Katwa II

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Katwa II
কাটোয়া II
Community development block
সমষ্টি উন্নয়ন ব্লক
Katwa II is located in West Bengal
Katwa II
Katwa II
Location in West Bengal
Coordinates: 23°29′52″N 88°08′07″E / 23.49778°N 88.13528°E / 23.49778; 88.13528
Country  India
State West Bengal
District Bardhaman
Parliamentary constituency Bardhaman Purba
Assembly constituency Katwa
Area
 • Total 63.01 sq mi (163.20 km2)
Population (2011)
 • Total 136,708
 • Density 1,900/sq mi (732/km2)
Time zone IST (UTC+5.30)
PIN 713502 (Dainhat)
713514 (Singhi)
Telephone/STD code 03453
Vehicle registration WB-37,WB-38,WB-41,WB-42,WB-44
Literacy Rate 69.16″ per cent
Website http://bardhaman.gov.in/

Katwa II is a community development block that forms an administrative division in Katwa subdivision of Bardhaman district in the Indian state of West Bengal.

Geography[edit]

Palsona, a constituent gram panchayat of Katwa II block, is located at 23°29′52″N 88°08′07″E / 23.4978°N 88.1352°E / 23.4978; 88.1352.

Katwa II CD Block is part of the Bhagirathi basin. The Bhagirathi forms the eastern boundary of the CD Block. The region has many swamps and water-logged areas. The soil is fertile, as it consists mainly of silt deposits.[1]

Katwa II CD Block is bounded by Kaliganj CD Block, in Nadia district across the Bhagirathi, on the north, Purbasthali II on the east, Manteswar also on the south and Katwa I CD Block on the west.[2][3]

It is located 61 km from Bardhaman, the district headquarters.[2]

Katwa II CD Block has an area of 163.20 km2. It has 1 panchayat samity, 7 gram panchayats, 101 gram sansads (village councils), 68 mouzas and 63 inhabited villages. Katwa police station serves this block.[4]Headquarters of this CD Block is at Dainhat.[5]

Gram panchayats of Katwa II block/panchayat samiti are: Agradwip, Gazipur, Jagadanandapur, Karui, Palsona, Singhee and Sribati.[6]

Demographics[edit]

Population[edit]

As per the 2011 Census of India Katwa II CD Block had a total population of 136,708, all of which were rural. There were 70,588 (52%) males and 66,120 (48%) females. Population below 6 years was 15,183. Scheduled Castes numbered 40,303 (29.48%) and Scheduled Tribes numbered 1,963 (1.44%).[7]

As per 2001 census, Katwa II block had a total population of 120,314, out of which 61,696 were males and 58,618 were females. Katwa II block registered a population growth of 13.76 per cent during the 1991-2001 decade. Decadal growth for Bardhaman district was 14.36 per cent.[8]Decadal growth in West Bengal was 17.84 per cent.[9]Scheduled castes at 36,082 formed around one-third the population. Scheduled tribes numbered 1,335.[10]

Large villages (with 4,000+ population) in Katwa II CD Block are (2011 census figures in brackets): Karui (10,506), Kuara (4,855), Palashani (4,761), Agradwip (8,609), Gazipur (6,675), Singi (4,888), Chanduli (4,617) and Multi Krishnanagar (5,408).[7]

Other villages in Katwa II CD Block included (2011census figures in brackets): Sribati (2,656) and Jagadanandapur (1,580).[7]

Literacy[edit]

As per the 2011 census the total number of literates in Katwa II CD Block was 84,047 (69.16% of the population over 6 years) out of which males numbered 46,677 (74.44% of the male population over 6 years) and females numbered 37,370 (63.53% of the female population over 6 years). The gender disparity (the difference between female and male literacy rates) was 10.91%.[7]

As per 2001 census, Katwa II block had a total literacy of 59.34 per cent for the 6+ age group. While male literacy was 67.35 per cent female literacy was 50.83 per cent. Bardhaman district had a total literacy of 70.18 per cent, male literacy being 78.63 per cent and female literacy being 60.95 per cent.[11]

See also – List of West Bengal districts ranked by literacy rate


Languages and religion[edit]

Bengali is the local language in these areas.[2]

In 2001 Bengali was the mother-tongue of 79.9% of the population of Bardhaman district, Hindi was the mother-tongue of 10.9%, Santali 4.9%, Urdu 2.8%, Bhojpuri 0.1% and Oraon 0.1%. There were other languages spoken by small percentages. However, as of 2017, CD Block-wise/ other region-wise break-up of mother tongue is not available in census/ other official sources.[12]

Religion in Katwa II CD Block
Hindu
  
75.42%
Muslim
  
24.45%
Christian
  
0.07%
Others
  
0.06%

In the 2011 census Hindus numbered 103,099 and formed 75.42% of the population in Katwa II CD Block. Muslims numbered 33,430 and formed 24.45% of the population. Christians numbered 96 and formed 0.07% of the population. Others numbered 83 and formed 0.06% of the population.[13]

In Bardhaman district the percentage of Hindu population has been declining from 84.3% in 1961 to 77.9% in 2011 and the percentage of Muslim population has increased from 15.2% in 1961 to 20.7% in 2011.[14]

Rural poverty[edit]

As per poverty estimates obtained from household survey for families living below poverty line in 2005, rural poverty in Katwa II CD Block was 28.14%.[15]

Economy[edit]

Livelihood[edit]

In Katwa II CD Block in 2011, amongst the class of total workers, cultivators formed 23.33%, agricultural labourers 42.60%, household industry workers 5.58% and other workers 28.49%.[16]

Katwa II CD Block is part of the area where agriculture dominates the scenario but the secondary and tertiary sectors have shown an increasing trend.[17]

Infrastructure[edit]

All 68 or 100% of mouzas in Katwa II CD Block were electrified by 31 March 2014.[16]

All 68 mouzas in Katwa II CD Block had drinking water facilities in 2013-14. There were 56 fertiliser depots, 4 seed store and 41 fair price shops in the CD Block.[16]

Agriculture[edit]

Circle frame.svg

Persons engaged in agriculture
in Katwa II CD Block

  Bargadars (7.40%)
  Patta holders (12.12%)
  Small farmers (9.73%)
  Marginal farmers (28.21%)
  Agricultural labourers (42.55%)

Although the Bargadari Act of 1950 recognised the rights of bargadars to a higher share of crops from the land that they tilled, it was not implemented fully. Large tracts, beyond the prescribed limit of land ceiling, remained with the rich landlords. From 1977 onwards major land reforms took place in West Bengal. Land in excess of land ceiling was acquired and distributed amongst the peasants.[18]Following land reforms land ownership pattern has undergone transformation. In 2013-14, persons engaged in agriculture in Katwa II CD Block could be classified as follows: bargadars 7.40%, patta (document) holders 12.12%, small farmers (possessing land between 1 and 2 hectares) 9.73%, marginal farmers (possessing land up to 1 hectare) 28.21% and agricultural labourers 42.55%.[16]

In 2003-04 net cropped area in Katwa II CD Block was 13,606 hectares and the area in which more than one crop was grown was 6,610 hectares.[19]

In 2013-14, Katwa II CD Block produced 119,573 tonnes of Aman paddy, the main winter crop from 36,605 hectares, 1,505 tonnes of Aman paddy (summer crop) from 535 hectares, 23,477 tonnes of Boro paddy (spring crop) from 5,981 hectares, 151 tonnes of wheat from 60 hectares, 6,891 tonnes of potatoes from 199 hectares and 3,232 tonnes of sugar cane from 50 hectares. It also produced pulses and oilseeds.[16]

In 2013-14, the total area irrigated in Katwa II CD Block was 6,014.41 hectares, out of which 4,786.89 hectares were irrigated by canal water, 249.74 hectares by river lift irrigation and 977.78 hectares by deep tube wells.[16]

Banking[edit]

In 2013-14, Katwa II CD Block had offices of 4 commercial banks and 3 gramin banks.[16]

Transport[edit]

Katwa II CD Block has 6 ferry services and 5 originating/ terminating bus routes.[16]

The Bandel-Katwa branch line passes through this CD Block and there is a station at Agradwip.[20]

State Highway 6 (West Bengal) running from Rajnagar (in Birbhum district) to Alampur (in Howrah district) and State Highway 15 (West Bengal) running from Dainhat (in Burdwan district) to Gadiara (in Howrah district) pass through this block.[21]

Education[edit]

In 2013-14, Katwa II CD Block had 87 primary schools with 7,571 students, 7 middle schools with 378 students, 12 high school with 6,749 students and 5 higher secondary schools with 6,434 students. Katwa II CD Block had 1 general college with 1,396 and 195 institutions for special and non-formal education with 5,855 students[16]

Healthcare[edit]

In 2014, Katwa II CD Block had 1 block primary health centre and 2 primary health centres with total 25 beds and 4 doctors (excluding private bodies). It had 20 family welfare subcentres. 2,421 patients were treated indoor and 213,113 patients were treated outdoor in the hospitals, health centres and subcentres of the CD Block.[16]

Katwa II Block has a block primary health centre at Noapara, and primary health centres at Singi and Agradip.[22][23]

Katwa II CD Block is one of the areas of Bardhaman district which is affected by a low level of arsenic contamination of ground water.[24]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Census of India 2011, West Bengal: District Census Handbook, Barddhaman" (PDF). Physiography, pages 13-14. Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal. Retrieved 23 January 2017. 
  2. ^ a b c "Katwa II Block". onefivenine. Retrieved 23 January 2017. 
  3. ^ "Tehsil Map of Barddhaman". CD Block/ Tehsil. Maps of India. Retrieved 23 January 2017. 
  4. ^ "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Burdwan". Tables 2.1, 2.2. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 22 January 2017. 
  5. ^ "District Census Handbook: Barddhaman" (PDF). Map of Barddhaman with CD Block HQs and Police Stations (on the fourth page). Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal, 2011. Retrieved 22 January 2017. 
  6. ^ "Directory of District, Subdivision, Panchayat Samiti/ Block and Gram Panchayats in West Bengal". Bardhaman - Revised in March 2008. Panchayats and Rural Development Department, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 30 January 2017. 
  7. ^ a b c d "C.D. Block Wise Primary Census Abstract Data(PCA)". 2011 census: West Bengal – District-wise CD Blocks. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 16 January 2017. 
  8. ^ "Provisional population totals, West Bengal, Table 4, Barddhaman District". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 28 September 2011. Retrieved 4 February 2017. 
  9. ^ "Provisional Population Totals, West Bengal. Table 4". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 27 September 2007. Retrieved 4 February 2017. 
  10. ^ "TRU for all Districts (SC & ST and Total)". Census 2001. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2011-07-19. Retrieved 4 February 2017. 
  11. ^ "Provisional population totals, West Bengal, Table 5, Bardhaman District". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2011-09-28. Retrieved 4 February 2017. 
  12. ^ "Census of India 2011: District Census Handbook Barddhaman" (PDF). Table 11: Population by Mother-tongue in Barddhaman district (1961-2001), page 51. Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal. Retrieved 28 January 2017. 
  13. ^ "C1 Population by Religious Community". West Bengal. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 27 January 2017. 
  14. ^ "Census of Indiia 2011: District Census Handbook, Barddhaman" (PDF). Table 9: Population by religion in Badhaman district (1961-2011), Page 50. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 27 January 2017. 
  15. ^ "District Human Development Report: Bardhaman" (PDF). Table 4.2: Empirical Measurement of Rural Poverty in Bardhaman 2005, page 94. Development and Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, 2011. Retrieved 30 January 2017. 
  16. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Bardhaman". Tables 2.7, 2.1, 8.2, 16.1, 17.2, 18.1, 18.2, 20.1, 21.2, 4.4, 3.1, 3.3 – arranged as per use. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 30 January 2017. 
  17. ^ "District Human Development Report: Bardhaman" (PDF). Block/ Sub-division wise Variation in Occupational Distribution of Workers, page 47. Development and Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, 2011. Retrieved 30 January 2017. 
  18. ^ "District Human Development Report: South 24 Parganas". (1) Chapter 1.2, South 24 Parganas in Historical Perspective, pages 7-9 (2) Chapter 3.4, Land reforms, pages 32-33. Development & Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, 2009. Retrieved 7 August 2016. 
  19. ^ "District Human Development Report, Bardhaman" (PDF). Table 3.10, Gross Cropped Area, Net Cropped Area and Cropping Intesity of different blocks of Bardhaman district 2003-04, Page 53. Development and Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, May 2011. Retrieved 30 January 2017. 
  20. ^ "37913 Howrah-Katwa local". Time Table. indiarailinfo. Retrieved 13 February 2017. 
  21. ^ "List of State Highways in West Bengal". West Bengal Traffic Police. Retrieved 5 February 2017. 
  22. ^ "Bardhaman district". Medical Institutions. Bardhaman district administration. Retrieved 6 March 2017. 
  23. ^ "2011 District Census Handbook Bardhaman Part XII A" (PDF). Katwa II Block Map on page 490. Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal. Retrieved 6 March 2017. 
  24. ^ "Groundwater Arsenic contamination in West Bengal-India (20 years study )". Bardhaman. SOES. Retrieved 9 September 2011.