Magrahat I

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Magrahat I
মগরাহাট I
Community development block
সমষ্টি উন্নয়ন ব্লক
Magrahat I is located in West Bengal
Magrahat I
Magrahat I
Location in West Bengal
Coordinates: 22°13′55″N 88°12′54″E / 22.23194°N 88.21500°E / 22.23194; 88.21500
Country  India
State West Bengal
District South 24 Parganas
Parliamentary constituency Mathurapur
Assembly constituency Magrahat Paschim
Area
 • Total 45.96 sq mi (119.04 km2)
Elevation 20 ft (6 m)
Population (2011)
 • Total 269,494
 • Density 5,900/sq mi (2,300/km2)
Time zone IST (UTC+5.30)
PIN 743375 (Usthi)
Area code(s) 03174
Vehicle registration WB-19, WB-20, WB-22
Literacy rate 73.82%
Website http://s24pgs.gov.in/

Magrahat I is a community development block that forms an administrative division in Diamond Harbour subdivision of South 24 Parganas district in the Indian state of West Bengal.

History[edit]

Land reforms[edit]

During 1946-1950 the Tebhaga movement in several parts of the 24 Parganas district led to the enactment of the Bargadari Act. Although the Bargadari Act of 1950 recognised the rights of bargadars to a higher share of crops from the land that they tilled, it was not implemented. Large tracts, beyond the prescribed limit of land ceiling, remained with the rich landlords. In 1967, West Bengal witnessed peasant uprising against non-implementation of land reforms legislation, starting from Kheyadaha gram panchayat in Sonarpur CD Block. From 1977 onwards major land reforms took place in West Bengal under the Left Front government. Land in excess of land ceiling was acquired and distributed amongst the peasants. Subsequently, “Operation Barga” was aimed at securing tenancy rights for the peasants. In Magrahat I CD Block 564.10 acres of land was acquired and vested. Out of this 452.21 acres or 80.16% of the vested land was distributed. The total number of patta holders was 3,294. [1]

Geography[edit]

Location[edit]

Usthi is located at 22°13′55″N 88°12′54″E / 22.231862°N 88.214989°E / 22.231862; 88.214989.

Magrahat I CD Block is bounded by Bishnupur I and Bishnupur II CD Blocks in the north, Magrahat II CD Block in the east, Mandirbazar and Kulpi CD Blocks in the south, and Diamond Harbour I and Falta CD Blocks in the west.[2][3]

It is located 31 km from Alipore, the district headquarters.[2]

Area and administration[edit]

Magrahat I CD Block has an area of 119.04 km2. Usthi police station serves this CD Block. Magrahat I panchayat samity has 11 gram panchayats. The block has 86 inhabited villages.[4] Headquarters of this block is at Usthi.

Topography[edit]

South 24 Parganas district is divided into two distinct physiographic zones: the marine-riverine delta in the north and the marine delta zone in the south. As the sea receded southwards, in the sub-recent geological period, a large low-lying plain got exposed. Both tidal inflows and the rivers have deposited sediments in this plain. The periodical collapse of both the natural levees and man-made embankments speed up the process of filling up depressions containing brackish water wetlands. The marine delta in the south is formed of interlacing tidal channels. As non-saline water for irrigation is scarce, agriculture is monsoon-dominated. Some parts of the wetlands are still preserved for raising fish.[5]

Gram panchayats[edit]

Gram panchayats of Magrahat I block/panchayat samiti are Shirakol/Rajarhat, Ektara, Hariharpur, Kalikapota, Lakshmikantapur, Rangilabad, Sherpur, Srichanda, Usthi, Uttar Kusum and Yearpur.[6]

Demographics[edit]

Population[edit]

As per 2011 Census of India Magrahat I CD Block had a total population of 269,494, of which 203,837 were rural and 65,657 were urban. There were 138,152 (51%) males and 131,342 (49%) females. Population below 6 years was 38,472. Scheduled Castes numbered 55,191 and Scheduled Tribes numbered 172.[7]

As per 2001 census, Magrahat I block had a total population of 228,367, out of which 117,752 were males and 110,615 were females. Magrahat I block registered a population growth of 16.51% during the 1991-2001 decade. Decadal growth for South 24 Parganas district was 20.89%. Decadal growth in West Bengal was 17.84%. Scheduled castes at 54,205 formed around one-fourth the population. Scheduled tribes numbered 1,603.[4][8][9]

Census towns and large villages[edit]

Census towns in Magrahat I CD Block (2011 census figures in brackets) are Ajodhyanagar (4,409), Sirakol (10,250), Uttar Bishnupur (4,703), Ghola Noapara (6,210), Usthi (6,230), Barijpur (5,536), Uttar Kusum (10,716), Kalikapota (13,086) and Bamna (4,517).[7]

Large villages in Magrahat I CD Block (2011 census figures in brackets) are Iyarpur (9,238), Khela Rampur (6,176), Serpur (8,170), Kesili (4,167), Nainanpur (4,711), Nazra (9,552), Deula (5,169), Samashat (4,829), Tulyan (4,003), Khanpur (5,101), Bahirpua (4,610) and Lakshmikantapur (4,642).[7]

Literacy[edit]

As per 2011 census the total number of literates in Magrahat I CD Block was 170,534 (73.82% of the population over 6 years) out of which 94,051 (55%) were males and 76,483 (45%) were females.[7]

As per 2011 census, literacy in South 24 Parganas district was 77.51%.[10] Literacy in West Bengal was 77.08% in 2011.[11] Literacy in India in 2011 was 74.04%.[11]

As per 2001 census, Magrahat I block had a total literacy of 67.34% for the 6+ age group. While male literacy was 77.39% female literacy was 56.54%. South 24 Parganas district had a total literacy of 69.45%, male literacy being 79.19% and female literacy being 59.01%.[4]

See also – List of West Bengal districts ranked by literacy rate


Language[edit]

Bengali is the local language in these areas.[2]

Religion[edit]

Religion in Magrahat I CD Block
Muslim
  
57.78%
Hindu
  
40.44%
Others
  
1.78%

In the 2011 census Muslims numbered 155,700 and formed 57.78% of the population in Magrahat I CD Block. Hindus numbered 108,987 and formed 40.44% of the population. Others numbered 4,807 and formed 1.78% of the population. Amongst the others, Christians numbered 4,035.[12]

In the 2011 census, Hindus numbered 5,155,545 and formed 63.17% of the population in South 24 Parganas district. Muslims numbered 2,903,075 and formed 35.57% of the population.[12] In West Bengal Hindus numbered 64,385,546 and formed 70.53% of the population. Muslims numbered 24,654,825 and formed 27.01% of the population.[12]

Human Development Report[edit]

According to the South 24 Parganas district Human Development Report it is an overwhelmingly rural district with 85% of the population living in rural areas. An analysis of the district’s population shows that 33% of the district’s population belongs to Scheduled Castes. While 65.86% of people are Hindus, 33.24% are Muslims. 86% of the population resided in the 29 CD Blocks. In 2005, more than 4 lakh households were identified as living below the poverty line, pushing the poverty ratio in the district to 34.11%, far above the state and national poverty ratios.[13]

Magrahat I CD Block has a poverty ratio of 28.41% of the households in 2005. In standard of living it ranked tenth amongst all the 29 blocks. In infrastructure development it was thirteenth amongst all CD Blocks. In Magrahat I, 14.52% households have access to electricity. The length of surfaced roads is 2.09 km per km2 area. The number of bank branches is 0.48 per 10,000 population. In Magrahat I, 45.82% of rural households are engaged as daily/ agricultural/ other physical labour, 12.78% are culivators, 17.88% are self-employed rural artisans/ hawkers, 12.01% are engaged in labour oriented regular jobs in the unorganised sector, and 12.06% are engaged in the organised sector or work as professionals.[13]

As per 1991 census, while male literacy rate was 65.68% female literacy was 38.98% and there was a gender gap of 26.65% in Magrahat I. The CD Blocks are gradually catching up with the municipalities in matters of literacy. In 2006, Magrahat I had 27 secondary and higher secondary schools. All but one of them had libraries, but 23 of them did not have computer facilities.[13]

In 2006, in Magrahat I for 130 villages there were 31 health sub-centres and two rural hospital/public health centres having 25 beds, with seven medical officers, six nurses, 50 health assistants and four pharmacists and technicians. 30% of the 434 habitations in Magrahat I CD Block had access to safe drinking water (including tube wells and tap water), 47.2% habitations were partly covered and 22.8% habitations were not covered.[13]


References[edit]

  1. ^ "District Human Development Report: South 24 Parganas". (1) Chapter 1.2, South 24 Parganas in Historical Perspective, pages 7-9 (2) Chapter 3.4, Land reforms, pages 32-33. Development & Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, 2009. Retrieved 17 April 2016. 
  2. ^ a b c "Magra Hat I Block". onefivenine. Retrieved 2 April 2016. 
  3. ^ "South 24 Parganas". CD Block/Tehsil map. Maps of India. Retrieved 2 April 2016. 
  4. ^ a b c "District Statistical Handbook – 2009 – South 24 Parganas" (PDF). South 24 Parganas at a glance, Tables 2.1, 2.2, 2.4 (b), 4.5. Bureau of Applied Economics and Statistics, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 3 April 2016. 
  5. ^ "District Human Development Report: South 24 Parganas". Chapter 1 South 24 Parganas: An Overview, p 9-12. Development & Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, 2009. Retrieved 1 April 2016. 
  6. ^ "Blocks and Gram Panchayats in South 24 Parganas". South 24 Parganas District Administration. Retrieved 1 April 2016. 
  7. ^ a b c d "C.D. Block Wise Primary Census Abstract Data(PCA)". 2011 census: West Bengal – District-wise CD Blocks. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 2 April 2016. 
  8. ^ "Provisional Population Totals, West Bengal. Table 4". Census of India 2001 – South 24 Parganas. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on September 27, 2007. Retrieved 2011-01-20. 
  9. ^ "Provisional Population Totals, West Bengal. Table 4". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on September 27, 2007. Retrieved 2011-01-20. 
  10. ^ "District Census 2011". Population Census 2011. Retrieved 24 January 2016. 
  11. ^ a b "Provisional population tables and annexures" (PDF). Census 2011:Table 2(3) Literates and Literacy rates by sex. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 9 February 2016. 
  12. ^ a b c "C1 Population by Religious Community". West Bengal. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 18 June 2016. 
  13. ^ a b c d "District Human Development Report: South 24 Parganas". Intro: pp 16-19, 42 Block specific: pp 39-40, 73, 99, 132, 146, 192, 221. Development & Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, 2009. Retrieved 7 April 2016.