Garhbeta III

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Garhbeta III
গড়বেতা III
Community development block
সমষ্টি উন্নয়ন ব্লক
Garhbeta III is located in West Bengal
Garhbeta III
Garhbeta III
Location in West Bengal, India
Coordinates: 22°43′01″N 87°20′22″E / 22.7169400°N 87.3395200°E / 22.7169400; 87.3395200Coordinates: 22°43′01″N 87°20′22″E / 22.7169400°N 87.3395200°E / 22.7169400; 87.3395200
Country  India
State West Bengal
District Paschim Medinipur
Government
 • Type Community development block
Area
 • Total 312.82 km2 (120.78 sq mi)
Elevation 56 m (184 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 169,528
 • Density 540/km2 (1,400/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Bengali, English
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 721253 (Satbankura)
721257 (Nayabasat)
Area code(s) 03227
Vehicle registration WB-34
Literacy 72.21%
Lok Sabha constituency Jhargram
Vidhan Sabha constituency Salboni
Website paschimmedinipur.gov.in

Garhbeta III is a community development block that forms an administrative division in Medinipur Sadar subdivision of Paschim Medinipur district in the Indian state of West Bengal.

Geography[edit]

In Garhbeta III CD Block 95% of the cultivated area has alluvial soil and 5% has lateritic soil. Garhbeta III CD Block is drought prone.[1]

Satbankura, one of the constituent gram panchayats, is located at 22°43′01″N 87°20′22″E / 22.7169400°N 87.3395200°E / 22.7169400; 87.3395200.

Garhbeta III CD Block is bounded by Garhbeta I CD Block in the north, Chandrakona II CD Blocks in the east, Keshpur and Salboni CD Blocks in the south and Garhbeta II CD Block in the west.[2][3] It is located 48 km from Midnapore, the district headquarters.[2]

Garhbeta III CD Block has an area of 312.12 km2. It has 1 panchayat samity, 8 gram panchayats, 115 gram sansads (village councils), 232 mouzas and 188 inhabited villages. Garhbeta and Goaltore police stations serve this block.[4] Headquarters of this CD Block is at Satbankura.[5]

Garhbeta III CD Block had a forest cover of 6,242 hectares, against a total geographical area of 30,308 hectares in 2005-06.[6]

Gram panchayats of Garhbeta III block/ panchayat samiti are: Amsole, Karsa, Nalbana, Nayabasat, Raskundu, Sankarkata, Satbankura and Uriasai.[7]

Demographics[edit]

Population[edit]

As per the 2011 Census of India Garhbeta III CD Block had a total population of 169,528, of which 148,809 were rural and 20,719 were urban. There were 86,023 (51%) males and 83,505 (49%) females. Population below 6 years was 21,215. Scheduled Castes numbered 26,004 (15.34%) and Scheduled Tribes numbered 23,955 (14.13%).[8]

As per the 2001 census, Garhbeta III block had a total population of 145,827, out of which 74,846 were males and 70,981 were females. Garhbeta III block registered a population growth of 23.93 per cent during the 1991-2001 decade. Decadal growth for the combined Midnapore district was 14.87 per cent.[9] Decadal growth in West Bengal was 17.45 per cent.[10]

Census Towns in Garhbeta III CD Block are (2011 census figures in brackets): Durllabhganj (6,796), Dwari Geria (7,754) and Naba Kola (6,169).[8]

Large villages (with 4,000+ population) in Garhbeta III CD Block are (2011 census figures in brackets): Chhota Tara (4,872), Methia Dahar (4,831) and Bila (4,085).[8]

Other villages in Garhbeta III CD Block include (2011 census figures inbrackets): Satbankura (3,118), Naya Basat (3,286), Karsa (1,737), Raskunda (3,238), Uriyashai (1,345), Amsol (1,309) and Nalbona (1,642).[8]

Literacy[edit]

As per the 2011 census the total number of literates in Garhbeta III CD Block was 108,885 (72.21% of the population over 6 years) out of which males numbered 60,243 (79.89% of the male population over 6 years) and females numbered 48,642 (66.72% of the female population over 6 years).The gender gap in literacy rates was 13.18%.[8]

See also – List of West Bengal districts ranked by literacy rate


Languages and religion[edit]

Bengali is the local language in these areas.[2]

There is a tribal presence in many of the CD Blocks of the district. Santali is spoken by 55.93% of the tribal population of the district. The Bhumij, forming 11.16% of the tribal population, and the Mundas, forming 6.10% of the tribal population, speak Mundari. Other small groups include Koras and Mahalis. The Lodhas, forming 3.85% of the tribal population, the only primitive tribe in the district, speak Lodhi.[11]

Religion in Garhbeta III CD Block
Hindu
  
67.60%
Muslim
  
27.33%
Others
  
5.07%

In the 2011 census Hindus numbered 114,602 and formed 67.60% of the population in Garhbeta III CD Block. Muslims numbered 46,330 and formed 27.33% of the population. Others numbered 8,596 and formed 5.07% of the population.[12] Others include Addi Bassi, Marang Boro, Santal, Saranath, Sari Dharma, Sarna, Alchchi, Bidin, Sant, Saevdharm, Seran, Saran, Sarin, Kheria,[13] Christians and other religious communities.[12]

BPL families[edit]

In Garhbeta III CD Block 31.95% families were living below poverty line in 2007.[14]

According to the District Human Development Report of Paschim Medinipur: The 29 CD Blocks of the district were classified into four categories based on the poverty ratio. Nayagram, Binpur II and Jamboni CD Blocks have very high poverty levels (above 60%). Kharagpur I, Kharagpur II, Sankrail, Garhbeta II, Pingla and Mohanpur CD Blocks have high levels of poverty (50-60%), Jhargram, Midnapore Sadar, Dantan I, Gopiballavpur II, Binpur I, Dantan II, Keshiari, Chandrakona I, Gopiballavpur I, Chandrakona II, Narayangarh, Keshpur, Ghatal, Sabang, Garhbeta I, Salboni, Debra and Garhbeta III CD Blocks have moderate levels of poverty (25-50%) and Daspur II and Daspur I have low levels of poverty (below 25%).[14]

Economy[edit]

Infrastructure[edit]

192 or 83% of mouzas in Garhbeta III CD Block were electrified by 31 March 2014.[15]

194 mouzas in Garhbeta III CD Block had drinking water facilities in 2013-14. There were 121 fertiliser depots, 135 seed stores and 35 fair price shops in the CD Block.[15]

Agriculture[edit]

Circle frame.svg

Persons engaged in agriculture
in Garhbeta III CD Block

  Bargadars (4.90%)
  Patta holders (25.76%)
  Small farmers (3.65%)
  Marginal farmers (25.22%)
  Agricultural labourers (40.48%)

Although the Bargadari Act of 1950 recognised the rights of bargadars to a higher share of crops from the land that they tilled, it was not implemented. Large tracts, beyond the prescribed limit of land ceiling, remained with the rich landlords. From 1977 onwards major land reforms took place in West Bengal. Land in excess of land ceiling was acquired and distributed amongst the peasants.[16]Following land reforms land ownership pattern has undergone transformation. In 2013-14, persons engaged in agriculture in Garhbeta III CD Block could be classified as follows: bargadars 4.90%, patta (document) holders 25.76%, small farmers (possessing land between 1 and 2 hectares) 3.65%, marginal farmers (possessing land up to 1 hectare) 25.22% and agricultural labourers 40.48%.[15]

In 2005-06 the nett cropped area in Garhbeta III CD Block was 14,500 hectares and the area in which more than one crop was grown was 12,411 hectares.[17]

The extension of irrigation has played a role in growth of the predominantly agricultural economy.[18]In 2013-14, the total area irrigated in Garhbeta III CD Block was 6,585 hectares, out of which 100 hectares were irrigated by canal water, 350 hectares by tank water, 2,325 hectares by deep tubewells, 2,600 hectares by shallow tube wells, 350 hectares by river lift irrigation, 25 hectares by open dug wells and 260 hectares by other methods.[15]

In 2013-14, Garhbeta III CD Block produced 10,930 tonnes of Aman paddy, the main winter crop, from 6,163 hectares, 1,745 tonnes of Boro paddy (spring crop) from 731 hectares, 356 tonnes of wheat from 218 hectares and 36,288 tonnes of potatoes from 3,500 hectares. It also produced oilseeds.[15]

Banking[edit]

In 2013-14, Garhbeta III CD Block had offices of 11 commercial banks and 1 gramin bank.[15]

Transport[edit]

Garhbeta III CD Block has 29 originating/ terminating bus routes.[15]

State Highway 4 (West Bengal) running from Jhalda (in Purulia district) to Digha (in Purba Medinipur district) passes through this block.[19]

Education[edit]

In 2013-14, Garhbeta III CD Block had 122 primary schools with 10,623 students, 15 middle schools with 2,320 students, 10 high school with 8,405 students and 8 higher secondary schools with 10,110 students. Garhbeta III CD Block had 1 general college with 710 students and 311 institutions for special and non-formal education with 13,590 students.[15]

The United Nations Development Programme considers the combined primary and secondary enrolment ratio as the simple indicator of educational achievement of the children in the school going age. The infrastructure available is important. In Garhbeta III CD Block out of the total 122 primary schools in 2008-2009, 21 had pucca buildings, 49 partially pucca, and 52 multiple type.[20]

Healthcare[edit]

In 2014, Garhbeta III CD Block had 1 hospital, 1 rural hospital, 2 primary health centres and 1 private nursing home with total 390 beds and 9 doctors. It had 24 family welfare sub centres and 1 family welfare centre. 5,405 patients were treated indoor and 105,620 patients were treated outdoor in the hospitals, health centres and subcentres of the CD Block.[15]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "District Human Development Report: Paschim Medinipur" (PDF). page 26 (Predominant Soil), pages 265- 268 (Identification of Flood prone areas, Names of drought prone blocks). Development and Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, 2011. Retrieved 2 January 2017. 
  2. ^ a b c "Garbeta iii Block". onefivenine. Retrieved 22 July 2016. 
  3. ^ "District Map Paschim Medinipur". Maps. Paschim Medinipur district administration. Retrieved 22 July 2016. 
  4. ^ "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Bankura". Tables 2.1, 2.2. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 10 October 2016. 
  5. ^ "District Census Handbook: Paschim Medinipur" (PDF). Map of Paschim Medinipur with CD Block HQs and Police Stations (on the fifth page). Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal, 2011. Retrieved 20 November 2016. 
  6. ^ "District Human Development Report, Paschim Medinipur" (PDF). Table 2.4, Page 28. Development and Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, May 2011. Retrieved 2 January 2017. 
  7. ^ "Directory of District, Subdivision, Panchayat Samiti/ Block and Gram Panchayats in West Bengal". Paschim Medinipur - Revised in March 2008. Panchayats and Rural Development Department, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 1 August 2016. 
  8. ^ a b c d e "C.D. Block Wise Primary Census Abstract Data(PCA)". 2011 census: West Bengal – District-wise CD Blocks. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 3 May 2016. 
  9. ^ "Provisional population totals, West Bengal, Table 4, (erstwhile) Medinipur District". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on September 28, 2011. Retrieved 22 July 2016. 
  10. ^ "Provisional Population Totals, West Bengal. Table 4". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 27 September 2007. Retrieved 17 July 2016. 
  11. ^ "District Human Development Report: Paschim Medinipur" (PDF). Page 217 Scheduled Tribe Community. Development and Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, 2011. Retrieved 25 July 2016. 
  12. ^ a b "C1 Population by Religious Community". West Bengal. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 29 July 2016. 
  13. ^ "ST-14 A Details Of Religions Shown Under 'Other Religions And Persuasions' In Main Table". West Bengal. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 29 July 2016. 
  14. ^ a b "District Human Development Report: Paschim Medinipur" (PDF). May 2011. Page 177. Development & Planning Department, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 8 January 2017. 
  15. ^ a b c d e f g h i "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Paschim Medinipur". Tables 2.1, 8.2, 16.1, 17.2, 18.2, 18.1, 20.1, 21.2, 4.4, 3.1, 3.3 – arranged as per use. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 2 January 2017. 
  16. ^ "District Human Development Report: South 24 Parganas". (1) Chapter 1.2, South 24 Parganas in Historical Perspective, pages 7-9 (2) Chapter 3.4, Land reforms, pages 32-33. Development & Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, 2009. Retrieved 7 August 2016. 
  17. ^ "District Human Development Report, Paschim Medinipur" (PDF). Table 2.4, Page 28. Development and Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, May 2011. Retrieved 2 January 2017. 
  18. ^ "District Human Development Report: Paschim Medinipur" (PDF). Chapter V: Economic Livelihoods, pages 129-131. Development and Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, 2011. Retrieved 2 January 2017. 
  19. ^ "List of State Highways in West Bengal". West Bengal Traffic Police. Retrieved 15 September 2016. 
  20. ^ "District Human Development Report: Paschim Medinipur" (PDF). May 2011. Page: 60. Development & Planning Department, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 31 July 2016.