Manchester Piccadilly station

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Manchester Piccadilly National Rail Manchester Metrolink
Piccadilly Station Manchester - geograph.org.uk - 692981.jpg
Location
Place Manchester city centre
Local authority City of Manchester
Coordinates 53°28′37″N 2°13′48″W / 53.477°N 2.230°W / 53.477; -2.230Coordinates: 53°28′37″N 2°13′48″W / 53.477°N 2.230°W / 53.477; -2.230
Grid reference SJ847978
Operations
Station code MAN
Managed by Network Rail
Number of platforms 14 (National Rail)
2 (Manchester Metrolink)
DfT category A
Live arrivals/departures, station information and onward connections
from National Rail Enquiries
Annual rail passenger usage*
2011/12 Decrease 18.584 million
2012/13 Increase 23.158 million
2013/14 Increase 24.476 million
2014/15 Increase 24.615 million
2015/16 Increase 25.793 million
Passenger Transport Executive
PTE Greater Manchester
Zone City (D)
History
1842 Opened as Store Street
1847 Renamed Manchester London Road
1861 Rebuilt
1881 Expanded
1960 Renovated and renamed Manchester Piccadilly
2002 Renovated
Listed status
Listed feature Train shed at Piccadilly Station
Listing grade Grade II listed
Entry number 1283014[1]
Added to list 6 June 1994
National RailUK railway stations
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
* Annual estimated passenger usage based on sales of tickets in stated financial year(s) which end or originate at Manchester Piccadilly from Office of Rail and Road statistics. Methodology may vary year on year.
170433 at Edinburgh Waverley.JPG UK Railways portal

Manchester Piccadilly is the principal railway station in Manchester, England. Opened as Store Street in 1842 and renamed Manchester London Road in 1847, it became Piccadilly in 1960. It provides intercity services to London Euston, Birmingham, Bristol, Southampton, South Wales and Glasgow and destinations in Northern England including Liverpool, Leeds, Sheffield, Newcastle and York. The station has twelve terminal platforms in the train shed and two through platforms to the south of it. Piccadilly is a major interchange with the Metrolink light rail system, two platforms used by Metrolink trams are situated under the platforms in the undercroft.

Piccadilly is the busiest station in the Manchester station group with more than 25 million passenger entries and exits between April 2015 and March 2016, it is the fourth busiest station in the United Kingdom outside London.[2] Six train operating companies operate services to and from Piccadilly. It is the second busiest interchange station outside London, with almost 3.8 million passengers changing trains at the station annually.[3]

The station's refurbishment took five years and cost £100m in 2002, it was the most expensive improvement on the UK rail network at the time.[4] According to an independent poll carried out in 2007, Manchester Piccadilly had the highest customer satisfaction level of any UK station, with 92% of passengers satisfied compared with the national average of 60%.[5]

A TWAO application to build two new platforms was made in October 2016 and construction is expected to commence on completion of the Ordsall Chord in January 2018.[6] There are plans for five new platforms in the High Speed 2 proposals and a re-configured Metrolink station.

History[edit]

A 1910 Railway Clearing House Junction Diagram showing railways in Manchester

A temporary terminus on Travis Street opened in June 1840 when the Manchester and Birmingham Railway (M&BR) opened its line to Stockport. In 1842 the company's Store Street station, consisting of two platforms and offices, adjacent to London Road, was completed and by then the line extended to Crewe. The Sheffield, Ashton-under-Lyne and Manchester Railway (SA&MR) shared the station from 1844 as the terminus of its line.[7]

Manchester London Road[edit]

Manchester London Road station frontage in the 1900s.

The station name was changed to London Road in 1847 and it retained that name until 1960.[7] In 1849, the Manchester, Sheffield and Lincolnshire Railway, which became the Great Central Railway, was formed.[7] The Manchester, South Junction and Altrincham Railway (MSJAR) opened its line from Manchester Oxford Road railway station to London Road on 1 August 1849 and built the MSJAR or South Junction platforms adjacent to the main part of the station.

London Road was overcrowded by the 1860s, and the relationship between the companies using it was poor. In 1862 the companies agreed to rebuild the station so it could be split in two. As traffic continued to increase the station was expanded and two spans added to the train shed in 1881.[7] The MSJAR platforms and the bridge over Fairfield Street were demolished and an island platform, on girder bridges, opened on 16 May 1882.

The adjacent Mayfield station opened in 1910 providing four platforms which alleviated overcrowding at Piccadilly. It closed to passengers in 1960 and closed permanently in 1986. The Mayfield station building still exists and can still be seen on approach to Piccadilly and from platforms 13 and 14.

During the first two decades of the 20th century, London Road station was served by the London and North Western Railway, the Great Central Railway and, by running powers, the North Staffordshire Railway. Following the 1923 railway grouping, the station was served by the London, Midland and Scottish Railway and the London and North Eastern Railway. After nationalisation in 1948, London Road station was operated as two independent stations, separated by iron railings on platform 5. On one side was the London Midland Region of British Railways; on the other was the Eastern Region.

Manchester Piccadilly[edit]

Piccadilly station in 1989, with the concourse building opened in 1960, this was later redeveloped in 2002.

London Road station was renamed Manchester Piccadilly when it reopened after reconstruction by the architect William Robert Headley on 12 September 1960 for London Midland Region electric train services to London. The MSJAR platforms and bridges over Fairfield Street were replaced. The island platforms (13 and 14) were located on a new pre-stressed concrete slab bridge with cantilevered sides for the tracks.

In the early 1970s, as part of the Picc-Vic tunnel project, there were proposals to build an underground station, Piccadilly Low Level.[8] The project was cancelled, and subsequent rail improvements concentrated on surface projects and the introduction of light rail. The station's undercroft, the two levels below the main rail platforms, was converted in the early 1990s to provide two platforms for the Manchester Metrolink tram system.

Piccadilly's island platforms were further rebuilt and lengthened in 1988 in connection with the opening of the Windsor Link. The glass roof over the terminal platforms was completely replaced in the late 1990s. The train shed is a Grade II listed building.[1]

In 2001–02, in preparation for the 2002 Commonwealth Games the remainder of the station was rebuilt to designs by BDP, increasing the size of the concourse and improving road access. Regular ticket checks are conducted by station staff between the concourse and train shed however Piccadilly was one of the largest stations in the United Kingdom not to have ticket barriers until they were installed to platforms 4-7 in mid-2016 by Virgin Trains.

Future[edit]

Map of the proposed expansion of Piccadilly for the HS2 project

Various proposals have been put forward to alleviate capacity problems at Piccadilly Station. In 2009 the Greater Manchester Integrated Transport Authority advocated reopening the neighbouring derelict Mayfield Station; however this proposal has not been advanced, and development plans have focused instead on increasing track capacity on the cross-city route between Piccadilly and Oxford Road Stations.[9]

Northern Hub[edit]

Network Rail's 'Northern Hub' plans, costing over £560 million, aim to improve the heavily congested rail network on the approach into Manchester.[10] Two through platforms would be constructed at Piccadilly and the station linked to Manchester Victoria via the Ordsall Chord, cutting journey times on Trans-Pennine routes.[11][12] The Ordsall Chord will make it possible for trains from the airport to travel via Piccadilly's platforms 13 and 14 and Oxford Road to Manchester Victoria and Leeds and via the Calder Valley Line to Bradford Interchange. Construction started in 2015, with completion in time for the December 2017 timetable revision.[13]

Phase 2 aims to alleviate congestion at platforms 13 and 14 by constructing a parallel elevated island platform (platforms 15 and 16) to end crowding and allow the minimum time between trains to be decreased from four to three minutes, improving reliability. It will allow four more trains an hour to be timetabled to Oxford Road, including a second freight to Trafford Park.[14][15] Approval for the platforms, at an estimated cost of £200 million, was announced in July 2012.[16] Construction, to be completed in time for the December 2018 timetable revision, should begin in 2016.[citation needed]

The proposals aim to simplify train operations at Manchester Piccadilly, creating close associations between pairs of lines leading out of the station and particular platforms, with few crossing moves. Platforms 1 to 4 would be for services on the 'east' lines, to and from Marple, Glossop and Huddersfield; platforms 5 to 12 would be for services on the 'fast' lines, to and from Crewe and Stoke; through platforms 13 to 16 would be dedicated to services on the present 'slow' lines, to and from Manchester Airport and Hazel Grove.[17]

In July 2013 Network Rail opened consultation on three options for the additional platforms at Piccadily, all three of which would impact on local roads and the Grade II listed Star and Garter public house.[18]

High Speed 2[edit]

To accommodate High Speed 2 (HS2), an extension to Piccadilly would have four platforms and a 7.5 miles (12.1 km) tunnel would be built under south Manchester to join the West Coast Main Line at Ardwick. Journey times to Manchester Airport would be reduced to 9 minutes, Birmingham 41 minutes and London 68 minutes – from 18 minutes, 86 minutes and 128 minutes respectively. Station upgrades could include enhanced Metrolink services, improved road access and car parking. The line is planned to be completed by 2032.[19]

A major redevelopment of Piccadilly station and the surrounding area has been proposed to complement the HS2 plans; the project would involve the construction of a large new canopy over the HS2 platforms, the creation of a new entrance to the station, and new office, retail and residential buildings. Architectural designs indicate that the derelict Mayfield Station and the curved Gateway House office block will be demolished.[20][21] The plans were approved by the Government in November 2016.[22][23]

Northern Powerhouse Rail "High Speed 3"[edit]

As part of the HS3 plans there are plans to build new platforms under the current Piccadilly Startion and the proposed HS2 platforms (see above).

From the document released in March 2016. [24]

Addition of Northern Powerhouse Rail and Station to the Manchester Piccadilly system will be the last step of the process of transforming the station in to a transport super hub. The NPR station and its construction will need to be considered throughout the design and implementation of the other station improvements which form the station concept but which are delivered earlier. The NPR station is proposed to stay underground on its way east as it passes through Manchester city. This provides opportunities and o ers location and orientation alternatives. Staying under the existing Piccadilly station or positioning NPR under the HS2 station box will maximise interchange e ciencies and travel distances. The orientation will also dictate the number of vertical connection cores also referred to as “drums” and their locations. The drums will have the function to connect all levels of transport to one and other at critical junction points.

Architecture[edit]

One of the train shed's four arched roofs from the 1860s and 1880s.

The listed train shed roof which is 105 metres wide between platforms 1 and 12, has four spans, two spans 185 metres in length over the eastern part of the station date from the 1860s while the other two at the western side measuring 150 metres long were built in the early 1880s. The roof is supported by masonry walls with round-headed windows alongside platforms 1 and 12 and rows of cast iron columns. The roof spans have wrought iron trusses with cast iron struts on girders between the columns.[1] The original roof was covered with slates with some glazing. The slates were subsequently replaced with boarded felt. Between 1997 and 1999 the roof was refurbished and 10,000 panes of toughened glass 'float' above the wrought iron trusses.[25]

The post 2002 main entrance to the station

Below the train shed is an area once used as a goods station. Its cast iron columns and brick arches support the non-through platforms above. The area is now used by the Metrolink station, its tracks and sidings, as well as car parking. The columns were encased in concrete for protection against collision.

George W. Buck designed the original skew arch bridge over Fairfield Street with ten cast iron arch ribs as part of a long brick arch viaduct topped with open stonework parapets. The bridge was widened by adding wrought iron plate girders and transverse girders, supporting longitudinal joists with iron arch plates. As part of reconstruction in the 1960s the cast iron arches and spandrels were encased in concrete.[26] Platforms 13 and 14 are situated on the bridge.

The main entrance leads to a concourse with ground floor and mezzanine levels. The Fairfield Street entrance leads to the Metrolink station in the undercroft and is linked to the rail platforms by escalators. Redevelopment between 1997 and 2002 revised the station layout. A glass partition wall separates the concourse from the platforms.[27] The station's approach, constructed in 1969 along with the "wavy" fronted Gateway House by Richard Seifert, was modernised in 2003.[25]

Facilities[edit]

Fairfield Street wall, the platforms inside are level with the brown brickwork
Retail and refreshment outlets on the station concourse

The Fairfield Street entrance, at basement level, serves the car park, the taxi rank, and the Metrolink station. Above it at track level is a concourse into which the main entrance feeds, housing ticket offices, information points, seating, timetables, toilets, shops, and food and drink outlets. Above the concourse is a second level of food outlets and bars, and the Virgin Trains First Class Lounge. On the main concourse, glass doors within a large glass partition lead to platforms 1 to 12. A travelator leads to the upper concourse linked by a footbridge, steps and lift to platforms 13 and 14. The island lounge contains retail outlets, toilets and a departure lounge. There are vending machines, waiting areas and snack bars on platforms 13 and 14.

Manchester Piccadilly is accessible for disabled people and has escalators and lifts to all levels, wide-access doors and gates, braille signs, hearing loops and disabled toilet facilities.

Cycle racks are available on Fairfield Street and the long-stay car park and next to the tower block at the station front. In March 2010, Manchester City Council and Network Rail unveiled plans for a 'Cycle Centre' to provide secure facilities, with maintenance and hire services.

The station has a taxi rank, drop-off/pick-up point, and short- and long-stay car parks[28] accessible from Fairfield Street.[28] The long-stay multi-storey car park is at the rear of the station.

Ticket barriers were installed in Autumn 2016 between platforms 3 and 7, following an application by Virgin Trains.[29]

National rail services[edit]

Virgin Trains Pendolino service at Piccadilly
Northern Class 323 at Piccadilly
CrossCountry Voyager at Piccadilly

The station has 12 terminus platforms for services terminating from locations to the south of Manchester, and two through platforms, 13 and 14. The platforms are split into A and B sections to allow more than one train to stand. The through platforms 13 and 14 are used by through services via Manchester Oxford Road to North Wales, Liverpool, North West England, Glasgow and Edinburgh, and through services from Manchester Airport.

Manchester Piccadilly is currently served by six train operating companies:

Northern

These are operated by a variety of trains of Class 142, Class 150 and Class 156 Sprinter DMUs or Class 323 electric units.

Arriva Trains Wales

All services (except for the 10:30 departure) are booked for a Class 175 Coradia unit. Class 158 Express Sprinter and occasionally Class 150 Sprinter units when 175s are not available. Two services are operated by Mark 3 carriages hauled by a Class 67.[30]

CrossCountry

All CrossCountry services are operated by Class 220 Voyager and Class 221 Super Voyager units.

East Midlands Trains

TransPennine Express operate services on three routes.

Class 185 Desiro units operate most TransPennine Express services, with the exception of the Scottish services which are operated by Class 350 Desiro units. The Class 185s were supplemented on the Hull and Cleethorpes services by Class 170 Turbostar units until February 2016 (these have now been transferred to Chiltern Railways).[31] A number of services on these routes to/from Manchester Airport start or end here.

Virgin Trains

Preceding station   National Rail National Rail   Following station
Arriva Trains Wales Terminus
Arriva Trains Wales
CrossCountry
[[Cross Country Route|Manchester-Bournemouth]]
Terminus
CrossCountry Terminus
East Midlands Trains
TransPennine Express
North TransPennine
TransPennine Express
TransPennine North West
TransPennine Express
South TransPennine
Northern
Manchester - Barrow/Blackpool/Preston/Windermere
Northern Terminus
Northern
Terminus
Northern Terminus
Northern
Manchester-Glossop Line
Terminus
Northern
Hope Valley Line
Terminus
Northern
Mid-Cheshire Line
Terminus
Northern
Liverpool-Manchester Airport via Newton-le-Willows or
Southport-Manchester Airport
Terminus Northern
Liverpool-Manchester Piccadilly via Warrington Central or
Southport-Manchester Piccadilly
Terminus Northern
Northern
Stafford-Manchester Line
Terminus
Terminus Northern
Styal Line
Virgin Trains Terminus
  Future services  
Terminus   TBA
High Speed 2
  Manchester Interchange

Piccadilly tram stop[edit]

Manchester metrolink logo.PNG Piccadilly
Metrolink
Manchester Piccadilly station - Metrolink (4).JPG
Piccadilly tram stop
Piccadilly is located in Manchester_Metrolink
Piccadilly
Piccadilly
Location of Piccadilly in Greater Manchester
Location
Place Manchester city centre
Local authority City of Manchester
Coordinates 53°28′37″N 2°13′48″W / 53.477°N 2.230°W / 53.477; -2.230
Grid reference SJ848978
Platforms 2
Fare zone information
Metrolink Zone D (City)
Present status In operation
Operations
Original operator Manchester Metrolink
History
Opened 20 July 1992

Transit map symbol.png City Centre

to Bury
to Rochdale
City Zone
Victoria National Rail
Exchange Square
Shudehill BSicon BUS.svg
Market Street
Piccadilly
Gardens
BSicon BUS.svg http://cycling.tfgm.com/Pages/join-a-hub.aspx
St Peter's Square
Piccadilly National Rail
Deansgate-Castlefield
(National Rail Deansgate)
New Islington
Cornbrook
to
Ashton-
under-Lyne
to
MediaCityUK
and Eccles
Trafford Bar
to Altrincham
to
East Didsbury and
Manchester Airport
WikiProject UK Trams Banner.jpg UK Trams portal

The Piccadilly Metrolink tram stop, is located at ground level in the undercroft underneath the main line station, it is one of nine stops serving Manchester city centre, within the system's City Zone. Trams enter the stop from the streets in each direction via short tunnels. There are two platforms, one for trams towards Etihad Campus and Ashton, and one for trams towards Bury, Eccles and Altrincham. There are steps, lifts and escalators from platform level to a mezzanine level, and further steps, lifts and escalators to the main line station concourse. There are also entrances at ground level from the surrounding streets.[32]

A tram entering the Piccadilly Metrolink stop. The tram station is located below the rail platforms in the undercroft.

The stop was first opened on 20 July 1992, and was originally known as Piccadilly Undercroft. As the stop was built underneath the main line station platforms, British Rail required that it be built inside a protective concrete box, in order to protect the cast iron supports for the main line platforms from the possibility of collision or fire damage.[32][33]

As Piccadilly was originally a terminus of the system, one platform was originally used for arrivals from Altrincham, Bury, and later Eccles, and the other platform was used for departures. Empty trams ran from the arrival platform into a reversing siding in a tunnel, where they would reverse and then enter the departure platform. The stop was built with extension in mind, and since the opening of the extension towards Ashton in 2013, the former arrivals platform is also used for departures towards Ashton as well as terminating trams, while the former departures platform now also handles arrivals from Ashton. Terminating trams use a reversing siding on the Ashton line between Piccadilly and New Islington tram stops.[32][33]

The tram station was refurbished in 2008, and became the first to display the new Metrolink corporate identity.[34] Station signage bears the yellow and silver livery as applied to the new generation of trams since 2009.[35]

Metrolink services[edit]

As of 2016, Manchester Piccadilly stop is the terminus for Metrolink services to Altrincham and MediaCityUK, and a major stop on the through services between Bury and Etihad Campus, and Eccles and Ashton-under-Lyne.[36] Services mostly run every 12 minutes on all routes.[37]

Preceding station   Manchester metrolink logo.PNG Manchester Metrolink   Following station
towards Altrincham
Altrincham – Etihad Campus Line
towards Etihad Campus
towards MediaCityUK
MediaCityUK – Piccadilly Line Terminus
towards Eccles
Eccles – Ashton-under-Lyne Line
towards Bury
Bury – Piccadilly Line Terminus

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Historic England. "Train shed at Piccadilly Station (1283014)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 16 October 2012. 
  2. ^ Steer Davies Gleave (December 2016). "Estimates of station usage 2015–16" (PDF). Office of Rail Regulation. Retrieved 7 December 2016. 
  3. ^ "Estimates of Station Usage 2011/12" (PDF). Office of Rail Regulation. p. 19. Retrieved 19 May 2013. 
  4. ^ "£100m station revamp opens". BBC News. 9 December 2002. Retrieved 4 September 2011. 
  5. ^ "Revamped station tops train poll". BBC News. 2 August 2007. Retrieved 17 September 2008. 
  6. ^ "Network Rail - Enhancements Delivery Plan". Network Rail. September 2016. p. 11. Retrieved 2017-01-08. [dead link]
  7. ^ a b c d "Network Rail Archive – Manchester Piccadilly". Network Rail. Retrieved 3 November 2012. 
  8. ^ SELNEC Picc-Vic Line, SELNEC PTE, October 1971  publicity brochure
  9. ^ "Forgotten station may return". Manchester Evening News. 24 March 2009. Archived from the original on 22 March 2015. Retrieved 22 March 2015. 
  10. ^ Manchester Hub Rail Study[dead link], Network Rail, February 2010.
  11. ^ "£200 million boost for rail in Budget proposals". Railnews. Stevenage. 23 March 2011. Retrieved 24 November 2011. 
  12. ^ "The Missing Link: Rail line between Manchester Piccadilly and Victoria stations to boost jobs and business". Manchester Evening News. 5 April 2011. Retrieved 4 November 2011. 
  13. ^ https://www.networkrail.co.uk/running-the-railway/our-routes/lnw/ordsall-chord/
  14. ^ Manchester Hub Rail Study[dead link], Network Rail, February 2010, page 49.
  15. ^ Route Specifications 2011 – London North Western[dead link], Network Rail, 2011, page 35. See also pp. 25 to 30
  16. ^ Investing in rail, investing in jobs and growth, Department for Transport, 16 July 2012
  17. ^ Manchester Hub Rail Study[dead link], Network Rail, February 2010, page 57.
  18. ^ "Our plans: Manchester Piccadilly". Network Rail. July 2013. Archived from the original on 18 July 2013. Retrieved 22 March 2015. [dead link]
  19. ^ "Phase Two Command Paper" (PDF). gov.uk. 28 January 2013. Retrieved 28 January 2013. 
  20. ^ "Mayfield SRF" (PDF). Bennetts Associates. 2014. Retrieved 21 March 2015. 
  21. ^ "Portfolio: HS2 Manchester Strategic Regeneration Framework". Bennetts Associates. Retrieved 22 March 2015. 
  22. ^ "HS2: North West and Yorkshire routes confirmed". 15 November 2016 – via www.bbc.co.uk. 
  23. ^ [1]
  24. ^ "Manchester Piccadilly Opitons Report" (PDF). 16 March 2016. Retrieved 13 October 2016. 
  25. ^ a b Manchester Piccadilly Station, Engineering Timelines, retrieved 25 November 2011 
  26. ^ Fairfield Street Bridge, M&BR, Engineering Timelines, retrieved 25 November 2011 
  27. ^ Piccadilly Station, BDP, retrieved 3 March 2012 
  28. ^ a b "Parking – Manchester Piccadilly". National Rail. Retrieved 2 March 2012. 
  29. ^ "Application for Ticket Gatelines – Manchester Piccadilly". Manchester City Council. Retrieved 8 November 2016. 
  30. ^ Notice Board North Wales Coast Railway 21 July 2014
  31. ^ "FTPE to retain four Class 170s – but five will still go to Chiltern"Rail Technology Magazine 8 January 2015; Retrieved 16 August 2016
  32. ^ a b c "Metrolink in the City Centre". Light Rail Transit Association. Retrieved 7 December 2016. 
  33. ^ a b "Metrolink Tram Stops: Piccadilly". TheTrams.co.uk. Retrieved 9 July 2009. 
  34. ^ "Work: a taster". Hemisphere Design and Marketing Consultants. 2008. Archived from the original on 14 March 2009. Retrieved 13 June 2009. 
  35. ^ "Tram design on the right track". Manchester Evening News. 4 October 2008. Retrieved 31 January 2009. 
  36. ^ "Metrolink route map (pdf)" (PDF). TfGM. Retrieved 7 December 2016. 
  37. ^ "Transport for Greater Manchester tram times.". TfGM. Retrieved 7 December 2016. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Johnston, Howard (23 September – 6 October 1998). "Piccadilly: Regeneration is still not enough...". RAIL. No. 340. EMAP Apex Publications. pp. 42–44. ISSN 0953-4563. OCLC 49953699. 
  • "Manchester Piccadilly to close for major works". RAIL. No. 346. EMAP Apex Publications. 16–29 December 1998. p. 7. ISSN 0953-4563. OCLC 49953699. 

External links[edit]