Location of Pingxiang City jurisdiction in Jiangxi
|Country||People's Republic of China|
|• Mayor||Li Xiaobao|
|• Prefecture-level city||3,824 km2 (1,476 sq mi)|
|• Land||3,824 km2 (1,476 sq mi)|
|• Urban||1,073 km2 (414 sq mi)|
|• Metro||1,073 km2 (414 sq mi)|
|• Prefecture-level city||1,854,515|
|Time zone||China Standard (UTC+8)|
Pingxiang (simplified Chinese: 萍乡; traditional Chinese: 萍鄉; pinyin: Píngxiāng; Wade–Giles: P'ing-hsiang) is a medium-sized prefecture-level city located in western Jiangxi province, People's Republic of China.
Geography and climate
Pingxiang is located in the remote mountainous region of the border between Jiangxi and Hunan. It is approximately 100 miles from Changsha, Hunan, and about 200 from Nanchang. Most of the area around the city is hilly and mountainous, though the city itself is relatively flat. The climate is sub-tropical, with mild winters, long, hot summers, and plenty of rain year-round. The annual average temperature is 17 °C. Its population was 1,854,515 at the 2010 census whom 893,550 in the built-up area made up of 2 urban districts (Anyuan and Xiandong).
Archaeological evidence suggests that Pingxiang was first settled during the Stone Age. During the Han dynasty, it was part of Yichun. In 267, during the time of the Three Kingdoms, it became Pingxiang County, which made it a higher level of administration than what it is today. During the Tang Dynasty (618-907), it was part of the Jiangnanxi Circuit, and was called Yuanzhou[disambiguation needed]. Its name and area of administration were changed many times until 1970, when it assumed its present form.
The population of the total administrative area of Pingxiang is estimated to be 1,800,000.
In 2004, the GDP was 17.256 billion RMB, an 18% growth over the previous year. Rural income was 3,322 RMB, and urban income was 7,858 RMB. One of the city's most important industries is coal. Even today, the Pingxiangren or local people proudly refer to their city as the "coal center of southern China."
Pingxiang is also a regional hub for transportation. Several national highways and the main rail line between Changsha and Nanchang run through the city.
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