Raghunathganj I

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Raghunathganj I
Community development block
Raghunathganj I is located in West Bengal
Raghunathganj I
Raghunathganj I
Location in West Bengal, India
Coordinates: 24°28′N 88°04′E / 24.46°N 88.07°E / 24.46; 88.07Coordinates: 24°28′N 88°04′E / 24.46°N 88.07°E / 24.46; 88.07
Country  India
State West Bengal
District Murshidabad
Government
 • Type Community development block
Area
 • Total 94.65 km2 (36.54 sq mi)
Elevation 31 m (102 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 195,627
 • Density 2,100/km2 (5,400/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Bengali, English
Literacy (2011)
 • Total literates 107,358 (64.49%)
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 742225 (Ragunathganj)
742223 (Jangipur Barrage)
Telephone/STD code 03485
ISO 3166 code IN-WB
Vehicle registration WB-57, WB-58
Lok Sabha constituency Jangipur
Vidhan Sabha constituency Jangipur
Website murshidbad.nic.in

Raghunathganj I is a community development block that forms an administrative division in Jangipur subdivision of Murshidabad district in the Indian state of West Bengal.

Overview[edit]

Raghunathganj I CD Block lies in the Rarh region in Murshidabad district. The Bhagirathi River splits the district into two natural physiographic regions – Rarh on the west and Bagri on the east. The Rarh region is undulating and contains mostly clay and lateritic clay based soil. As the Rajmahal hills slopes gently down from adjoining Jharkhand it forms the Nabagram plain at the lowest edge of its elevation in this region. The eastern slope of the region is characterised by the existence of numerous cliffs and bluffs.[1][2]

Geography[edit]

Raghunathganj is located at 24°28′N 88°04′E / 24.46°N 88.07°E / 24.46; 88.07

Raghunathganj I CD Block is bounded by Suti I CD Block in the north, Raghunathganj II CD Block in the east, Sagardighi CD Block in the south and Pakuria CD Block in Pakur district of Jharkhand and Murarai II CD Block in Birbhum district in the west.[3][4]

The Bansloi River enters the district (from Birbhum district) near Hussianpur, flows eastward and joins the Bhagirathi north of Jangipur.[5]

The Rarh region or the western part of the district is drained by the right bank tributarires of the Bhagirathi, flowing down from the hilly / plateau region of Santhal Pargana division in neighbouring Jharkhand. The Farakka Barrage regulates the flow of water into the Bhagirathi through the feeder canal. Thereafter, it is fed with the discharge from the Mayurakshi system. About 1,800 km2 of area in the neighbourhood of Kandi town is flooded by the combined discharge of the Mayurakshi, Dwarka, Brahmani, Gambhira, Kopai and Bakreshwar – the main contributor being the Mayurakshi. Certain other areas in the western sector also get flooded.[6]

A major problem in Murshidabad district is river bank erosion. As of 2013, an estimated 2.4 million people reside along the banks of the Ganges alone in Murshidabad district.[6]

See also - River bank erosion along the Ganges in Malda and Murshidabad districts

Raghunathganj I CD Block has an area of 140.91 km2. It has 1 panchayat samity, 6 gram panchayats, 117 gram sansads (village councils), 63 mouzas and 56 inhabited villages. Raghunathganj police station serves this block.[7]Headquarters of this CD Block is at Raghunathganj.[8]

It is located 52 km from Baharampur, the district headquarters.[3]

Gram panchayats in Raghunathganj I block/ panchayat samiti are: Dafarpur, Jamuar, Jarur, Kanupur, Mirzapur and Raninagar.[9]

Demographics[edit]

Population[edit]

As per 2011 Census of India Raghunathganj I CD Block had a total population of 195,627, of which 133,114 were rural and 62,513 were urban. There were 100,295 (50%) males and 95,332 (50%) females. Population below 6 years numbered 29,157. Scheduled Castes numbered 53,027 (27.11%) and Scheduled Tribes numbered 2,602 (1.33).[10]

As per 2001 census, Raghunathganj I block has a total population of 154,349, out of which 77,727 were males and 76,622 were females. Raghunathganj I block registered a population growth of 30.09 per cent during the 1991-2001 decade. Decadal growth for the district was 23.70 per cent.[11]Decadal growth in West Bengal was 17.84 per cent.[12]

The decadal growth of population in Raghunathganj I CD Block in 2001-2011 was 26.73%.[13]

The decadal growth rate of population in Murshidabad district was as follows: 33.5% in 1951-61, 28.6% in 1961-71, 25.5% in 1971-81, 28.2% in 1981-91, 23.8% in 1991-2001 and 21.1% in 2001-11. [14]The decadal growth rate for West Bengal in 2001-11 was 13.93%.[15]

There are reports of Bangladeshi infiltrators entering Murshidabad district.[16][17]

Decadal Population Growth Rate (%)

10
20
30
40
1971-1981
1981-1991
1991-2001
2001-2011
  •   Raghunathganj I CD Block
  •   Murshidabad district
  •   West Bengal

Sources: [18][19][20][21][22][23]

Census towns and villages[edit]

Census towns in Raghunathganj I CD Block were (2011 population figures in brackets): Ghorsala (7,837), Srikantabati (14,027), Charka (8,451), Dafarpur (16,587), Ramnagar (9,528) and Mirzapur (6,083).[10]

Large villages in Raghunathgaj I CD Block were (2011 population figures in brackets): Kanupur (8,865), Sujapur (P) (4,717), Nait Baidara (4,212), Barala (5,580), Jarur (6,435), Umarpur (4,384), Kankaria (4,363), Talai (4,156), Ramkantapur (5,208), Ramchandrabati (5,648), Gankar (4,574), Rajnagar (4,586) and Nutanganj (5,805).[10]

Literacy[edit]

As per the 2011 census, the total number of literates in Raghunathganj I CD Block was 107,358 (64.49% of the population over 6 years) out of which males numbered 58,990 (68.99% of the male population over 6 years) and females numbered 48,368 (59.74% of the female population over 6 years). The gender disparity (the difference between female and male literacy rates) was 9.24%.[10]

See also – List of West Bengal districts ranked by literacy rate


Language and religion[edit]

In the 2001 census, Bengali was mother tongue of 98.3% of the population in Murshidabad district, followed by Santhali 0.8%, Hindi 0.4%, Telugu 0.2% and Urdu 0.1%.[24]

Religion in Raghunathganj I CD Block
Muslim
  
56.48%
Hindu
  
43.32%
Others
  
0.20%

In the 2011 census Muslims numbered 110,487 and formed 56.48% of the population in Raghunathganj I CD Block. Hindus numbered 84,737 and formed 43.32% of the population. Others numbered 403 and formed 0.20% of the population. In Raghunathganj I and Raghunathganj II CD Blocks taken to-gether, while the proportion of Muslims increased from 66.72% in 1991 to 67.39% in 2001, the proportion of Hindus declined from 33.20% in 1991 to 32.61% in 2001.[25][26]

Murshidabad district, one of the three Muslim majority districts of West Bengal, had 4,707,573 Muslims who formed 66.27% of the population, 2,359,061 Hindus who formed 33.21% of the population, and 37, 173 persons belonging to other religions who formed 0.52% of the population, in the 2011 census. While the proportion of Muslim population in the district increased from 61.40% in 1991 to 63.67% in 2001, the proportion of Hindu population declined from 38.39% in 1991 to 35.92% in 2001.[25][27][28]

Murshidabad was the only Muslim majority district in West Bengal at the time of partition of India in 1947. The proportion of Muslims in the population of Murshidabad district in 1951 was 55.24%.[29][17]The Radcliffe Line had placed Muslim majority Murshidabad in India and the Hindu majority Khulna in Pakistan, in order to maintain the integrity of the Ganges river system In India.[30]

Rural poverty[edit]

According to India Today, writing about life in a Murshidabad village, : “National Sample Survey (NSS) data for 2009 accords the district the ignominious distinction of being India’s poorest, with an unbelieveable 56% of its population living below the ridiculously low Rs. 27 per capita per day poverty line recently proclaimed by the Planning Commission.”[31]

Economy[edit]

Livelihood[edit]

Livelihood
in Raghunathganj I CD Block

  Cultivators (7.03%)
  Agricultural labourers (16.69%)
  Household industries (28.98%)
  Other Workers (47.30%)

In Raghunathganj I CD Block in 2011, amongst the class of total workers, cultivators numbered 5,898 and formed 7.03%, agricultural labourers numbered 14,243 and formed 16.69%, household industry workers numbered 24,735 and formed 28.98% and other workers numberd 40,366 and formed 47.30%.[32]

Infrastructure[edit]

There are 56 inhabited villages in Raghunathganj I CD Block. 100% villages have power supply and drinking water supply. 9 villages (16.07%) have post offices. 53 villages (94.64%) have telephones (including landlines, public call offices and mobile phones). 21 villages (37.50%) have a pucca approach road and 22 villages (39.29%) have transport communication (includes bus service, rail facility and navigable waterways). 4 villages (7.14%) have agricultural credit societies and 5 villages (8.13%) have banks.[33]

Agriculture[edit]

From 1977 onwards major land reforms took place in West Bengal. Land in excess of land ceiling was acquired and distributed amongst the peasants.[34]Following land reforms land ownership pattern has undergone transformation. In 2013-14, persons engaged in agriculture in Raghunathganj I CD Block could be classified as follows: bargadars 3,969 (12.22%), patta (document) holders 5,551 (17.08%), small farmers (possessing land between 1 and 2 hectares) 1,102 (3.39%), marginal farmers (possessing land up to 1 hectare) 7,626 (23.47%) and agricultural labourers 14,243 (43.84%).[32] Raghunathganj I CD Block had 57 fertiliser depots, 1 seed store and 32 fair price shops in 2013-14.[32]

In 2013-14, Raghunathganj I CD Block produced 3,172 tonnes of Aman paddy, the main winter crop from 1,120 hectares, 9,199 tonnes of Boro paddy (spring crop) from 3,456 hectares, 9,326 tonnes of wheat from 3,703 hectares, 111 tonnes of maize from 43 hectares, 18,842 tonnes of jute from 1,582 hectares and 2,752 tonnes of potatoes from 95 hectares. It also produced pulses and oilseeds.[32]

In 2013-14, the total area irrigated in Raghunathganj I CD Block was 2,204 hectares, out of which 100 hectares were irrigated by canal water, 1,602 hectares with tank water, 142 hectares with river lift irrigation, 100 hectares with deep tube wells and 260 hectares by other means.[32]

Beedi industry[edit]

As of 2003, around 400,000 workers were engaged in the prime area locations of beedi making, a household industry, in Farakka, Samserganj, Suti I, Suti II, Raghunathganj I and Raghunathganj II CD Blocks. The majority of those working are women and children. Almost all households are engaged in this activity.[35][36][37]

See also – Beedi Workers of Murshidabad. Lok Sabha TV feature

Silk and handicrafts[edit]

Murshidabad is famous for its silk industry since the middle ages. There are three distinct categories in this industry, namely (i) Mulberry cultivation and silkworm rearing (ii) Peeling of raw silk (iii) Weaving of silk fabrics.[38]Prime locations for weaving (silk and cotton) are: Khargram, Raghunathganj I, Nabagram, Beldanga I, Beldanga II and Raninagar-I CD Blocks.[35]

Ivory carving is an important cottage industry from the era of the Nawabs. The main areas where this industry has flourished are Khagra and Jiaganj. Bell metal and Brass utensils are manufactured in large quantities at Khagra, Berhampore, Kandi and Jangipur. 99% of ivory craft production is exported. In more recent years sandalwood etching has become more popular than ivory carving.[38][39]

Banking[edit]

In 2013-14, Raghunathgaj I CD Block had offices of 7 commercial banks and 1 gramin bank.[32]

Transport[edit]

Raghunathganj I CD Block has 5 ferry services and 18 originating/ terminating bus routes.[32]

The Barharwa-Azimganj-Katwa loop line passes through this block and there are stations at Jangipur Road and Gankar.[40]

NH 12 (old number NH 34) passes through this block.[41]

SH 11A, running from Raghunathganj to Bhagawangola passes through this CD Block.[42]

Education[edit]

In 2013-14, Raghunathganj I CD Block had 84 primary schools with 13,527 students, 5 middle schools with 614 students, 4 high schools with 4,609 students and 7 higher secondary schools with 17,405 students. Raghunathganj I CD Block had 1 technical/ professional institution with 100 students, 367 institutions special and non-formal education with 20,214 students.[32]

Management Development Institute, Murshidabad, was established at Sakim Katnai, Kutori, PO Uttar Ramna, PS Raghunathganj. MDI, Murshidabad campus was inaugurated by Pranab Mukherjee, President of India, in 2014. It offers a residential post-graduate programme in management.[43]

In Raghunathganj I CD Block, amongst the 56 inhabited villages, 3 villages did not have a school, 27 villages have more than 1 primary school, 14 villages have at least 1 primary and 1 middle school and 10 villages had at least 1 middle and 1 secondary school.[44]

Healthcare[edit]

In 2014, Raghunathganj I CD Block had 1 block primary health centre, 2 primary health centres and 2 private nursing homes with total 42 beds and 3 doctors (excluding private bodies). It had 22 family welfare subcentres. 4,457 patients were treated indoor and 89,312 patients were treated outdoor in the hospitals, health centres and subcentres of the CD Block.[32]

Raghunathganj I CD Block has Rajnagar Block Primary Health Centre (with 6 beds), Barla Primary Health Centre (with 10 beds) and Gankar PHC (with 2 beds). The Subdivisional Hospital at Jangipur (with 250 beds) is outside the CD Block.[45]

Raghunathganj I CD Block is one of the areas of Murshidabad district where ground water is affected by a high level of arsenic contamination. The WHO guideline for arsenic in drinking water is 10 mg/ litre, and the Indian Standard value is 50 mg/ litre. All but one of the 26 blocks of Murshidabad district have arsenic contamination above the WHO level, all but two of the blocks have arsenic concentration above the Indian Standard value and 17 blocks have arsenic concentration above 300 mg/litre. The maximum concentration in Raghunathaganj I CD Block is 3,003 mg/litre.[46]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "District Census Handbook: Murshidabad, Series 20 Part XII A" (PDF). Physiography, Page 13. Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal, 2011. Retrieved 24 July 2017. 
  2. ^ "Murshidabad". Geography. Murshidabad district authorities. Retrieved 24 July 2017. 
  3. ^ a b "Raghunathganj I Block". onefivenine. Retrieved 18 February 2016. 
  4. ^ "Tehsil Map of Murshidabad". CD Block/ Tehsil. Maps of India. Retrieved 6 August 2017. 
  5. ^ "District Census Handbook: Murshidabad, Series 20 Part XII A" (PDF). Drainage, Page 15. Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal, 2011. Retrieved 24 July 2017. 
  6. ^ a b "Types and sources of floods in Murshidabad, West Bengal" (PDF). Swati Mollah. Indian Journal of Applied Research, February 2013. Retrieved 15 August 2017. 
  7. ^ "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Murshidabad, Tables 2.1, 2.2". Note: At the time of uploading of the revised version of this page the internet version of the District Statistical Handbook had been taken off but there is a print version. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 22 July 2017. 
  8. ^ "District Census Handbook: Murshidabad, Series 20 Part XII A" (PDF). Map of Murshidabad with CD Block HQs and Police Stations (on the fourth page). Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal, 2011. Retrieved 24 July 2017. 
  9. ^ "Directory of District, Subdivision, Panchayat Samiti/ Block and Gram Panchayats in West Bengal". Murshidabad - Revised in March 2008. Panchayats and Rural Development Department, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 15 August 2017. 
  10. ^ a b c d "C.D. Block Wise Primary Census Abstract Data(PCA)". West Bengal – District-wise CD Blocks. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 14 October 2015. 
  11. ^ "Provisional Population Totals, West Bengal. Table 4". Census of India 2001 – Mushidabad district. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on September 28, 2011. Retrieved 8 June 2016. 
  12. ^ "Provisional Population Totals, West Bengal. Table 4". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on September 27, 2007. Retrieved 2012-04-12. 
  13. ^ "District Census Handbook: Murshidabad, Series 20 Part XII A" (PDF). Brief Analysis of Inset Tables based on Primary Census Abstract 2011 (Inset Tables 1-35), Table I: Decadal change in population of Tahsils (Sub-district) by Residence, 2001-2011, Page. Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal, 2011. Retrieved 24 July 2017. 
  14. ^ "District Census Handbook: Murshidabad, Series 20 Part XII A" (PDF). Growth Rate, Page 44. Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal, 2011. Retrieved 25 July 2017. 
  15. ^ "Decadal Growth Rate". Mps of India. Retrieved 25 July 2017. 
  16. ^ "Bangladeshi Infiltration: The Reality Check". The Pioneer, 27 June 2015. Retrieved 23 July 2017. 
  17. ^ a b "Report taking shape amid infiltration buzz". The Telegraph, 23 August 2005. Retrieved 23 July 2017. 
  18. ^ "District Census Handbook: Murshidabad, Series 20 Part XII A" (PDF). Growth Rate, Page 44. Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal, 2011. Retrieved 25 July 2017. 
  19. ^ "District Census Handbook: Murshidabad, Series 20 Part XII A" (PDF). Brief Analysis of Inset Tables based on Primary Census Abstract 2011 (Inset Tables 1-35), Table I: Decadal change in population of Tahsils (Sub-district) by Residence, 2001-2011, Page 50. Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal, 2011. Retrieved 24 July 2017. 
  20. ^ "Decadal Growth Rate". Mps of India. Retrieved 25 July 2017. 
  21. ^ "Provisional Population Totals, West Bengal. Table 4". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on September 27, 2007. Retrieved 2012-04-12. 
  22. ^ "Population explosion in West Bengal: a survey". Table 1.1 Popluation in West Bengal 1941-1991. South Asian Research Society. Retrieved 15 August 2017. 
  23. ^ "Final Population Totals West Bengal" (PDF). Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Retrieved 15 August 2017. 
  24. ^ "District Census Handbook: Murshidabad, Series 20 Part XII A" (PDF). Mother-tongue, page 48. Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal, 2011. Retrieved 24 July 2017. 
  25. ^ a b "C1 Population by Religious Community". West Bengal. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 20 July 2016. 
  26. ^ "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Murshidabad". Table 17.1, Population by religion in the blocks of Murshidabad. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 23 July 2017. 
  27. ^ "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Murshidabad". Table 2.10, Population by religion in the district of Murshidabad, 1991 and 2001. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 23 July 2017. 
  28. ^ "Bengal beats India in Muslim growth rate". The Times of India, 26 August 2015. Retrieved 23 July 2017. 
  29. ^ "The rise and rise of Muslims in West Bengal". Dinajpur-Maldah-Murshidabad-Birbhum region. Hindu Post. Retrieved 23 July 2017. 
  30. ^ Chatterji, Joya. The Spoils of Partition: Bengal and India, 1947–1967. pages 42-60. University of Cambridge, first published 2007. ISBN 978-0-521-87536-3. Retrieved 23 July 2017. 
  31. ^ "A day in the Life of India’s Poorest". Asit Jolly. India Today, 2 August 2013. Retrieved 25 July 2017. 
  32. ^ a b c d e f g h i "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Murshidabad". Tables 2.7, 17.2, 16.1, 18.1, 18.2, 20.1, 21.2, 4.4, 3.1, 3.3 – arranged as per use. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 4 August 2017. 
  33. ^ "District Census Handbook, Murshidabad, 2011, Series 20, Part XII A" (PDF). Pages 96-97 Table 36: Distribution of villages according to availability of different amenities,2011. Directorate of Operations, West Bengal. Retrieved 4 August 2017. 
  34. ^ "District Human Development Report: South 24 Parganas". (1) Chapter 1.2, South 24 Parganas in Historical Perspective, pages 7-9 (2) Chapter 3.4, Land reforms, pages 32-33. Development & Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, 2009. Retrieved 7 August 2016. 
  35. ^ a b Kar, Sunirmal. "Child workers in household industry: a study of beedi industry in Murshidabad district of West Bengal" (PDF). Viswa Bharati University thesis, page 5. Shodhganga. Retrieved 28 August 2017. 
  36. ^ "The ‘Poor man’s cigarette’". Gurvinder Singh. The Statesman, 22 January 2017. Retrieved 28 August 2017. 
  37. ^ "Beedi workers of Jangipur hold key". Indrani Dutta. The Hindu, 1 May 2009. Retrieved 28 August 2017. 
  38. ^ a b "District Census Handbook, Murshidabad, 2011, Series 20, Part XII A" (PDF). Pages 22-23: Industry. Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal. Retrieved 4 August 2017. 
  39. ^ "Egiye Bangla Murshidabad district". Handicrafts and Silk Industry. Murshidabad district administration. Retrieved 17 August 2017. 
  40. ^ "53433 Azimganj Barharwa Passenger". Time Table. indiarailinfo. Retrieved 9 August 2017. 
  41. ^ "Rationalisation of Numbering Systems of National Highways" (PDF). New Delhi: Department of Road Transport and Highways. Retrieved 10 February 2017. 
  42. ^ "List of State Highways in West Bengal". West Bengal Traffic Police. Retrieved 4 August 2017. 
  43. ^ "Management Development Institute, Murshidabad". MDIM. Retrieved 12 September 2017. 
  44. ^ "District Census Handbook, Murshidabad, 2011, Series 20, Part XII A" (PDF). Pages 901-902, Appendix I A: Villages by number of Primary Schools and Appendix I B: Villages by Primary, Middle and Secondary Schools, 2011. Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal. Retrieved 4 August 2017. 
  45. ^ "Health & Family Welfare Department". Health Statistics. Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 19 September 2017. 
  46. ^ "Groundwater Arsenic contamination in West Bengal-India (20 years study )". Murshidabad. SOES. Retrieved 4 August 2017.