Pandabeswar (community development block)

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Pandabeswar
পাণ্ডবেশ্বর
Community development block
সমষ্টি উন্নয়ন ব্লক
Pandabeswar is located in West Bengal
Pandabeswar
Pandabeswar
Location in West Bengal
Coordinates: 23°43′00″N 87°17′00″E / 23.71667°N 87.28333°E / 23.71667; 87.28333
Country  India
State West Bengal
District Bardhaman
Parliamentary constituency Asansol
Assembly constituency Pandaveswar
Area
 • Total 37.76 sq mi (97.80 km2)
Elevation 285 ft (87 m)
Population (2011)
 • Total 161,891
 • Density 4,300/sq mi (1,700/km2)
Time zone IST (UTC+5.30)
PIN 713346 (Pandaveshwar)
713380 (Kendra)
713378 (Haripur)
713322 (Bahula)
Telephone/STD code 0343
Vehicle registration WB-37,WB-38,WB-41,WB-42,WB-44
Literacy Rate 73.01 per cent
Website http://bardhaman.gov.in/

Pandabeswar (also spelt Pandaveswar) is a community development block that forms an administrative division in Durgapur subdivision of Bardhaman district in the Indian state of West Bengal.

History[edit]

During World War II there was an American airbase at Pandabeswar.[1]

Geography[edit]

Pandabeswar is located at 23°43′N 87°17′E / 23.72°N 87.28°E / 23.72; 87.28.

Pandabeswar CD Block is part of the Ajay Damodar Barakar tract. This area is sort of an extension of the Chota Nagpur Plateau. It is a rocky undulating area with laterite soil, with the Ajay on the north, the Damodar on the south and the Barakar on the west. For ages the area was heavily forested and infested with plunderers and marauders. The discovery of coal led to industrialisation of the area and most of the forests have been cleared.[2][3]

Pandabeswar CD Block is bounded by Dubrajpur CD Block, in Birbhum district, on the north, Faridpur Durgapur CD Block on the east, Andal CD Block on the south and Jamuria CD Block on the west.[4][5]

It is located 92 km from Bardhaman, the district headquarters.[4]

Pandabeswar CD Block has an area of 97.80 km2. It has 1 panchayat samity, 6 gram panchayats, 112 gram sansads (village councils), 17 mouzas and 14 inhabited villages. Pandabeswar and Andal police stations serve this block.[6]Headquarters of this CD Block is at Pandabeswar.[7]

Gram panchayats of Pandabeswar block/panchayat samiti are: Bahula, Baidyanathpur, Chhora, Haripur, Kendra and Nabagram.[8]

Demographics[edit]

Population[edit]

As per the 2011 Census of India Pandabeswar CD Block had a total population of 161,891, of which 26,720 were rural and 135,171 were urban. There were 84,651 (52%) males and 77,240 (48%) females. Population below 6 years was 19,709. Scheduled Castes numbered 49,189 (30.38%) and Scheduled Tribes numbered 10,821 (6.68%).[9]

As per 2001 census, Pandabeswar block had a total population of 146,445, out of which 79,992 were males and 66,453 were females. Pandabeswar block registered a population growth of 9.37 per cent during the 1991-2001 decade. Decadal growth for Bardhaman district was 14.36 per cent.[10]Decadal growth in West Bengal was 17.84 per cent.[11]Scheduled castes at 55,511 formed around one-third the population. Scheduled tribes numbered 14,508.[12]

Census Towns in Pandabeswar CD Block are (2011 census figures in brackets): Chak Bankola (part) (11,527), Parashkol (part) (10,367), Kendra Khottamdi (part) (6,875), Bilpahari (8,565), Ramnagar (5,446), Dalurband (15,107), Baidyanathpur (15,704), Mahal (4,841), Konardihi (8,488), Nabgram (4,626), Sankarpur (6,399), Haripur (5,910), Chhora (13,806) and Bahula (17,510). Chak Bankola and Parashkol are partly in Andal CD Block and partly in Pandabeswar CD Block. Kendra Khottamdi is partly in Jamuria CD Block and partly in Pandabeswar CD Block.[9]

Villages in Pandabeswar CD Block are (2011census figures in brackets): Banbahal (3,540), Gobindapur (1,898), Konda (916), Deshlopa (1,178), Danya (3,854), Chak Karala (1,331), Joalbhanga (2,070), Bhatmura (594), Chak Jharia (1,497), Shyamsundarpur (2,801), Bhaluka (681), Sonpur (2,358), Bajari (1,583) and Kumarkhala (2,419).[9](All villages included in 2011 census data are mentioned here. Other villages or localities, if any, are parts of these villages.)

Literacy[edit]

As per the 2011 census the total number of literates in Pandabeswar CD Block was 103,801 (73.01% of the population over 6 years) out of which males numbered 61,005 (81.82% of the male population over 6 years) and females numbered 42,796 (63.28% of the female population over 6 years). The gender disparity (the difference between female and male literacy rates) was 18.54%.[9]

As per 2001 census, Pandabeswar block had a total literacy of 63.73 per cent for the 6+ age group. While male literacy was 73.56 per cent female literacy was 51.65 per cent. Bardhaman district had a total literacy of 70.18 per cent, male literacy being 78.63 per cent and female literacy being 60.95 per cent.[13]

See also – List of West Bengal districts ranked by literacy rate


Languages and religion[edit]

Bengali is the local language in these areas.[4]

In 2001 Bengali was the mother-tongue of 79.9% of the population of Bardhaman district, Hindi was the mother-tongue of 10.9%, Santali 4.9%, Urdu 2.8%, Bhojpuri 0.1% and Oraon 0.1%. There were other languages spoken by small percentages. The percentage of population which reported Bengali as mother-tongue has declined from 82.3% in 1961 to 79.9% in 2001, the percentage of population which reported Hindi as mother-tongue increased from 8.5% in 1961 to 10.9% in 2001. However, as of 2017, CD Block-wise/ other region-wise break-up of mother tongue is not available in census/ other official sources.[14]

There have been reports in the media about the Hindi speaking population being substantial in the Asansol (Lok Sabha constituency).[15][16] Bardhaman district provided attractive livelihood opportunities for immigrants from Bihar/ Jharkhand.[17]

Religion in Pandabeswar CD Block
Hindu
  
86.36%
Muslim
  
12.59%
Christian
  
0.14%
Others
  
0.91%

In the 2011 census Hindus numbered 139,805 and formed 86.36% of the population in Pandabeswar CD Block. Muslims numbered 20,377 and formed 12.59% of the population. Christians numbered 232 and formed 0.14% of the population. Others numbered 1,477 and formed 0.91% of the population.[18]

Rural poverty[edit]

As per poverty estimates obtained from hosehold survey for families living below poverty line in 2005, rural poverty in Pandabeswar CD Block was 20.59%.[19]

Economy[edit]

Livelihood[edit]

In Pandabeswar CD Block in 2011, amongst the class of total workers, cultivators formed 2.81%, agricultural labourers 7.52%, household industry workers 3.31% and other workers 86.36%.[20]

In Pandabeswar CD Block a large percentage of the total workers were engaged as ‘other workers’ and only a small percentage as cultivators or agricultural labourers. This is because it is a colliery based industrial area, where a majority of the people are engaged in the secondary or tertiary sectors.[21]

Infrastructure[edit]

All 17 or 100% of mouzas in Pandabeswar CD Block were electrified by 31 March 2014.[20]

All 17 mouzas in Pandabeswar CD Block had drinking water facilities in 2013-14. There were 61 fair price shops in the CD Block.[20]

Coal mining[edit]

Sonpur Bazari Open Cast Project of Eastern Coalfields was approved in 1995. The targeted output in 2016-17 was 8 million tonnes. Mineable reserve as on 1/4/2015 was 179.60 million tonnes. Balance life of the project as on 1/4/2012 was 23 years.[22]

Madhaipur open cast project in Pandabeshwar Area of Eastern Coalfields has a mineable reserve of 13.15 million tonnes.[23]

Amongst the mines of Eastern Coalfields selected for introduction of mass production technology with the intallation of the continuous miner are: Kumardihi (1.02 million tonnes per year) and Khottamdi (1.0 mty).[23]

Agriculture[edit]

Circle frame.svg

Persons engaged in agriculture
in Pandabeswar CD Block

  Bargadars (3.65%)
  Patta holders (24.82%)
  Small farmers (5.72%)
  Marginal farmers (37.32%)
  Agricultural labourers (28.49%)

Although the Bargadari Act of 1950 recognised the rights of bargadars to a higher share of crops from the land that they tilled, it was not implemented fully. Large tracts, beyond the prescribed limit of land ceiling, remained with the rich landlords. From 1977 onwards major land reforms took place in West Bengal. Land in excess of land ceiling was acquired and distributed amongst the peasants.[24]Following land reforms land ownership pattern has undergone transformation. In 2013-14, persons engaged in agriculture in Pandabeswar CD Block could be classified as follows: bargadars 3.65%, patta (document) holders 24.82%, small farmers (possessing land between 1 and 2 hectares) 5.72%, marginal farmers (possessing land up to 1 hectare) 37.32% and agricultural labourers 28.49%.[20]

In 2003-04 net cropped area in Pandabeswar CD Block was 3,156 hectares.[25]

In 2013-14, Pandabeswar CD Block produced 6,253 tonnes of Aman paddy, the main winter crop, from 2,005 hectares and 28 tonnes of wheat from 10 hectares. It also produced pulses and oilseeds.[20]

Banking[edit]

In 2013-14, Pandabeswar CD Block had offices of 9 commercial banks.[20]

Transport[edit]

Pandabeswar CD Block has 3 originating/ terminating bus routes.[20]

Andal–Sainthia branch line
colliery of Raniganj Coalfield
km
to Bardhaman-Asansol section
0 Andal
to Bardhaman-Asansol section
NH19-IN.svg
National Highway 19
Grand Trunk Road
8 Sonachara
Kunustoria Colliery
12 Tapasi
15 Ikra(halt)
Sripur Colliery
20 Jamuria(halt)
27 Barabani
33 Chinchuri(halt)
41 Sitarampur
to Asansol–Gaya section
Harishpur
Singaran River
NH19-IN.svg
National Highway 19
Grand Trunk Road
5 Kajoragram
10 Siduli
Sitalpur Colliery
12 Ukhra
Pandaveswar Airfield
(abandoned)
Khottadih Open Cast Project
South Samla Colliery
20 Pandabeswar
Ajay River
23 Bhimgara Junction
29 Hazaratpur
33 Raswan
37 Barhragram
42 Lachmanpur Road
49 Palashthali
Hinglo River
29 Panchra
35 Dubrajpur
Bakreshwar River
42 Chinpai
Bakreshwar Thermal
Power Station
45 Kachujor
54 Suri
63 Kunuri
66 Mahisadahari(halt)
Kherua
to Sahibganj Loop
73 Sainthia
to Sahibganj Loop

The Andal-Sainthia branch line passes through this CD Block and there is a station at Pandabeswar.[26]

NH 14 (old number NH 60) pass through this CD Block.[27]

Education[edit]

In 2013-14, Pandabeswar CD Block had 44 primary schools with 6,666 students, 7 middle schools with 737 students, 2 high school with 812 students and 5 higher secondary schools with 9,009 students. Pandabeswar CD Block had 1 general college with 1,007 students, 257 institutions for special and non-formal education with 9,690 students[20]

Healthcare[edit]

In 2014, Pandabeswar CD Block had 1 primary health centre and 1 private nursing home with total 6 beds and 1 doctor (excluding private bodies). 6 patients were treated indoor and 141,410 patients were treated outdoor in the hospitals, health centres and subcentres of the CD Block.[20]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ War Birds of India
  2. ^ "Census of India 2011, West Bengal: District Census Handbook, Barddhaman" (PDF). Physiography, pages 13-14. Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal. Retrieved 23 January 2017. 
  3. ^ Chattopadhyay, Akkori, Bardhaman Jelar Itihas O Lok Sanskriti (History and Folk lore of Bardhaman District.), (Bengali), Vol I, pp 14-15, Radical Impression. ISBN 81-85459-36-3
  4. ^ a b c "Pandaveswar Block". onefivenine. Retrieved 23 January 2017. 
  5. ^ "Tehsil Map of Barddhaman". CD Block/ Tehsil. Maps of India. Retrieved 23 January 2017. 
  6. ^ "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Burdwan". Tables 2.1, 2.2. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 22 January 2017. 
  7. ^ "District Census Handbook: Barddhaman" (PDF). Map of Barddhaman with CD Block HQs and Police Stations (on the fourth page). Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal, 2011. Retrieved 22 January 2017. 
  8. ^ "Directory of District, Subdivision, Panchayat Samiti/ Block and Gram Panchayats in West Bengal". Bardhaman - Revised in March 2008. Panchayats and Rural Development Department, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 30 January 2017. 
  9. ^ a b c d "C.D. Block Wise Primary Census Abstract Data(PCA)". 2011 census: West Bengal – District-wise CD Blocks. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 16 January 2017. 
  10. ^ "Provisional population totals, West Bengal, Table 4, Barddhaman District". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 28 September 2011. Retrieved 4 February 2017. 
  11. ^ "Provisional Population Totals, West Bengal. Table 4". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 27 September 2007. Retrieved 4 February 2017. 
  12. ^ "TRU for all Districts (SC & ST and Total)". Census 2001. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2011-07-19. Retrieved 4 February 2017. 
  13. ^ "Provisional population totals, West Bengal, Table 5, Bardhaman District". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2011-09-28. Retrieved 4 February 2017. 
  14. ^ "Census of India 2011: District Census Handbook Barddhaman" (PDF). Table 11: Population by Mother-tongue in Barddhaman district (1961-2001), page 51. Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal. Retrieved 28 January 2017. 
  15. ^ "Red Corridors in West Bengal a Headache for EC". The New Indian Express, 7 May 2014. Retrieved 28 January 2017. 
  16. ^ "Hindi speaking voters 'Modi'fied, Didi looks for answers". Maps of India, 1 April 2014. Retrieved 28 January 2017. 
  17. ^ "District Human Development Report: Bardhaman" (PDF). Chapter I, Page 8. Development and Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, 2011. Retrieved 28 January 2017. 
  18. ^ "C1 Population by Religious Community". West Bengal. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 27 January 2017. 
  19. ^ "District Human Development Report: Bardhaman" (PDF). Table 4.2: Empirical Mesurement of Rural Poverty in Bardhaman 2005, page 94. Development and Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, 2011. Retrieved 30 January 2017. 
  20. ^ a b c d e f g h i "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Bardhaman". Tables 2.7, 2.1, 8.2, 16.1, 17.2, 18.1, 18.2, 20.1, 21.2, 4.4, 3.1, 3.3 – arranged as per use. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 30 January 2017. 
  21. ^ "District Human Development Report: Bardhaman" (PDF). Block/ Sub-division wise Variation in Occupational Distribution of Workers, page 47. Development and Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, 2011. Retrieved 30 January 2017. 
  22. ^ "Sonepur Bazari Area". Eastern Coalfields Limited. Retrieved 16 January 2017. 
  23. ^ a b "Planning". Eastern Coalfields Limited. Retrieved 30 January 2017. 
  24. ^ "District Human Development Report: South 24 Parganas". (1) Chapter 1.2, South 24 Parganas in Historical Perspective, pages 7-9 (2) Chapter 3.4, Land reforms, pages 32-33. Development & Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, 2009. Retrieved 7 August 2016. 
  25. ^ "District Human Development Report, Bardhaman" (PDF). Table 3.10, Gross Cropped Area, Net Cropped Area and Cropping Intesity of different blocks of Bardhaman district 2003-04, Page 53. Development and Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, May 2011. Retrieved 30 January 2017. 
  26. ^ "73531=>63531 Andal-Sainthia MEMU". Time Table. indiarailinfo. Retrieved 9 February 2017. 
  27. ^ "Rationalisation of Numbering Systems of National Highways" (PDF). New Delhi: Department of Road Transport and Highways. Retrieved 10 February 2017.