Ketugram I

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Ketugram I
কেতুগ্রাম I
Community development block
সমষ্টি উন্নয়ন ব্লক
Ketugram I is located in West Bengal
Ketugram I
Ketugram I
Location in West Bengal
Coordinates: 23°42′36″N 87°57′24″E / 23.71000°N 87.95667°E / 23.71000; 87.95667
Country  India
State West Bengal
District Purba Bardhaman
Parliamentary constituency Bolpur
Assembly constituency Ketugram
Area
 • Total 74.90 sq mi (193.98 km2)
Elevation 59 ft (18 m)
Population (2011)
 • Total 165,408
 • Density 2,200/sq mi (850/km2)
Time zone IST (UTC+5.30)
PIN 713129 (Kandra)
Telephone/STD code 03453
Vehicle registration WB-37,WB-38,WB-41,WB-42,WB-44
Literacy Rate 68.00 per cent
Website http://bardhaman.gov.in/

Ketugram I is a community development block that forms an administrative division in Katwa subdivision of Purba Bardhaman district in the Indian state of West Bengal.

Geography[edit]

Rajoor, a constituent gram panchayat of Ketugram I block, is located at 23°42′36″N 87°57′24″E / 23.7101°N 87.9566°E / 23.7101; 87.9566.

Ketugram I CD Block is part of the Kanksa Ketugram plain, which lies along the Ajay. The river forms the southern boundary of the CD Block. The soil is alluvial of recent origin.[1]

Ketugram I CD Block is bounded by Bharatpur I CD Block, in Murshidabad district, on the north, Bharatpur II CD Block, in Murshidabad district, and Ketugram II CD Block on the east, Mangolkote CD Block on the south and Nanoor and Labpur CD Blocks, in Birbhum district, on the west.[2][3]

It is located 62 km from Bardhaman, the district headquarters.[2]

Ketugram I CD Block has an area of 193.98 km2. It has 1 panchayat samity, 8 gram panchayats, 117 gram sansads (village councils), 66 mouzas and 62 inhabited villages. Ketugram police station serves this block.[4] Headquarters of this CD Block is at Kandra.[5]

Gram panchayats of Ketugram I block/panchayat samiti are: Agardanga, Ankhona, Berugram, Kandra-Jnandas, Murgram-Gopalpur, Palita, Pandugram and Rajoor.[6]

Demographics[edit]

Population[edit]

As per the 2011 Census of India Ketugram I CD Block had a total population of 165,408, all of which were rural. There were 84,966 (51%) males and 80,442 (49%) females. Population below 6 years was 21,009. Scheduled Castes numbered 42,660 (25.79%) and Scheduled Tribes numbered 1,025 (0.62%).[7]

As per 2001 census, Ketugram I block had a total population of 146,013, out of which 74,513 were males and 71,500 were females. Ketugram I block registered a population growth of 16.38 per cent during the 1991-2001 decade. Decadal growth for Bardhaman district was 14.36 per cent.[8] Decadal growth in West Bengal was 17.84 per cent.[9]Scheduled castes at 40,271 formed around one-third the population. Scheduled tribes numbered 1,491.[10]

Large villages (with 4,000+ population) in Ketugram I CD Block are (2011 census figures in brackets): Chakta (4,582), Ankhona (6,554), Morgram (6,197), Murgram (5,919), Amgaria (6,904), Kandra (11,534), Komarpur (4,110), Rajur (5,776), Khanji (4.052), Ehiapur (5,732), Palita (4,342) and Pandugram (4,178).[7]

Other villages in Ketugram I CD Block included (2011census figures in brackets): Agardanga (2,767), Berugram (3,489), Gopalpur (3,157), Gonna Serandi (2,683) and Kogram (383).[7]

Literacy[edit]

As per the 2011 census, the total number of literates in Ketugram I CD Block was 98,192 (68.00% of the population over 6 years) out of which males numbered 54,043 (72.81% of the male population over 6 years) and females numbered 44,149 (62.91% of the female population over 6 years). The gender disparity (the difference between female and male literacy rates) was 9.90%.[7]

As per the 2001 census, Ketugram I block had a total literacy of 59.88 per cent for the 6+ age group. While male literacy was 67.78 per cent female literacy was 51.63 per cent. Bardhaman district had a total literacy of 70.18 per cent, male literacy being 78.63 per cent and female literacy being 60.95 per cent.[11]

See also – List of West Bengal districts ranked by literacy rate


Languages and religion[edit]

Bengali is the local language in these areas.[2]

In 2001, Bengali was the mother-tongue of 79.9% of the population of Bardhaman district, Hindi was the mother-tongue of 10.9%, Santali 4.9%, Urdu 2.8%, Bhojpuri 0.1% and Oraon 0.1%. There were other languages spoken by small percentages. However, as of 2017, CD Block-wise/ other region-wise break-up of mother tongue is not available in census/ other official sources.[12]

Religion in Ketugram I CD Block
Hindu
  
52.98%
Muslim
  
46.77%
Christian
  
0.06%
Others
  
0.20%

In the 2011 census, Hindus numbered 87,635 and formed 52.98% of the population in Ketugram I CD Block. Muslims numbered 77,354 and formed 46.77% of the population. Christians numbered 95 and formed 0.06% of the population. Others numbered 324 and formed 0.20% of the population.[13]

In Bardhaman district the percentage of Hindu population has been declining from 84.3% in 1961 to 77.9% in 2011 and the percentage of Muslim population has increased from 15.2% in 1961 to 20.7% in 2011.[14]

Rural poverty[edit]

As per poverty estimates obtained from household survey for families living below poverty line in 2005, rural poverty in Ketugram I CD Block was 44.87%.[15]

Economy[edit]

Livelihood[edit]

In Ketugram I CD Block in 2011, amongst the class of total workers, cultivators formed 23.27%, agricultural labourers 51.57%, household industry workers 4.25% and other workers 20.91%.[16]

In Ketugram I CD Block, cultivators or agricultural labourers formed a large portion of the workforce, comparatively less workers were engaged in the secondary and tertiary sectors. In the decade 1991-2001 cultivators decreased and the secondary and tertiary sectors increased.[17]

Infrastructure[edit]

All 66 or 100% of mouzas in Ketugram I CD Block were electrified by 31 March 2014.[16]

All 66 mouzas in Ketugram I CD Block had drinking water facilities in 2013-14. There were 27 fertiliser depots and 55 fair price shops in the CD Block.[16]

Agriculture[edit]

Circle frame.svg

Persons engaged in agriculture
in Ketugram I CD Block

  Bargadars (9.58%)
  Patta holders (6.77%)
  Small farmers (5.78%)
  Marginal farmers (19.18%)
  Agricultural labourers (58.69%)

Although the Bargadari Act of 1950 recognised the rights of bargadars to a higher share of crops from the land that they tilled, it was not implemented fully. Large tracts, beyond the prescribed limit of land ceiling, remained with the rich landlords. From 1977 onwards major land reforms took place in West Bengal. Land in excess of land ceiling was acquired and distributed amongst the peasants.[18] Following land reforms land ownership pattern has undergone transformation. In 2013-14, persons engaged in agriculture in Ketugram I CD Block could be classified as follows: bargadars 9.58%, patta (document) holders 6.77%, small farmers (possessing land between 1 and 2 hectares) 5.78%, marginal farmers (possessing land up to 1 hectare) 19.18% and agricultural labourers 58.69%.[16]

In 2003-04, net cropped area in Ketugram I CD Block was 15,148 hectares and the area in which more than one crop was grown was 6,337 hectares.[19]

In 2013-14, Ketugram I CD Block produced 46,641 tonnes of Aman paddy, the main winter crop from 15,783 hectares, 23,379 tonnes of Boro paddy (spring crop) from 6,326 hectares, 3 tonnes of wheat from 1 hectare, 2,436 tonnes of potatoes from 146 hectares and 6,952 tonnes of sugar cane from 76 hectares. It also produced pulses and oilseeds.[16]

In 2013-14, the total area irrigated in Ketugram I CD Block was 286.96 hectares, out of which 27.87 hectares were irrigated by river lift irrigation and 259.09 hectares by deep tube wells.[16]

Banking[edit]

In 2013-14, Ketugram I CD Block had offices of 4 commercial banks and 3 gramin banks.[16]

Transport[edit]

Ketugram I CD Block has 4 ferry services and 3 originating/ terminating bus routes.[16]

SH 6, running from Rajnagar (in Birbhum district) to Alampur (in Howrah district) and SH 7 running from Rajgram (in Birbhum district) to Midnapore (in Paschim Medinipur district) cross at Kurmodanga in this CD Block.[20]

Education[edit]

In 2013-14, Ketugram I CD Block had 100 primary schools with 9,481 students, 4 middle schools with 354 students, 16 high school with 9,304 students and 9 higher secondary schools with 6,233 students. Ketugram I CD Block had 1 general college with 2,433 students, 1 technical/ professional institution with 100 students and 281 institutions for special and non-formal education with 15,724 students[16]

Kandra Radha Kanta Kundu Mahavidyalaya, established in 2001, is affiliated to the University of Burdwan.[21]

Healthcare[edit]

In 2014, Ketugram I CD Block had 1 block primary health centre and 2 primary health centres with total 28 beds and 5 doctors (excluding private bodies). It had 24 family welfare subcentres. 10,083 patients were treated indoor and 180,625 patients were treated outdoor in the hospitals, health centres and subcentres of the CD Block.[16]

Ketugram I Block has a block primary health centre at Kandra, and primary health centres at Ankhona and Pandugram.[22][23]

Ketugram I CD Block is one of the areas of Bardhaman district which is affected by a low level of arsenic contamination of ground water.[24]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Census of India 2011, West Bengal: District Census Handbook, Barddhaman" (PDF). Physiography, pages 13-14. Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal. Retrieved 23 January 2017. 
  2. ^ a b c "Ketugram I Block". onefivenine. Retrieved 23 January 2017. 
  3. ^ "Tehsil Map of Barddhaman". CD Block/ Tehsil. Maps of India. Retrieved 23 January 2017. 
  4. ^ "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Burdwan". Tables 2.1, 2.2. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 22 January 2017. 
  5. ^ "District Census Handbook: Barddhaman" (PDF). Map of Barddhaman with CD Block HQs and Police Stations (on the fourth page). Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal, 2011. Retrieved 22 January 2017. 
  6. ^ "Directory of District, Subdivision, Panchayat Samiti/ Block and Gram Panchayats in West Bengal". Bardhaman - Revised in March 2008. Panchayats and Rural Development Department, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 30 January 2017. 
  7. ^ a b c d "C.D. Block Wise Primary Census Abstract Data(PCA)". 2011 census: West Bengal – District-wise CD Blocks. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 16 January 2017. 
  8. ^ "Provisional population totals, West Bengal, Table 4, Barddhaman District". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 28 September 2011. Retrieved 4 February 2017. 
  9. ^ "Provisional Population Totals, West Bengal. Table 4". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 27 September 2007. Retrieved 4 February 2017. 
  10. ^ "TRU for all Districts (SC & ST and Total)". Census 2001. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 19 July 2011. Retrieved 4 February 2017. 
  11. ^ "Provisional population totals, West Bengal, Table 5, Bardhaman District". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2011-09-28. Retrieved 4 February 2017. 
  12. ^ "Census of India 2011: District Census Handbook Barddhaman" (PDF). Table 11: Population by Mother-tongue in Barddhaman district (1961-2001), page 51. Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal. Retrieved 28 January 2017. 
  13. ^ "C1 Population by Religious Community". West Bengal. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 27 January 2017. 
  14. ^ "Census of Indiia 2011: District Census Handbook, Barddhaman" (PDF). Table 9: Population by religion in Badhaman district (1961-2011), Page 50. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 27 January 2017. 
  15. ^ "District Human Development Report: Bardhaman" (PDF). Table 4.2: Empirical Measurement of Rural Poverty in Bardhaman 2005, page 94. Development and Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, 2011. Retrieved 30 January 2017. 
  16. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Bardhaman". Tables 2.7, 2.1, 8.2, 16.1, 17.2, 18.1, 18.2, 20.1, 21.2, 4.4, 3.1, 3.3 – arranged as per use. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 30 January 2017. 
  17. ^ "District Human Development Report: Bardhaman" (PDF). Block/ Sub-division wise Variation in Occupational Distribution of Workers, page 47. Development and Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, 2011. Retrieved 30 January 2017. 
  18. ^ "District Human Development Report: South 24 Parganas". (1) Chapter 1.2, South 24 Parganas in Historical Perspective, pages 7-9 (2) Chapter 3.4, Land reforms, pages 32-33. Development & Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, 2009. Retrieved 7 August 2016. 
  19. ^ "District Human Development Report, Bardhaman" (PDF). Table 3.10, Gross Cropped Area, Net Cropped Area and Cropping Intensity of different blocks of Bardhaman district 2003-04, Page 53. Development and Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, May 2011. Retrieved 30 January 2017. 
  20. ^ "List of State Highways in West Bengal". West Bengal Traffic Police. Retrieved 5 February 2017. 
  21. ^ "Kandra Radha Kanta Kundu Mahavidyalaya". College Admission. Retrieved 27 February 2017. 
  22. ^ "Bardhaman district". Medical Institutions. Bardhaman district administration. Retrieved 6 March 2017. 
  23. ^ "2011 District Census Handbook Bardhaman Part XII A" (PDF). Ketugram I Block Map on page 412. Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal. Retrieved 6 March 2017. 
  24. ^ "Groundwater Arsenic contamination in West Bengal-India (20 years study )". Bardhaman. SOES. Retrieved 9 September 2011. 

External links[edit]