hence it has gained historical importance .[25]

Forts[edit]

Ramshej Fort[edit]

Ramshej Fort is located 10 km from Nashik near Pindori village. According to Indian mythology Lord Rama used to rest on this fort. The fort is flat and open ground. Trees around the fort are also mild.[26]

Trigalwadi Fort[edit]

Trigalwadi fort is 3000 ft above sea level. There is temple of Lord Hanuman nearly to it. There is also a Trigalwadi Lake. It takes almost 1 hour to see spots on the fort.[27][28]

Harihar Fort[edit]

Harihar Fort is derived by the name Harshgad. Its highest point is 1120 meters above sea level. It is famous for its Cliff for chimney style climbing and its named as Scottish Fall.[29][30]

Salher and Salota Fort[edit]

Salher and Salota Fort are highest fort of sahyadri range. Height of Fort is about 1567 meters. It is second highest peak after kalsubai.[31][32]

Dams[edit]

Gangapur Dam[edit]

Gangapur Dam is located on river Godavari near Gangawadi village,Nashik.[33]

Kashypi Dam[edit]

Kashypi Dam is located on Kashypi river near Rajapur, Nashik.

Girna Dam[edit]

Girna Dam is an earthfill type of dam situated on river Girna near Nandgaon, Nashik District in the state of Maharashtra in India.

Kumbh Mela[edit]

Main article: Kumbh Mela

Nashik hosts one of the largest religious gatherings in the world known as Maha Kumbh. Kumbh mela (festival) is celebrated once in twelve years. The Ardh (half) Kumbh Mela is celebrated every six years at Haridwar and Allahabad, the Purna (complete) Kumbh takes place every twelve years at four places in Allahabad, Haridwar, Ujjain, and Nashik. Previous kumbh mela was in year 2003. According to the Puranas, it is believed that Kumbh derives its name from an immortal pot of nectar, which the devtas(Gods) and demons fought over. The four places where nectar has been fallen are at the banks of river Godavari in Nashik, river Kshipra in Ujjain, river Ganges in Haridwar, at Sangam of Ganges, Yamuna and Sarswati in Allahabad.[34][35]

Places where Kumbh Mela is held[edit]

1.Ramkund: Ramkund has importance because the holy river Godavari turns at 90 degrees southwards. This is the place where thousands of pilgrims have their shahi snan.[36]

2.Trimbakeshwar: Trimbakeshwar is a holy town that houses one of the Jyotirlingas in India. It also is the origin of river Godavari.[37]

3.Tapovan: It is a place which is reserved for rumination and reparation. This place might be used by sages of meditation.[38][39]

4.Kushavarta Kushavarta is a kunda in Trimbak.It is believed that this kunda is created by the Pandava. The water of river Godavari comes here from Bramhagiri and gets stored here. This pond is always full with water, and never dries up. It is believed that all the sins are washed away by bathing in this holy tank.[40][41][42]

Shahi snan[edit]

Shahi snan literally means royal bath in the holy river. It is supposed that bathing in the holy river washes all the sins away.[43] As per the government schedules the dates and the events of Kumbhmela 2015 are declared as:

  • 1st flag hosting ceremony for kumbh 2015 is on 14 July at ramkund.
  • 2nd flag hosting will be held on 14 August 2015 at Akhara (at sadhugram).

Shahi Snan dates in Nashik are as follows:

  • 29 August-1st shahi snan
  • 13 September-2nd shahi snan
  • 18 September-3rd shahi snan respectively.[44][45]

ˈ Shahi Snan dates in Trimbakeshawar are as follows:

  • 29 August 2015-1st shahi snan
  • 13 September 2015-2nd shahi snan
  • 25 September 2015-3rd shahi snan respectively.[46][47]

Akhara[edit]

Akhara is an organisation of saints and Vairaghis. Akharas came into existence during the 8th century AD. Akharas are classified as Shiva Akhara for the followers of lord Shiva; Vaishnava or Vairagi Akhara for the followers of lord Vishnu; Kalpwasis for the followers of lord Brahma. At present there are three major Akharas:

  • Sanyasi
  • Bairagi
  • Nirmal

List of main Akharas:

  • Juna
  • Niranjan
  • Mahanirvani[48]

Shahi Marg[edit]

It is the path from Tapovan to Godavari Ramkund Where all sadhus will go to banks of Godavari for Holy bath or Shahi snan.The path stretches from Tapovan to Godavari via Nag Chowk, Kalaram Temple and Sardar Chowk.In last kumbhmela of year 2003,there were 29 pilgrims killed at Sardar Chowk in Stampede.To avoid such accidents NMC has started working for the widening of this path. In this year 2015, city administration planning to widened road from 9 meters to 15 meters depending upon the area.[49]

The complete details of Simhastha Kumbh Mela Nashik - Trimbakeshwar 2015 can be found on https://kumbhmela2015.maharashtra.gov.in/1035/Home (Official website of Maharashtra Government)

Economy[edit]

Health care[edit]

There are many private healthcare facilities as well as a government run civil hospital. The Maharashtra University of Health Sciences (MUHS) is situated at Nashik. Nashik has many major corporate hospitals like Apollo Hospital, Wockhardt Hospital, Sahyadri Hospital and Vijan Cardiac.[50]

Agriculture[edit]

Nashik is famous for grapes, onions, and tomatoes. Nashik was famous for its table grapes for a very long time. Also known as Wine Capital of India, In early 1925, the Table Grape revolution was started in Ojar, a small town near Nashik. Today, table grapes are being exported to Europe, the Middle East, and Asia.[51]

Bajra is the most important crop of the district. However other crops like wheat, paddy and other cereals are also grown in various parts of the District. Paddy is mainly grown in the tribal belt i.e. Igatpuri, Peth, and Surgana Blocks. Vegetables and onion were the main cash crops for the last 30 years.[{clarify}] Because of the variety of vegetables and its supply to Mumbai, the district was known as the backyard/vegetable garden of Mumbai. After the establishment of sugar factories, sugar cane has acquired an important position in the agriculture economy of the district. One sugar factory under private sector at Ravalgaon and other sugar factories under co-operative sector at Niphad, Ranwad, Palse, Materewadi and Vithewadi are functioning in the district. Economic development in the rural area with speed started only after establishment of sugar factories(due to the boost in sugar sales). The Government has granted permission for starting four sugar factories in the private sector as a result of the liberalisation. One sugar factory in the private sector has been started in Satana Block. This development was however concentrated around the existing sugar factories. For the last 20 years grapes have acquired dominance on the agricultural economy of district. Due to water shortage in Kalwan, Deola, Baglan and Malegaon blocks, the farmers have shifted to pomegranate from sugar cane and grape crops. Some progressive farmers are cultivating flowers in greenhouses.

According to Official Website of Nashik District out of the total 1563000 Hectors of geographical area, the cultivable area is 864000 Hectors. The average Kharip crop area is 663200 Hectors while the average Rabbi crop area is 136500 Hectors. The actual sown area is 658763 Hectors (99%) and the forest land is 340000 Hectors (21.75%). The uncultivable area is 23000 Hectors (1.48%).[52]

Solid waste management[edit]

In the entire Nashik Municipal Corporation area about 225 MT of solid waste is generated per day. Unlike other Indian cities, this garbage is collected by vehicles titled 'Ghantagadi' (meaning the vehicle with a bell); a system which has resulted into a 'garbage dump free' city. Smaller versions of the ghantagadi ply in the congested old city areas. A plant has been set by the Nashik Municipal Corporation near Pandav Leni (Pandavleni Caves) to process the garbage and convert into compost.[53]

Rain water harvesting[edit]

The Nashik Municipal Corporation has made it mandatory for new constructions in the city to install a rain water harvesting system without which a completion certificate is not granted to the construction. This measure is expected to help recharge the aquifers and augment the ground water level in the city.[54]

Kumbh mela: 1989 Kumbhmela
Nashik-Mumbai NH3
Godapark: a pedestrian street near Godavari River

Industry[edit]

There is a Hindustan Aeronautics Limited aircraft manufacturing plant located 10 mi (16 km) from Nashik,.[55] The Currency Note Press [56] and India Security Press are located in Nashik Road, where Indian currency and government stamp papers are printed respectively.[57] Nashik also has textile industry, e.g. carpet weaving in remote areas like Surgana Block,.[4] National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development has selected Yeola Block for development of Paithani Cluster.[4] To facilitate the export a Container Freight Station has been started at MIDC Ambad by the Central Government.[58]

Education[edit]

Main article: Education in Nashik

Nashik has been the educational hub of North Maharashtra. Colleges in Nashik are affiliated to the University of Pune (Savitribai Phule Pune University ).The University of Pune has announced setting up of an additional campus in Nashik which is to be located on Dindori road and spread over 100 acres of land.Today the city houses a large number of private and governmental educational institutions offering higher education in Medicine, Engineering & Technology, Architecture, Pharmacy, Military Management among others. Bhonsala Military School [59] is the oldest residential school in Nashik as are the Gokhale Educaction Society run colleges. Nashik also hosts one of the most prominent B-schools in the country:[60] The city has now adapted to redefine the system of professional education. Educational Institutions like Mumbai Educational Trust's (MET) Bhujbal Knowledge City, Sapkal Knowledge Hub [61][62] and Sandip Foundation have set up their campuses in the city. The city has two state-run universities, the Yashwantrao Chavan Maharashtra Open University and the Maharashtra University of Health Sciences.

.

Tourism[edit]

Aerial view of Nashik from the Pandavleni Caves

There are a number of notable places in or near Nashik, including the Gargoti Museum, which has a collection of zeolites (micro porous crystalline solids), and is located 32 km (20 mi) from Nashik in a town called Sinnar. There is also the Coin Museum, founded in 1980, which has a collection about the Indian currency system, including coins, moulds, dyes, replicas and photographs. About 30 km (19 mi) from Nashik is the Dugarwadi waterfall. Nashik is also called as pilgrimage city. Nashik is one of the places where Kumbh Mela is held. There are holy temples like Shree KalaRam Mandir, Trimbakeshwar Temple, Saptshrungi Vani Gad, Gondeshwar Temple, Shree Sunder Narayan Temple, Muktidham, Bhakti Dham, Shree Kapaleshwar Mahadev, Shree Laxmi Narayan Temple, Shree Someshwar Temple, Shree Ved Temple and Dutondya Maruti. The other major tourist attraction includes Artillery Centre, Nandur Madhmeshwar, Dhammagiri, Saputara, Bhandardara & Kalsubai Peak, Chamber Caves, Shree Godavari Ramkund, Sita Gumpha, Pandavleni Caves, Godavari Ghat, Ramkund, Dadasaheb Phalke Memorial, Veer Savarkar Smarak, Dudhsagar Falls, Jawhar, Blue Lagoon Water Park, Shrine of the Infant Jesus, Yoga Vidya Dham, Akhil Bhartiya Shree Swami Samarth Gurupeeth in Trimakeshwar, Anjeneri Hills,Shree Swami Samarth Kendra in Dindori, E&G Green Valley Resort and Shubham Water World. Nashik is known as the "wine capital of India".[63] Nashik has also many liquor manufacturing factories, such as United Spirits Ltd, Pernod-Ricard, and Sula Vineyards.

Cuisine[edit]

Misal[edit]

Misal is signature dish of western Maharashtra specially in Nashik . It is considered as a famous dish in Nashik. It is served with pav (bread) or Curds/ Yogurt with two gravies one is a spicy curry and another chilli gravy. It is mixture of savouries and sprouts. It has good nutritional value.The taste of misal ranges from mildly to extremely spicy.[64]

Puran Poli[edit]

It is a traditional sweet dish. It is prepared of Channa dal, jaggery, plain flour, desi ghee.[65] It is generally made for occasions like Holi, Pongal, Avani Avittam etc.[66]

Notable people[edit]

Literature[edit]

Music[edit]

Cinema[edit]

Freedom fighters[edit]

Sports[edit]

Mathematicians[edit]

Media[edit]

Newspapers

Nashik has a number of print publications which include Marathi dailies like Deshdoot,[72] Divya Marathi, Sakal, Lokmat,Maharashtra Times and Loksatta. Hindi newspapers such as a Navbharat Times, Dainik Bhaskar are available. The Indian Express, The Times of India, The Economic Times are also available.

Radio

There are four FM stations broadcasting from Nashik: Radio Mirchi 98.3, Red FM 93.5, Akashvani, Radio Vishwas 90.8

References[edit]

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  2. ^ "Major Agglomerations" (PDF). censusindia.gov.in. Retrieved 25 January 2014. 
  3. ^ "jjkent.com". jjkent.com. Retrieved 2013-09-28. 
  4. ^ a b c "Overview of District". Official Website of Nashik District. Nashik.nic.in. Retrieved 2015-02-01. 
  5. ^ "geography". 
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  7. ^ "geography". 
  8. ^ "Official WebSite of Nashik District". Nashik.nic.in. Retrieved 2010-07-16. 
  9. ^ "geography". 
  10. ^ "History of Nashik". Nashikcorporation.com. Retrieved 2010-07-16. 
  11. ^ "Nashik City Population Census 2011 - Maharashtra". Retrieved 27 July 2015. 
  12. ^ Thomas Brinkhoff (2010-01-23). "The Principal Agglomerations of the World – Population Statistics & Maps". Citypopulation.de. Retrieved 2010-07-16. 
  13. ^ K. C. Sivaramakrishnan. People's Participation in Urban Governance: A Comparative Study of the Working of Wards Committees in Karnataka, Kerala, Maharashtra and West Bengal. Concept Publishing Company, 1 Jan 2006. p. 230. Retrieved 20 July 2013. 
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