Kharagpur I

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Kharagpur I
খড়্গপুর I
Community development block
সমষ্টি উন্নয়ন ব্লক
Kharagpur I is located in West Bengal
Kharagpur I
Kharagpur I
Location in West Bengal, India
Coordinates: 22°18′32″N 87°13′40″E / 22.3088000°N 87.2278370°E / 22.3088000; 87.2278370Coordinates: 22°18′32″N 87°13′40″E / 22.3088000°N 87.2278370°E / 22.3088000; 87.2278370
Country  India
State West Bengal
District Paschim Medinipur
Government
 • Type Community development block
Area
 • Total 313.31 km2 (120.97 sq mi)
Elevation 62 m (203 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 258,040
 • Density 820/km2 (2,100/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Bengali, English
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 721301 (Old Kharagpur)
721304 (Nimpura)
Telephone/STD code 03221
Vehicle registration WB-34
Literacy 77.06%
Lok Sabha constituency Medinipur
Vidhan Sabha constituency Kharagpur
Website paschimmedinipur.gov.in

Kharagpur I is a community development block that forms an administrative division in the Kharagpur subdivision of Paschim Medinipur district in the Indian state of West Bengal.

Geography[edit]

In Kharagpur I CD Block 60% of the cultivated area has lateritic soil and 40% has alluvial soil.[1]

Hariatara, a constituent panchayat of Kharagpur I block, is located at 22°18′32″N 87°13′40″E / 22.3088000°N 87.2278370°E / 22.3088000; 87.2278370.

Kharagpur I CD Block is bounded by Midnapore Sadar CD Block in the north, Kharagpur II CD Block in the east, Nayagram and Keshiari CD Blocks in the south and Sankrail and Jhargram CD Blocks in the west.[2][3]

It is located 14 km from Midnapore, the district headquarters.[2]

Kharagpur I CD Block has an area of 313.31 km2. It has 1 panchayat samity, 7 gram panchayats, 112 gram sansads (village councils), 269 mouzas and 228 inhabited villages. Kharagpur (Local) police station serves this block.[4] Headquarters of this CD Block is at Satkul.[5]

Kharagpur I CD Block had a forest cover of 4,000 hectares, against a total geographical area of 32,600 hectares in 2005-06.[6]

Gram panchayats of Kharagpur I block/ panchayat samiti are: Arjuni, Barkola, Bhetia, Gopali, Hariatara, Kalaikunda and Khelar.[7]

Demographics[edit]

Population[edit]

As per the 2011 Census of India Kharagpur I CD Block had a total population of 258,040, of which 165,961 were rural and 92,079 were urban. There were 131,073 (51%) males and 126,967 (49%) females. Population below 6 years was 28,677. Scheduled Castes numbered 46,431 (17.99%) and Scheduled Tribes numbered 42,453 (16.45%).[8]

As per the 2001 census, Kharagpur I block had a total population of 241,420, out of which 123,827 were males and 117,593 were females. Kharagpur I block registered a population growth of 17.24 per cent during the 1991-2001 decade. Decadal growth for the combined Midnapore district was 14.87 per cent.[9] Decadal growth in West Bengal was 17.45 per cent.[10]

Census Towns in Kharagpur I CD Block are (2011 census figures in brackets): Kharagpur Railway Settlement (82,735) and Kalaikunda (9,344).[8]

Large villages (with 4,000+ population) in Kharagpur I CD Block are (2011 census figures in brackets): Barkola (5,476) and Salua (4,430),[8]

Other villages in Kharagpur I CD Block included (2011 census figures in brackets): Arjuni (3,033), Hariatara (1,598), Bhetia (2,174), Gopali (2,951) and Khelar (2,621).[8]

Literacy[edit]

As per the 2011 census the total number of literates in Kharagpur I CD Block was 176,744 (77.06% of the population over 6 years) out of which males numbered 98,187 (84.29% of the male population over 6 years) and females numbered 78,557 (69.60% of the female population over 6 years).The gender gap in literacy rates was 14.69%.[8]

See also – List of West Bengal districts ranked by literacy rate


Languages and religion[edit]

Bengali is the local language in these areas.[2]

There is a tribal presence in many of the CD Blocks of the district. Santali is spoken by 55.93% of the tribal population of the district. The Bhumij, forming 11.16% of the tribal population, and the Mundas, forming 6.10% of the tribal population, speak Mundari. Other small groups include Koras and Mahalis. The Lodhas, forming 3.85% of the tribal population, the only primitive tribe in the district, speak Lodhi.[11]

Religion in Kharagpur I CD Block
Hindu
  
89.05%
Muslim
  
8.22%
Christian
  
1.51%
Others
  
1.22%

In the 2011 census Hindus numbered 229,786 and formed 89.05% of the population in Kharagpur I CD Block. Muslims numbered 21,200 and formed 8.22% of the population. Christians numbered 3,899 and formed 1.51% of the population. Others numbered 6,155 and formed 1.22% of the population.[12] Others include Addi Bassi, Marang Boro, Santal, Saranath, Sari Dharma, Sarna, Alchchi, Bidin, Sant, Saevdharm, Seran, Saran, Sarin, Kheria,[13] and other religious communities.[12]

BPL families[edit]

In Kharagpur I CD Block 58.26% families were living below poverty line in 2007.[14]

According to the District Human Development Report of Paschim Medinipur: The 29 CD Blocks of the district were classified into four categories based on the poverty ratio. Nayagram, Binpur II and Jamboni CD Blocks have very high poverty levels (above 60%). Kharagpur I, Kharagpur II, Sankrail, Garhbeta II, Pingla and Mohanpur CD Blocks have high levels of poverty (50-60%), Jhargram, Midnapore Sadar, Dantan I, Gopiballavpur II, Binpur I, Dantan II, Keshiari, Chandrakona I, Gopiballavpur I, Chandrakona II, Narayangarh, Keshpur, Ghatal, Sabang, Garhbeta I, Salboni, Debra and Garhbeta III CD Blocks have moderate levels of poverty (25-50%) and Daspur II and Daspur I have low levels of poverty (below 25%).[14]

Economy[edit]

Infrastructure[edit]

230 or 86% of mouzas in Kharagpur I CD block were electrified by 31 March 2014.[15]

231 mouzas in Kharagpur I CD Block had drinking water facilities in 2013-14. There were 69 fertiliser depots, 32 seed stores and 36 fair price shops in the CD Block.[15]

Agriculture[edit]

Circle frame.svg

Persons engaged in agriculture
in Kharagpur I CD Block

  Bargadars (4.77%)
  Patta holders (35.74%)
  Small farmers (4.15%)
  Marginal farmers (17.80%)
  Agricultural labourers (37.54%)

Although the Bargadari Act of 1950 recognised the rights of bargadars to a higher share of crops from the land that they tilled, it was not implemented fully. Large tracts, beyond the prescribed limit of land ceiling, remained with the rich landlords. From 1977 onwards major land reforms took place in West Bengal. Land in excess of land ceiling was acquired and distributed amongst the peasants.[16]Following land reforms land ownership pattern has undergone transformation. In 2013-14, persons engaged in agriculture in Kharagpur I CD Block could be classified as follows: bargadars 4.77%, patta (document) holders 35.74%, small farmers (possessing land between 1 and 2 hectares) 4.15%, marginal farmers (possessing land up to 1 hectare) 17.80% and agricultural labourers 37.54%.[15]

In 2005-06 the nett cropped area in Kharagpur I CD Block was 18,500 hectares and the area in which more than one crop was grown was 11,322 hectares.[17]

The extension of irrigation has played a role in growth of the predominant agricultural economy.[18]In 2013-14, the total area irrigated in Kharagpur I CD Block was 3,256 hectares, out of which 565 hectares were irrigated by tank water, 200 hectares by deep tubewells, 1,866 hectares by shallow tubewells, 380 hectares by river lift irrigation and 20 hectares by open dug wells and 225 hectares by other methods.[15]

In 2013-14, Kharagpur I CD Block produced 107,107 tonnes of Aman paddy, the main winter crop, from 40,648 hectares, 15,624 tonnes of Aus paddy (summer crop) from 6,935 hectares, 9,668 tonnes of Boro paddy (spring crop) from 2,798 hectares and 5,602 tonnes of potatoes from 200 hectares. It also produced oilseeds.[15]

Banking[edit]

In 2013-14, Kharagpur I CD Block had offices of 40 commercial banks.[15]

Transport[edit]

Kharagpur I CD Block has 1 ferry service and 28 originating/ terminating bus routes.[15]

The Kharagpur-Tatanagar line, Kharagpur-Puri line and Kharagpur-Adra line of South Eastern Railway pass through this CD Block and there are stations at Nimpura, Kalaikunda and Giri Maidan.[19]

Education[edit]

In 2013-14, Kharagpur I CD Block had 100 primary schools with 10,329 students, 8 middle schools with 743 students, 3 high schools with 1,488 students and 13 higher secondary schools with 14,686 students. Kharagpur I CD Block had 1 general college with 349 students, 2 technical/ professional institutions with 200 students and 380 institutions for special and non-formal education with 1,482 students.[15]

The United Nations Development Programme considers the combined primary and secondary enrolment ratio as the simple indicator of educational achievement of the children in the school going age. The infrastructure available is important. In Kharagpur I CD Block out of the total 98 primary schools in 2008-2009, 58 had pucca buildings, 6 partially pucca and 34 multiple type.[20]

Hijli College at Hijli was established in 1995 and is affiliated to Vidyasagar University. It offers honours courses in Bengali, English, history, geography, sociology, mathematics, computer science and chemistry.[21]

Healthcare[edit]

In 2014, Kharagpur I CD had 1 rural hospital, 3 primary health centres, 1 state government (other than health and family welfare department) medical institution and 7 private nursing homes with total 214 beds and 19 doctors. It had 25 family welfare sub centres and 1 family welfare centre. 4,724 patients were treated indoor and 99,758 patients were treated outdoor in the hospitals, health centres and subcentres of the CD Block.[15]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "District Human Development Report: Paschim Medinipur" (PDF). page 26 (Predominant Soil). Development and Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, 2011. Retrieved 2 January 2017. 
  2. ^ a b c "Kharagpur i Block". onefivenine. Retrieved 22 July 2016. 
  3. ^ "District Map Paschim Medinipur". Maps. Paschim Medinipur district administration. Retrieved 22 July 2016. 
  4. ^ "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Paschim Medinipur". Tables 2.1, 2.2. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 10 October 2016. 
  5. ^ "District Census Handbook: Paschim Medinipur" (PDF). Map of Paschim Medinipur with CD Block HQs and Police Stations (on the fifth page). Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal, 2011. Retrieved 20 November 2016. 
  6. ^ "District Human Development Report, Paschim Medinipur" (PDF). Table 2.4, Page 28. Development and Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, May 2011. Retrieved 2 January 2017. 
  7. ^ "Directory of District, Subdivision, Panchayat Samiti/ Block and Gram Panchayats in West Bengal". Paschim Medinipur - Revised in March 2008. Panchayats and Rural Development Department, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 1 August 2016. 
  8. ^ a b c d e "C.D. Block Wise Primary Census Abstract Data(PCA)". 2011 census: West Bengal – District-wise CD Blocks. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 3 May 2016. 
  9. ^ "Provisional population totals, West Bengal, Table 4, (erstwhile) Medinipur District". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on September 28, 2011. Retrieved 22 July 2016. 
  10. ^ "Provisional Population Totals, West Bengal. Table 4". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 27 September 2007. Retrieved 17 July 2016. 
  11. ^ "District Human Development Report: Paschim Medinipur" (PDF). Page 217 Scheduled Tribe Community. Development and Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, 2011. Retrieved 25 July 2016. 
  12. ^ a b "C1 Population by Religious Community". West Bengal. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 29 July 2016. 
  13. ^ "ST-14 A Details Of Religions Shown Under 'Other Religions And Persuasions' In Main Table". West Bengal. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 29 July 2016. 
  14. ^ a b "District Human Development Report: Paschim Medinipur" (PDF). May 2011. Page 177. Development & Planning Department, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 8 January 2017. 
  15. ^ a b c d e f g h i "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Paschim Medinipur". Tables 2.1, 8.2, 16.1, 17.2, 18.2, 18.1, 20.1, 21.2, 4.4, 3.1, 3.3 – arranged as per use. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 2 January 2017. 
  16. ^ "District Human Development Report: South 24 Parganas". (1) Chapter 1.2, South 24 Parganas in Historical Perspective, pages 7-9 (2) Chapter 3.4, Land reforms, pages 32-33. Development & Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, 2009. Retrieved 7 August 2016. 
  17. ^ "District Human Development Report, Paschim Medinipur" (PDF). Table 2.4, Page 28. Development and Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, May 2011. Retrieved 2 January 2017. 
  18. ^ "District Human Development Report: Paschim Medinipur" (PDF). Chapter V: Economic Livelihoods, pages 129-131. Development and Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, 2011. Retrieved 2 January 2017. 
  19. ^ "58021 Kharagpur-Tatanagar Passenger". Time Table. indiarailinfo. Retrieved 25 July 2016. 
  20. ^ "District Human Development Report: Paschim Medinipur" (PDF). May 2011. Page: 60. Development & Planning Department, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 31 July 2016. 
  21. ^ "Hijli College". Hijli College. Retrieved 10 January 2017.