Matter (standard)

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Matter
Matter smart home connectivity standard
A picture of the matter logo with the text matter and a logo showing three arrows pointing into the centre with curved and rounded edges.
StatusPublished[1]
Year startedDecember 18, 2019; 3 years ago (2019-12-18)
First publishedOctober 4, 2022; 3 months ago (2022-10-04)
Latest version1.0
4 October 2022
Committee
AuthorsThe connectivity standards alliance and Open source contributors
Base standardsInternet Protocol (IP)
Related standardsZigbee, Z-Wave, Thread, Wi-Fi
Domain
LicenseProprietary, by certification. Code and documentation published under the Apache License.
Websitecsa-iot.org/all-solutions/matter/ Edit this at Wikidata

Matter, formerly Project Connected Home over IP (CHIP), is a proprietary standard for home automation that is royalty-free, with manufacturers only incurring certification costs.[2] Announced on 18 December 2019, Matter aims to reduce fragmentation across different vendors, and achieve interoperability among smart home devices and Internet of things (IoT) platforms from different providers.[3][4] The project group was launched and introduced by Amazon, Apple, Google,[5][6] Comcast and the Zigbee Alliance, now Connectivity Standards Alliance (CSA). Subsequent members include IKEA, Huawei, and Schneider.[7][8] Matter-compatible software updates for many existing hubs became available in late 2022,[9][10][11] with Matter-enabled devices and software updates expected to be released during 2023.[12]

Version 1.0 of the specification was published on 4 October 2022.[1][13][14] The Matter specification is provided at no charge upon request after providing full name, company name, email address and consenting to their privacy policy, but cannot be redistributed without permission from CSA.[15] The Matter software development kit is open-source under the Apache License.[16]

Background[edit]

In December 2019, Amazon, Apple, Google, Samsung SmartThings and the Zigbee Alliance announced the collaboration and formation of the working group of Project Connected Home over IP. The goal of the project is to simplify development for smart home products brands and manufacturers, while increasing the compatibility of the products for consumers.[17][18]

The standard is based on Internet Protocol (IP) and works through one or several compatible border routers, avoiding the use of multiple proprietary hubs. Matter products run locally and do not rely on an internet connection, although the standard is designed to talk to the cloud easily. It is intended to enable cross-platform of smart home devices, mobile apps, and cloud services, and defines a specific set of IP-based networking technologies for device certification.

The project group is also expected to be joined by some other board member companies of Zigbee Alliance.[19]

Versions[edit]

Updates to the standard are planned to occur every six months, although the next version is expected to be published 18 months after the first version was published and include new features, devices, device types and certification methods.

Supported devices[edit]

Devices are currently being certified.

  • Nanoleaf is aiming to release their Essentials line, including A19, GU10, BR30 and Light strip products, in 2023.[23]
  • Meross is targeting their smart-plug to ship from 31 December 2022.[needs update][24]
  • Philips Hue hub and sub-devices are available for developer testing.[25]
  • Eve Home has scheduled their Thread devices for release in December 2022.[needs update][26]
  • Some device elements from Tuya have been certified.[27]
  • Schneider Electric's Wiser hub is certified and sub-devices are compatible.[28]
  • Aqara is working on a hub update for December 2022,[needs update][29] and two new Thread-enabled devices.[30]
  • Without giving a timeframe, Wiz has announced that their existing products will receive a Matter update and that they are working on new Matter-enabled products.[31]
  • Yale has launched their Assure Lock 2 line, which can become compatible with Matter through an upcoming add-on.[32]
  • Without providing a timeframe, Level Lock has said it will update its locks over Thread.[33]

See also[edit]

  • Constrained Application Protocol (CoAP) – a service layer protocol that is intended for use in resource-constrained internet devices
  • IEEE 802.15.4 is a technical standard which defines the operation of a low-rate wireless personal area network (LR-WPAN) which Matter battery-operated devices rely on such as
    • Thread – competing mesh network wireless protocol primarily designed for low-power battery-powered devices which Matter is partially based on
    • Zigbee – competing mesh network wireless protocol primarily designed for low-power battery-powered devices for home automation which Matter is also partially based on
    • 6LoWPAN – protocol to make network packets small and simple enough for low-power battery-powered devices
  • Z-Wave – complementary wireless Sub-GHz mesh network protocol primarily designed for low-power battery-powered devices for home automation, smart security, and MDU
  • Amazon Alexa – Smart Home home control system
  • HomeKit – Apple home control system
  • Weave – Google
  • SmartThings – Samsung Home control system
  • Datagram Transport Layer Security (DTLS)
  • OMA LWM2M
  • MQTT
  • KNX, example of a well known standard for cabled integration of home automation equipment
  • ADRC – Xped Auto Discovery Resource Control

Further reading[edit]

  • Wroclawski, Daniel (18 March 2022). "Matter, Explained: What the New Standard Could Mean for Your Smart Home". Consumer Reports. Retrieved 30 April 2022.
  • Hill, Simon (3 April 2022). "What's the Matter? We Explain the New Smart Home Standard". Wired. Condé Nast. Retrieved 30 April 2022.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "V1.0.0 Release". GitHub. 30 September 2022. Retrieved 4 October 2022.
  2. ^ "FAQ – frequently asked questions about matter". matter-smarthome. Digitalzimmer. 2022. Retrieved 20 March 2022.
  3. ^ Kastrenakes, Jacob (18 December 2019). "Apple, Google, and Amazon are teaming up to develop a smart home standard". The Verge. Retrieved 24 December 2019.
  4. ^ Purdy, Kevin (5 August 2022). "Wemo's confused Smart Dimmer shows how hard standardizing IoT may be". Ars Technica. Condé Nast. Retrieved 5 August 2022.
  5. ^ "Project Connected Home over IP". Retrieved 19 April 2021.
  6. ^ "Project Connected Home over IP". Google Developers Blog. Retrieved 16 September 2020.
  7. ^ Mihalcik, Carrie. "Apple, Amazon, Google, and others want to create a new standard for smart home tech". CNET. Retrieved 24 December 2019.
  8. ^ Strategy, Moor Insights and. "CHIP Shot: Will Project Connected Home Over IP Get Us Onto The IoT Green?". Forbes. Retrieved 3 September 2020.
  9. ^ "Apple rolls out software updates for matter". Retrieved 7 January 2023.
  10. ^ "Matter is now available on Google Nest and Android devices". Retrieved 7 January 2023.
  11. ^ "Amazon announces a phased rollout of Matter to its Alexa smart home platform". Retrieved 7 January 2023.
  12. ^ "One Brand Dominates the CES Smart Home Conversation This Year". Retrieved 7 January 2023.
  13. ^ "Matter 1.0 arrives". Connectivity Standards Alliance. 4 October 2022. Retrieved 4 October 2022.
  14. ^ Tuohy, Jennifer Pattison (4 October 2022). "Matter 1.0 is finally finalized — so what's next?". The Verge. Retrieved 4 October 2022.
  15. ^ "Specifications Download Request". CSA-IOT. Connectivity Standards Alliance. 2022. Retrieved 4 October 2022.
  16. ^ "project-chip/connectedhomeip". Connectivity Standards Alliance. 14 June 2021. Retrieved 15 June 2021.
  17. ^ Gurman, Mark; De Vynck, Gerrit (18 December 2019). "Apple, Google, Amazon Want One Language for Smart Devices". Bloomberg. Retrieved 24 December 2019.
  18. ^ Haselton, Todd (18 December 2019). "Apple, Google and Amazon are cooperating to make your home gadgets talk to each other". CNBC. Retrieved 24 December 2019.
  19. ^ "Is this the end of the smart home tech war?". BBC. 18 December 2019. Retrieved 24 December 2019.
  20. ^ "Newsroom | Articles & Blogs | IOT". CSA-IOT. Retrieved 19 November 2022.
  21. ^ "The Matter Smart Home Standard Is Finally Available: Here's What It Means for Your Home". Consumer Reports. Retrieved 19 November 2022.
  22. ^ Matter, the new Global Standard for the Smart Home, Debuts at the Amsterdam Launch Event, retrieved 19 November 2022
  23. ^ "Nanoleaf and Matter | Nanoleaf Official Site (AU)". Nanoleaf | Australia. Retrieved 18 November 2022.
  24. ^ "Meross Matter Smart Wi-Fi Plug Mini, MSS115 (US/CA Version), 2 Pack". Meross Official Store. Retrieved 18 November 2022.
  25. ^ "Philips Hue and Matter". Philips Hue. Retrieved 18 November 2022.
  26. ^ "Introducing Matter devices | evehome.com". www.evehome.com. Retrieved 18 November 2022.
  27. ^ "Tuya Smart Launches Its Latest Solutions that will support Matter for Global Customers | news | Tuya Smart". www.tuya.com. Retrieved 18 November 2022.
  28. ^ "Wiser Hub". CSA-IOT. Retrieved 18 November 2022.
  29. ^ "Aqara to Support Matter From December 2022 via Hub Update". MacRumors. Retrieved 18 November 2022.
  30. ^ "Aqara Announces Thread-based Product Lineup, Underscoring Commitment to Matter Adoption". www.aqara.com. Retrieved 18 November 2022.
  31. ^ "WiZ smart lighting platform: The first to support the Matter standard | Signify Company Website". Signify. Retrieved 18 November 2022.
  32. ^ "Yale Home Launches Yale Assure Lock 2 | Yale". www.yalehome.com. Retrieved 19 November 2022.
  33. ^ "Level Lock had hidden Thread radio, will support Matter over Thread". AppleInsider. Retrieved 19 November 2022.

External links[edit]