Arab localities in Israel
Arab localities in Israel includes all population centers with a 50% or higher Arab population in Israel. East Jerusalem and Golan Heights are not internationally recognized parts of Israel proper but have been included in this list.
The city of Acre has an Arab minority of approximately 25%, while its Old City is 95% Arab. While Arabs constitute 10% of Haifa's total population, they make up 70% of Lower Haifa's residents. The central cities of Lod and Ramla each have Arab populations of 20%.
158,900 Arabs live in the Central District, which has a total population of 1,931,000. The majority of the Arab population lives along or near the Green Line which separates Israel from the West Bank in an area known as the Triangle. The largest city is Tayibe with a population of approximately 40,000.
Estimated population figures for 2014 except for Kafr Bara, which is from 2009, are listed below.
- Jaljulia: 9,200
- Kafr Bara: 2,800
- Kafr Qasim: 21,400
- Qalansawe: 21,000
- Tayibe: 40,200
- Tira: 24,400
- Zemer: 6,400
Tel Aviv District
310,700 Arabs live in the Jerusalem District, which has a total population of 987,400. The Arab populations of the Jerusalem District are primarily concentrated in East Jerusalem but there are four other towns that exist within the district's jurisdiction. Abu Ghosh is the largest of them.
East Jerusalem was annexed by Israel after its victory over Jordan during the Six-Day War in 1967. East Jerusalem was joined with West Jerusalem, along with several surrounding Palestinian towns and villages. Today, Arabs constitute 55% of the population of East Jerusalem and 33% of that of Jerusalem as a whole. The following are Arab neighborhoods of Jerusalem.
- Beit Hanina (al-Jadid or Eastern portion)†
- Beit Safafa
- Jabel Mukaber
- Old City (Armenian, Muslim & Christian Quarters)†
- Ras al-Amud
- Sheikh Jarrah
- Sur Baher
- Umm Tuba
- Wadi al-Joz
216,200 Arabs live in the Southern District, which has a total population of 1,146,600. The Arab population lives primarily in the northwestern Negev and is entirely composed of Bedouins. Several towns in the area are not formally recognized by the government and do not receive basic utilities from the state (see unrecognized Bedouin villages in Israel). The largest Arab locality in the Negev is Rahat.
237,200 Arabs live in the Haifa District, which has a total population of 939,000. Most Arabs of the Haifa District live in the Wadi Ara region that straddles the northwestern border of the West Bank. There is a substantial Druze population in the Carmel region and the Wadi Nisnas neighborhood of Haifa. Umm al-Fahm is the largest Arab city in the district.
705,200 Arabs live in the Northern District, which has a total population of 1,320,800. In 2008, Arabs made up 53% of the Northern District's population, making it Israel's only district with an Arab majority. 44% of the Arab population lives in this district. Nazareth is the largest city, with a population of approximately 66,000.
The Golan Heights was captured during the Six-Day War in 1967 and officially annexed by Israel in 1981. Israel governs the Golan Heights as a part of the Northern District. As a result of the war, many villages were abandoned. The Israeli Head of Surveying and Demolition Supervision for the Golan Heights proposed the demolition of 127 of the unpopulated villages, with about 90 abandoned villages demolished shortly after 15 May 1968. The demolitions were carried out by contractors hired for the job. Five Arab towns remain today. 23,900 Arabs live in the Golan Heights. The area is home to an approximately equal number of non-Arab Israelis.
† Significant presence of Arab Christian population