Diamond Harbour I

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Diamond Harbour I
ডায়মন্ড হারবার I
Community development block
সমষ্টি উন্নয়ন ব্লক
Diamond Harbour I is located in West Bengal
Diamond Harbour I
Diamond Harbour I
Location in West Bengal
Coordinates: 22°11′28″N 88°11′35″E / 22.19111°N 88.19306°E / 22.19111; 88.19306
Country  India
State West Bengal
District South 24 Parganas
Parliamentary constituency Diamond Harbour
Assembly constituency Diamond Harbour, Magrahat Paschim
Area
 • Total 68.53 km2 (26.46 sq mi)
Elevation 8 m (26 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 156,166
 • Density 1,981/km2 (5,130/sq mi)
Time zone IST (UTC+5.30)
PIN 743331 (Diamond Harbour)
Area code(s) 03174
Vehicle registration WB-19, WB-20, WB-22
Literacy Rate 75.72 per cent
Website http://s24pgs.gov.in/

Diamond Harbour I is a community development block that forms an administrative division in Diamond Harbour subdivision of South 24 Parganas district in the Indian state of West Bengal.

History[edit]

Land reforms[edit]

During 1946-1950 the Tebhaga movement in several parts of the 24 Parganas district led to the enactment of the Bargadari Act. Although the Bargadari Act of 1950 recognised the rights of bargadars to a higher share of crops from the land that they tilled, it was not implemented. Large tracts, beyond the prescribed limit of land ceiling, remained with the rich landlords. In 1967, West Bengal witnessed peasant uprising, against non-implementation of land reforms legislation, starting from Kheyadaha gram panchayat in Sonarpur CD Block. From 1977 onwards major land reforms took place in West Bengal under the Left Front government. Land in excess of land ceiling was acquired and distributed amongst the peasants. Subsequently, “Operation Barga” was aimed at securing tenancy rights for the peasants. In Diamond Harbour I CD Block 480.83 acres of land was acquired and vested. Out of this 211.67 acres or 44.01% of the vested land was distributed. The total number of patta holders was 1,804.[1]

Geography[edit]

Location[edit]

Diamond Harbour is located at 22°11′28″N 88°11′35″E / 22.191°N 88.193°E / 22.191; 88.193.

Diamond Harbour I CD Block is bounded by Falta CD Block in the north, Magrahat I CD Block in the east, Kulpi CD Block and Sutahata CD Block in Purva Medinipur district and across the Hooghly in the south, and Diamond Harbour II CD Block in the west.[2][3]

It is located 43 km from Alipore, the district headquarters.[2]

Area and administration[edit]

Diamond Harbour I CD Block has an area of 68.43 km2Diamond Harbour police station serves this CD Block. Diamond Harbour I panchayat samity has 8 gram panchayats. The block has 70 inhabited villages.[4] Headquarters of this block is at Diamond Harbour.

Topography[edit]

South 24 Parganas district is divided into two distinct physiographic zones: the marine-riverine delta in the north and the marine delta zone in the south. As the sea receded southwards, in the sub-recent geological period, a large low lying plain got exposed. Both tidal inflows and the rivers have been depositing sediments in this plain. The periodical collapse of both the natural levees and man-made embankments speed up the process of filling up of the depressions containing brackish water wetlands. The marine delta in the south is formed of interlacing tidal channels. As non-saline water for irrigation is scarce, agriculture is monsoon dominated. Some parts of the wetlands are still preserved for raising fish.[5]

Gram panchayats[edit]

Gram panchayats of Diamond Harbour I block/panchayat samiti are: Basuldanga, Bol Siddhi Kalinagar, Dearak, Harindanga, Kanpur Dhanberia, Mashat, Netra and Parulia.[6]

Demographics[edit]

Population[edit]

As per 2011 Census of India Diamond Harbour I CD Block had a total population of 156,166, of which 135,160 were rural and 21,006 were urban. There were 79,816 (51%) males and 76,350 (49%) females. Population below 6 years was 21,578. Scheduled Castes numbered 29,098 and Scheduled Tribes numbered 12.[7]

As per 2001 census, Diamond Harbour I block had a total population of 133,356, out of which 68,946 were males and 64,410 were females. Diamond Harbour I block registered a population growth of 16.50 per cent during the 1991-2001 decade. Decadal growth for South 24 Parganas district was 20.89 per cent. Decadal growth in West Bengal was 17.84 per cent. Scheduled castes at 27,932 formed around one-fourth the population. Scheduled tribes numbered 217.[4][8][9]

Census towns and large villages[edit]

Census towns in Diamond Harbour I CD Block (2011 census figures in brackets): Masat (5,839), Sangrampur (5,669), Mohanpur (4,845) and Durganagar (4,658).[7]

Large villages in Diamond Harbour I CD Block (2011 census figures in brackets): Darikrishnanagar (6,212), Joydebpur (4,370), Pancha Gansinghber (9,312) and Kamalpur (4,563).[7]

Literacy[edit]

As per 2011 census the total number of literates in Diamond Harbour I CD Block was 101,907 (75.72% of the population over 6 years) out of which 55,865 (55%) were males and 46,042 (45%) were females.[7]

As per 2011 census, literacy in South 24 Parganas district was 77.51[10] Literacy in West Bengal was 77.08% in 2011.[11] Literacy in India in 2011 was 74.04%.[11]

As per 2001 census, Diamond Harbour I block had a total literacy of 67.13 per cent for the 6+ age group. While male literacy was 76.53 per cent female literacy was 56.93 per cent. South 24 Parganas district had a total literacy of 69.45 per cent, male literacy being 79.19 per cent and female literacy being 59.01 per cent.[4]

See also – List of West Bengal districts ranked by literacy rate


Language[edit]

Bengali is the local language in these areas.[2]

Religion[edit]

Religion in Diamond Harbour I CD Block
Muslim
  
52.16%
Hindu
  
47.72%
Others
  
0.12%

In the 2011 census Muslims numbered 81,453 and formed 52.16% of the population in Diamond Harbour I CD Block. Hindus numbered 74,519 and formed 47.72% of the population. Others numbered 194 and formed 0.12% of the population.[12]

In the 2011 census, Hindus numbered 5,155,545 and formed 63.17% of the population in South 24 Parganas district. Muslims numbered 2,903,075 and formed 35.57% of the population.[12] In West Bengal Hindus numbered 64,385,546 and formed 70.53% of the population. Muslims numbered 24,654,825 and formed 27.01% of the population.[12]

Human Development Report[edit]

According to the South 24 Parganas district Human Development Report it is an overwhelmingly rural district with 85% of the population living in rural areas. An analysis of the district’s population shows that 33 percent of the district’s population belongs to Scheduled Castes. While 65.86% of people are Hindus, 33.24% are Muslims. 86% of the population resided in the 29 CD Blocks. In 2005, more than 4 lakh households were identified as living below poverty line, pushing the poverty ratio in the district to 34.11%, way above the state and national poverty ratios.[13]

Diamond Harbour I CD Block had a poverty ratio of 24.27% of the households in 2005. In standard of living it had a rank 14 amongst all the 29 blocks. In infrastructure development it had the 7th rank amongst all CD Blocks. In Diamond Harbour I, 22.52% households had access to electricity. The length of surfaced roads was 2.82 km per km2 area. The number of bank branches was 0.59 per 10,000 population. In Diamond Harbour I, 57.66% of rural households were engaged as daily/ agricultural/ other physical labour, 8.94% were cultivators, 6.84% were self-employed rural artisans/ hawkers, 11.41% were engaged in labour oriented regular jobs in the unorganised sector, and 15.19% were engaged in the organised sector or work as professionals.[13]

As per 1991 census, while male literacy rate was 70.11% female literacy was 41.71% and there was a gender gap of 28.40% in Diamond Harbour I. The CD Blocks have gradually been catching up with the municipalities in matters of literacy. In 2006, Diamond Harbour I had 18 secondary and higher secondary schools. All but 1 of them had library facility but none of them had computer facilities.[13]

In 2006, in Diamond Harbour I for 93 villages there were 18 health sub-centres and 3 rural hospital/public health centres having 31 beds with 5 medical officers, 8 nurses, 24 health assistants and 3 pharmacists and technicians. 22.8% of the 180 habitations in Diamond Harbour I CD Block were fully covered with safe drinking water (including tube wells and tap water), 46.1% habitations were partly covered and 31.1% habitations were not covered.[13]


External links[edit]

Diamond Harbour travel guide from Wikivoyage

References[edit]

  1. ^ "District Human Development Report: South 24 Parganas". (1) Chapter 1.2, South 24 Parganas in Historical Perspective, pages 7-9 (2) Chapter 3.4, Land reforms, pages 32-33. Development & Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, 2009. Retrieved 17 April 2016. 
  2. ^ a b c "Diamond Harbour I Block". onefivenine. Retrieved 2 April 2016. 
  3. ^ "South 24 Parganas". CD Block/Tehsil map. Maps of India. Retrieved 2 April 2016. 
  4. ^ a b c "District Statistical Handbook – 2009 – South 24 Parganas" (PDF). South 24 Parganas at a glance, Tables 2.1, 2.2, 2.4 (b), 4.5. Bureau of Applied Economics and Statistics, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 3 April 2016. 
  5. ^ "District Human Development Report: South 24 Parganas". Chapter 1 South 24 Parganas: An Overview, p 9-12. Development & Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, 2009. Retrieved 1 April 2016. 
  6. ^ "Blocks and Gram Panchayats in South 24 Parganas". South 24 Parganas District Administration. Retrieved 1 April 2016. 
  7. ^ a b c d "C.D. Block Wise Primary Census Abstract Data(PCA)". 2011 census: West Bengal – District-wise CD Blocks. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 2 April 2016. 
  8. ^ "Provisional Population Totals, West Bengal. Table 4". Census of India 2001 – South 24 Parganas. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on September 27, 2007. Retrieved 2011-01-20. 
  9. ^ "Provisional Population Totals, West Bengal. Table 4". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on September 27, 2007. Retrieved 2011-01-20. 
  10. ^ "District Census 2011". Population Census 2011. Retrieved 24 January 2016. 
  11. ^ a b "Provisional population tables and annexures" (PDF). Census 2011:Table 2(3) Literates and Literacy rates by sex. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 9 February 2016. 
  12. ^ a b c "C1 Population by Religious Community". West Bengal. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 18 June 2016. 
  13. ^ a b c d "District Human Development Report: South 24 Parganas". Intro: pp 16-19, 42 Block specific: pp 39-40, 73, 99, 132, 146, 192, 221. Development & Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, 2009. Retrieved 7 April 2016.