Shish kebab (Armenian: խորոված; Turkish: şiş kebap; Persian/Mazandarani: شیش کباب, shish kebab) is a popular meal of skewered and grilled cubes of meat. It is similar to a dish called shashlik, which is found in the Caucasus region.
It is generally made of lamb (kuzu şiş) but there are also versions with beef or veal (dana şiş), swordfish (kılıç şiş) and chicken meat (tavuk şiş or şiş tavuk). In Turkey, shish kebab and the vegetables served with it are grilled separately, normally not on the same skewer.
While shish kebabs are sometimes referred to in English as simply kebabs, that term can also refer to a wide variety of different grilled meat dishes.
The word kebab came to English in the late 17th century, from the Arabic: كَبَاب (kabāb), partly through Urdu, Persian and Turkish. However, the earliest known use of shish kebab in English is 1914, from the novel Our Mr. Wrenn, in a passage describing a meal in an Armenian restaurant in New York City.
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- "shish kebab". Oxford English Dictionary (2nd ed.). Oxford University Press. 1989.
- "kebab - definition of kebab in English". Oxford Dictionaries. Oxford University Press. Retrieved August 3, 2017.