Diamond Harbour II

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Diamond Harbour II
ডায়মন্ড হারবার II
Community development block
সমষ্টি উন্নয়ন ব্লক
Diamond Harbour II is located in West Bengal
Diamond Harbour II
Diamond Harbour II
Location in West Bengal
Coordinates: 22°14′58″N 88°11′15″E / 22.24944°N 88.18750°E / 22.24944; 88.18750
Country  India
State West Bengal
District South 24 Parganas
Parliamentary constituency Diamond Harbour
Assembly constituency Diamond Harbour, Falta
Area
 • Total 95.59 km2 (36.91 sq mi)
Elevation 8 m (26 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 190,801
 • Density 2,000/km2 (5,200/sq mi)
Time zone IST (UTC+5.30)
PIN 743368 (Sarisha)
Area code(s) 03174
Vehicle registration WB-19, WB-20, WB-22
Literacy Rate 76.91 per cent
Website http://s24pgs.gov.in/

Diamond Harbour II is a community development block that forms an administrative division in Diamond Harbour subdivision of South 24 Parganas district in the Indian state of West Bengal.

History[edit]

Land reforms[edit]

During 1946-1950 the Tebhaga movement in several parts of the 24 Parganas district led to the enactment of the Bargadari Act. Although the Bargadari Act of 1950 recognised the rights of bargadars to a higher share of crops from the land that they tilled, it was not implemented. Large tracts, beyond the prescribed limit of land ceiling, remained with the rich landlords. In 1967, West Bengal witnessed peasant uprising, against non-implementation of land reforms legislation, starting from Kheyadaha gram panchayat in Sonarpur CD Block. From 1977 onwards major land reforms took place in West Bengal under the Left Front government. Land in excess of land ceiling was acquired and distributed amongst the peasants. Subsequently, “Operation Barga” was aimed at securing tenancy rights for the peasants. In Diamond Harbour II CD Block 692.65 acres of land was acquired and vested. Out of this 286.96 acres or 34.21% of the vested land was distributed. The total number of patta holders was 1,244.[1]

Geography[edit]

Location[edit]

Sarisha is located at 22°14′58″N 88°11′15″E / 22.2494700°N 88.1874390°E / 22.2494700; 88.1874390.

Diamond Harbour II CD Block is bounded by Falta CD Block in the north, Diamond Harbour I CD Block in the east, Sutahata CD Block in Purba Medinipur district, across the Hooghly in the south, and Shaympur I CD Block in Howrah district, across the Hooghly, in the west.[2][3]

It is located 42 km from Alipore, the district headquarters.[2]

Area and administration[edit]

Diamond Harbour II CD Block has an area of 95.59 km2 Ramnagar police station serves this CD Block. Diamond Harbour II panchayat samity has 8 gram panchayats. The block has 91 inhabited villages.[4] Headquarters of this block is at Sarisha.

Topography[edit]

South 24 Parganas district is divided into two distinct physiographic zones: the marine-riverine delta in the north and the marine delta zone in the south. As the sea receded southwards, in the sub-recent geological period, a large low lying plain got exposed. Both tidal inflows and the rivers have been depositing sediments in this plain. The periodical collapse of both the natural levees and man-made embankments speed up the process of filling up of the depressions containing brackish water wetlands. The marine delta in the south is formed of interlacing tidal channels. As non-saline water for irrigation is scarce, agriculture is monsoon dominated. Some parts of the wetlands are still preserved for raising fish.[5]

Gram panchayats[edit]

Gram panchayats of Diamond Harbour II block/panchayat samiti are: Bhadura Haridas, Kalatalahat, Kamarpole, Khordo, Mathur, Noorpur, Patra and Sarisha.[6]

Demographics[edit]

Population[edit]

As per 2011 Census of India Diamond Harbour II CD Block had a total population of 190,801, of which 185,808 were rural and 4,993 were urban. There were 97,686 (51%) males and 93,115 (49%) females. Population below 6 years was 23,395. Scheduled Castes numbered 50,666 and Scheduled Tribes numbered 79.[7]

As per 2011 census Sarisha village has a population of 3,883.[7]

As per 2001 census, Diamond Harbour II block had a total population of 165,154, out of which 84,575 were males and 80,579 were females. Diamond Harbour II block registered a population growth of 14.79 per cent during the 1991-2001 decade. Decadal growth for South 24 Parganas district was 20.89 per cent. Decadal growth in West Bengal was 17.84 per cent. Scheduled castes at 46,965 formed around one-third the population. Scheduled tribes numbered 1,848.[4][8][9]

Census towns and large villages[edit]

There is only one census town in Diamond Harbour II CD Block (2011 census figure in brackets): Patdaha (4,993).[7]

Large villages in Diamond Harbour II CD Block (2011 census figures in brackets): Bishra (4,274), Nainan (5,144), Gopalpur (4,118), Ramnagar (4,655), Nurpur (7,527), Bhushna (4,147), Kamarpol (10,880), Chandnagar (4,156) and Patra (8,310).[7]

Literacy[edit]

As per 2011 census the total number of literates in Diamond Harbour II CD Block was 128,756 (76.91% of the population over 6 years) out of which 70,196 (55%) were males and 58,560 (45%) were females.[7]

As per 2011 census, literacy in South 24 Parganas district was 77.51[10] Literacy in West Bengal was 77.08% in 2011.[11] Literacy in India in 2011 was 74.04%.[11]

As per 2001 census, Diamond Harbour II block had a total literacy of 70.75 per cent for the 6+ age group. While male literacy was 79.53 per cent female literacy was 61.50 per cent. South 24 Parganas district had a total literacy of 69.45 per cent, male literacy being 79.19 per cent and female literacy being 59.01 per cent.[4]

See also – List of West Bengal districts ranked by literacy rate


Language[edit]

Bengali is the local language in these areas.[2]

Religion[edit]

Religion in Diamond Harbour II CD Block
Hindu
  
59.77%
Muslim
  
39.68%
Others
  
0.55%

In the 2011 census Hindus numbered 114,039 and formed 59.77% of the population in Diamond Harbour II CD Block. Muslims numbered 75,716 and formed 39.68% of the population. Others numbered 1,046 and formed 0.55% of the population.[12]

In the 2011 census, Hindus numbered 5,155,545 and formed 63.17% of the population in South 24 Parganas district. Muslims numbered 2,903,075 and formed 35.57% of the population.[12] In West Bengal Hindus numbered 64,385,546 and formed 70.53% of the population. Muslims numbered 24,654,825 and formed 27.01% of the population.[12]

Human Development Report[edit]

According to the South 24 Parganas district Human Development Report it is an overwhelmingly rural district with 85% of the population living in rural areas. An analysis of the district’s population shows that 33 percent of the district’s population belongs to Scheduled Castes. While 65.86% of people are Hindus, 33.24% are Muslims. 86% of the population resided in the 29 CD Blocks. In 2005, more than 4 lakh households were identified as living below poverty line, pushing the poverty ratio in the district to 34.11%, way above the state and national poverty ratios.[13]

Diamond Harbour II CD Block had a poverty ratio of 27.30% of the households in 2005. In standard of living it had a rank 9 amongst all the 29 blocks. In infrastructure development it had the 12th rank amongst all CD Blocks. In Diamond Harbour II, 22.95% households had access to electricity. The length of surfaced roads was 1.04 km per km2 area. The number of bank branches was 0.80 per 10,000 population. In Diamond Harbour II, 58.08% of rural households were engaged as daily/ agricultural/ other physical labour, 8.47% were cultivators, 8.75% were self-employed rural artisans/ hawkers, 11.78% were engaged in labour oriented regular jobs in the unorganised sector, and 12.92% were engaged in the organised sector or work as professionals.[13]

As per 1991 census, while male literacy rate was 71.20% female literacy was 45.18% and there was a gender gap of 26.07% in Diamond Harbour II. The CD Blocks have gradually been catching up with the municipalities in matters of literacy. In 2006, Diamond Harbour II had 25 secondary and higher secondary schools. All of them had library facility but 19 of them did not have computer facilities.[13]

In 2006, in Diamond Harbour II for 126 villages there were 22 health sub-centres and 3 rural hospital/public health centres having 31 beds with 6 medical officers, 11 nurses, 22 health assistants and 3 pharmacists and technicians. 32.8% of the 134 habitations in Diamond Harbour II CD Block were fully covered with safe drinking water (including tube wells and tap water), 53% habitations were partly covered and 14.2% habitations were not covered.[13]


External links[edit]

Raichak travel guide from Wikivoyage

References[edit]

  1. ^ "District Human Development Report: South 24 Parganas". (1) Chapter 1.2, South 24 Parganas in Historical Perspective, pages 7-9 (2) Chapter 3.4, Land reforms, pages 32-33. Development & Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, 2009. Retrieved 17 April 2016. 
  2. ^ a b c "Diamond Harbour II Block". onefivenine. Retrieved 2 April 2016. 
  3. ^ "South 24 Parganas". CD Block/Tehsil map. Maps of India. Retrieved 2 April 2016. 
  4. ^ a b c "District Statistical Handbook – 2009 – South 24 Parganas" (PDF). South 24 Parganas at a glance, Tables 2.1, 2.2, 2.4 (b), 4.5. Bureau of Applied Economics and Statistics, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 3 April 2016. 
  5. ^ "District Human Development Report: South 24 Parganas". Chapter 1 South 24 Parganas: An Overview, p 9-12. Development & Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, 2009. Retrieved 1 April 2016. 
  6. ^ "Blocks and Gram Panchayats in South 24 Parganas". South 24 Parganas District Administration. Retrieved 1 April 2016. 
  7. ^ a b c d e "C.D. Block Wise Primary Census Abstract Data(PCA)". 2011 census: West Bengal – District-wise CD Blocks. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 2 April 2016. 
  8. ^ "Provisional Population Totals, West Bengal. Table 4". Census of India 2001 – South 24 Parganas. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on September 27, 2007. Retrieved 2011-01-20. 
  9. ^ "Provisional Population Totals, West Bengal. Table 4". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on September 27, 2007. Retrieved 2011-01-20. 
  10. ^ "District Census 2011". Population Census 2011. Retrieved 24 January 2016. 
  11. ^ a b "Provisional population tables and annexures" (PDF). Census 2011:Table 2(3) Literates and Literacy rates by sex. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 9 February 2016. 
  12. ^ a b c "C1 Population by Religious Community". West Bengal. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 18 June 2016. 
  13. ^ a b c d "District Human Development Report: South 24 Parganas". Intro: pp 16-19, 42 Block specific: pp 39-40, 73, 99, 132, 146, 192, 221. Development & Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, 2009. Retrieved 7 April 2016.