Manbazar I

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Manbazar I
মানবাজার I
Community development block
সমষ্টি উন্নয়ন ব্লক
Manbazar I is located in West Bengal
Manbazar I
Manbazar I
Location in West Bengal, India
Coordinates: 23°03′41″N 86°39′51″E / 23.0615°N 86.6642°E / 23.0615; 86.6642Coordinates: 23°03′41″N 86°39′51″E / 23.0615°N 86.6642°E / 23.0615; 86.6642
Country  India
State West Bengal
District Purulia
Government
 • Type Community development block
Area
 • Total 381.32 km2 (147.23 sq mi)
Elevation 236 m (774 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 154,071
 • Density 400/km2 (1,000/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Bengali, English
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 723131 (Manbazar)
Telephone/STD code 03253
Vehicle registration WB-55, WB-56
Literacy 63.78%
Lok Sabha constituency Purulia
Vidhan Sabha constituency Manbazar
Website purulia.gov.in

Manbazar I is a community development block that forms an administrative division in Purulia Sadar East subdivision of Purulia district in the Indian state of West Bengal.

History[edit]

Background[edit]

The Jaina Bhagavati-Sutra of 5th century AD mentions that Purulia was one of the sixteen mahajanapadas and was a part of the kingdom known as Vajra-bhumi in ancient times. In 1833, Manbhum district was carved out of Jungle Mahals district, with headquarters at Manbazar. In 1838, the headquarters was transferred to Purulia. In 1956, Manbhum district was partitioned between Bihar and West Bengal under the States Reorganization Act and the Bihar and West Bengal (Transfer of Territories) Act 1956.[1]

Maoist activities[edit]

Manbazar, along with certain other areas such as Banduan, Jhalda, and Jaipur were part of the area of violent activities by Maoists, also referred to as Naxalites.[2][3][4][5]

Red corridor[edit]

106 districts spanning 10 states across India, described as being part of the Left Wing Extremism activities, constitutes the Red corridor. In West Bengal the districts of Paschim Medinipur, Bankura, Purulia and Birbhum are part of the Red corridor. However, as of July 2016, there had been no reported incidents of Maoist related activities from these districts for the previous 4 years.[6]

The CPI (Maoist) extremism affected CD Blocks in Purulia district were: Jhalda I, Jhalda II, Arsha, Baghmundi, Balarampur, Barabazar, Manbazar II and Bandwan.[7]Certain reports also included Manbazar I and Joypur CD Blocks and some times indicted the whole of Purulia district.[8]

The Lalgarh movement, which started attracting attention after the failed assassination attempt on Buddhadeb Bhattacharjee, then chief minister of West Bengal, in the Salboni area of Paschim Medinipur district, on 2 November 2008 and the police action that followed, had also spread over to these areas.[9] The movement was not just a political struggle but an armed struggle that concurrently took the look of a social struggle. A large number of CPI (M) activists were killed. Although the epi-centre of the movement was Lalgarh, it was spread across 19 police stations in three adjoining districts – Paschim Medinipur, Bankura and Purulia, all thickly forested and near the border with Jharkhand. The deployment of CRPF and other forces started on 11 June 2009. The movement came to an end after the 2011 state assembly elections and change of government in West Bengal. The death of Kishenji, the Maoist commander, on 24 November 2011 was the last major landmark.[9][10]

Geography[edit]

Overview[edit]

Purulia is the western-most district of West Bengal.[11]The area forms the lowest step of the Chota Nagpur Plateau. The general scenario is undulating land with scattered hills.[12]The generally flat uplands have spurs projected from the higher plateau in the west. Towards the east the undulatios are less pronounced and the country presents the appearance of rolling downs with isolated conical hills here and there. In the south, the Baghmundi or Ajodhya Hills reaches an elevation of over 2,000 feet at places. The district generally slopes down from the west to the east.[13]Important rivers in the district are: Damodar, Kangsabati, Kumari, Dwarakeswar and Subarnarekha.[14]Purulia district had a total forest cover of 185,726 hectares or 29.69% of the total land area in the district. Natural forest of the district is mainly restricted to the south-west part of the district covering the Ajodhya Hills and to the Panchet Hill in the north-east.[15]

Location[edit]

Manbazar is located at 23°03′41″N 86°39′51″E / 23.0615°N 86.6642°E / 23.0615; 86.6642.

Manbazar I CD Block is bounded by Puncha CD Block on the north, Hirbandh CD Block, in Bankura district, on the east, Manbazar II CD Block on the south and Barabazar CD Block on the west.[16][17]

It is located 51 km from Purulia, the district headquarters.[16]

Area and administration[edit]

Manbazar I CD Block has an area of 381.32 km2. It has 1 panchayat samity, 10 gram panchayats, 114 gram sansads, 244 mouzas, 219 inhabited villages and 1 census town. Manbazar, Kenda (partly) and Puncha (partly) police stations serve this block.[18]Headquarters of this CD Block are at Manbazar.[19]

The Kangsabati Project has submerged large areas of Purulia District in the Manbazar area.[20]

Gram panchayats[edit]

Gram panchayats of Manbazar I block/ panchayat samiti are: Baramasya-Ramnagar, Bamni-Majhihira, Bhalubasa, Bisri, Chandra-Pairachali, Dhanara, Gopalnagar, Jitjuri, Kamta-Jangidiri and Manbazar.[21]

Demographics[edit]

Population[edit]

As per the 2011 Census of India Manbazar I CD Block had a total population of 154,071, of which 144,550 were rural and 9,521 were urban. There were 78,039 (51%) males and 76,032 (49%) females. Population below 6 years was 19,777. Scheduled Castes numbered 34,575 (22.44%) and Scheduled Tribes numbered 33,942 (22.03%). [22]

As per 2001 census, Manbazar I block had a total population of 127,609, out of which 64,310 were males and 63,299 were females. Manbazar I block registered a population growth of 8.56 per cent during the 1991-2001 decade. Decadal growth for Purulia district was 13.96 per cent.[23] Decadal growth in West Bengal was 17.84 per cent.[24]

Census Towns and villages[edit]

Census Towns in Manbazar I CD Block are (2011 census figures in brackets): Manbazar (9,521).[22]

Large villages (with 4,000+ population) in Manbazar I CD Block are (2011 census figures in brackets): Jitujori (4,339).[22]

Other villages in Manbazar I CD Block are (2011 census figures in brackets): Kenda (3,803), Bhalubasa (2,789), Bamni (2,481), Majhihira (2,104), Jangidiri (1,151), Kamta (1,783), Chandra (1,172), Payrachali (1,668), Barmesya (1,169) and Ramnagar (1,103).[22]

Literacy[edit]

As per the 2011 census the total number of literates in Manbazar I CD Block was 85,654 (63.78% of the population over 6 years) out of which males numbered 52,481 (77.35% of the male population over 6 years) and females numbered 32,813 (49.38%) of the female population over 6 years). The gender disparity (the difference between female and male literacy rates) was 27.97%.[22]

As per the 2011 census, literacy in Purulia district was 64.48%, up from 55.57 in 2001.[25]Literacy in West Bengal was 77.08% in 2011.[26]Literacy in India in 2011 was 74.04%.[26]

See also – List of West Bengal districts ranked by literacy rate


Languages[edit]

Bengali is the local language in these areas.[16]

Along the western borders of the district the local Bengali dialect spoken in the area often merges with Magahi dialects such as Kurmali, Khotta and Khottahi or even Khotta Bangla. There is a tribal presence in many of the CD Blocks of the district. Santali was spoken by around 14% of the population of the earlier Manbhum district. Some people also speak Mundari or Kolarian languages such as Kurmali, Mundari and the languages of the Bhumij or Mahli. However, the small number of people speaking some of these languages, particularly the Bhumijes, gave rise to doubts that many tribals have been recording Bengali as their language in different censuses, although they still speak their languages amongst themselves.[27]

Religion[edit]

Religion in Manbazar I CD Block
Hindu
  
85.62%
Muslim
  
3.06%
Christian
  
0.11%
Others
  
11.21%

In the 2011 census Hindus numbered 131,921 and formed 85.62% of the population in Manbazar I CD Block. Muslims numbered 4,719 and formed 3.06% of the population. Christians numbered 173 and formed 0.11% of the population. Others numbered 17,258 and formed 11.21% of the population.[28]Others include Addi Bassi, Marang Boro, Santal, Saranath, Sari Dharma, Sarna, Alchchi, Bidin, Sant, Saevdharm, Seran, Saran, Sarin, Kheria,[29]and other religious communities.[28]

In 2011, Hindus numbered 2,373,130 and formed 80.99% of the population in Puruliya district. Muslims numbered 227,249 and formed 7.76% of the population. Christians numbered 8,646 and formed 0.30% of the population. Others numbered 321,090 and formed 10.96% of the population. In West Bengal, Hindus numbered 64,385,546 and formed 70.53% of the population. Muslims numbered 24,654,825 and formed 27.01% of the population.[28]

BPL families[edit]

According to the summary report of the Rural Household Survey 2005, BPL families formed 32.85% of the families in Purulia district. In West Bengal as a whole, BPL families formed 34.12% of the families in the state. In Purulia district, the number of landless families formed 32.70% of the families in the district, agricultural labourers formed 41.03% and 13.76% of the families migrated for casual labour.[30]

Economy[edit]

Infrastructure[edit]

In 2013-14, Manbazar I CD Block had 64.00 km of surfaced roads under PWD, 38.50 km surfaced roads and 12.00 km unsurfaced roads under Zilla Parishad, 45.00 km surfaced roads and 125.00 km unsurfaced roads under Gram Panchayat and Panchayat Samiti and 52.57 km surfaced roads under Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana.[31]

217 mouzas in Manbazar I CD Block were electrified by 31 March 2014. The total consumption of electricity in Purulia district in 2013-14 was 228,350 KWH, out of which 130,376 KWH was domestic consumption and 925 KWH was for agricultural irrigation and dewatering.[31]

Agriculture[edit]

In Purulia district, cultivation is predominantly monocropped and more than half of the nett sown area is upland. Around 73% of the cultivated land is held in small patches by small and marginal farmers.[32]In 2013-14, nett sown area in Purulia district was 309,140 hectares. In Purulia district, 24,882 hectares of vested land was distributed amongst 97,393 beneficiaries up to 31 October 2013.[31]

In 2013-14, persons engaged in agriculture in Manbazar ICD Block could be classified as follows: bargadars 0.25%, patta (document) holders 3.78%, small farmers (possessing land between 1 and 2 hectares) 6.16%, marginal farmers (possessing land up to 1 hectare) 30.46% and agricultural labourers 59.35%.[31]

In 2013-14, the total area irrigated in Manbazar I CD Block was 7,475.94 hectares, out of which 6,570.72 hectares were by tank water, 40.92 hectares by river lift irrigation, 213.60 hectares by open dug wells and 651.00 hectares by other means.[31]

In 2013-14, Manbazar I CD Block produced 3,542 tonnes of Aman paddy, the main winter crop, from 1,740 hectares, 268 tonnes of wheat from 137 hectares, 346 tonnes of maize from 194 hectares and 6,111 tonnes of potato from 217 hectares. It also produced mustard and til.[31]

Pisciculture[edit]

In Manbazar I CD Block, the net area undern effective pisciculture was 693 hectares in 2013-14. 6,072 persons were engaged in the profession. Approxiate annual production was 13,000 quintals.[31]

Banking[edit]

In 2013-14, Manbazar I CD Block had offices of 2 commercial banks and 4 gramin banks.[31]

Transport[edit]

In 2013-14, Manbazar I CD Block had 1 ferry service, 6 originating/ terminating bus routes. The nearest railway station was 55 km from the CD Block headquarters.[31]

SH 4 running from Jhalda (in Purulia district) to Digha (in Purba Medinipur district) and State Highway 5 (West Bengal) running from Rupnarayanpur (in Bardhaman district) to Junput (in Purba Medinipur district) passes through this block.[33]

Education[edit]

In 2013-14, Manbazar I CD Block had 197 primary schools with 14,017 students, 22 middle schools with 978 students, 3 high schools with 1,289 students and 14 higher secondary schools with 15,248 students. Manbazar I CD Block had 1 general college with 1,855 students, 1 professional/ technical institution with 94 students and 273 institutions with 8,925 students for special and non-formal education.[31]

Culture[edit]

The ruins of a 12th/13th century Buudheswara Shiva and other temples lie at Budhpur, under Manbazar Police Station, 6 km (3.7 mi) north of Manbazar town on the road to Hura, on the north bank of the Kangsabati River (locally known as Kasai).[34]

Healthcare[edit]

In 2014, Manbazar I CD Block had 1 rural hospital and 2 primary health centres, with total 54 beds and 9 doctors. 8,695 patients were treated indoor and 243,730 patients were treated outdoor in the health centres and subcentres of the CD Block.[31]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Historical background". Purulia District. Archived from the original on 2008-01-03. Retrieved 2008-03-02. 
  2. ^ "Security tightened before Bengal polls". PTI. IBN Live. Retrieved 2008-03-02. 
  3. ^ "Maoists observe 24-hr bandh in five states". UNI. newsoneindia. Retrieved 2008-03-02. 
  4. ^ "Purulia alert after land-mine blasts". The Statesman, 4 December 2006. Retrieved 2008-03-02. [dead link]
  5. ^ Jana, Naresh. "Terror shield for CPM". The Telegraph, 9 March 2006. Retrieved 2008-03-02. 
  6. ^ Singh, Vijayita. "Red Corridor to be redrawn". The Hindu, 25 July 2016. Retrieved 29 August 2016. 
  7. ^ "IAP improving lives in Maoist-affected areas". Ideas for India. Retrieved 26 September 2016. 
  8. ^ "Maoists observe 24 hr bandh in five states". UNI, One India. Retrieved 26 September 2016. 
  9. ^ a b "Lalgarh Battle". Frontline. 17 July 2009. Retrieved 23 July 2016. 
  10. ^ "Kishenji's death a serious blow to Maoist movement". The Hindu. 25 November 2011. Retrieved 23 July 2016. 
  11. ^ "Destination Purulia". Introduction. Purulia district adminstration. Retrieved 27 September 2016. 
  12. ^ Houlton, Sir John, Bihar, the Heart of India, 1949, p. 170, Orient Longmans Ltd.
  13. ^ "Bengal District Gazetteers - Manbhum by H. Coupland, ICS". First Published 1911. University of California, San Diego. Retrieved 27 September 2016. 
  14. ^ "Brief Industrial Profile of Purulia District, West Bengal" (PDF). Ministry of Micro Small and Medium Industries, Government of India. Retrieved 27 September 2016. 
  15. ^ "Destination Purulia". District Profile. Purulia district adminstration. Retrieved 27 September 2016. 
  16. ^ a b c "Manbazar i Block". onefivenine. Retrieved 14 September 2016. 
  17. ^ "Purulia district". Blocks in Purulia district. Purulia district administration. Retrieved 14 September 2016. 
  18. ^ "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Purulia". Tables 2.1, 2.2,. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 12 September 2016. 
  19. ^ "District Census Handbook: Puruliya" (PDF). Map of District Puruliya with CD Block HQs and Police Stations (on the fifth page). Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal, 2011. Retrieved 2 December 2016. 
  20. ^ "Map of Purulia District". calcuttaweb. Retrieved 2008-03-02. 
  21. ^ "Directory of District, Subdivision, Panchayat Samiti/ Block and Gram Panchayats in West Bengal". Paschim Medinipur - Revised in March 2008. Panchayats and Rural Development Department, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 28 September 2016. 
  22. ^ a b c d e "C.D. Block Wise Primary Census Abstract Data(PCA)". 2011 census: West Bengal – District-wise CD Blocks. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 12 September 2016. 
  23. ^ "Provisional population totals, West Bengal, Table 4, Puruliya District". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 28 September 2011. Retrieved 12 September 2016. 
  24. ^ "Provisional Population Totals, West Bengal. Table 4". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 27 September 2007. Retrieved 17 July 2016. 
  25. ^ "Purulia District: Census 2011 data". 2016 Digital Trends. Census Population 2015 Data. Retrieved 12 September 2016. 
  26. ^ a b "Provisional population tables and annexures" (PDF). Census 2011:Table 2(3) Literates and Literacy rates by sex. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 20 August 2016. 
  27. ^ "Bengal District Gazetteers - Manbhum by H. Coupland, ICS". Section 72, First Published 1911. University of California, San Diego. Retrieved 27 September 2016. 
  28. ^ a b c "C1 Population by Religious Community". West Bengal. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 28 September 2016. 
  29. ^ "ST-14 A Details Of Religions Shown Under 'Other Religions And Persuasions' In Main Table". West Bengal. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 28 September 2016. 
  30. ^ "BPL survey". Department of Panchayats and Rural Development. Retrieved 27 September 2016. 
  31. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Purulia". Tables 21.1, 8.2, 8.2(a), 5.1, 5.1(b), 17.2, 18.2, 18.1, 18.3, 20.1, 21,2, 4.1, 3.1, 3.3 – arranged as per use. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 20 September 2016. 
  32. ^ "purulia.nic.in". District profile - agriculture. Purulia district administration. Retrieved 20 September 2016. 
  33. ^ "List of State Highways in West Bengal". West Bengal Traffic Police. Retrieved 21 September 2016. 
  34. ^ "Archeological Tourist Interest". Purulia District. Archived from the original on 2008-01-03. Retrieved 2008-03-02.