|Community development block
সমষ্টি উন্নয়ন ব্লক
|• Type||Community development block|
|• Total||139.43 km2 (53.83 sq mi)|
|Elevation||4 m (13 ft)|
|• Density||1,200/km2 (3,100/sq mi)|
|• Official||Bengali, English|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|Vehicle registration||WB-29, WB-30, WB-31, WB-32, WB-33|
|Lok Sabha constituency||Kanthi|
|Vidhan Sabha constituency||Ramnagar|
- 1 Geography
- 2 Demographics
- 3 Human Development Report
- 4 Economy
- 5 Transport
- 6 Education
- 7 Healthcare
- 8 External links
- 9 References
Purba Medinipur district is part of the lower Indo-Gangetic Plain and Eastern coastal plains. Topographically, the district can be divided into two parts – (a) almost entirely flat plains on the west, east and north, (b) the coastal plains on the south. The vast expanse of land is formed of alluvium and is composed of younger and coastal alluvial. The elevation of the district is within 10 metres above mean sea level. The district has a long coastline of 65.5 km along its southern and south eastern boundary. Five coastal CD Blocks, namely, Khejuri II, Contai II (Deshapran), Contai I, Ramnagar I and II, are occasionally affected by cyclones and tornadoes. Tidal floods are quite regular in these five CD Blocks. Normally floods occur in 21 of the 25 CD Blocks in the district. The major rivers are Haldi, Rupnarayan, Rasulpur, Bagui and Keleghai, flowing in north to south or south-east direction. River water is an important source of irrigation. The district has a low 899 hectare forest cover, which is 0.02% of its geographical area.
Ramnagar is located at.
Area and administration
Ramnagar I CD Block has an area of 139.43 km2. It has 1 panchayat samity, 9 gram panchayats, 125 gram sansads (village councils), 150 mouzas and 137 inhabited villages. Ramnagar (part), Digha and Digha Mohana police stations serve this block. Headquarters of this CD Block is at Ramnagar.
Present Savapati Nitai Charan Sar and former BDO Tamojit Chakraborty have triumphed thrice nationally to win Best Panchayat Samity Awards. Debabrata Das as Savapati won the award for the first time.
As per 2011 Census of India Ramnagar I CD Block had a total population of 167,330, of which 161,986 were rural and 5,344 were urban. There were 85,230 (51%) males and 82,100 (49%) females. Population below 6 years was 18,609. Scheduled Castes numbered 22,047 (13.18%) and Scheduled Tribes numbered 766 (0.46%).
As per 2001 census, Ramnagar I block had a total population of 145,418, out of which 74,043 were males and 71,375 were females. Ramnagar I block registered a population growth of 12.15 per cent during the 1991-2001 decade. Decadal growth for the combined Midnapore district was 14.87 per cent.Decadal growth in West Bengal was 17.84 per cent.
Census Town and villages
Large villages (with 4,000+ population) in Ramnagar I CD Block (2011 census figures in brackets): Badhia (5,979), Damadarpur (4,236) and Mukundapur (5,054).
Other villages in Ramnagar I CD Block (2011 census figures in brackets): Haldia (3,370), Gobra (2,661), Basantapur (1,364), Ramnagar (1,914), Padima (1,548), Telga Chhari (3,421).
As per 2011 census the total number of literates in Ramnagar I CD Block was 130,639 (87.84% of the population over 6 years) out of which 70,863 (54%) were males and 59,776 (46%) were females.
As per 2011 census, literacy in Purba Medinipur district was 87.02%. Purba Medinipur had the highest literacy amongst all the districts of West Bengal in 2011. Literacy in West Bengal was 77.08% in 2011. Literacy in India in 2011 was 74.04%.
|Literacy in CD Blocks of
Purba Medinipur district
|Tamluk – 87.06%|
|Sahid Matangini – 86.99%|
|Panskura I – 83.65%|
|Panskura II – 84.93%|
|Nandakumar – 85.56%|
|Chandipur – 87.81%|
|Moyna – 86.33%|
|Mahishadal – 86.21%|
|Nandigram I – 84.89%|
|Nandigram II – 89.16%|
|Sutahata – 85.42%|
|Haldia – 85.96%|
|Contai I – 89.32%|
|Contai II – 88.33%|
|Contai III – 89.88%|
|Khejuri I – 88.90%|
|Khejuri II – 85.37%|
|Ramnagar I – 87.84%|
|Ramnagar II – 89.38%|
|Bhagabanpur II – 90.98%|
|Bhagabanpur I – 88.13%|
|Egra I – 82.83%|
|Egra II – 86.47%|
|Patashpur I – 86.58%|
|Patashpur II – 86.50%|
2011 Census: CD Block Wise
Primary Census Abstract Data
In 2011 census Hindus numbered 145,375 and formed 86.88% of the population in Ramnagar I CD Block. Muslims numbered 21,629 and formed 12.93% of the population. Others numbered 326 and formed 0.19% of the population.
In 2011, Hindus numbered 4,343,972 and formed 85.24% of the population in Purba Medinipur district. Muslims numbered 743,436 and formed 14.59% of the population. In West Bengal, Hindus numbered 64,385,546 and formed 70.53% of the population. Muslims numbered 24,654,825 and formed 27.01% of the population.
Human Development Report
|Concentration of Handicraft Activities in CD Blocks|
Source: District Human Development Report, Purba Medinipur, Page 97
According to the District Human Development Report of Purba Medinipur: the density of population (2001 census) at 1,028 persons per km2 was higher than the West Bengal average of 903 persons per km2. It is an overwhelmingly rural district with the urban population being only 7.23% of the total population. The scheduled castes form 19.05% of the total population and the scheduled tribes 5.41%, the former or the two together being the lowest in the state.
The agricultural sector is the lifeline of a predominantly rural economy. It is largely dependent on the Low Capacity Deep Tubewells (around 50%) or High Capacity Deep Tubewells (around 27%) for irrigation, as the district does not have a good network of canals, compared to some of the neighbouring districts. In many cases the canals are drainage canals which get the backflow of river water at times of high tide or the rainy season.
In 2007-08, around 85% of the mouzas in the district had electric connections and around 40% of rural households had electricity. Over 90% of the rural households had access to toilet facility. In rural areas the tubewell was taken to be a reliable source of drinking water till arsenic contamination put a question mark on it. Piped water supply is a distant dream for rural people. In the rural areas of the district 6% households enjoy piped drinking water supply facility. In Purba Medinipur, around 70% of the people have a low standard of living.
The average size of land holding in Purba Medinipur, in 2005-06, was 0.73 hectares against 1.01 hectares in West Bengal. In 2001, agricultural workers plus cultivators formed 55.41% of the total workers (main plus marginal). For rice cultivation, the area cultivated under Aman (or winter crop) is one and a half times that of the area under Boro (or summer crop). Purba Medinipur’s net district domestic product derives one fifth of its earnings from fisheries, the highest amongst all the districts of West Bengal. Betelvine is a major source of livelihood in Purba Medinipur district, particularly in Tamluk and Contai subdivisions. Betelvine production in 2008-09 was the highest amongst all the districts and was around a third of the total state production. In 2008-09, Purba Mednipur produced 2,789 tonnes of cashew nuts from 3,340 hectares of land.
The report has provided CD Block-wise data for Modified Human Poverty Index of the district. The information has been modified to suit this page and published in the table alongside. The CD Block-wise mean MHPI is estimated at 24.9. 11 out of 25 CD Blocks are found to be severely deprived in respect of grand CD Block average value of MHPI (CD Blocks with lower amount of poverty are better): All the CD Blocks of Haldia and Contai subdivisions appeared backward, except Ramnagar I & II, of all the blocks of Egra subdivision only Bhagabanpur I appeared backward and in Tamluk subdivision none appeared backward.
(Note: Certain topics, such as Literacy, Education, Healthcare etc., are not covered here and are covered elsewhere in this page.)
|Modified Human Poverty Index
in CD Blocks of
Purba Medinipur district
|Tamluk – 24.38|
|Sahid Matangini – 23.77|
|Panskura I – 21.00|
|Panskura II – 18.72|
|Nandakumar – 24.78|
|Chandipur – 21.84|
|Moyna – 23.89|
|Mahishadal – 26.35|
|Nandigram I – 25.91%|
|Nandigram II – 30.41|
|Sutahata – 29.72|
|Haldia – 28.87|
|Contai I – 27.74|
|Contai II – 28.95|
|Contai III – 29.68|
|Khejuri I – 25.55|
|Khejuri II – 27.21|
|Ramnagar I – 21.31|
|Ramnagar II – 22.80|
|Bhagabanpur II – 22.26|
|Bhagabanpur I – 27.81|
|Egra I – 21.31|
|Egra II – 24.56|
|Patashpur I – 20.81|
|Patashpur II – 20.72|
District Human Development Report:
Purba Medinipur, 2011, page 214
In 2003-04 Ramnagar I CD Block had 750 hectares of canals. Ramnagar I CD Block had 46 km of surfaced roads under PWD, 6 km of surfaced roads under Zilla Parishad and 85 km of surfaced roads under Gram Panchayat and Panchayat Samiti.
In 2003-04 the farmers of Ramnagar I CD Block could be classified as follows: Bargadars 4.74%, patta (document) holders 10.82%, small farmers 11.40%, marginal farmers 42.73% and agricultural labourers 30.30%.
As of 2003-04, Ramnagar I CD Block had 7,003 hectares vested land, out of which 883 hectares was distributed amongst 4,979 persons.
In 2003-04 net area sown in Ramnagar I CD Block was 9,480 hectares and the area in which more than one crop was grown was 5,743 hectares.
In 2003-04 Ramnagar I CD Block produced 9,630 tonnes of Aman paddy from 7,930 hectares and 12,250 tonnes of Boro paddy from 3,570 hectares.
In Ramnagar I CD Block 456 hectares was the nett area under effective pisiculture and 1,169 persons were engaged in the profession. Approximate annual production in 2003-04 was 7,996 qtl.
The Contai-Digha sector of West Bengal State Highway No. 4 passes through this block.
Ramnagar I CD Block has 1 ferry service and 42 terminating/ originating bus route.
In 2003-04, Ramnagar I CD Block had 126 primary schools with 13,899 students, 4 middle schools with 1,337 students, 7 high schools with 4,840 students and 6 higher secondary schools with 6,722 students. Ramnagar I CD Block had 228 institutions with 8,607 students for special and non-formal education. Ramnagar I CD Block had 117 mass literacy centres
Ramnagar I CD Block had 2 hospitals, 3 health centres, 25 clinics and 3 dispensaries with 87 beds and 5 doctors in 2003.
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